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  • 101.
    Jonsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lind, Matilda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ett annat perspektiv på våld i nära relationer: En litteraturstudie rörande sambandet mellan våld i parrelationer och våld mot husdjur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The link between domestic violence and violence against pets has been a topic in international research over the past two decades. Yet, in Sweden it is a relatively unexplored field that many professionals lack knowledge about. Existing research, however, demonstrates that this link can have serious consequences for people exposed for domestic violence. The purpose of this study is to increase the knowledge of the link between domestic violence and violence against pets, with the ambition that this knowledge will develop the social work with domestic violence victims. To fulfill our purpose we carried out a literature study in which 14 research articles were compiled and analysed, each dealing with the link in question. Our results show that violence against pets can be understood as part of the violence that take place in intimate relationships. This is explained by the emotional attachment that often exists between the domestic violence victim and their pets, an attachment that is being used by the perpetrator to exercise power and control. The results also show that, often, social work practices lack support and protection that include pets, which in turn makes it harder for the victim to walk out of the violent relationship. The reason why researchers as well as social workers have difficulties seeing the link between domestic violence and violence against pets, is explained by the specialisation and professionalisation within the welfare state, which has contributed to a division of different forms of violence. Moreover, the idea that animals are objects rather than individuals in their own right is also an important factor. On the basis of the results of this study, we argue that further research is needed, regarding this link, not least within Sweden. This would make Swedish social work better equipped regarding support and protection for domestic violence victims with pets. We also leave suggestions for future research, as to examine how the link is manifested within other intimate relationships than heterosexual ones and how the experience regarding the link is expressed by domestic violence victims who have yet not seeked professional help.

  • 102. Jutterström, Mats
    et al.
    Segnestam Larsson, Ola
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Civil Society Research.
    Zetterström, Stina
    Hedlin, Dan
    Anställd i det svenska civilsamhället: engagemang, ansvar och delaktighet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tack vare tidigare forskning vet vi förhållandevis mycket om hur det är att vara medlem eller frivillig i ideella organisationer i Sverige. Men hur är det att vara anställd i det svenska civilsamhället? Med denna studie vill vi bidra till kunskapen om anställdas arbetsvillkor och drivkrafter i ideella organisationer i Sverige. Områden av intresse inkluderar till exempel vad som kännetecknar organisationer med anställda i det svenska civilsamhället, vilka de anställda är och vad de har för befattningar och villkor samt hur de anställda ser på för- och nackdelar med att arbeta i ideell sektor i jämförelse med privat och offentlig sektor. Fördjupad kunskap om de anställdas villkor och drivkrafter är viktig av flera olika skäl. Den kan bidra till vår förståelse av pågående förändringar inom civilsamhället, inklusive diskussion om professionalisering eller anställdas arbetsbördor. Vidare behövs ytterligare insikter för att kunna rekrytera, motivera och behålla duktiga personer. Slutligen kan kunskapen bidra till jämförelser mellan hur det är att arbeta i ideell sektor i kontrast till privat eller offentlig sektor. Ambitionen med studien är att kunna generalisera resultaten till alla anställda i det svenska civilsamhället. Via ett strategiskt urval ur SCB:s register för organisationer i det svenska civilsamhället skickade vi en digital enkät till alla anställda i de organisationer som valde medverka i undersökningen. Enkäten berörde frågor om organisationerna, de anställda, deras befattningar och villkor. Vi ställde också frågor om engagemang, information, delaktighet och självbestämmande samt om för- och nackdelar med att arbeta i ideell sektor. Sammantaget är en stor del av resultaten tydligt positiva för den ideella sektorn och dess organisationer. Till exempel anger en stor majoritet av de anställda att de trivs med sina arbetsuppgifter och att deras arbeten präglas av engagemang, delaktighet och meningsfullhet. Vi har heller inte funnit något stöd för att kön har någon betydelse för lönenivå eller för vem som blir chef med personalansvar. Det finns emellertid också resultat som pekar på ett antal utmaningar i arbetet med de anställda i det svenska civilsamhället. Det kan handla om att uppmärksamma och synliggöra denna grupp i civilsamhället eller att arbeta med upplevda nackdelar med att arbeta i ideell sektor, inklusive sämre villkor och ekonomi eller avsaknad av stödjande strukturer.

  • 103.
    Kaldal, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Landberg, Åsa
    Eriksson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Svedin, Carl-Göran
    Linköpings universitet.
    Children's Right to Information in Barnahus2017In: Collaborating Against Child Abuse: Exploring the Nordic Barnahus Model / [ed] Susanna Johansson, Kari Stefansen, Elisiv Bakketeig, Anna Kaldal, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, p. 207-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Te overall aim of the chapter is to investigate and analyse how children’s rights to information are, or should be, met in a criminal investigation in Barnahus.

  • 104.
    Karlsson, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ekonomins inverkan på arbetet med ensamkommande barns behov: Socialsekreterares syn på hur behoven ser ut samt hur de tillgodoses utifrånekonomiska förutsättningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2016 a new repayment systems were introduced for communes work to meet the needs of unaccompanied children. The system's intention was to achieve a cost-efficiency and lower government spending in the work with the children. Child-welfare officers work with investigate the needs of the children and grant assistance to ensure that the needs are satisfy. The study search for child-welfare officers experiences of the needs of unaccompanied children, how the economic conditions have affected the work to meet the needs and which effects the new repayment system will have in the work with meeting needs. The collected data consists of nine semistructured interviews with child-welfare officers working with the target group. Urie Bronfenbrenner's theory, developmental ecological perspective has been used as a tool for developing the questionnaire as well as a tool for analyze the empirical data. The result shows, that unaccompanied have an extensive need for safe adults, schooling and the needs are affected by the environment and how laws are formed. Current economic conditions have given possibility for a human approach, but also developed a market were care prices exceeded the quality of the provided care. The new repayment system is designed out of the idea tha unaccompanied children are independent, which affects the possibilities of working with the resource-demanding children. The system can create incentives for communes to place more children according to LVU or equivalent SoL.

  • 105.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Folkhälsa och svenskt civilsamhälle: några introducerande aspekter2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 511-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    År 1920 kom två studenter vid Yale-universitetet in på sin lärares rum. De höll på att planera sina karriärer, och den ene av dem berättade att hans pappa arbetade med folkhälsa. Läraren, Charles-Edward Amory-Winslow, svarade de frågande unga männen att folkhälsa var ett stimulerande och växande arbetsområde, men fann, snart efter att de hade gått sitt svar platt och ointressant. Winslow föresatte sig, som åldrande expert inom sitt medicinska kunskapsområde, att försöka formulera vad folkhälsa egentligen borde innebära, och vilka insatser som området borde inrymma. Sina tankar publicerade han i tidskriften Science samma år och de ligger, nära hundra år senare, till grund för hur folkhälsa definieras idag.

  • 106.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vamstad, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    New Deeds for New Needs: Civil Society Action Against Poverty in Sweden2018In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of new types and new levels of poverty in Sweden has spurred civil society organizations to take a more active role in domestic relief work. Their work is not least directed toward groups of poor with limited access to public welfare in Sweden, in most cases because they are not Swedish citizens. The arrival of groups like the vulnerable EU citizens and undocumented refugees has created a situation where civil society provides emergency relief for groups not eligible for long-term relief from the public sector. A new division of responsibility between civil society and the public sector is therefore being formed, and this division can be explained in terms of rights; the aid organizations are guided by the principles of human rights, while the public sector functions primarily according to social citizenship rights. This article documents the work of the Swedish City Missions, a large aid organization that has become an important actor in poverty relief work in Sweden. A never before conducted survey of 137,000 interventions performed by the Swedish City Missions gives an entirely new insight into the significance of civil society organizations in combating new and old types of poverty in Sweden. Which groups receive which types of aid and what does that tell us about the roles of civil society and the public sector in a rights perspective? The findings show that civil society organizations like the City Missions play a far from marginal role in the Swedish welfare state.

  • 107.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wallin, Viktoria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vård på Centralen: Om vita rockar i det civila samhället2017In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 94, no 5, p. 565-571Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Care at the Central station (“Vård på Centralen”) emerged when refugees arrived at Stockholm Central Station in the autumn of 2015. A single medical student quickly brought together two suitcases with compound articles and non-prescription drugs, and started, together with some friends, to help the arrivals. A few weeks later, the initiative had grown, and hundreds of care-educated volunteers were organized through social media. The result: an organization that was loosely organized, highly professionalized, network-oriented, primarily internet-based, and that met needs possibly beyond the scope of citizenship rights, but within the expectation of human rights. In the present text, we briefly describe and discuss this organization. We argue that in-depth knowledge of this type of organizations may be important in future situations of similar kind.

  • 108.
    Kassman, Anders
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    One of all the others: a life course study of scouts, social capital, and stratification in the Swedish 'Folkhem'2017In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 71-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study shows that scouts have higher incomes than others 14 years after their participation when controlling for social background, sex, and individual cognitive tests. But scouting has no significant effects on future criminality. Social exclusion and criminal behaviour are so marginal that they require more specific types of explanations. The results can be interpreted as signs that taking part in scouts significantly contributes as a step in the social pathway to the upper classes of society. By supporting scouting, the welfare state seems not to prevent problem behaviour but runs the risk of contributing to social stratification.

  • 109.
    Kassman, Anders
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kneck, Åsa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hälsa och sociala relationer bland organiserade ungdomar: Integration och selektion2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 517-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Eftersom sociala relationer är viktiga för att främja hälsa så borde civilsamhällets organisationer, med sina många mötestillfällen, kunna bidra till folkhälsan. Denna systematiska litteraturöversikt av internationell forskning visar att ungdomsorganisationer kan bidra till förbättrad hälsa för deltagarna om de lyckas balansera stöd, kontroll och delaktighet på ett bra sätt. De vuxna ledarna har en viktig roll i denna process. Men risken är att selektionsprocesser gör att de med störst behov tenderar att hamna utanför, och att bättre hälsa bland deltagarna därför till stor del beror på att de med sämre hälsa väljer bort föreningsdeltagande. Föreningar är exklusiva i olika hög grad och det är därför missledande att ha generella förväntningar på att deltagande i civilsamhället ska kunna förbättra folkhälsan.

  • 110.
    Kassman, Anders
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kneck, Åsa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ledarnas betydelse för hälsa och sociala relationer bland organiserade ungdomar2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 517-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Eftersom sociala relationer är viktiga för att främja hälsa så borde civilsamhällets organisationer, med sina många mötestillfällen, kunna bidra till folkhälsan. Denna systematiska litteraturöversikt av internationell forskning visar att ungdomsorganisationer kan bidra till förbättrad hälsa för deltagarna om de lyckas balansera stöd, kontroll och delaktighet på ett bra sätt. De vuxna ledarna har en viktig roll i denna process. Men risken är att selektionsprocesser gör att de med störst behov tenderar att hamna utanför, och att bättre hälsa bland deltagarna därför till stor del beror på att de med sämre hälsa väljer bort föreningsdeltagande. Föreningar är exklusiva i olika hög grad och det är därför missledande att ha generella förväntningar på att deltagande i civilsamhället ska kunna förbättra folkhälsan.

  • 111.
    Kauppi, Jannika
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    “Jag som socialarbetare blir medverkare i en process som inte någon del av mig själv står bakom”: socialarbetares erfarenheter av hur lagändringar förändrar förutsättningar och yrkesidentitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Purpose of this studie has been to investigate how the socialworkers professional identity in relation with unaccompanied refugee children, has been effected by amendments of the law. Since several amendments of the law has been in contact with the social work I have chosen SFS 2016:750. With this amendment timelimted residence permits was initiated which limited possibilities for family reuinons with a relative background, in the midst of this the sustention demands was hardened. Eight social workers has been interviewed in a qualitative, semi-structured manner. These social workers has been involved professionally with the target group constisting of unaccompanied refugee children, both prior and after that the amendment of the law was made. The Interviews has then been the foundation of the material that has been analysed with the help of a theorecital frame of reference that is the foundation of the socialworkers professional identity and role, previously conducted research has also been accounted for. The results of the studie concludes that when the prerequesites are changed it also changes the social workers profesional situation, both internally and externally, in regards of the relation between the social worker and the refugee children. Also the private life of the respondends were effected. The result and analysis show that the Professional identity and role got separated when the professional role are changed when SFS 2016:752 was amended. The Professional identity is put to the test and the social workers own ethical compas decides how the social work itself should be performed. Amendments of the law also reflects on the social workers professional work and compensatory strategies are made. The social workers are affected on different levels of health by the consequences that appear in the sitiation, the results of the studie shows that this relates to guidance, empathy managemant and emotional control.

  • 112.
    Kaya, Sandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öman, Elin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Social interaktion innanför murarna: en kvalitativ studie om professionella relationers betydelse mellan kriminalvårdare och intagna ungdomar på anstalt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to investigate how the professional relationship between prison officers and youth criminals in prison is perceived and how a professional relationship can be of importance in motivation work with young prisoners. Our ambition has been to achieve a result that can be used in client-focused work with young people in social work. The study was conducted at one of the correctional services (Kriminalvården) departments of youths, which has the task to imprisonment of young people between the ages of 18 and 21 years old. It is a qualitative study conducted with eight semistructured interviews with both staff and young prisoners. The analysis of the study has used three theoretical perspectives; professional relationships, the influence of power and communication theory. Our results has shown that an ambivalent career-role can be challenging in terms of creating relationships and that a relationship becomes a prerequisite for talking about motivation work at all. At the same time, our results show that motivation for change comes from the young prisoners themselves and the staffs role becomes to sow a seed that can grow in the future.

  • 113.
    Kibreab, Hermon
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Våld i nära relationer, psykisk ohälsa och vårdnad: En kvalitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what family law court secretaries take into consideration in investigations regarding custody where domestic violence and possible mental illness because of the violence are present. Since it is primarily women who experience domestic violence, this study chose to focus on the mothers parenting abilities and her possible mental illness. To answer the study's research questions and purpose the approach was qualitative and the method used was semi-structured interviews. Semi-structured interviews allow a more in depth and nuanced understanding of the social problem which is being studied. The result was interpreted by using thematic analysis and then analyzed through a theoretical framework, which was Marianne Hester's "Three planet model". The theoretical framework consisted of three planets which are called domestic violence, child protection and child contact. The results of this study show that family law secretaries struggle to discern whether domestic violence has occurred or not, since there rarely are any police rapport that supports claims of domestic violence. Regarding the mother's parenting abilities, she is considered not being able to fully parent the child, due to the domestic violence she has been exposed to. Furthermore, the results show that mental illness in investigations of custody focuses on whether the mother is still capable of raising the child. The results also show that mental illness is broad and difficult to define, since the spectrum for mental illness is quite broad. 

  • 114.
    Kim, Tatiana
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Det ska inte spela nån roll var man bor […] du ska få exakt samma förutsättningar så länge du bor i Sverige".: En kvalitativ studie om hur insatsen daglig verksamhet för personer över 67 år beviljas enligt LSS2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka på vilka grunder LSS handläggare gör bedömningen att fortsätta bevilja insatsen daglig verksamhet för personer som har fyllt 67 år i olika stadsdelar inom Stockholm stad. I studien valde jag att använda mig av en kvalitativ metod som bestod av fem semistrukturerade intervjuer och kompletterande samtal med strateg. Resultatet analyseras med hjälp av teorier om handlingsutrymme. Slutsatsen med studien visade sig vara att det inte alltid görs individuella bedömningar och istället för lite tittar man på riktlinjer och direktiv.

  • 115.
    Klaesson, Helen
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Pettersson, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Alla händer passar inte i samma handske": en kvalitativ studie om vården av depression och ångestsyndrom i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When the Health and Human services department in Sweden published a proposition for new national guidelines regarding the care of depression and anxiety disorder in December of 2016 they got a lot of criticism, especially in media, from practitioners in healthcare and social work both national and international. The Health and Human services department has received statements of opinions and are going to publish a final version of the new guidelines in the autumn of 2017. The purpose of this study was to explore which thoughts and ideas there is about how the care for these conditions should be. This study has through a qualitative content analysis looked at all the statements the Health and Human services department has received to answer to the purpose and research different attitudes about the proposition for new guidelines. The statements were processed in different rounds thru a coding system that was inspired from a perspective analysis and a structured categorization. The empirics has been analyzed with a domain theory and make connections to the concept of an evidence-based practice. One limitation with this study is that it is not possible to get to all the attitudes regarding this subject from the sample of the received statements of opinions. The study reach a conclusion that the statements show contrarious opinions which is based on the context the actor is in and that it is a common phenomenon which gives a wider spread of perspectives and contributes to social development. The study also concludes that a lack of diversity of interventions in the guidelines is a substantial flaw and that the trust towards the guidelines and the Health and Human services department is defective which leads to a questioning about the department's competence.

  • 116.
    Kärnhagen, Camilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Levin, Freja
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Det är därför vi alltid försöker undvika att prata om sådana grejer, så de inte ska känna den lusten igen. För deras eget bästa.”: en kvalitativ studie om vårdpersonals arbete med äldres sexualitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what role nursing staff have in providing the elderly with opportunities for sexuality while living in retirement homes and how they work issues regarding the sexuality of older people. Our ambition is to find out how nursing staff respond to and deal with issues related to elderly people's sexuality and which possibilities for intimacy there is in retirement homes. To investigate this, we chose to conduct semi-structured qualitative interviews with nursing staff at a number of different retirement homes in Stockholm and surrounding areas. The collected data has then been analyzed using Pierre Bourdieu's theory of field and doxa.                      

    The study's main findings show that elderly people's sexuality is seen as a non-question and therefore not a subject nursing staff actively work with. The study also shows that a prevailing doxa can be located in this field, which in turn affects the treatment given by nursing staff. Nursing staff see elderly people's sexuality as something private and therefore avoids talking about it. Because nursing staff have this view, it also influences what adjustments are made in the physical environment in order for the elderly to experience intimacy and physical proximity. Finally, the study shows that in order to respond to and work with issues related to sexuality, nursing staff must have relevant knowledge which further education in sexology could provide.

  • 117.
    Lagerlöf, Hélène
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Det dubbla utanförskapet: HVB-placerade ungas tankar kring fenomenet mobbning2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 3-4, no 25, p. 309-326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A twofold exclusion – interviews about bullying with young people in residential care Youth in residential care are at risk of living in twofold exclusion when stigmatization and bullying in school become part of their everyday life. The article presents results from semi-structured interviews with ten young people in residential care. The young people’s reflections on bullying are analysed in relation to different explanatory models of bullying. Experiences of bullying are very common among youth placed in out of home care, which calls for research on bullying and youth in residential care. The aim of the study was to present understandings of bullying among youth placed in residential care and to investigate why youth in residential care report victimization to a higher degree than young people living at home. The research questions were: 1. What descriptions do young people give of the term bullying? 2. What insights can the young people’s descriptions of bullying give to the high victimization among youth in residential care? 3. How can the young people’s descriptions of bullying be understood in relation to different understandings of bullying? The main findings are the young people’s sense of exclusion. They feel stigmatized due to their placement in care and believe they have to be secretive in school about being placed in care because of the risk of bullying. Three suggestions to decrease the twofold exclusion are presented. 1. Based on knowledge that frequent changes in groups are a risk factor in regard to bullying, placement changes need to be reduced to a minimum. 2. Schools (teachers and pupils) need education concerning care environments. 3. Young people are often placed in care due to behavioural problems and therefore residential units need advantageous conditions to work with the young people’s behaviour on both individual and group level.

  • 118.
    Larsson, Ammie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av att personal använder egna erfarenheter av ätstörningar som en resurs i vårdarbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is about patients' experience of the advantages and disadvantages of staff using their own experience of eating disorders as a resource in the care work. The gathering if empiric was conducted in the form of eight qualitative interviews where the researcher interviewed patients undergoing treatment for eating disorders. All interviewees have previously been in contact with staff who have their own experience of eating disorders. The subject of the study is analyzed based on theoretical themes such as experience knowledge, understanding, treatment, identification, being a role model, over-identification, countertransference and self-disclosure.

    The results show that there are several benefits that staff use their own experience of eating disorders. This staff may, among other things, provide a special resource in the field of care, namely experience knowledge, which is a type of knowledge individuals can’t learn by reading, so other staff do not possess this knowledge. Patients also find that staff with their own experiences of eating disorders have a better understanding of their disease situation and can help patients to understand themselves better, by explaining why they think, feel or act in a certain way. Patients also describe that these staff treat them better, in a certain way that they make the patients feel less vulnerable in their care-seeking position and has the ability to see the disease from an individual perspective instead of being based solely on the diagnosis's characteristics. Participants find that they can identify themselves whit the staff's disease experience and travel to recovery, which leads to that the patients more easily receive this personals message. Patients can see employees with their own experience of eating disorders as role models, because they managed to get healthy and resist eating disorders. This staff also has the ability to reduce the patient's sense of shame about the disease, because the employee self has been ill previously.

    The study's results also show that there are disadvantages to staff using their own experience of eating disorders in the care word. On disadvantage is when staff work is affected by over-identification, which is expressed in terms of staff assuming things that do not match patient's disease state based on their own disease experiences, which causing the patient to feel frustrated. The countertransference of the staff can also affect how they design the treatment because these personal have an emotional link to the disease, which may result that it is more difficult to make demands to the patient. Patients also describe that staffs’ self-disclosure may adversely affect their treatment if the staff tells something about their own previous disease experience that can give the patient new eating ideas or be triggering. Alternatively, the staff focus too much on telling their own experiences instead of focusing on the patient's treatment. If the self-disclosure of the staff is perceived to be unprofessional in the patient's eyes, it may cause that the patient will be doubtful about their professional competence. 

  • 119.
    Larsson, Susanne
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    En kommentar till Maria Erikssons text2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 113-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Larsson-Jones, Klara
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundahl, Edith
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tillsammans skapar vi någonting: En kvalitativ studie om konstnärligt skapande och mätbarhet i socialt arbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, five people are interviewed who work professionally in activity groups with creative arts as a focus for people with neurodevelopmental disorders (DSM-5) and / or developmental disorder. The purpose of the study is to investigate the professionals' view of creative arts as a method in the work with the target group, and also their view of creative arts linked to the increased requirement for evidence-based practice. The questions of this research therefore intend to provide answers to what functions creative arts as a tool can have in group activities for people with DSM-5 and / or developmental disorder. We also intend to research how we can understand creative arts as a method and if/how the method should be mesured in relation to an increased requirement for evidence-based practice. The result is based on five semi-structured interviews that have been coded and analyzed with phenomenological thematic analysis. The theoretical framework is based on the salutogenic model and Jonna Bornemarks perspective on "measuring the immeasurable".

    The method of creative arts is frequently used in group activities for the target group, but at the same time there are deficiencies in the quantitative research bass to support the effects of the method. The respondents argued that the subjective experience of the method is difficult to measure, but that they themselves feel that creative arts has many advantages for the specific target group.

    During the study, the respondents described aspects that were well in line with what is included in the salutogenic model. The practitioners expressed that creative arts as a method contributed to community, cognitive reinforcement, increased self-esteem and that it could function as an alternative means of expression. 

  • 121.
    Liljegren, Amanda
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vikman, Henrik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kultur för, (med och av): en diskursanalytisk studie av Kulturutskottets konstruktioner av funktionsnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to explore and critically examine how people with disabilities as a category are represented and described in the Swedish Culture Committee's evaluation För, med och av - en uppföljning av tillgänglighet inom kulturen (2014). The starting point of the evaluation is the Government's goal for cultural policy and the goals of disability policy regarding issues of accessibility to culture for people with disabilities. The purpose of the study is to show the discourses that dominate in this text regarding the view of disability and to discuss how it effects the target group. We have examined the material using Fairclough's critical discourse analysis as analytical method. Our conclusions are that the Culture Committee clearly follows how the Swedish welfare state talks about people with disabilities - the text is dominated by a legal discourse and an relational model discourse. People with disabilities are mainly described as recipients of culture, rather than as participants and practitioners. The Culture Committee avoids structural explanations to the problem of inaccessible culture for people with disabilities, missing the fundamental conditions that we consider are crucial to address to enable participation in cultural life on an equal footing with others. When the Culture Committee proposes changes, they need to generalize on the basis of a very heterogeneous group of people, which makes it difficult to define what measures are needed in making culture available.

  • 122.
    Liljevinge, Victor
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Socialarbetaren som gick på myten om sig själv och försvann: en studie om hinder för socialsekreterare att kommentera och debattera sociala frågor i det offentliga rummet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social service workers seem to be silent in public debate. For the sake of democracy, it is important there is transparency in public administration, hence the silence is problematic. It is also problematic because of the importance that someone – for instance the player with the most competence, experi­ence and expertise in the field – functions as a voice for the vulnerable who may have difficulties mak­ing themselves and their needs heard. The aim of this thesis is to show the views of social service workers on potential obstacles for them to comment and debate social issues in public debate. To accomplish this, semi-structured interviews were conducted with six persons working with responsi­bility for public authority within the social service. From the interviews it appeared that there are things hindering the social service workers to engage in social debate. These obstacles seem to be based on a clash between the authority culture and the ideal of the social worker role. The social worker has from his or her education gained certain professional knowledge but has to, when entering the social service, relate to that knowledge being valued less than the ability to subserve the organiza­tion’s way of working and to administer government dictat. From a neo-institutionalism perspective, one explanation for the silence of the social workers is that it is not in the organization’s interest that they should speak publicly. That risks hurting the legitimacy which is a threat to the organization’s very existence. Therefor a non-supporting culture grows where fear and anxiety flourish, and no intel­ligibility is created about if it is a part of the social service worker’s role to encourage social change also on a structural level. In a ritual socialization process the social service workers internalize the organization’s beliefs. These things contribute to social service workers not commenting on or debat­ing social issues in public debate.

  • 123.
    Lindberg, Carolina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sexuella övergrepp mot barn i samhällets vård: - Gränser för upprättelse ur ett könsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Expectations of people’s behavior based on their gender can affect the actions of individuals as well as organizations. In the Swedish process of redress, people who´s been neglected in institutions and foster care 1920-1980 could apply for compensation in SEK 250 000 from the Swedish state. More than 5 000 persons applied for redress and many of those described that they´ve been victims of child sexual abuse (CSA).

    This study investigates, from a gender perspective, redress schemes for applicants who`s been victims for CSA in institutional or foster care and where the applicant´s been rejected within the cause that the abuse is not severe enough to give right to compensation. At first the research was made on 1223 of the Redress Boards decisions, from witch, in the research process, applicants with a history of CSA and who’s been denied compensation was sorted out. These decisions are quantitatively presented in relation to the applicant’s gender.

    There is also a qualitative analyze of the Redress Boards arguments for rejection for five applicants who describes penetration-like or penetration abuse. The studies result shows that men have not been applicants of redress for CSA in as high grade as women. Another result is that men who’s told the Redress Board about CSA in a higher grade than women has been rejected redress, related to the number of applicants from both genders. Analyzing the arguments for deny shows that the motivation grounds for why the abuse was not considered severe enough are quite unclear for male as well as female applicants.

  • 124.
    Lindegren, Stina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sexualbrottsdömdas upplevelse och behandlares bedömning av förändring inom kriminogena behovsområden efter behandling: En studie av Kriminalvårdens riskreducerande behandlingsprogram för sexualbrottsdömda, Relations- och samlevnadsprogrammet (ROS)2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to test whether criminogenic needs change over the course of a cognitive-behavioural sexual offender-specific treatment programme (ROS) within a group of adult, incarcerated or on probation, male sexual offenders in Sweden. To measure criminogenic needs 25 offenders completed Locus of Control of Behaviour Scale (LCB), 26 Hypersexuality Behavior Inventory-19 (HBI-19) and 25 respectively 27 completed Relationship Scale Questionnare (RSQ), 2-factor. Therapists rated 46 sexual offenders using The Therapist Rating Scale-2 (TRS-2). The results demonstrated that participants showed non-significant increased internal locus of control, significant decreased hypersexual thoughts and behaviours (small to medium effect size), but no change regarding attachment styles, post-treatment. Results from The Therapist Rating Scale-2 showed that therapists rated significant decrease in all criminogenic needs post-treatment with medium to large effect size. Conclusions are that ROS appears to be effective, inducing change in criminogenic needs. ROS’s specific elements targeting sexual self-regulation seems to be successful resulting in significant reduction of hypersexual thoughts and behaviours, especially for participants with severe problems. Implications of results are discussed and theoretically analyzed from a perspective of cognitive theory, learning theory, attachment theory and affect theory.

  • 125.
    Lindström, Johanna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Malik, Majid
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Jag upplevde en ganska stor ambivalens över det ansvaret jag ville ta men inte kunde”: En kvalitativ studie om biologiska barns perspektiv på konflikt och konflikthantering i och med ett familjehemsuppdrag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study has been to increase the knowledge about biological children's perspective on conflicts and conflict management, as well as to study the importance of the role of conflicts in foster families. The need for the study was based on the fact that conflicts between biological children and foster children are a common cause of cancelation of fostering in foster families. The essay has a qualitative approach based on semi-structured interviews with eight respondents aged 18-28. Respondents share the common experience about what it means to be a biological child in a foster family. The study has its theoretical point of view in a childhood sociological perspective and the result was interpreted thematically and then analyzed using conflict and conflict management perspectives as well as role theory. The results show that the phenomena and situations thatbiological children need to relate to within the context of being part of a foster family include systemic, interpersonal and individual conflicts, whereas individual conflicts have been shown to be most prominent in terms of ambivalent feelings and compunction. The study also shows that biological children handle conflicts in different ways. The visible management styles are avoiding, adaptive, compromising and collaborative, where avoiding and adapting proved most prominent. The result further shows thatbiological children occupy different roles in the foster family, which is comprised of responsibility and participation in different ways, which can result in different individual conflicts. The respondents in the study also says that either more support from the family or support from outside would have benefited their experience of being a foster family.

  • 126.
    Linghag, Sophie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ericson, Mathias
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Amundsdotter, Eva
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jansson, Ulrika
    Karlstads universitet.
    I och med motstånd: Förändringsaktörers handlingsutrymme och strategier i jämställdhets- och mångfaldsarbete2016In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 9-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and discuss the relationship between power, resistance and strategies in gender equality and diversity work. We do this with the support of experiences from change agents and with the support of the common knowledge and analytical processes the researchers and change agents have developed together in the research project. The article is based on a study of 47 civil servants (28 women and 19 men), who participated as employees engaged in gender equality and diversity work within their organisations. The research team designed a series of workshops which enabled reflective conversations and made visible and portrayed situations of resistance in order to elucidate and elaborate strategies addressing resistance. The research team and participants developed a model to sort and analyse resistance and its relation to various change strategies. Three power technologies are deployed for the analysis: repressive, pastoral and regulatory. The model works as a means to place the strategies in relation to change and power. Firstly, the model helps clarifying the ability of the change agents to switch between strategies in addressing resistance. Here, the model contributes to conceptualising knowledge and abilities that the narratives of the change agents express but which they had not thought of, formulated or taken for granted. Finally, we believe that the study provides support to oppose the assumption that their striving may serve no purpose, which both our participants and previous research express. What we highlight is the change agents’ dual positions, in maintaining relations of power in an effort to change them.

  • 127.
    Ljung, Sofia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Lina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Skolkuratorers arbete med elever som befinner sig i en hedersrelaterad problematik: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers perspektiv på arbetet med hedersrelaterad problematik på högstadieskolor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to emphasize the methods of school counselors and how they approach secondary school students who are situated in such relations. We have conducted a qualitative study in form of semi-structured interviews with nine school counselors from six different municipalities in central Sweden. In analyzing the results, we have been using professional theory combined with previous research. The study is indicating differences in the school counselor handling in terms of work experience, collaboration with social services and the school, and also dissimilarities concerning personal interest. Though, an overall downside were the non-existing plan of action or other guidelines for how to professionally deal with students who are trapped in an environment of honor-related violence. But fortunately, there is a common interest among the school counselors in improving their work within this problematic topic. According to the school counselors, honor-related violence is considered a challenging and complex task to apprehend. Furthermore, the study clarifies an uncertainty in the subject itself but it’s also showing a lack of knowledge in how to practically manage successfully. In conclusion, it emerges that activity development concerning honor-related violence, as well as the development of an action plan, is seen as important steps in order to progress. This is to ensure that students with honor-related issues gets the support, protection and treatment needed since this could be vital to their health and personal development.

  • 128.
    Lundber, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences. Forum för levande historia.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF).
    The development of tolerance among the young2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 123-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 129.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences. Forum för levande historia.
    Tolerance: An introduction to the concept, the research and the anthology2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: An anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 131.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tolerans: En introduktion till begreppet, forskningen och antologin2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi. Stockholm, Forum för levande historia. / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences. Forum för levande historia.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF).
    A school of tolerance?: Participation in associations and youth tolerance2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 322-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    MUCF - Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    En skola i tolerans?: Föreningsengagemanget och ungdomars tolerans2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 313-332Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    MUCF- Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    Utvecklingen av tolerans bland unga2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 119-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Lundmark, Pella
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kunskap, gemenskap och motmakt: en studie av den separatistiska gruppens betydelser för unga kvinnor med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, five young women are being interviewed about their experiences of participating in separatist groups for women and non-binary with neuropsychiatric disabilities (NPF). The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge of what young women with NPF can gain from participating in a separatist conversation group; thus to visualizing their experiences and raising awareness of the target group's ability to strengthen themselves. The research question is about addressing the functions of participating in a separatist group, given the target group’s life situations and their social position as women with a non-normative way of functioning. The study is based upon five semi-structured interviews, analyzed according to the thematic method of analysis. The theoretical framework is built around terms and perspectives in the fields of intersectionality and empowerment. The result shows that the informers have shared feelings of exclusion and deviation; both in relation to their gender roles and in relation to their ways of functioning, which can also be understood as powerlessness. This powerlessness, explained through intersectionality, points out that the informers, as in being women with NPF, belong to social categories that subordinate to other social categories, which also seems to have a negative impact on their lives. Against this background, the informers have searched for separatist groups, in hope to find an understanding community and to increase knowledge about their life situations. To participate in these groups can also be understood from an empowerment perspective. Partly as empowerment in the meaning of counter-power, and partly as empowerment as an emotionally strengthening process. What this study shows is therefore that participation in a separatist group can fill different strengthening functions. Through participating in a group, empowerment in the form of counter-power is made possible; thus the separatist group becomes an arena for reflection, learning and action as well as a safe and strengthening community and togetherness. Secondly, emotional empowerment is made possible by the fact that the togetherness contributes to increased commitment, to improved self-image, to increased courage and to a desire to continue to engage - in other words; to a higher level of emotional energy.

  • 137.
    Lönneborg, Markus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Mörnvik, Terese
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kognitiv dissonans hos män som köper sex2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Den transnationella sexhandeln med strukturella och ekonomiska betingelser som har sin grund i fattigdom i andra länder, är en utmaning för polisen och socialarbetare då denna grupp ofta befinner sig utom räckhåll för välfärdsarbetare i Sverige (Månsson, 2018). Tidigare forskning har visat att sexköpare styr efterfrågan på prostituerade och därmed ökar antalet personer utsatta för trafficking (Mendes Bota, 2014). Med detta i åtanke har vårt examensarbete i socialt arbete syftet att undersöka hur män som köper sex försvarar och talar om sitt sexköp i relation till kognitiv dissonansteori. Detta i en svensk kontext där sexköp är olagligt. För att nå vårt syfte har vi tagit del av förhörsprotokoll och domar kopplade till sexköp i Stockholmsområdet under januari 2018-april 2019. Vi har också intervjuat professionella inom de befintliga organisationer/myndigheter i Stockholm som explicit arbetar med sexköpare (KAST, Anova och Prostitutionsgruppen). Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med en abduktiv ingång. Under arbetets gång har studien blivit mer teoridriven och analys av vårt material är genomförd utifrån kognitiv dissonansteori. En teori som utgår från att individer vid olika val har motstridiga kognitioner vilka kan skapa en dissonans som individen är motiverad att minska. Vi har särskilt analyserat materialet utifrån följande modeller av kognitiv dissonans; self-discrepancy modellen, som dissonans kopplat till yttre eller inre påverkan, dissonans enligt self-affirmation concept, aversive- consequences modellen, och utifrån action-based modellen. Resultatet av studien visar att kognitiv dissonans hos män som köper sex påverkas av olika faktorer och hanteras på skilda sätt. Några slutsatser i vår studie är: Få sexköpare beskriver en känsla av personligt ansvar för säljarens situation, vilket vi tolkat som ett sätt att undkomma kognitiv dissonans. För att reducera dissonansen förminskar sexköparen de sexuella handlingarna och lyfter fram en bild av sig själv som ’schysst’ och ’hjälpsam’. Lagstiftningen verkar inte vara en särskilt hindrande kognition för de män som faktiskt köper sex även om den på ett samhälleligt plan har en stark normpåverkan och verkar hindrande för majoriteten män, de som inte köper sex. Sexköp kan också vara kopplat till tvångsmässiga sexuella beteenden, låg impulskontroll, destruktiv livsföring och ångesthantering. Implikationer för framtida forskning, politik och socialt arbete är att fundera på hur kognitiv dissonansteori kan implementeras och användas i praktiken för att motverka sexköp, prostitution och trafficking. En annan aspekt som vi vill föra fram är synen på sexköp som ett socialt problem både på ett samhälleligt och ett individuellt plan. Sexköpare är en del av en samhällelig manlighetsnorm och inte endast individuella aktörer. För det sociala arbetet innebär detta synsätt att bemötande och behandling av sexköpare prioriteras och förbättras.

  • 138.
    Mark, Faith
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    “Women, you know that women they are very easy to deceive … ”: understandings of women's role in witchcraft-related violence among community groups and social workers in southern Nigeria and handling of such violence.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore how social workers and community groups in southern Nigeria understand and interpret women's roles in witchcraft related violence and the implications those views have on the handling of such violence. This topic is of relevance for social work since knowledge about this problem can increase the awareness of violence and its implications when meeting clients that are exposed to it.   

     The study was conducted with an ethnographical approach using a combination of participant observations, semi structured and un-structured forms of interviews’ and seven focus group discussions. Four of the focus groups consisted of social workers who work with empowerment and advocacy for women and girls in Edo-state. The other three were made up of locals in a suburb of Benin City. In this study, I used Clifford Geertz (1973) interpretive anthropology as a comprehensive theory in analysing the results and the theoretical concepts from Mann Huyng Hurs (2006) theory on stages of Empowerment; an existing social disturbance, Conscientizing, Mobilizing, Maximizing and creating a new order.

    The results of this study show that understandings and interpretations of women’s role in witchcraft-related violence by the participating social workers and community members influences their views on what is to be considered violence and who are to be considered victims. Their views also influence their containment strategies and approaches on how to handle this violence.

  • 139.
    Martinsson, Heidi
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hur familjerättssekreterare arbetar med medling inom samarbetssamtal: en kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In recent years cooperation discussions between parents has increased in Sweden. The family law secretaries work daily with cooperation discussions in order to bring disagreeing and disputant parents towards working together regarding issues concerning their children. Cooperation discussions should be given under both professional and competent guidance by mediators with adequate education. That is why it is important, as a mediator, to possess knowledge about models of conflict resolution, mediation theory and about how to manage conflicts. And to, in the best way possible, lead a cooperation discussion as a mediator.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to understand how family law secretaries work with mediation within cooperation discussion, based on transformative theory.

    Method: A qualitative interview study was made in which five family law secretaries were interviewed.

    Results: The results are based and presented on two themes that could be distinguished out of the interviews. Within the theme The role of the mediator, different factors that the family law secretaries found important in the role of being a mediator within cooperation discussions are presented. Within the theme The use of mediation methods within cooperation discussions, the family law secretaries own thoughts of how they use mediation methods within cooperation discussions are presented.

    Conclusion: The family law secretaries work differently when it comes to using mediation methods within cooperation discussions. They describe that their work is based on a mixture of multiple mediation methods. Through the way that the family law secretaries describe how they work within cooperation discussion, it is made clear that they all work with transformative mediation.

    Discussion: Even if the family law secretaries explain that they do not use any given mediation method, the transformative method was recognized in the way they describe their work. Might they be unaware of that they may be working with different mediation methods? Approaches like the solution-focused brief therapy can also be tied to the family law secretaries work with cooperation discussions.

  • 140.
    Mc Glone, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ” Hur var hon när hon inte var arg? – världens bästa mamma”: Upplevelserna av att växa upp med en förälder som har bipolär sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aimed to examine the experiences of what it is like to have grown up with a parent who has bipolar disorder, with help from interviews of six people. Together with Bronfenbrenners ecological systems theory the results have been analysed with the concept “risk- and protective factors”. What came out of the result and analysis was that being a child of a parent with bipolar disorder was featured by ambivalent emotions and instability, at the same time as there was safety in the shape of another guardian. Rarely or never were there any support beyond the other parent and no help from society was offered these children during either their childhood or youth. Everyone who participated in the study expressed that they felt the need to have been seen somehow and that as adults they wished that they had gotten some sort of counselling to be able to understand and process their parent´s disorder, since this affected their childhood vigorously. The experiences were also that the childhood had affected the participants adulthood in different ways and often in a negative direction. During the interviews though, the participants expressed that they were now in a place in life where they wanted to be and that some of them even felt strengthened by their childhood.

  • 141.
    Melander, Christina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Gilla läget": En studie av rådgivningslitteratur om åldrande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie syftar till att visa hur den sociala betydelsen av ålder och åldrande konstrueras i text genom att beskriva och analysera de diskurser om ålder och åldrande som kommer till uttryck i rådgivningslitteratur om åldrande. Materialet innefattar tre böcker författade mellan åren 1999 och 2016, vilka undersöks ur ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv. Metoden är diskursanalytiskt inriktad och fokuserar på de begrepp och metaforer som används i framställningarna. Undersökningen är indelad i tre delar, där en första del handlar om de åldersrelaterade kategoriseringar och gränsdragningar som görs i texterna. En andra del behandlar texternas framställning av livslopp och åldrande, medan den tredje delen berör de åldrandeideal som presenteras i texterna. Resultatet visar att samtliga texter drar en gräns mellan ”äldre” och ”yngre” och mellan ”ung” och ”gammal”. I två av texterna är det den kronologiska åldern som utgör grunden för dessa kategoriseringar medan kategoriseringarna i en tredje text är liktydiga med en uppdelning mellan förvärvsarbetande och pensionärer. Pensionärerna framställs som ”tärande”, medan de arbetande framställs som ”tärande”. I texterna delas livsloppet in i fyra faser, där pensionen och den tredje livsfasen presenteras som en tid för autonomi, personlig utveckling och självförverkligande. I framställningen av åldrandets betydelser reproduceras dock en hegemonisk bild av åldrandet som utveckling mot sjukdom, skröplighet och beroende. Vidare visar undersökningen att samtliga tre texter förespråkar ett aktivt åldrande: i två av texterna uppmanas läsaren till ”identitetsaktiviteter” och självutveckling, medan en tredje text uppmanar till aktiviteter i form av upplevelser och fritidsaktiviteter. Texterna betonar också vikten av acceptans; ett ideal som manar läsaren till att agera åldersadekvat och undvika konflikter med omgivningen. I tidigare forskning om modern rådgivningslitteratur har man identifierat en emancipatorisk diskurs kring ålder och åldrande. I denna studie konstateras istället att undersökningsmaterialet presenterar en homogeniserande och begränsande bild åldrandet och av människor inom kategorin ”äldre”.

  • 142. Mirabella, Roseanne
    et al.
    Hvenmark, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Segnestam Larsson, Ola
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Civil Society Research.
    Civil Society Education: National Perspectives2019In: Journal of Nonprofit Education and Leadership, ISSN 1046-6819, E-ISSN 2157-0604, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 143. Mirabella, Roseanne
    et al.
    Hvenmark, JohanErsta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.Segnestam Larsson, OlaErsta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Civil Society Research.
    Journal of Nonprofit Education and Leadership: Themed Issue on Civil Society Education2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Myrström, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Skolkuratorers tankar om användningen av metoder: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med skolkuratorer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to gain an increased understanding of how school counselors think about the use of methods in the school-based work. Based on the purpose of the study, I wanted to find out what methods the interviewed school counselors use in their work, how they look at sources of knowledge in the choice of methods and how they look at the need for further training on methods. The study has a qualitative approach based on five interviews with four school counselors in elementary school and a school counselor at a secondary school from three cities in Sweden. The main results of the study show that school counselors use different types of methods used to drive their school-based work forward, these are; Call methods such as MI, treatment methods such as KBT and various methodologies such as ABC used in conflict management. However, it is also apparent that, as a school counselor, you have a mindset that allows you to apply these methods in an unexplored way by feeling in the mood, mixing methods and trying out without looking at the effects of the methods. The result of the study also shows that research as a source of knowledge in choosing a method is important and it is stated that one works in evidence-based practice which, according to them, is desirable, but according to their stories, it does not appear in practice. This is partly because of the lack of reflection on the effects of methods, and that one chooses not to take time for further training on methods, which an evidence-based practice requires when you have an awareness of the methods used and the effects they have. This approach may pose a risk to the development of the pupil concerned. Finally, the results of the study show that employers do not encourage further education on methods that the school counselors had desired, but at the same time, the school counselors state that it is a priority issue, thinking that the student goes before the need for knowledge about the methods used in school-based work.

  • 145.
    Mörner, Robin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tegbäck, Emelie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Motståndskraft och skyddsfaktorer hos barn med deprimerade föräldrar: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 146.
    Nilson, Finn
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Lindberg, Fredrik
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Palm, Gunnar
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lundgren, Linnea
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, Institute for Civil Society Research.
    Rayner, David
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Börjesson, Mats
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thorsson, Sofia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Khorram-Manesh, Amir
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Carlström, Eric
    Göteborgs universitet, Universitetet i Søraust-Noreg (USN), Norge.
    Can participants predict where ambulance-requiring cases occur at a half marathon?2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 28, no 12, p. 2760-2766Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Despite endurance races leading to a substantial number of ambulance-requiring cases (ARC), little is known regarding where they occur, meaning that knowing where to place medical teams, ambulance pick-up points, etc, is difficult. This article investigates whether the location of ARCs can be identified by race participants.

    METHODS: Using the world's largest half marathon (Gothenburg half marathon) as a case, 237 runners were asked, post-race, to mark on a map which geographical point of the race was most exhausting. Using the level of agreement tests, these geographical points were then compared with the GPS positions of ARCs.

    RESULTS: According to the level of agreement tests, the most exhausting positions (MEP), as identified by participants, seem to be highly correlated to the location of ARCs. This study can also show that ambulance-requiring cases seem to be more prevalent towards the end of the race and in uphill sections.

    CONCLUSIONS: By asking participants where they found the race most exhausting it seems possible to identify high-risk places for an ARC. From a practical perspective, using this method could considerably increase the safety of competitors as well as improving the cost-effectiveness of safety interventions at endurance races. Further studies are needed to understand the specific risk factors of the high-risk areas as well as characteristics of collapsed runners.

  • 147.
    Nordenmark, Saneh
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Glöm aldrig barnen2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 78-78Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 148.
    Nordenmark, Saneh
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jordabalken, 12 kap.: till dig, och dig, och dig2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 78-78Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 149.
    Norén, Jenny
    et al.
    Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förändringsarbete med våldsutövande män: strategier för kvalitetsutveckling2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En viktig del i det våldsförebyggande arbetet är ett ökat fokus på förändrings­arbete med män som utövar eller har utövat våld mot kvinnor som de har eller haft en (nära) relation till, med de våldsutsattas säkerhet och trygghet i centrum. Med den här skriften vill Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting (SKL) bidra till en fördjupad förståelse av vad som krävs för att göra sådant arbete hållbart och kvalitativt.

    Skriften utgår från bästa tillgängliga kunskap om förutsättningar för kvalitet i förändringsarbete med våldsutövare i form av befintlig forskning och beprövad erfarenhet från professionella på fältet. Förhoppningen är att skriften ska fungera som ett kunskapsstöd för kvalitetsutveckling i verksamheter hos kommuner, landsting och regioner som erbjuder föränd­ringsarbete för våldsutövare.

    Då verksamheter och återfallsförebyggande insatser för våldsutövare är en växande men oreglerad verksamhet syftar rapporten också till att peka ut viktiga utvecklingsområden för framtiden.

  • 150.
    Odelius, Nina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    På samma planhalva: En fallstudie om socionomens roll och möjlighet till inflytande inom det tvärprofessionella teamarbetet i en hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel: Working on the same conditions - A case study on the role of social workers and the ability to influence within the cross-professional teamwork in a healthcare organization.

    The purpose of this study has been to describe and understand the role and influence of social workers in the cross-professional teamwork within a healthcare organization. The study has been conducted as a case study with qualitative semistructured interviews with seven professionals in the organization, three of which are social workers. The material has been analyzed using previous research and through a theoretical reference framework where I chose to use three key concepts; role, influence and teamwork. Previous research shows that the legitimacy of the social worker is low in comparison to other professions in healthcare, which is also affected by the fact that members of other professions find it hard to understand what the role of social work within health care is. Social workers have in several studies indicated that they feel a need to defend their social position. Research has also shown that many state that it is the physician in the team who determines the working climate and ability to jointly respect the occupational groups. The result of this study shows an organization where the cross-professional work is part of the very essence of the business. Social workers have the same opportunity for influence within the organization as other professions, and is valued based on the unique knowledge that forms an essential part of the business. The role of the social worker is also clear to other teammembers. Therefore this study shows an organization in which the role and opportunity of influence for social workers is affected very positively in relation to previous research. The study also shows that there are challenges in the organization's activities. These concern issues of stress and to have sufficient capacity, which informants realate to a company in rapid development.

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