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Upplevelsen av att vara närstående inom palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The experience of being a relative within palliative care : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Närstående inom palliativ vård har ofta en vårdande roll samtidigt som de själva är i behov av stöd då deras livssituation ofta är mentalt och emotionellt påfrestande. För att kunna ge ett adekvat stöd behöver vårdpersonal kunskap om hur närstående inom den palliativa vården upplever sin livssituation.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka hur närstående inom den svenska palliativa vården upplever sin livssituation.

Metod: De elva vetenskapliga originalartiklar till denna litteraturöversikt identifierades via sökningar i databaserna CINAHL Complete och PubMed. Vedertagna riktlinjer användes för granskning av resultatstudierna och data analyserades genom att jämföra likheter och skillnader samt vidare identifiera teman i materialet.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom sex teman; Att få information och att vara delaktig, Att bli sedd och bekräftad, Att få en paus, Att inte behöva upprätthålla en fasad, Att uppleva ensamhet samt Att uppleva olika former av förlust. Genomgående i de teman som framkom var att relationen med vårdpersonalen påverkade de närståendes upplevelse kring sin livssituation.

Diskussion: I diskussionen togs de centrala fynden i resultatet upp och relateras till Watsons teori om mänsklig omsorg samt konsensusbegreppet hälsa för att få en djupare förståelse för hur de närståendes livssituation inom den palliativa vården kan påverkas. Relationen mellan de närståendes livssituation och deras hälsa behöver ses ur ett holistiskt perspektiv och genom en vårdande relation kan vårdpersonal stödja närstående i deras livssituation och främja närståendes hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: Relatives´ within palliative care often end up with a caring role, and are at the same time in need of support themselves due to their own life situation being both mentally and emotionally demanding. In order to give adequate support, health care professionals need knowledge about how the relatives´ within the palliative care experience their life situation.

Aim: The aim was to examine how the relatives´ within palliative care in Sweden experience their life situation.

Method: The eleven original articles in this literature review was identified by searching the databases of CINAHL Complete and Pubmed. Accepted guidelines were made for review and data was analyzed by comparing similarities and differences and further identifying themes in the material.

Results: The result revealed six themes; To get information and to participate , To be seen and to get acknowledged, To get a break, To not have to keep up appearance, To experience loneliness and To experience different types of loss. Throughout all the themes showed that the relation between the health care professional and the relatives´ affected how the relatives experienced their life situation.

Discussion: In the discussion the central findings of the result was brought up and related to Watsons theory of human caring and the concept of consensus health to get a deeper understanding of how the relatives´ life situation within palliave care can be influenced. The association between the relatives´ life situation and their health needs to be seen from a holistic perspective and a through a caring relationship can health care professionals support the relatives´ life situation and promote the relatives´ health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Palliative Care, Relatives, Experiences, Sweden
Keyword [sv]
Palliativ vård, Närstående, Upplevelser, Sverige
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5253OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5253DiVA: diva2:934601
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-09 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved

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