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Ungdomars existentiella hälsa ur terapeutens perspektiv
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Existential health among young adults from the perspective of the therapist (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Svenska skolbarns hälsovanor visar på en ökning av den psykiska ohälsan men också att ungdomar skattar sin emotionella psykiska hälsa som god eller mycket god. Vårdkonsumtionen bland ungdomar i Sverige har ökat markant. WHO definierar åtta olika perspektiv som byggstenar för existentiell hälsa: hopp, harmoni, helhet, meningsfullhet, förundran, andlig kontakt, personlig tro och gemenskap. Syftet med denna studie är att ge en beskrivning av ungdomars existentiella hälsa idag. 

Frågeställningar: Hur upplever fyra psykoterapeuter och en psykolog ungdomars/unga vuxnas existentiella hälsa idag? På vilket sätt kan terapi inkluderande existentiella perspektiv bidra till bättre livskvalitet och existentiell hälsa för ungdomar?

Metod: Fyra psykoterapeuter och en psykolog har intervjuats. Studien utgick från en deskriptiv, kvalitativ forskningsmetod och bearbetningsmetoden var tema analys.  

Resultat: Den existentiella hälsan visar på brister. Ungdomarna i dag beskrivs som existentiellt ensamma med en frånvaro av andliga tankar och med flykt och tomhet som sätt att hantera svårigheter. Ungdomar är mer socialt ensamma idag än tidigare. De blir mer lämnade av sina föräldrar och det finns för lite vuxenstöd. I psykoterapi är det viktigt att förmedla att det är normalt att känna psykisk ohälsa under ungdomstiden och att psykoterapeuten blir en bärare av hopp och mening.

Diskussion: Resultatet visar på vikten av att ha längre terapier. Det tar tid att hitta ”sin” väg. Psykoterapeuten kan genom leken i psykoterapin tillsammans med tonåringen bearbeta de existentiella frågorna och skapa mening med livet. Studien visar på behovet av någon form av samtalsforum för tonåringar, enskilt eller i grupp, där de kan få en existentiell grund att stå på. Detta skulle kunna påverka den psykiska hälsan positivt.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Swedish schoolchildren’s habits concerning health show a decrease in mental health, but also that adolescents rate their mental emotional health as good or very good. The consumption of psychological healthcare among young adults in Sweden has increased. WHO defines eight different dimensions as important parts for building an existential health: connectedness to a spiritual being or force, meaning of life, awe, wholeness and integration, spiritual strength, inner peace/serenity/harmony, hope and optimism, and faith. The object of this study is to give a description the mental health of young people today.

Questions: How do four psychotherapists and one psychologist experience the existential health of young people/young adults today? In what way can therapy including existential perspectives contribute to better quality of life and existential health among young people?

Method: Four psychotherapists and one psychologist have been interviewed. The 3 (31) examination method of the study was based on a descriptive and qualitative research. Processing method was the theme analysis.

Result: There is a shortage of existential health. Young adults today are described as existentially lonely with an absence of spiritual thoughts and with escape and emptiness as means of dealing with difficulties. Young adults are more socially lonely today than before. They are more left alone by their parents than before and there is not enough grownup support. In psychotherapy it is important to show that it is normal to feel psychologically distressed during youth and that the therapist becomes a carrier of hope and meaning. This can be fulfilled trough the therapeutic relation.

Discussion: The result shows the importance of having longer sessions of therapy. It takes time to find “their” way. The psychotherapist can through play in therapy together with thw adolescent work through the existential issues and bring forth a meaning in life. The study shows the need for some kind of forum for teenagers, alone or in a group, where they can find an existential base to stand on. This would affect the mental health positively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Health, Mental illness, Adolescence, Young adults, Young people, Spiritual health, Existential questions, Psychotherapy
Keyword [sv]
Hälsa, Ohälsa, Existentiell hälsa, Ungdomar, Existentiella frågor, Psykoterapi
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5132OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5132DiVA: diva2:911538
Educational program
Psykoterapeutprogrammet
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-14 Created: 2016-03-13 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved

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