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"Till slut så blir det ett sätt att leva": En intervjustudie om livssituation och hälsa hos anhöriga till personer med alkoholproblematik
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"Eventually it becomes a way of life" : An interview study about life situation and health in family members of people with alcohol problems (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Alkoholproblematik är ett stort problem som påverkar den enskilda personen, anhöriga och samhället. Lagar och riktlinjer slår fast att anhöriga ska erbjudas stödinsatser. Sjuksköterskans etiska kod omfattar både den enskilda individen, anhöriga och samhället. Tidigare studier har uppmärksammat livssituation och hälsa hos anhöriga till personer med psykisk ohälsa, men det saknas studier kring anhöriga till personer med alkoholproblem.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva livssituationen med särskilt fokus på hälsa hos vuxna anhöriga till personer med alkoholproblematik.

Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats. Sex vuxna anhöriga till personer med alkoholproblematik intervjuades individuellt med halvstrukturerad metod enligt Kvale och Brinkmann. Intervjumaterialet analyserades enligt Elo och Kyngäs metod för kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Resultatet från intervjuerna utmynnade i fyra kategorier: En otrygg och ansvarstagande livssituation, Att leva för den andra och förlora sig själv, Variation av starka känslor samt Att komma vidare i livet och försonas med sig själv.

Diskussion: Studiens metod diskuteras utifrån Graneheim och Lundmans kvalitetsbegrepp. Centrala fynd i resultatet diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning samt Antonovskys teori om känsla av sammanhang (KASAM).

Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol problems is a major problem that affects the individual, family and society. Laws and guidelines states that family members must be offered support. Nurse’s Code of Ethics includes both the individual, family and society. Previous studies have drawn attention to life situation and health of family members of persons with mental illness, but there is a lack of studies of family members of persons with alcohol problems.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the life situation with a particular focus on health in adult family members of persons with alcohol problems.

Method: The study has a qualitative design with an inductive approach. Six adult family members of persons with alcohol problems were interviewed individually with semi-structured method by Kvale and Brinkmann. The interview material was analysed using Elo and Kyngäs method of qualitative content analysis.

Results: The results from the interviews resulted in four categories: An insecure and responsible life situation, To live for the other and lose yourself, Variety of strong emotions and To move on in life and to reconcile with yourself.

Discussions: The study’s method is discussed based on Graneheim and Lundmans quality concepts. Central findings in the results are discussed in relation to previous research and Antonovsky’s theory of sense of coherence (SoC).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Alcohol problems, Family member, Health, Life situation
Keyword [sv]
Alkoholproblematik, Anhörig, Hälsa, Livssituation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5252OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5252DiVA: diva2:934589
Educational program
Postgraduate Diploma in Specialist Nursing - Mental Health Care
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-09 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved

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