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Upplevelser av hörselhallucinationer vid schizofreni: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Schizofreni är en psykossjukdom med hög suicidrisk. Det vanligaste symtomenet vid schizofreni är hörselhallucinationer som kan upplevas både i positiv och negativ anda. Det råder stigmatisering kring sjukdomen där kunskapsbrist och rädsla för personen tros ligga till grund.

Syfte: Att beskriva vuxna personers upplevelser av hörselhallucinationer vid schizofreni.

Metod: Litteraturöversikten baserades på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar där nio av dem hade en kvalitativ ansats och tre med kvantitativ ansats. Dessa artiklar hämtades från databaserna CINAHL Complete, PubMed och PsycINFO. I databaserna användes följande sökord: hallucination, voice hearing, psychosis, patient, life, hearing voices, nursing, people who hear voices, auditory hallucinations, schizophrenia och experiences.

Resultat: Resultatet delades upp i fyra teman: I Röstens natur och intention beskrevs röstens ton, känsla, intensitet och varaktighet. Relationen till rösten belyste personens identifiering och personifiering av rösten där den kunde ses som något kroppseget eller som en enskild individ. Meningsskapande och copingstrategier angav olika strategier personen använde i syfte att klara av och hantera rösterna. Påverkan på individen belyste hur personen påverkades av rösten genom förändrad självbild och självskada, isolering och kontrollförlust.

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades utifrån begreppen livsvärld och meningsskapande där meningsskapandet kunde ses som en central del i personens förmåga att hantera situationen med hörselhallucinationerna.

Abstract [en]

Background: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder with a high suicidal risk. The most common symptoms experienced with schizophrenia are auditory hallucinations which can be experienced both in a positive and a negative way. The disorder is stigmatized most likely due to a lack of knowledge and a fear of the person.

Aim: To describe adults experiences of auditory hallucinations induced by schizophrenia.

Method: The literature review consisted of twelve scientific articles of which nine were conducted using a qualitative approach and three with a quantitative research methodology. The articles were found in the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and PsycINFO. The following words were used in the databases: hallucination, voice hearing, psychosis, patient, life, hearing voices, nursing, people who hear voices, auditory hallucinations, schizophrenia and experiences.

Results: The results were divided into four themes: The nature of the voice described the characteristics of the voice i.e. tone, feeling, intensity and duration. The relation to the voice described how the affected persons identified the voice as a part of themselves. Finding meaning and coping strategies described the different strategies which were used to cope with the voices. The impact on the individual highlighted how the person was affected by the voices by an altered self, added self-harm behavior, isolation and loss of control.

Discussions: The results were discussed with the concepts of life world and finding meaning. Finding meaning was found as one of the affected person’s most important coping strategies for dealing with the auditory hallucinations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Auditory hallucinations, Schizophrenia, Experiences
Keyword [sv]
Hörselhallucinationer, Schizofreni, Upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-4787DiVA: diva2:846321
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-08-15 Last updated: 2015-08-17Bibliographically approved

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