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  • 1.
    Choowattanapakorn, Tassana
    et al.
    Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå universitet.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå universitet.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Reserch Centre, PRC. Umeå universitet.
    Nygren, Björn
    Umeå universitet.
    Resilience among women and men aged 60 years and over in Sweden and in Thailand.2010In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 329-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to compare the level of resilience of people aged > or = 60 years in Sweden and Thailand. In a randomized sample of 422 people in Sweden and a convenience sample of 200 people in Thailand, the level of resilience was measured by using the Resilience Scale. A chi(2)-analysis was used for the differences between proportions. The relationships between the background variables and the resilience scores were analyzed by using stepwise multiple linear regression. The mean scores of resilience were 144 for the Swedish participants and 146 for the Thai participants. The two samples differed in their background characteristics. The Thai participants were more likely to be women, to be widowed, and to have more children, while among the Swedish participants, more women were married and more participants were aged > or = 80 years. Despite different background characteristics, the Swedish and the Thai participants' scores were almost the same on the Resilience Scale. More studies are necessary to address aspects of gender and ethnicity in relation to resilience.

  • 2.
    Lindh, Marianne
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Holmström, Inger K.
    Mälardalens högskola & Uppsala universitet.
    Perseius, Kent-Inge
    Röda Korsets högskola & Karolinska institutet.
    Windahl, Jenny
    Örebro universitet.
    Enhancing adherence to infection control in Swedish community care: Factors of importance2016In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 275-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare-associated infections are the most frequent adverse event in healthcare delivery worldwide. The theory of planned behavior has proven helpful in hospital hygiene interventions andmight be useful in community care. This study explored howmedically-responsible nurses in Swedish community care perceived and ranked the impact of factors related to the theory of planned behavior, the factors“ probability to change, enhancing the healthcare staff’s adherence to infection control guidelines, and identified which theory of planned behavior subquestions should be focused on to enhance adherence to infection control. Medically-responsible nurses (n = 268) in Swedish communities answered a Web-based questionnaire regarding impact and probability to change theory of planned behavior factors in relation to infection control. Four theory of planned behavior factor constructs were found: (i) knowledge and encouragement from management; (ii) access and availability to materials and equipment, and interest among staff; (iii) influence by colleagues; and (iv) workload, and influence by patients and significant others. The theory of planned behavior factors are relevant for infection control in a home-like environment, and findings could be used as a basis for interventions enhancing hygiene in community care.

  • 3.
    Magnusson, Annabella
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Högberg, Torbjörn
    Lützén, Kim
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Swedish mental health nurses’ responsibility in supervised community care of persons with long-term mental illness2004In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 19-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to describe psychiatric nurses’ experience of how the changing focus of mental health care in Sweden, from in-patient treatment to community-based care, has influenced their professional autonomy. Eleven psychiatric nurses were interviewed and a qualitative content analysis was used to identify major themes in the data. Three main themes were found: pattern of responsibility, pattern of clinical judgement, and pattern of control through support and supervision. All themes were related to the nurse's identity, moral responsibility and the feelings of loneliness and independence in his/her daily work. Together, the three themes were found to constitute a process. This study shows the complexity involved in nursing care provided in the patient's home. Achieving control over the patient's everyday life through support and supervision does not imply taking over the patient's autonomy, but rather reducing the stigma attached to mental illness and facilitating the process of rehabilitation.

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