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  • 1.
    Arnberg, Filip K.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bondjers, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Panel discussion: early interventions after traumatic events2015In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology, ISSN 2000-8066, E-ISSN 2000-8066, Vol. 6, article id 28636Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Belca, Spela
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Barosen, Camilla
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelser av att leva med schizofreni2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Schizofreni är en allvarlig psykisk sjukdom kännetecknad av svikt i kognitiva och sociala förmågor. Det råder otillräckliga kunskaper i bemötandet av personer med schizofreni. Deras subjektiva upplevelser blir oftast åsidosatta fastän de spelar en viktig roll i vården och personers liv. En bättre förståelse för personers subjektiva dimensionen kan bidra till ett bättre bemötande och minska lidande för personer med schizofreni.

    Syfte: Syftet för denna studie är att undersöka subjektiva upplevelser hos personer med schizofreni.

    Metod: Nio kvalitativa artiklar som hittades i databaserna PsycINFO och CINAHL bearbetades med metasyntes, gemensamma teman kunde identifieras.

    Resultat: Personer med schizofreni upplever en komplex blandning av upplevelser såsom tillbakadragande, ensamhet, relationsproblem, hopplöshet, kaos och förvirring som effekter av sjukdomen. Trygghet och gemenskap kan bidra till en positiv utveckling av hälsoprocesserna.

    Diskussion: Livsvärlden ligger till grund för hur personer med schizofreni upplever sin sjukdom och livssituation. Upplevelser av negativa symtom hos personer med schizofreni kräver mer forskning. Bemötandet av personer med schizofreni kan genom fortsatt forskning och utbildning förbättras.

  • 3.
    Eivergård, Kristina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Mittuniversitetet.
    Enmarker, Ingela
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Livholts, Mona
    Linköpings universitet.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå universitet.
    Hellzén, Ove
    Mittuniversitetet.
    The Importance of Being Acceptable: Psychiatric Staffs' Talk about Women Patients in Forensic Care.2018In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, women comprise about ten percent of those sentenced to psychiatric forensic clinics in Sweden. Those who are sentenced to forensic care because of offending and violent behaviour have already taken a step away from the usually expected female behaviour. On the other hand, there are many women in forensic care who have not committed crimes, but who instead self-harm. Studies have identified a gender bias in diagnosing and care in psychiatric settings, but there are few studies conducted on women in forensic care. The present study therefore examined how the situation of women patients and female norms are expressed in the staff's talk about these women during verbal handovers and ward rounds at a forensic clinic in Sweden. The aim was to explore how psychiatric staff, in a context of verbal handovers and ward rounds, talk about women who have been committed to forensic psychiatric care, and what consequences this might have for the care of the patients. The content of speech was examined using audio recordings and a method of analysis that was inspired by thematic analysis. The analysis identified that the staff talked about the women in a way that indicates that they expected the women to follow the rules and take responsibility for their bodies in order to be regarded as acceptable patients.

  • 4. Hansson, Jan-Håkan
    Organizing normality: essays on organizing day activities for people with severe mental disturbances1993Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Nilsson, Emmy-Lie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Betydelsen av handledning för psykiatriska sjuksköterskor inom öppen psykiatrisk beroendevård: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supervision can give the nurse the possibility to reflect, let of steam, process emotions and reduce stress and feelings of inadequacy. Nurses can get increased self-confidence and a better coherence with each other but to have group supervision can be a challenge because it demands openness and commitment.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses experience of clinical group-supervision in psychiatric dependency care clinics.

    Method: The study has a qualitative design with semi-structured interviews for data collection. Nine nurses were interviewed and the material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The results of the study is represented in four main categories; to reflect on the caring paradigm through supervision, to create a nursing team through supervision, to understand what is expected from the nurse through supervision and to get to know your self better through supervision. The main categories has all together nine appurtenant subcategorys.

    Discussions: The result of the study is discussed with Antonovskys KASAM (comprehensebility, manageability and meaningfulness) and other literature and scientific articles. The result of the study showed that the nurses could use the supervision to reduce the risk of burnout and feelings of incapacity and frustration, increase the trust to each other in the working group, increase autonomy and self-confidence and to handle the feelings that arises in the meeting with the patient.

  • 6.
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    Rationality and compulsion: applying action theory to psychiatry2007Book (Other academic)
  • 7. Svedberg, Gunnel
    Hugo Lindblads förlorade drömmar: om en patient i vetenskapens tjänst2014Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Posttraumatic Stress and Cognitive Processes in Patients with Burns2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A severe burn is one of the most traumatic injuries a person can experience. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is relatively common after burns, and can be devastating for the individual’s possibilities for recovery. The principal aims were to gain knowledge regarding posttraumatic stress symptoms and cognitive processes after burn and to evaluate methods for assessing symptoms of PTSD up to one year after burn.

    The psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) were examined. The results indicate that the IES-R is a valid screening instrument for measuring PTSD symptoms in patients with burns and it can be used during hospitalisation to identify resilient individuals.

    The pattern of PTSD symptoms over time was also investigated. Four distinct trajectories of PTSD symptoms were identified, i.e. four groups of patients with significantly different onsets and courses. The trajectories differed in the expected direction regarding several risk factors associated with PTSD symptoms.

    Several previously known risk factors for PTSD symptoms were also identified including burn severity, psychiatric history, previous life events, early psychological symptoms, neuroticism-related personality traits, avoidant coping and low social support. The risk factors correspond well with those reported in the international trauma literature, which strengthens the findings in this thesis.

    Finally, using the emotional Stroop task at one year post burn it was found that burn-specific attentional bias was common and associated with more previous life events, more perceived life threat, larger burns and higher levels of PTSD symptoms.

    In summary, there are individual differences in the development and course of PTSD symptoms after burn and attentional bias is a common cognitive phenomenon related to these symptoms. The findings also support the use of the IES-R as a screening instrument for PTSD symptoms in patients with burns.

  • 9.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Karolinska institutet.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet.
    Buhrman, Bo
    Linköpings universitet.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet.
    Internet-based information and self-help program for parents of children with burns: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial2015In: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 367-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A burn is one of the most traumatic and painful injuries a child can experience and it is also a very stressful experience for the parents. Given the great psychological distress and perceived lack of multi-professional support experienced by the parents, there is a need for support during in-hospital treatment as well as during recovery. The aim of the study is to develop and evaluate an internet-based information and self-help program for parents of children who have been hospitalized for burn injury. The program aims to decrease parents' symptoms of stress.

    Methods: Participants will consist of parents of children treated for burns between 2009 and 2013 at either of the two specialized Swedish Burn centers. The study is a two-armed randomized controlled trial with a six-week intervention group and an inactive control group, with a pre- and post-assessment, as well as a 3- and 12-month follow-up. The main outcome is stress (post-traumatic stress, general perceived stress and parental stress). The data will be analyzed with the intention-to-treat principle. The intervention is based on Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) and is inspired by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). It is psycho-educational and provides basic skills training in communication and stress management.

    Conclusion: We believe that this program will offer parents of children with burns information and support, decrease symptoms of stress, and that parents will perceive the program as useful. If the program is found to be beneficial, it could be implemented in burn care as it is accessible and cost-effective.

  • 10.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bondjers, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet.
    Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5: a pilot study2016In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology, ISSN 2000-8066, E-ISSN 2000-8066, Vol. 7, article id 30165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To date there is a lack of studies assessing the psychometric properties of the recently revised PTSD Checklist (PCL), the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). The aim of this pilot study was to examine the psychometric properties of the PCL-5 in parents of children with burns.

    Methods: The participating parents (N = 62, mean age = 38) completed self-report questionnaires, 0.8-5.6 years after their child's burn. Measures were the PCL-5, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Burn severity of the child and sociodemographic variables was obtained.

    Results: The parents' average PCL-5 scores were low to moderate. The internal consistency of the PCL-5 was satisfactory, with Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.56 to 0.77 and mean inter-item correlations ranging from 0.22 to 0.73 for the four PCL-5 subscales and the PCL-5 total. The PCL-5 subscales were moderately to highly correlated with the corresponding IES-R subscales as well as MADRS and PSS (p < 0.05), whereas associations with sociodemographics and burn severity were low to moderate.

    Conclusions: This study provides preliminary support for the use of PCL-5. The results indicate satisfactory psychometric properties of the PCL-5 as measured with internal consistency, test retest reliability, and aspects of convergent validity.

  • 11.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala universitet.
    A prospective longitudinal study of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom trajectories after burn injury2011In: Journal of Trauma, ISSN 0022-5282, E-ISSN 1529-8809, Vol. 71, no 6, p. 1808-1815Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Psychologic problems are common after burns, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are some of the most prevalent. Risk factors for PTSD have been identified, but little is known about the onset and course of these symptoms. The objective was to investigate whether there are different PTSD symptom trajectories after burns.

    Methods: Ninety-five adults with burns were enrolled in a prospective study from in-hospital treatment until 12 months after burn. Symptoms of PTSD were assessed with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised and scores at 3, 6, and 12 months after the burn were used in a cluster analysis to detect trajectories. The trajectories were compared regarding known risk factors for PTSD using non-parametric analysis of variance.

    Results: Four clusters were identified: (1) resilient, with low levels of PTSD symptoms that decreased over time; (2) recovery, with high levels of symptoms that gradually decreased; (3) delayed, with moderate symptoms that increased over time; and (4) chronic, with high levels of symptoms over time. The trajectories differed regarding several risk factors for PTSD including life events, premorbid psychiatric morbidity, personality traits, avoidant coping, in-hospital psychologic symptoms, and social support. The resilient trajectory consistently had fewer of the risk factors and differed the most from the chronic trajectory.

    Conclusions: There are subgroups among patients with burns that have different patterns of PTSD symptom development. These findings may have implications for clinical practice, such as the timing of assessment and the management of patients who present with these symptoms.

  • 12.
    Sveen, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Öster, Caisa
    Uppsala universitet.
    Alcohol consumption after severe burn: a prospective study2015In: Psychosomatics, ISSN 0033-3182, E-ISSN 1545-7206, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 390-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of patients with alcohol-related burns admitted to burn units has increased. It has been reported previously that alcohol-related burns are an indicator of alcohol dependence, but there are few studies addressing alcohol use several years after burn injury.

    Objective: To investigate alcohol consumption 2–7 years after burn injury and to examine possible contributing factors.

    Methods: Consecutive adult patients with burns (n = 67) were included during hospitalization, and an interview was performed at 2–7 (mean = 4.6) years after burn. Data assessed at baseline were injury characteristics, sociodemographic variables, coping, and psychiatric disorders. At follow-up, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used to identify at-risk drinking.

    Results: Overall, 22% of the burns were alcohol-related; however, this was not associated with at-risk drinking at follow-up. Of the former patients with burns, 17 (25%) were identified as having an at-risk drinking pattern at follow-up. One item in the Coping With Burns Questionnaire used in acute care, “I use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs to be able to handle my problems”, was the only factor found to predict an at-risk drinking pattern several years after injury.

    Conclusion: There were more at-risk drinkers in this burn population as compared with in the general population. The results indicate that an avoidant coping pattern, including the use of alcohol to handle problems, can be considered a potentially modifiable factor.

  • 13.
    Vainikainen, Mikael
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Skam och värdighet i psykiatrisk tvångsvård2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Injury-related fear-avoidance and symptoms of posttraumatic stress in parents of children with burns2016In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 414-420Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents of children with burns experience a range of psychological reactions and symptoms, and parents’ health is known to impact children's health. So far, there is little research into potential mechanisms that maintain parents’ symptoms. The aim was to investigate parental injury-related fear-avoidance, and its associations with injury severity and health measures. Parents (n = 107) of children aged 0.4–18 years that sustained burns 0.1–9.0 years previously completed questionnaires on fear-avoidance, posttraumatic stress, and health of the child. Analyses showed that the average level of fear-avoidance was low and positively associated with measures of injury severity and parents’ symptoms of posttraumatic stress, and negatively associated with parents’ ratings of their child's health. In two separate multiple regressions with parents’ symptoms of PTSD and the child's health as dependent variables, fear-avoidance made the largest contribution in both models while injury severity was non-significant. Results were not related to comorbid conditions of the child, scarring, or parent-related socio-demographic variables. In summary, injury-related fear-avoidance is more likely among parents whose children sustain more severe burns. In turn, fear-avoidance contributes significantly to parents’ symptoms of PTSD and to poorer health ratings regarding the child, irrespective of injury severity or child comorbidity.

  • 15.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Perceived support in parents of children with burns2016In: General Hospital Psychiatry, ISSN 0163-8343, E-ISSN 1873-7714, Vol. 38, no Jan-Feb, p. 105-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Children sustaining burns that require treatment in a burn center have a need for multiprofessional aftercare services over a prolonged time. So far, there is little research into satisfaction with care and support after pediatric burns. The aim was to investigate parents’ perception of support after pediatric burn and associations with parent, child and injury characteristics.

    Method: Parents (n= 101) of children aged 0.4–17.8 years completed questionnaires on support, parent’s psychological symptoms and health of the child. Time since injury was 0.1–9.0 years.

    Results: Perceived lack of psychosocial, medical, societal or family support was reported by 21% of the parents. Lack of support was not associated with injury or sociodemographic characteristics, but it was significantly associated with parents’ symptoms of general anxiety, depression and injury-related fear avoidance, as well as parents’ ratings of their child’s general health and heat sensitivity.

    Conclusion: Perceived support did not differ on account of burn severity or sociodemographic status. However, care providers should be more attentive to and supportive of parents signaling poorer general health in their child and cognitive beliefs that the child is at risk for harm when active and parents who themselves show signs of psychological symptoms.

  • 16.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Is sexuality a problem?: a follow-up of patients with severe burns 6 months to 7 years after injury2015In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 41, no 7, p. 1572-1578Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and aims: This is the first study investigating sexuality from 6 months up to 7 years after burn. The aim was to examine sexuality in females and males by using the BSHS-B sexuality subscale and to examine possible contributing factors with regard to sociodemographics, burn characteristics, personality traits, and previous psychiatric disorders.

    Methods: A cohort of 107 patients consecutively admitted to a Swedish national burn center was followed up at 6, 12, and 24 months after burn, and 67 individuals were followed up at 2-7 years after burn. The present study utilized the BSHS-B sexuality subscale, and multiple regression analyses were used to examine possible contributing factors.

    Results: Women were less satisfied than men, and sexuality mean scores improved over time, even up to 7 years after-burn, in both men and women. The strongest contributing factors for worse outcome regarding sexuality were a history of psychiatric morbidity, neuroticism and burn severity.

    Conclusions: As some patients experience sexual problems after burns, even many years later, it is important to identify these individuals. The BSHS-B sexuality subscale may be used as a screening tool, but more in-depth assessment might be needed to address all aspects of sexuality.

  • 17.
    Öster, Caisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet.
    The psychiatric sequelae of burn injury2014In: General Hospital Psychiatry, ISSN 0163-8343, E-ISSN 1873-7714, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 516-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine factors predicting psychiatric morbidity, taking into account the full range of psychiatric disorders before and after burn injury.

    Methods: A cohort of 107 patients consecutively admitted to a Swedish national burn center was examined for lifetime psychiatric morbidity, as well as 94 patients at 1 year postinjury. Sixty-seven individuals, some from that same cohort, were interviewed at 2 to 7 years postinjury. The predictive effects of psychiatric history, personality and other risk factors for psychiatric morbidity following burn were evaluated with multiple regression analyses.

    Results: The prevalence of having a psychiatric disorder preburn was 57%. One year postinjury 19% had minor or major depression and 23% had subsyndromal or full posttraumatic stress disorder. At 2 to 7 years, 31% fulfilled the criteria for a psychiatric disorder. The strongest contributing factors were a history of psychiatric morbidity and neuroticism.

    Conclusions: Two-thirds of the patients had a lifetime psychiatric disorder, and one-third had a psychiatric diagnosis 2 to 7 years postburn. Mental health problems can have a major impact on daily life and functional abilities. Thus, identification and treatment of a range of psychiatric disorders, taking into account preburn psychiatric disorders and personality, is important for optimal adjustment after burn.

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