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Anknytningsstil och ledarskap
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Attachment style and leadership (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Relationen mellan chef och medarbetare, samt relationens funktion, har under senare år fått en allt större betydelse inom ledarskapsforskning. Hur kan anknytningsteorin användas för att öka kunskapen om chefers sätt att förhålla sig till sitt ledarskap i vår del av världen? Syftet med denna studie är att under svenska förhållanden undersöka hur anknytningsstilar fördelar sig inom en grupp chefer inom hälso- och sjukvård, samt om det finns samband mellan chefens anknytningsstil och hur chefen upplever olika relationella parametrar i ledarskapet.

Frågeställningar: Hur fördelar sig anknytningsstilar inom en grupp första linjens chefer inom en svensk hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation?

Finns det samband mellan anknytningsstil och hur chefen upplever olika relationella parametrar i ledarskapet?

Metod: Första linjens chefer (N=40) från tio förvaltningar inom Västra Götalandsregionen fick besvara Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) och ett formulär avsett att mäta olika aspekter av deras trygghet som ledare.

Resultat: Samtliga enkätsvar, 37 st. (92,5%), inkluderades i studien. Den helt dominerande anknytningsstilen var trygg anknytning (86,5%), medan fem personer (13,5%) kategoriserades som otryggt undvikande. Det fanns ett statistiskt signifikant positivt samband mellan anknytningsvariabeln Trygg och Ledarskapstrygghet, samt ett negativt signifikant samband mellan variabeln Otrygg rädd och Ledarskapstrygghet samt med delskalan Delaktighet. Chefer med otrygg undvikande anknytningsstil tenderade att uppleva en något lägre känsla av trygghet i ledarskapet än chefer med trygg anknytningsstil.

Diskussion: En klar majoritet av cheferna i studien kategoriserade sig som tryggt anknutna, vilket överensstämmer med tidigare forskning. Anknytningsvariablerna Trygg jämte Otrygg rädd var de variabler som tenderade att ha de starkaste sambanden, framför allt med Ledarskapstrygghet och med delskalan Delaktighet. Resultaten får betraktas med viss försiktighet utifrån studiepopulationens storlek, homogenitet och mätinstrumentens validitet och reliabilitet.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: The relationship between leaders and employees, as well as the function of this relationship, has gained increasing importance in leadership research in recent years. How can attachment theory be used to increase knowledge of leaders' way of relating to leadership in our part of the world? The aim of this study is, under Swedish conditions, to investigate attachment styles within a group of leaders in a health care organization, and whether there are correlations between leaders’ attachment styles and how various relational parameters in leadership are experienced.

Research question: How do attachment styles differ in a group of first-line managers within a Swedish health care organization?

Are there correlations between attachment styles and how managers experience different relational parameters in his or her leadership?

Method: First-line managers (N = 40) from ten administrations in Region Västra Götaland were asked to answer the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and a questionnaire designed to measure sense of leadership security.

Results: All survey responses, 37 pcs. (92.5%) were included in the study. The dominant attachment style was secure (86.5%), while five people (13.5%) were categorized as dismissing. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the attachment variable Secure and Leadership Security, and a negative significant relationship between the variable Fearful and Leadership Security, as well as with the subscale Participation. Leaders with dismissing attachment style tended to experience a slightly lower sense of security in his or her leadership than managers with secure attachment style.

Discussion/Conclusion: A clear majority of leaders in the study categorized themselves as securely attached, consistent with previous research. Attachment variables Secure and Fearful tended to have the strongest correlations, particularly with Leadership Security and with the subscale Participation. The results must be regarded with some caution, based on the size and the homogeneity of the population studied and on validity and reliability of the questionnaires.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Attachment theory, leadership, RQ
Keyword [sv]
Anknytningsteori, Ledarskap, RQ
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5273DiVA: diva2:935764
Educational program
Psykoterapeutprogrammet
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-12 Last updated: 2016-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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