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  • 1.
    Al-Baldawi, Riyadh
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Teologiska högskolan.
    Schiratzki, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Stenberg, Leif
    Storbritannien.
    Underskatta inte religiös extremism2018In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2018-01-08, p. 4-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En del av det svenska biståndets insatser planerade för Mellanöstern kan bli omöjliga att ­genomföra. Sidas analytiker har inte tagit tillräcklig hänsyn till en ökande religiös ­våldsbejakande extremism och dess genomslag i hela området.

  • 2. Gärde, Johan
    Alla friheter kräver ansvarstagande2006In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Concepts on Zakat, Caritas, and Diaconia in the changing social welfare landscape of Europe2017In: Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, ISSN 1542-6432, Vol. 36, no 1-2, p. 164-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will enhance the understanding of Zakat’s contribution to social welfare provision in the changing social welfare landscape of Europe. It will contribute to the understanding of emerging Zakat within the framework of the welfare regimes in Europe in relation to the more established forms of Caritas and Diaconia. Data was gathered from the Welfare and Value (WaVe) research program in 13 cities and 12 countries 2005–2009. The research was conducted through observation and in-depth research with a descriptive approach to the complexity of majority–minority relations in each town, followed by an analytical phase which addressed various factors in relation to social cohesion, values, minorities, and gender. In this article, the data from the WaVe study was coded and analyzed, mainly to explore the way Zakat is implemented in the European context and within the framework of different contextual welfare regimes using Esping-Andersen typology and Van der Ven institutional model on religious & social identity. The results confirm the dominant role of Caritas and Diaconia but with emerging & innovative Zakat in some countries and a marginal role in mainly Eastern Europe. Zakat is also becoming and alternative & complimentary welfare provision model in Germany, France, and Croatia. 

  • 4.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Crossroads Metodhandbok: En samarbetsmodell för att motverka utestängning av fattiga och arbetssökande EU- och tredjelandsmedborgare2014Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Faith Based Organizations and Secular Organizations as Social Provisions Providers in a Developing Context: The Case of Lebanon2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that community institutions, cultural norms, social capital and the local context aresome of the main determinants of supply and demand of social service provision and health andeducation related outcomes (Filmer 2003). The purpose of this research project is to examine CivilSociety Organisations in general and in particular Faith Based Organizations when it comes to socialservice provision in a development context (Sida 2004a) and more precisely, their configurations,options, expectations, limitations and eventually growing roles. The main question is: In what way doesthe provision of social services by Faith Based and Secular Organizations affect the outcome of such services in the contextof development? The focus is on basic social service provisions that are directly related to humandevelopment and poverty (cf. Prop 2002/03:122, World Bank 2004, Sida 2004b). As an empirical casestudy, Lebanon, amid its complex configurations of different confessional Faith Based Organizationsand secular social service providers, will be the focal point for this research. The regulating, financingand providing of social services in the MENA-region are mainly a traditional public responsibility.However, Faith Based Organizations as well as secular social organizations play a major role in theinteraction between clients, providers and policymakers (World Development Report 2004).In order to examine the possible correlation between social service provision and its outcomes, weneed to develop and understand the local context and the main determinants in Lebanon, based intheory and capable of being validated by empirical data. For this purpose, we will use three models: Thefirst one is Filmer’s model of social service provision and the determinants of health and educationoutcomes. The outcomes can be described in terms of level of child mortality, child nutrition, schoolcompletion, learning and/or achievements (Filmer 2003, Arab Human Development Reports 2002,2003, 2004, 2005). The second model is taken from Mansuri & Rao and their framework oncommunity-based and community-driven development. They argue that governments, the public,private sectors as well as citizens, through civil society, use a variety of community based-methodswhich are the essential ingredients of human development, such as education, health, water, sanitation,and electricity. (Mansuri & Rao 2003). The third model is “the Associationist Model” which develops aframework for the funding, regulation and implementing of social services from different socialproviders (Hogget & Thompson 1998.We believe that one important factor which could influence the decision whether a citizen would selectone form of social provision before another is the general or particularized trust expressed towards theproducer of these services. (Rothstein 2002, Uslaner 2000, Cross 2005. From Svedberg & Trägårdh2007). That is also the case in Lebanon where, for instance, NGOs and the private sector isdominating the health and education sectors as alternatives to an absent and what many consider acorrupt public sector (Lebanese Centre for Policy Studies 1999). Civil Society is replacing the state inthese sectors at the same time as the political role of religion is on the rise in Lebanon. Data will bepresented from the last World Values Survey, conducted in Lebanon during 2008.

  • 6.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institute for Civil Society Studies.
    Faith-Based Organisations and the Configuration of Civil Society in the MENA-perspective2009In: Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan / [ed] Kajsa Ahlstrand and Göran Gunner, Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications :Church of Sweden , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Fred i Syrien skulle inte betyda fred i Mellanöstern”2016In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2016-12-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8. Gärde, Johan
    Freivalds visade kurage2006In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9. Gärde, Johan
    Från invandrarkyrka till mångkulturellt samfund: en kyrkosociologisk analys av katolska kyrkan i Sverige från 1970-tal till 1990-tal1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    This dissertation is focusing upon the Catholic Church of Sweden and her transformation from a marginal minority church of immigrants to a multicultural congregation, which has become the second in size after the Lutheran State Church. The process of change is studied in relation to the Swedish Immigration's Policy and the different existing cultural paradigms that have existed since the Second World War. The principal part of this study is to increase the sociological knowledge about the Catholic Church of Sweden and analyse the future crossroads the Church will be facing in the future and how the social-pastoral work is being effected by external and internal factors. The dissertation has been focussed on four levels: Society, Church, Group/community, and Individual. The Swedish authorities have not so far seen religion and the churches as main social actors. The Swedish model tends to give the State monopoly in the production, regulation and financing of welfare services. Through the debate about Civil Society, other social actors such as the Non Governmental Organisations, the private sector and family/informal social networks are slowly transforming the Swedish welfare state. The Catholic Church in Sweden would need entrepreneurs if her social role should be increased. The actual leadership of the Catholic Church of Sweden has not changed substantially from the 1970's to the 1990's. On a central level, the church has had an Anglo-Saxon/German leadership, which was moderate/conservative in vision and modern in mission. On the parish level, the Slavic influence has increased with a more explicit conservative and traditional view on faith. National parishes are not allowed in the Catholic Church in Sweden, as the bishops believe that could lead to disunion, ethnic and cultural challenges. Thus, national groups have been created which comprise approximately half of the registered Catholics in Sweden. The dissertation concludes that the Catholic Church in Sweden has a multicultural composition of her members, her leadership is multicultural but without a manifested multicultural vision.

  • 10. Gärde, Johan
    Katolicismen i Sverige – mångfaldens kyrka1999In: Invandrare och minoriteter : tidskrift för kultur, forskning och debatt, ISSN 0346-6566, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kristna i Libanon: klämda mellan arabism och nationalism.2014In: Uppdag mission: Lunds missionsällskap, ISSN 2001-0087, no 4, p. 26-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Patterns of Religiosity among Sunnis, Shias, and Christians in Lebanon's Multiconfessional Context2012In: Middle East Critique, ISSN 1943-6149 (Print), 1943-6157 (Online), Vol. 21, no 3, p. 291-308Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Religion och socialt arbete2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Shrinking Religious Communities and Thriving Interreligious Social Work in Postsecular Sweden2015In: Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, ISSN 1542-6432 (Print), 1542-6440 (Online), Vol. 34, no 1, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is considered to be one of the most secular countries when measuring items such as church service attendance, expressed beliefs in God, and agreement with statements such as “religion is an important part of life,” compared to other countries in Europe and elsewhere. Official church attendance in major church congregations, such as the Church of Sweden and most other Protestant Free Churches, has shown a pattern of decrease in membership in modern times, with some congregations risking to disappear as a result. New configurations of social work practice are challenging current congregations with crossover-interfaith schemes, shared buildings, and community-oriented services with a field presence in marginalized urban areas, replacing homogeneous and diaconal or charitable work. Three cases of interreligious social work are analyzed, and in particular the social and religious leadership skills required for collaboration between the religious communities as well as the surrounding society. The interreligious social work practice is also an important factor of social service provision in the concerned local communities and has strengthened the role of religion in the social sphere in what can be expressed as a postsecular Sweden.

  • 15. Gärde, Johan
    Suède : oui, mais à l’élargissement2004In: Outre-Terre, ISSN 1951-624X, no 7, p. 201-204Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institute for Civil Society Studies.
    Watching Muslims on TV – on bonding and bridging social trust2008In: New routes : a journal of peace research and action, ISSN 1403-3755, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 16 of 16
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