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  • 1.
    Abassi, Farzad
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att skapa samt upprätthålla delaktighet i samband med vård av personer med psykossjukdom: en intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt personcentrerad vård skall patienten ses som en jämlik part och vara delaktig under hela vårdprocessen. Centrala delar i personcentrerad vård är det omfattande perspektivet som ser patientens hela situation, patientens egen förståelse och egna erfarenhet av situationen och deltagandet i beslutfattande. Studier visar att arbetssättet personcentrerad vård bidrar till ökad delaktighet inom den psykiatriska vården och leder till känslor av trygghet och tillit hos patienter.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna intervjustudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att skapa samt upprätthålla patientdelaktighet i vård av personer med psykossjukdom.

    Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer gjordes i denna studie med tio sjuksköterskor verksamma inom psykiatrisk vård i två verksamheter inom sjukvårdsområden i Stockholm. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys valdes som metod vid analysen av materialet.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar på att patientdelaktighet är viktig då det leder till gynnsamma effekter för både personal och patienter och kan leda till mer effektiva och kortare vårdtider.

    Diskussion: Ramverket för McCormack och McCances (2006) teori om personcentrerad vård och tidigare forskning om patientdeltagande i psykiatrisk vård har hjälpt författaren att diskutera resultat som erhållits i denna intervjustudie.

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  • 2.
    Abassi, Farzad
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Leites, Rafael
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Den icke-verbala kommunikationens betydelse för sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Abdi Botan, Hawo
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bezabih Assefa, Malefia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av språkbarriärer i vården: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Språkbarriärer är en utmaning inom hälso- och sjukvården. Sjuksköterskors professionella ansvar är att förmedla korrekt, lämplig och tillräcklig information till patienten. Det har visat sig att sjuksköterskor haft svårighet att tillgodose en personcentrerad och säker vård när språkbarriärer förelåg. 

     

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  • 4.
    Abdi, Samar
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Stang, Inka Emese
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hur är det att leva med stomi: ett förändrat liv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There are several diseases that may cause a person to undergo a stoma surgery. Those who get a stoma surgery may need to adjust their lives based on new conditions. Getting adequate information, support and care from the nurse can be of great help to those people who recently received a stoma.

    Aim: The aim was to describe how it is to live with a stoma.

    Method: A literature review was conducted where eleven peer reviewed articles were sought from three databases. The articles were analysed, reviewed and compiled. Differences and similarities identified in the previous research were sought and formed the basis for results.

    Results: Four themes were identified: The first was Life changes, the second: Sexuality and intimacy, the third: Support from nurses and allied and finally: Accept living with the stoma.

    Discussion: In the light of Katie Eriksson`s theories regarding health care and health, aspects such as suffering and awareness that increased knowledge and understanding of people`s own experiences, feeling and thoughts should help to promote health and relieve suffering.

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  • 5.
    Abdirahman Ahmed, Amina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hoffmann Cardenas, Gisela
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av palliativ vård i livets slutskede: en litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 6.
    Abdirashid, Samsam
    et al.
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mohamed, Hawo
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att vara närstående till en person med alzheimers sjukdom: en litteraturöversikt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alzheimer is a disease that affects cognitively. People with Alzheimer's have difficulties with communication, taking in information and their daily routines. This in turn, leads to the person needing support in their daily life.

    Aim: The aim was to describe loved one's experiences of caring for a relative with Alzheimer's disease.

    Method: This was a qualitative literature review based on nine scientific articles retrieved from the databases PubMed and Cinahl Complete.

    Results: The analysis resulted in four themes: Experiences of care-taking of the sick one showing that relatives do not have experiences which caused stress. Difficulties to balance their daily life, showing that relatives found it difficult to balance between their social life and the care for their loved one. Lack of knowledge resulting in difficulties in caring for their loved one. Lack of own time and recovery resulting in no time to recover, which in turn caused negative health effects. Others, on the other hand, described a sense of purpose in caring for the relative.

    Summary: Individuals who care for a relative with Alzheimer’s disease have strong feelings and need a lot of support from different professions and society. Knowledge, communication and trust can create a better quality of life for relatives caring for a loved one. 

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  • 7.
    Abdisalam Mohammed, Muna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Musse, Ladna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens erfarenheter av att vårda migranter: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Migration within Europe has increased in recent years, leading to many migrating and seeking asylum in other countries. This type of migration is called forced migration, which is unplanned when you have to move.The purpose is to describe the health professionals' experiences of caring for migrants.

    A literature review was conducted according to Friberg's method. The work is based on ten scientific articles obtained from the databases CINAHL, PubMed and Medline. All scientific articles are Qualitative to produce experiences. The articles were analyzed using Friberg's method of analysis. 

    The result sets out five themes. Where the first themes are language difficulties, the second themes are cultural differences, the third themes are the health professionals' experience of mental ill-health in refugees, the fourth themes are the nursing relationship and the fifth themes are the nursing staff's knowledge.

    The results showed that the healthcare staff experienced difficulties with communication, and that it was more difficult for them to establish a relationship with the migrants compared to other patients. Cultural differences were also a challenge that staff experienced, because of the different cultural differences that arise, it was difficult for the healthcare staff to care for the patients. Furthermore, the result is discussed in connection with Katie Eriksson's suffering theory

     

  • 8.
    Abdollahi, Nadima
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Personers upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 2: en litteraturöversikt2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that may lead to a number of dangerous complications. Type 2 diabetes is a global health problem and a long-term disease, which can have serious consequences for the individual and enormous costs for society. In order for people with type 2 diabetes to be able to reduce future complications, it is important that these people accept the disease, learn about the disease and receive training on self-care. In this context, the role of the nurse becomes even more important in educating patients with type 2 diabetes about self-care and encouraging the individual to participate in their care and to promote their health.

    Aim: The purpose of this literature review is to describe person's experiences of living with type 2 diabetes.

    Method: A literature review was conducted according to Friberg and the databases CINAHL Complete and PubMed were used in the search to find scientific articles. Nine scientific articles were selected to be used in the results and to identify themes.

    Results:The result revealed 4 themes; Feeling fear and anxiety about the future, The importance of Motivation in managing one's illness, The need for support from family, health and medical staff and The importance of the care relationship for self-care.

    Conclusion: Social support (family, friends, relatives) and a good care relationship with health care professionals are important factors for the person with type 2 diabetes to get motives to participate in care, promote the ability to manage their illness, perform self-care regarding type 2 diabetes and experience well-being.

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  • 9.
    Abdolmaleki, Zahra
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Deprimerade patienters erfarenheter av bemötande från vårdpersonal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Depression is a common disease that causes great suffering for patients and their relatives. The disease is often under diagnosed because of comorbidity with physical disorders. Increased knowledge about depression is needed to a good response between patients and health care professionals.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how the patient with depression experiences treatment from healthcare professionals.

    Method: A literature review based on ten scientific articles that were analyzed in accordance with Friberg (2012). Ten qualitative studies were retrieved from the database CINAHL, PsycINFO and PubMed. As a theoretical base used Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's theory.

    Results: The result demonstrates two main themes and the six sub-themes. The first main theme highlights the relationship with the nursing staff with three sub-themes: participation, information, treatment and care available. The second main theme is the interaction with health care professionals with three sub-themes: communication, experience to be listened to and competent and present staff.

    Discussion: The results discussed from Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's theory, and also additional ten scientific articles, with the aim to show that depressed patients who feel a lack trust, commitment from health care professionals and continuity had bad experiences of treatment with health care professionals. The needed a mutual relationship between patients and health care professionals in order to patients to have a good experience with health care professionals.

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  • 10.
    Abdul, Amina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Grace, Osamwonyi
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes typ 2: en litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 11.
    Abdullah, Ali
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Briese, David
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelse av rekommenderad kosthållning vid diabetes typ 2: en litteraturöversikt2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes is a common disease globally where there is a constant increase around the world. The treatment of diabetes can be both medical and lifestyle changes, for example physical activity and a healthier diet. Diet is of great importance when it comes to treating diabetes. 

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe individuals’ experiences of recommended diet when diagnosed with diabetes type 2.  

    Method: The method is a literature review with a systematic selection of articles from two databases Pubmed and Cinahl Complete. The keywords used in the database searches were diabetes mellitus, type 2, diet, attitude, experience, and management. Selected articles are from the years 2017-2020. All articles had a qualitative design. When analyzing the method Friberg's method analysis is applied, and the choice of theoretical starting point is applied to Roy's theoretical perspective. 

    Results: This review shows that the family had a significant impact of what was eaten. Support from the family was of importance with diagnosed with diabetes. There has also had been a noticeable difference with the nutrition around the world, some people ate fried foods even though it is not perceived as a diet for people with diabetes. The financial aspect played a big part of which assets you got. 

    Conclusion: Individuals experiences of diet in diabetes type 2 have shown that dietary advice should be based on different themes. These themes are culture, knowledge, family, and economics. The different themes show how patients manage their diabetes disease based on their diet.

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  • 12.
    Abdulle, Ayaan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Berhe, Afewerki
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder i möten med könsstympade kvinnor: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kvinnlig könsstympning (KKS) är ett skadligt ingrepp där delar av kvinnors könsorgan avlägsnas eller förändras utan medicinskt syfte. Idag finns så många som över 200 miljoner kvinnor och unga flickor som gått igenom någon form av könsstympning. Ingreppet är fäst vid kulturella värderingar, trosuppfattningar och sociala mönster.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors attityder i möten med könsstympade kvinnor.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt som innefattar två kvalitativa och åtta kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Informationssökningen gjordes på databaserna CINAHL Complete och Pubmed. Artiklarna granskades och analyserades enligt Fribergs metod.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att de flesta sjuksköterskorna i studien hade varierande kunskaper och medvetenhet om KKS. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna visste att KKS hade skadliga konsekvenser. Kulturella, religiösa, sociala och sexuella faktorer tillskrevs som skäl för utövandet av KKS. En del av de hade en inställning på att vilja utföra KKS. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna i studien var motvilliga att låta sina döttrar genomgå KKS. Som en strategi för att eliminera KKS hade många åsikten att lagen mot KKS skulle tillämpas strikt.

    Diskussion: Litteraturöversikten diskuteras med Madeleine Leiningers transkulturella omvårdnadsteori som grund. Diskussionen tar upp vikten av att ha förståelse för kulturella skillnader och anpassa omvårdnaden på ett sådant sätt att kvinnans perspektiv är väl sedd utan att sjuksköterskor behöver utföra kvinnlig könsstympning.

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  • 13.
    Abdulle, Hawa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vagland-Karseland, Helen
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Svårigheter för sjuksköterskan att vidmakthålla autonomi för äldre människor med demenshandikapp2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Abel, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Vestling, Fanny
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Sjuksköterskestudenters föreställningar om att möta och vårda patienter i livets slutskede: en integrerad litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård innebär en holistisk och personcentrerad vård som syftar till att minimera lidande och främja livskvalitet vid livshotande sjukdom. De flesta människor avlider i en verksamhet där minst en sjuksköterska är verksam och ansvarar för personen. Detta innebär att den grundutbildade sjuksköterskan genom sin utbildning behöver förberedas på att vårda människor i livets slutskede. Sjuksköterskornas föreställningarna har en direkt inverkan på den palliativa vårdens kvalitet.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters föreställningar om att möta och vårda patienter i livets slutskede.

    Metod: En integrativ litteraturöversikt med systematiskt tillvägagångssätt. Studien genomfördes med mixad metodik där både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar analyserades och syntetiserades.

    Resultat: I den integrativa syntesen framkom tre övergripande teman. Det första temat var föreställningar inför att möta döden. Studenterna föreställde sig överlag att det var meningsfullt och givande att vårda döende patienter. Dock fanns en osäkerhet och rädsla kring att vårda en döende patient. Det andra temat var föreställningar om att samtala om döden. Studenterna ansåg att det var viktigt att samtala med patient och närstående samtidigt som de kände sig obekväma att prata om döden, då det fanns föreställningar om att de kunde säga fel saker. Det tredje temat var föreställningar om den egna förmågan. Det uppstod en ambivalens mellan studenternas ideal och deras förmåga. De ville göra gott och vara starka inför patienten men upplevde att de inte var vuxna för uppgiften.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskestudenter i olika länder vill gärna kunna ge god omvårdnad i livets slutskede. Dock upplever studenterna rädsla och osäkerhet att möta och vårda människor i livets slutskede på grund av bristande kunskap och erfarenhet i palliativ vård. Utbildning, teoretisk så väl som verksamhetsförlagd, är viktig för att sjuksköterskestudenterna ska kunna ge en god palliativ vård.

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  • 15.
    Abied, Juoell
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Eriksson, Linda Louise
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser vid missfall och deras efterfrågade stödinsatser: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Miscarriage is a common phenomenon in our society. It is reported that approximately 17 % of all pregnant women in Sweden go through a miscarriage every year. For many women miscarriage is a tumultuous life event that often has a deep emotional impact. Miscarriage is a subject that often is prohibited to talk about in our western society. Consequently this means that nurses have an important role in the emotional support for these women. This can be a challenge in Sweden since the hospital stay for women who go through a miscarriage is very short and often limited to a day.Aim: This study aims to highlight women's reported experiences of miscarriage and their requested support.Methods: This study is based on twelve original scientific articles, of which ten had a qualitative approach, one had a quantitative approach and one had a mixed approach.Results: The study showed that the experience of miscarriage is individual. How women experience their miscarriage is largely linked to a woman's thoughts about her pregnancy. A miscarriage can evoke complex reactions if the woman starts to fantasize about her child and starts to identify herself as a mother. Many of the women complained about the lack of care that was given to them from the health care, which had a significant role in how they experienced the miscarriage. They requested more acknowledgements and more humanistic treatment and care, as well as follow-ups. The study also showed that women feel that relatives are a support factor to them during the miscarriage.Discussions: The results showed that there are flaws in the care of women who has experienced miscarriage, particularly that the women’s emotional needs are not met. Nurses who work in a gynecological unit require enhanced skills and preparedness in the health care of women undergoing miscarriage.

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  • 16.
    Abo-azaz, Mari
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Magan, Sahuur
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Måltidsmiljöns utformning och inverkan på patienter med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is an incurable disease. Dementia can lead to serious symptoms such as language difficulties, dysfunction and behavioral changes. People with dementia need a special and well-suited environment. People with dementia need security in their daily lives, which becomes an important task for the nurse. In nursing work, the nurse will aim to increase the wellbeing of patients. In this case, the environment is designed in the dining room based on the patient's conditions.

    Aim: To describe the design of the meal environment and how it affects people with dementia.

    Method: A literature review has been carried out. Eleven quantitative scientific articles have been used for the study. The articles have been selected from the CINAHL and PubMed databases corresponding to the purpose. The articles have been analyzed with Friberg’s analysis method to be completed as material for the result.

    Results: The result is based on a theme; the environment around the patients when they eat and three subtemes; the importance of music in the meal situation; the importance of lighting in the meal situation; the meaning of a home-like dining room. These describe the various resources required to increase the well-being of patients with dementia.

    Discussion: The meal environment had a major impact on people with dementia. The environment in the dining room was adapted to the patient's requirements. The changing meal environment increased patient wellbeing. The home-like environment, calm background music and sufficient lighting during the meal were of great importance to the patient. The positive effect could contribute to increased calorie intake and decreased negative behavior in patients.

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  • 17.
    Abou-Samra, Zarifa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Schizofreni utifrån ett patientperspektive: En litteraturöversikt om patienters subjektiva upplevelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that can lead to physical, psychological and social problems for the victim and adversely affects the quality of life of the patient. There is insufficient knowledge in the treatment of people with schizophrenia. Patients' subjective experiences are often neglected although they are of great importance in the care of patients and patient life. A better understanding of the patient's experiences can lead to better treatment and change of negative attitudes, thus making it possible to provide the care and treatment people with schizophrenia need.

    Aim: To describe patients' subjective experiences of living with schizophrenia.

    Method: A literature review based on ten qualitative studies found in the databases: PsycINFO, PubMed and CINAHL. The studies were processed and analyzed with meta synthesis and common themes identified.

    Results: Five main themes were identified: schizophrenia is a complicated disease with severe symptoms, experiences of diagnosis and treatment, severe emotional experiences during childhood, importance of social relations for recovery and good insight and acceptance is the key to recovery.

    Discussion: Patients' subjective experiences differ significantly from the objective observations and the perceptions of healthcare professionals. Changed attitudes towards schizophrenia in society and between healthcare professionals can contribute to empathetic and better treatment, which can promote living conditions for people with schizophrenia. More qualitative research and better education about patients' subjective experiences are needed.

  • 18.
    Abrahamsson, Fanny
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Elmersson Björklund, Sara
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    När smärtan är ständigt närvarande: En litteraturstudie om upplevelsen av att leva med långvarig smärta2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic pain is common in the Swedish population. The pain experience is individual and influenced by the many dimensions of life. Chronic pain is difficult to cure and relieve, it causes suffering. To relieve suffering and promote health for these people is an important but not always easy task for the nurse. Therefore, it is necessary to have insight in the experiences related to living with chronic pain. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experience of living with chronic pain. Methods: A literature review was used. The study is based on ten qualitative articles that have been investigated and analyzed with influence by Forsberg and Wengström (2013) and Friberg (2012). The scientific evidence is from the databases CINAHL and PubMed and is published year 2000-2013. Results: Three main themes with subthemes represent the result. The first main theme, Feeling that life is limited, describes the negative changes that the pain creates concerning physical, psychological and social aspects. The second main theme, Efforts to overcome the chronic pain, shows that varying strategies are used to overcome the chronic pain. In the third main theme, The struggle to be trusted in their suffering, the invisible pain appears as problematic, suspicion in touch with both family and caregivers occur. Discussions: The result is related to Eriksson´s nursing theory of suffering. The suffering of illness, the suffering of life and the suffering of care is discussed. Attempts to relieve pain as well as adaptation of life patterns and the ability of reconciliation are illuminated. Loneliness and separation is discussed as well as the importance of having time and space to suffer. The role of the fellow people in the suffering, and how the suffering of care may be eased is mentioned as well.

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  • 19.
    Abreham, Negasi
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelser av att leva med fibromyalgi: En litteraturöversikt2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that primarily affects muscles and joints. The diagnosis requires three months of pain and at least eleven tender points on the body. Apart from pain, the condition is characterized by fatigue and sleep disturbances. Globally, 2-6 percent suffer from fibromyalgia, with 80-90 percent of them being women. The causes of the disease are not entirely clear. Diagnosing the condition necessitates multiple healthcare visits, resulting in various treatments and tests to manage the symptoms.

    Aim To illuminate individuals' experiences of living with fibromyalgia.

    Method The study utilized Friberg's methodological framework (2022) for a systematic literature review. This involved summarizing and analyzing existing research in a specific area with meticulous scrutiny and a scientific approach to shed light on a current complex problem

    Results The results highlighted pain and fatigue as central obstacles in both work and daily tasks. These often triggered depression and significantly impacted mental health. Additionally, this condition negatively affected family life and identity. Particularly evident were workplace stress and financial insecurity. Three main themes emerged: Trapped by Pain and Fatigue, Struggle against Depression and Identity Changes, and the Role of Family and Social Challenges.

    Conclusion: Fibromyalgia patients suffer from pain, fatigue, and psychological impact, affecting work, identity, and family. They require support from society and healthcare.

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  • 20.
    Abu Jalalah, Amira
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kader, Lana
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av att leva med Diabetes Mellitus typ 2: en utmaning i livet: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 21.
    Achourpour, Nina
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Registered nurses’ experiences of caring for women in Jamaica who have been exposed to intimate partner violence: A qualitative study2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women is an issue affecting women worldwide. Due to the high rates of women exposed to intimate partner violence, it is nearly impossible not to meet them in everyday nursing practice. Intimate partner violence is complex since it concerns physical violence as well as emotional, sexual, financial, and material aspects of abuse. Some women go to seek medical attention and herein lies the responsibility of the nurse to respond. Whilst many countries have handbooks or guidelines on how to support women exposed to intimate partner violence, nurses may encounter challenges in supporting these women in practice. This is particularly challenging in Jamaica, where there are reportedly high rates of intimate partner violence, but where various factors including limited resources and social and cultural norms, may limit the opportunities for nurses to support women exposed to intimate partner violence. Due to limited earlier research on the topic in Jamaica, there is a need for increased knowledge and understanding about how nurses in Kingston, Jamaica experienced the care they provide and how it affects them. 

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  • 22.
    Acici, Bahriye
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Gräsvik, Susanne
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Välbefinnande hos cancerpatienter inom palliativ vård2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 23.
    Acin, Helin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jonasson, Hanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet vid fatigue: En litteraturöversikt om fysisk aktivitet och dess påverkan på fatigue hos kvinnor med bröstcancer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer that affects women. Many women experience side effects from breast cancer treatments. One of the most common side effects is fatigue that can be perceived in different dimensions. The nurse has an important role by informing, supporting and motivating the patient to perform self-care activities before, during and after breast cancer treatment.

    Aim: Illustrate different forms of physical activity and its effect on fatigue in women undergoing breast cancer treatment.

    Method: A literature review has been conducted where eleven quantitative studies were selected. The databases used were PubMed, MEDLINE with Full Text and ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Database. The articles have been reviewed, discussed and summarized in order to distinguish between similarities and differences.

    Results: It was found that physical activity, in various forms, had an effect to reduce fatigue. The result led to a main heading: Physical activity’s effect on fatigue with three subheadings: Aerobic physical activity, Combination of aerobic and muscle strengthening physical activity and Walking as physical activity.

    Discussion: Four parts emerged from the result: The physical activity’s planning and structure, Barriers to perform physical activity, Positive experiences of physical activity and Nurse’s supportive function. The content has been discussed in conjunction with Dorothea E. Orem’s self-care theory and new applied qualitative data.

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  • 24.
    Adam, McCarthy
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Johan, Armasson
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av andlighet vid livets slutsskede: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 25.
    Adan, Mona
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mohamud, Farhia Abi
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Personers upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes typ 2: en litteraturöversikt2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DMT2) is a public health disease that is found around the world. Diabetes is a disease that can be life-threatening if the patient does not receive medical care. It is classified as a non-communicable public disease, in addition to the bodily injuries such as DMT2, it can also cause financial difficulties for the patient as well as for health care. DMT2 disease negatively affects the patient as they cause daily problems. In the long term, it can also contribute to complications and in order to be able to prevent it, the patient needs knowledge about the disease insight as well as risk factors that may arise and which treatment can be effective for their quality of life.

    Aim: To describe how people with type 2 diabetes experience their self-care.

    Method: The overview for the literature search was made with the help of two databases Cinahl Complete and PubMED, where a selection of 11 scientific articles that focus on qualitative methods were selected

    Results: The literature review shows 4 main areas: management of blood sugar value, diet management, physical activity and support.

    Conclusion: The literature review has concluded that patients with type 2 diabetes need a lot of support from both health care but also from relatives and friends. In the literature review, it is also found that lifestyle habits have a great impact on patients, if they make a lifestyle change that benefits them, they can live a life of quality.

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  • 26.
    Adem, Abdulwassi
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Maruffi, Ghomri
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av vård av en person med demenssjukdom och stödåtgärder för anhörigvårdare2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Adestedt, Mattias
    et al.
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Karimi, Monavar
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Föräldrars erfarenhet av att ha barn med diagnosen ADHD: En Litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background ADHD is a neuropsychiatric disorder that creates difficulty with impulsivity, hyperactivity and concentration. Children with this diagnosis have a high risk of ending up in a number of unfavorable situations. In care, the nurse places great focus on the child itself, but the parent is often forgotten in the situation. As ADHD is a lifechanging diagnosis for everyone involved, the parents also need support, for themselves but also for the child with ADHD.

    Aim The purpose was to describe parents' experiences of having a child diagnosed with ADHD.

    Method A literature review based on ten original scientific articles, both qualitative and quantitative research.

    Results The results of the literature study are shown in three themes and subthemes: Theme 1: parents' actions towards the children based on knowledge and strategies. Theme 2: the impact on the family and the social life of the parent, which is divided into two sub-themes: The impact of the family structure on children with ADHD and the impact on opportunities and security in social life. Theme 3: daily stress that affects parental life and is divided into three sub-themes: Stress, parents mental health and lack of support and help.

    Conclusions The results of the literature study show that the experience of having a child with the diagnosis ADHD in the parents' lives was demanding, challenging and stressful and affected the parents' social, physical and mental health. It shows that children with ADHD affected the family structure, household finances and parents' jobs. Caring for children with ADHD was not easy for parents' social lives and created fear, anxiety, insecurity and feelings of being inadequate and incompetent to care for their child. It also emerged that parents experienced stigmatization and isolation from the people in society and relatives.

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  • 28.
    Adilagic, Selma
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Erici, Jennifer
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hopp hos patienter i palliativ vård: En deduktiv litteraturstudie med modellen de 6 S:en som utgångpunkt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In previous studies on the subject hope it has been revealed that hope is an important condition for the experience of health, quality of life and well-being. In the literature hope is described as a great support in life that is vital for a person's life and for how the person manages to become afflicted with a fatal disease. Within palliative care the 6S: s is a person-centered model for care that is directed towards the promotion of patient´s participation, relief from suffering and enablement of well-being and support of the patient and his or her family members. Aim: To describe how patients find hope in their situation in palliative care, and to examine whether there is an interaction between the different dimensions of 6 S: s model and with patients' experiences of hope. Methods: This degree project is literature study. Analysis was made using a deductive analysis with the 6 s:n theory as a theoretical reference frame. Results: The patients were hoping for cure, to live with hope, symptom management and they found hope in activities, symbols and metaphors, dreams and fantasies, humor, spirituality, self-determination, control, relationships, strategies and goals. After the result analysis to this degree project it appeared that all factors of hope corresponded with the dimensions of the 6 S: s: Self-image, Self-determination, Social relationships, Symptom relief, Context and Strategies. Discussions:It has been found that to have hope is important for patients in palliative care as it enables them to deal with their situation and experience meaning, well-being and safety at end of life. It has also been demonstrated that there is an interaction between the different dimensions of 6 S: s model and patients' experiences of hope. Thus, the model can be assumed to facilitate a more systematic way to integrate conversations about hope and accordingly to promote hope among patients in palliative care.

     

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  • 29.
    Adler, Åsa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Karhunen, Jennifer
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Interaktion mellan sjuksköterska och familj med en kritiskt sjuk förälder: sjuksköterskans stöd till barnet i familjen2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Adman, Heléne
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Wursé, Linn
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Möjligheter och hinder i sjuksköterskans omvårdnad av patienter med svårläkta sår2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Adolfsson Blomqvist, Josefin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Strömsén, Emmy
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vårdpersonals erfarenheter av patienter med demenssjukdom som vårdas palliativt: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A great amount of elderly people suffer from different forms of dementia and unless these individuals suffer from another terminal disease the dementia will by its nature lead to death of the patient. Palliative care is often associated with cancer and cardiovascular diseases, however the palliative care is beginning to see the introduction of treatment for people with dementia.

    Aim: The aim was to highlight nursing staffs' experiences of patients suffering from dementia within gerontological care in end of life.

    Method: A literature review has been done based on search results from databases CINAHL complete, Pubmed and Ageline. The selected articles consisted of eight qualitative studies and two cross-sectional studies. The authors have based the analysis on Friberg's method of analysis.  

    Results: In the result describes Introduction of palliative care for the people suffering from dementia, nursing staffs´experience of symptom relief, the importance of good communication as well as hindrance and possibilities for good palliative care. It was discovered that it can be perceived as harder to judge when a patient suffering from dementia is in need of palliative care compared to patients with other medical conditions. This also resulted in the caring relationship between patient and nursing staff is of high importance for the recognition of symptoms. Nursing staff perceived there were flaws in the emotional support after having nursed a patient with dementia.

    Discussion: In the method discussion pros and cons regarding the chosen method is discussed, as well as the choice of articles and why some restrictions have been made. In the result discussion the result in relation to the theoretical entry points 6 S:s  is discussed. Correlations to person-centered care is discussed through the discussion of the result.

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  • 32.
    Adolfsson, Karin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet; Länssjukhuset Ryhov, Region Jönköpings län.
    Kreicbergs, Ulrika
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Bratthäll, Charlotte
    Länssjukhuset i Kalmar.
    Holmberg, Erik
    Göteborgs universitet; Region Västra Götaland.
    Björk-Eriksson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet; Region Västra Götaland.
    Stenmarker, Margaretha
    Göteborgs universitet; Region Jönköpings län; Linköpings universitet.
    Referral of patients with cancer to palliative care: Attitudes, practices and work-related experiences among Swedish physicians2022In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 31, no 6, article id e13680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the attitudes, practices and work-related experiences among Swedish physicians regarding the referral process, integration and transition between oncology care and palliative care (PC).

    METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was performed with a study-specific questionnaire in 2016-2017 in south-eastern Sweden. Physicians working with cancer patients within surgical specialties, medical specialties and paediatric oncology participated.

    RESULTS: The vast majority of the 130 participating physicians (99.2%) stated that PC was beneficial for the patient and were positive about early integration of PC (65.5%). Still, only 27.6% of the participants introduced PC at an early stage of non-curable disease. However, paediatric oncologists had a very early introduction of PC in comparison with medical specialties (p = 0.004). Almost 90% of the study population said they wanted to know that the patient had been taken care of by another care facility.

    CONCLUSIONS: Despite the physicians' positive attitude towards early integration and referral to PC, they often acted late in the disease trajectory. This late approach can reduce the patient's opportunity of improving quality of life during severe circumstances. There is a need for in-depth knowledge of the physicians' challenges in order to bridge the gap between intentions and actions.

  • 33.
    Adolphsson, Niclaz
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Davidsson, Barbro
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Debriefing: sett ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv samt dess relevans för omvårdnad2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Adriazola, Mary Isabel
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kjellström, Thima
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att vara inlagd på flerbäddssal: En litteraturöversikt om hur patienter upplever att vårdas i en flerbäddssal inom somatisk vård.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Patients may have different experiences while they are cared for in a multiplebed

    room. Those experiences are influenced by the hospital environment,

    atmosphere, lack of space and communication. Dignity can be affected and

    offend in various ways depending on their own perceptions of dignity.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to explore how patients experienced

    their own dignity in a multiple-bed room ward within somatic care.

    Methods: This literature review was based on 13 qualitative and one quantitative study

    and found in the databases CINAHL, Medline and PubMed. The results were

    compiled in a chart, where similarly themes were identified to created new

    themes.

    Results: The overall themes for this literature review are presented in six different

    themes. They are: Patients experiences of being independent, patients

    privacy, patients’ participation in being placed in a multiple-bed room,

    patients' experiences of being with others and how staffs’ response affects

    patients' experiences. The patients both positive and negative experiences are

    described.

    Discussions: The authors discuss the results based on Nordenfelt dignity concept, where

    dignity as moral stature, human dignity and the dignity of identity are

    involved.

    Keywords: Multiple-bed rooms, privacy, patients’ experience, dignity

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  • 35.
    Aene, Roya
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rudzite, Alise
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors sexuella hälsa i samband med bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor i världen. Behandlingen medför olika konsekvenser som påverkar kvinnors liv och välbefinnande som kan leda till kvinnors sexuella hälsa, sexualitet samt relation till sig själv och sin partner blir påverkad.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva upplevelser av sexuell hälsa hos kvinnor i samband med bröstcancer.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes som innehåller fyra kvalitativa, fem kvantitativa och två vetenskapliga artiklar med mixad metod. Artiklarna analyserades och granskades enligt Fribergs metod.

    Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i sex temaområden som beskriver upplevelser av sexuell hälsa hos kvinnor med bröstcancer: Förändrad sexuell hälsa, Psykologiska konsekvenser, Kvinnans relation till sig själv och sin kropp, Relationer med partner, Kommunikationen med hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal och Fördomar kring bröstcancerbehandling.

    Diskussion: Diskussionen inkluderar en metoddiskussion och en resultatdiskussion. I metoddiskussionen diskuteras styrkor och svagheter, genomförda tillvägagångssätt samt kvalitetsgranskning av resultatartiklar. Vidare i resultatdiskussion diskuteras resultatets fynd utifrån Katie Erikssons teori om lidande samt andra studier och egna reflektioner.

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  • 36.
    af Burén, Julia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Szanto, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienter med substansmissbruksproblematik: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Substance abuse has a negative impact on the body and is contributing to some of the world's diseases. The drug availability has increased, showing an upward trend. Patients with substance abuse who seek care feel that their needs are not taken seriously. The nurse’s role in this is to create a care that is as good and efficient as possible, where patients feel involved and respected.

    Aim: To investigate nurses' experiences of caring for people with substance use problems.

    Method: The literature review consisted of ten scientific articles taken from the databases Cinahl Complete and PubMed. All articles were based on nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with substance abuse. The result was constructed on the similarities and differences between the articles.

    Results: The results showed that nurses from various departments had different experiences of providing care to patients with substance abuse problems. Nurses working on different kind of departments did not have any specific training focused on substance abuse. In contrast, nurses who worked in psychiatry, detoxification centers, and alcohol and drug departments, had more experience of dealing with patients suffering from this sort of disease.

    Discussion: The discussion has been based on Parse's theory Humanbecoming. With help of the theory the discussion included the nurses’ different experiences and how healthcare is formed along this. It concluded with the impact education and healthcare environment has on the care for patients with substance abuse.

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  • 37.
    af Klint, Madeleine
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jonasson, Paulina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ovisshet och väntan: Anhörigas upplevelser av att bli informerade av sjuksköterskor2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor har till uppgift att informera anhöriga med hänsyn till tidpunkt, form och innehåll. Anhöriga har behov av att få information från sjuksköterskor. Studier visar att behovet av information inte tillfredsställs och att anhöriga lider i ovisshet och väntan.

     

    Syfte: Beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att bli informerade av sjuksköterskor.

     

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2006) har gjorts och baserats på nio vetenskapliga artiklar. Likheter i resultaten delades efter innehåll in i teman.

     

    Resultat: Anhöriga vill bli informerade på vardagligt språk, med få medicinska termer och informationen ska vara rak, sanningsenlig och patientnära. De vill inte behöva vänta på att få information, de vill få den kontinuerligt och inte riskera att få motsägelsefull information. Förmedlad information ska syfta till att anhöriga får förståelse för situationen den närstående befinner sig i, utvecklar tillit till sjuksköterskorna och blir delaktiga i vården av den närstående. Dessutom bör förmedlad information lämna utrymme för realistiskt hopp. 

     

    Diskussion: Det händer att sjuksköterskor talar i medicinsk jargong med varandra och då anpassar de inte språket efter de anhörigas förförståelse av sjukvården. Sjuksköterskor bör, således, väga sina ord med större omsorg. Anhöriga söker information från andra källor, vilket ställer högre krav på sjuksköterskor att uppdatera och anpassa sig efter dagens snabba informationsflöde. För att möta anhörigas vilja till delaktighet kan familjeronder öka informationsöverföringen. Anhöriga får där möta människor från olika professioner och ta vara på deras kunskaper om den närstående och på så sätt skapa sig en egen bild över situationen.

     

    Nyckelord: Anhöriga, behov, information, sjuksköterskor                     

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    Ovisshet och väntan - Anhörigas upplevelser av att bli informerade av sjuksköterskor
  • 38.
    af Winklerfelt Hammarberg, Sandra
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet; Region Stockholm.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Nejati, Shabnam
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Magnil, Maria
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hange, Dominique
    Göteborgs universitet; Region Västra Götaland.
    Svenningsson, Irene
    Göteborgs universitet; Region Västra Götaland.
    Petersson, Eva‑Lisa
    Göteborgs universitet; Region Västra Götaland.
    André, Malin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Udo, Camilla
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences. Högskolan Dalarna; Uppsala universitet.
    Ariai, Nashmil
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wallin, Lars
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Wikberg, Carl
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Westman, Jeanette
    Karolinska Institutet; Region Stockholm; Uppsala universitet.
    Clinical effectiveness of care managers in collaborative primary health care for patients with depression: 12‑ and 24‑month follow‑up of a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial2022In: BMC Primary Care, E-ISSN 2731-4553, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In previous studies, we investigated the effects of a care manager intervention for patients with depression treated in primary health care. At 6 months, care management improved depressive symptoms, remission, return to work, and adherence to anti-depressive medication more than care as usual. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term effectiveness of care management and usual care for primary care patients with depression on depressive symptoms, remission, quality of life, self-efficacy, confidence in care, and quality of care 12 and 24 months after the start of the intervention.

    Methods: Cluster randomized controlled trial that included 23 primary care centers (11 intervention, 12 control) in the regions of Västra Götaland and Dalarna, Sweden. Patients ≥ 18 years with newly diagnosed mild to moderate depression (n = 376: 192 intervention, 184 control) were included. Patients at intervention centers co-developed astructured depression care plan with a care manager. Via 6 to 8 telephone contacts over 12 weeks, the care manager followed up symptoms and treatment, encouraged behavioral activation, provided education, and communicated with the patient’s general practitioner as needed. Patients at control centers received usual care. Adjusted mixed model repeated measure analysis was conducted on data gathered at 12 and 24 months on depressive symptoms and remission (MADRS-S); quality of life (EQ5D); and self-efficacy, confidence in care, and quality of care (study-specific questionnaire).

    Results: The intervention group had less severe depressive symptoms than the control group at 12 (P = 0.02) but not 24 months (P = 0.83). They reported higher quality of life at 12 (P = 0.01) but not 24 months (P = 0.88). Differences in remission and self-efficacy were not significant, but patients in the intervention group were more confident that they could get information (53% vs 38%; P = 0.02) and professional emotional support (51% vs 40%; P = 0.05) from the primary care center.

    Conclusions: Patients with depression who had a care manager maintained their 6-month improvements in symptoms at the 12- and 24-month follow-ups. Without a care manager, recovery could take up to 24 months. Patients with care managers also had significantly more confidence in primary care and belief in future support than controls.

  • 39.
    Afzelius, Görel
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hesse, Ylva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att hjälpa eller stjälpa: patientens delaktighet i vården2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Agartz, Julia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ghebrehiwet, Miriam
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av palliativ vård2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Anhörigas upplevelser av palliativ vård
  • 41.
    Agaskova, Natalja
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bakoev, Temur
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhöriga: Vems liv lever jag?: Litteraturöversikt om anhörigas erfarenheter av att leva med en familjemdelem som lider av psykisk sjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 42.
    Agdell, Ingrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Valdre, Mikko
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hur vården upplevs av personer med självskadebeteende: en litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-harm behavior evokes many emotions and there is some misunderstanding about the phenomenon. The behavior is likely to be more common amongst women than men and often starts in the early teens but can affect anyone. Caring for people with self-harm behavior is a challenge for healthcare professionals. Therefore it is important to clarify how people with self-harm behavior describe their experiences of what may represent significant care interventions.

    Aim: The aim was to find out how people with self-harm behavior experience healthcare.

    Method: A literature review of 12 qualitative articles has been carried out to systematically account for the research done in the specific field.

    Results: Individuals with self-harm behavior experienced both a lack of and access to trustful interpersonal relationships with healthcare professionals. In inpatient care they could be met by incomprehensible and disrespectful nursing staffs who were more interested in rules and upbringing than by individuals in need of care and interpersonal relationships. One of the main obstacles to the recovery process was the exposure to other people's self-harm behavior. The foundation for an interpersonal relationship was staffs that were genuinely thoughtful and took the time to really listen to each individual's unique story. If there was a mutual and trustful care relationship there was a greater tendency to seek care in the future.

    Discussion: The method and result are discussed towards the background, the theory of care, laws, competence descriptions and scientific articles.

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  • 43.
    Aghajani, Jana
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Odén, Ann-Charlotte
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters erfarenheter av cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Smärterfarenheter är subjektiva, enskilda upplevelser, som kan framträda varierande och är vanligt förekommande vid långt gångna cancersjukdomar. Palliativ vård månar om patientens välbefinnande genom att se den hela människan och bland annat tidigt identifiera och behandla olika typer av smärta. I begreppet smärta ingår de olika dimensionerna av fysisk, psykisk, social och andlig/existentiell smärta. Dessa olika smärttillstånd kan samverka med varandra och förstärka den upplevda smärtan. Detta är smärtor som påverkar den cancersjuke patientens välbefinnande och välmående i dennes sista dagar.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård.

    Metod: Litteraturöversikten är grundad på elva vårdvetenskapliga artiklar: sju kvalitativa, två kvantitativa och två med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Artiklarnas innehåll analyserades och resultat presenterades med fyra teman.

    Resultat: Resultat av denna litteraturöversikt presenterades med fyra huvudkategorier: smärtans olika uttryck, smärtlindringsstrategier, smärtans inflytande på livssituationen och vårdens hantering och bemötande av patienters smärta. Resultatet visade att patienter erfor fysisk, psykologisk, social och existentiell/andlig cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård. Det framkom att både farmakologiska och icke-farmakologiska smärtlindringsmetoder användes av patienter. Rädsla för biverkningar av opioider belystes av patienter. Det visade sig att smärtan påverkade negativt patienters vardagliga liv, möjligheter att utföra aktiviteter samt bibehålla nära relationer. Patienters rädsla för stigande smärta visade sig ibland vara större än rädsla för döden. Patienter betonade betydelsen av att förbättrad kommunikation, förståelse, förtroende, kompetens och engagemang från vårdpersonal när det gällde patienters smärtbehandling.

    Diskussion: Katie Erikssons vårdteori användes vid resultatdiskussionen. Resultatet visade att patienter med cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård hade liknande erfarenheter, tankar och problem gällande sin smärta, samt sjuksköterskornas sätt att möta smärta. Det framkom ett behov av kompetensutveckling angående sjuksköterskors ansvar och förhållningssätt gentemot patienters smärta i palliativ vård.

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  • 44.
    Agic, Aida
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ek, Manuel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fördomar mot manliga sjuksköterskor2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 45.
    Agius, Josefine
    et al.
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Klarare, Anna
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mattsson, Elisabet
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Trygg kan ingen vara: Elever som lever med skyddade personuppgifter2022In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 4, p. 16-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige lever över 10 000 barn med skyddade personuppgifter på grund av hot och våld. För barn och ungdomar som tvingas leva gömda kan skolan vara en tillflyktsort i en annars kaotisk värld.

  • 46.
    Agius, Josefine
    et al.
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Klarare, Anna
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Mattsson, Elisabet
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vamstad, Johan
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Institutionen för civilsamhälle och religion, Centre for Civil Society Research.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    Uppsala universitet.
    Vahlman, Sanna
    Ersta möjlighet, Stockholm.
    Vilket stöd våldsutsatta får blir ett lotteri: Ge kommuner ett särskilt bostadsförsörjningskrav för våldsutsatta2023In: Dagens Samhälle, article id 2023-06-08Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Inrätta en nationell handlingsplan som säkerställer skydd, stöd och stadigvarande boende för våldsutsatta oavsett kommun, föreslår forskare i ett projekt om kvinnor i hemlöshet.

  • 47.
    Agius, Josefine
    et al.
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mattsson, Elisabet
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnor på skyddade boenden måste kunna ta tillbaka sina liv2022In: Expressen, ISSN 1103-923X, no 22-02-09Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges myndigheter och kommuner måste sluta nöja sig med att kvinnor förvaras på skyddat boende under obestämd tid. Josefine Agius och Elisabet Mattsson uppmanar Sveriges myndigheter och kommuner att prioritera rätt i regeringens åtgärdspaket.

  • 48.
    Agius, Josefine
    et al.
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mattsson, Elisabet
    Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Woman Advisory Board,
    ”Stabil vardag måste ses som en del av traumabehandling”2022In: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, no 2022-04-07Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    För kvinnor utan fast bostad är det omöjligt att få traumabehandling, eftersom en stabil vardag är ett krav, skriver Josefine Agius, Elisabet Mattsson och Woman Advisory Board.

  • 49.
    Agnafors, Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bladh, Marie
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sydsjö, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet.
    Maternal temperament and character: associations to child behavior at the age of 3 years.2021In: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, E-ISSN 1753-2000, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The influence of maternal temperament on child behavior, and whether maternal temperament impact boys and girls differently is not thoroughly studied. The aim was to investigate the impact of maternal temperament and character on child externalizing and internalizing problems at age 3.

    METHODS: A birth-cohort of 1723 mothers and their children were followed from birth to age 3. At the child's age of 3 months, the mothers filled out standardized instruments on their temperament and character using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and depressive symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). At the child's age of 3 years, the mothers reported on child behavior using the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL).

    RESULTS: Maternal temperamental trait novelty seeking was positively associated with externalizing problems in the total population and in girls. Harm avoidance was positively associated with externalizing problems in the total population and in boys, and with internalizing problems in the total population and boys and girls respectively. Maternal character traits of self-directedness and cooperativeness were negatively associated with both externalizing and internalizing problems in the total population and in boys and girls respectively.

    CONCLUSIONS: Maternal character traits were more influential on child behavior than were temperamental traits, and thus the opportunities for intervention targeted at parental support are good. Maternal mental health and socioeconomic aspects also increased the risk for child behavior problems, indicating the need for recognition and support in clinical settings.

  • 50.
    Agnsäter, Elin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Arnesson, Jacob
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av en kort vårdtid och ett snabbt vårdförlopp2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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