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  • 101.
    Andersson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Johansson, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Interaktionens betydelse i samspelet mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter med cancersjukdom i sluten vård1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Andersson, Camilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sandstedt, Lisa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    En litteraturöversikt om compassion fatigue hos sjuksköterskor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Compassion fatigue among nurses is described as a reduced ability to feel empathy due to being exposed to other peoples trauma, at the same time empathy is seen as one of the core values in nursing. Many nurses lack knowledge about the subject but affected nurses describes it as an overwhelmingly feeling that something is wrong. This may lead to a lot of nurses thinking about leaving the profession.

    Aim: The purpose was to identify the factors that lead to compassion fatigue in nurses.

    Method: A literature review according to Friberg´s method that is based on eleven quantitative articles and one qualitative article.

    Results: The results were presented on the basis of four themes: empathy, feelings of guilt and morol distress, personal and social factors, work related and organizational factors and also age, work experience and professionalism. Some of the factors that cause compassion fatigue were degree of empathetic ability and personal coping strategies.

    Discussion: Watson´s theory of human caring and Conti O´Hare´s theory of the nurse as a wounded healer was used as theoretical frame of reference. Watson describes empathy as one of the core values in her theory of human caring, at the same time the results of the literature review showed that nurses with a higher degree of empathy were at higher risk to develop compassion fatigue. This can be seen as contradictory when empathy is a condition in caring. Conti O´Hare´s theory and the result agree in the regard that if trauma is not handled in a positive way it may lead to illness.

  • 103.
    Andersson, Carina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patientens erfarenhet och behov av stöd och information vid Inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic intestinal disease that often requires a lifelong treatment. With the occurrence of an interruption the patient may be stricken by episodes that is difficult to treat. Eventually an untreated inflammatory bowel disease could evolve to colorectal cancer.

    Aim: The aim was to describe the patient’s experiences and its need for support and information regarding the inflammatory bowel disease.

    Method:A literature review according to Friberg, (2017) have been carried through. The literature review is established on eight scientifically studies, which out of four was carried on with mixed methods, three with a quality method and one on quantitative method. The articles were provided via the data platforms; PubMed, Cinahl Complete and Academic Search Complete.

    Results: The result is presented under two major themes and five sub themes. First theme being: Information of disease and treatment with three sub themes; Content of information for a patient with IBD, how information about treatement is given to a patient with IBD and the need of education to nurses to fulfill the patient’s need of information and the second theme being: relationship between nurse and the patient and two sub themes being; The patient’s need of a good relation to its nurse and the patient’s need of a good relationship with the nurse from child to adult care.

    Discussion: The result has been discussed towards prior studies a to wards prior studies a towards Travelbees theory in care taking. There is support for believing that the patient needs information and a good relation towards the nurse.

  • 104.
    Andersson, Cicilia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Espinoza Tapia, Paulina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Drogberoende och smärta - patienters upplevelser av bemötandet i vården: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses in general find it difficult to provide patients with pain relief because pain is a subjective phenomenon. Nurses emphasize that there is a lack of knowledge and guidelines for the handling of pain. Nurses who encounter drug dependent patients in pain find it to be stressful and complicated. The reason for this is that the nurses felt that it was fraught with their own inner conflicts and moral dilemmas.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patient experiences of health care professionals treatment when the patient experiences pain and when they are at the same time addicted to drugs.

    Method: A literature review based on ten scientific articles was made. The articles was analysed with Fribergs (2012) method where the authors searched for similarities and differences out of a phenomenon that created the results themes.

    Results: The results of this litterature review are presented in two main themes. In the first main theme – Obstruct in the health care professionals treatment the authors could find five sub themes. These sub themes highlights how patients experience negative treatment from the health care professionals. In the second main theme: Preconditions in the treatment the authors could find one sub theme. This sub theme highlights how patients with drug addiction experience a caring relationship and how it can evolve.

    Discussion: The authors have discussed the results main findings in relation to the literature review background, the authors aspects and with Katie Erikssons “caritative” theory used as a theoretical framework

  • 105.
    Andersson, Denise
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Holje, Per
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Köld- och kompressionsmanschett som smärtlindrande metod inom postoperativ omvårdnad2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 106.
    Andersson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Greenhalgh, Louisa
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med fekal inkontinens: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Fekal inkontinens innebär en ofrivillig förlust av lös/fast avföring. Fekal inkontinens är ett relativt vanligt förekommande tillstånd, och mörkertalet anses vara stort. Stigmat kring tarmsjukdomar och eliminering gör tillståndet till ett tabubelagt ämne. Att lida av fekal inkontinens försvårar många aspekter av livet och forskning har visat att tillståndet har negativ inverkan på kvinnors livskvalitet.

    Syfte: Att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med fekal inkontinens.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt genomfördes för att svara an på syftet. Tio kvalitativa artiklar analyserades med fokus på likheter och skillnader i kvinnornas upplevelser. Dessa blev till teman och subteman som utgör litteraturöversiktens resultat.

    Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i fem teman och nio subteman. Resultatets fem teman är: Begränsningar, Ett förändrat jag, Möte med vården, Strategier att hantera fekal inkontinens och Hinder och möjligheter att tala om fekal inkontinens.

    Diskussion: Resultatet diskuteras utifrån livsvärldsteorin. Fekal inkontinens hade stor inverkan på kvinnornas liv och begränsade deras tillgång till världen. Trots att tillståndet endast är ett kroppsligt symtom påverkade det alla dimensioner av kvinnornas liv. Stigmatiseringen kring tarmfunktion och eliminering skapar svårigheter i kontakten med sjukvården. Vidare beskrivs hur ett livsvärldsperspektiv kan användas för att få en djupare förståelse av kvinnornas upplevelser av att leva med fekal inkontinens.

  • 107.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Edsman, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av sexuella trakasserier på arbetsplatsen: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexual harassment is defined as an act alluding to sex and that is unwelcome by the person towards whom the action is directed. It is an illegal action that risks violating and harming a person’s dignity. The problem can be found in the field of healthcare and amounts to precariousness in the work environment that affects the health of the nurse as well as the quality of the care.

    Aim: The aim was to describe nurses’ experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace.

    Method: The authors have carried out a literature review and identified and analyzed the knowledge prevalent in the paper's specific area of study. Twelve scientific articles function as the fundament for this paper: seven of a qualitative, three of a quantitative and two of a both qualitative and quantitative study design.

    Results: The overview of accessible literature resulted in three main categories with two and three subcategories. In the main category titled Descriptions of sexual harassment, with the subcategories Different appearances and The perpetrator, there is a description of the nurses' impressions of the perpetrator as well as the way sexual harassment are expressed. In the second main category, titled The effects of sexual harassment with the subcategories Feelings, Action and strategies and Consequences, the nurses' reactions to sexual harassment both during and after the event are described. In the third main category Explanations, with the subcategories Definition and boundaries and Interpretation, what the nurses perceive as sexual harassment and how they understand what has occurred are described.

    Discussion: The result is discussed from the standpoint of the different coping strategies that presented themselves. Possible explanations and solutions of the problem as well as consequences are discussed.

  • 108.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Niclas
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att ta humor på allvar: om humor i ett vårdande perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Andersson, Eva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Motion som egenvård: en studie om personer med erfarenhet av självupplevd psykisk ohälsa och psykiatrisk vård2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Backround: Many studies indicate that people with mental illness often suffer from physical illness. Many people with mental illness do not exercise even though they often have knowledge about the benefits of physical activity. Studies suggest that psychiatric patients have the desire to have an everyday life with more content. It is apparent in studies that healthcare professionals believe that it is the patients' own responsibility to keep themselves physically active.

    Aim: The primary objective with this study is to examine motivation and possible obstacles to exercise for persons with self-perceived mental illness and experience of psychiatric care. The secondary objective is to investigate how psychiatric care may be of importance to people with mental illness when it comes to exercise.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews. A qualitative content analysis was used.

    Results: The results were presented in five categories; exercise as self-care, to make your day meaningful, not knowing your limits, mental illness and inactivity, how health care motivates exercise. Some of the categories contained subcategories.

    Discussions: The results of the study were discussed by Dorothea Orem´s self-care theory. People with mental illness may have difficulty with motivation and lack of initiative related to their illness, and by that unable to cope without the support to exercise or perform physical activity. The nurse may have a very important role to compensate for what is lacking in the patient´s knowledge and ability. The author believes that psychiatric care should implement exercise as part of treatment.

  • 110.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ronsten, Barbro
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bekräftande mentorskap: en studie om mentorskapets betydelse för sjuksköterskor och logopeder under deras första år efter examen2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 111.
    Andersson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Johansson, Susannah
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Individanpassad aktivering för den äldre dementa i syfte att öka välbefinnandet - faktorer av betydelse ur vårdgivarens perspektiv2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 112. Andersson, Gunnel
    et al.
    Johansson, Jan Erik
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    Sahlberg-Blom, Eva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Perceptions of urinary incontinence among Syrian Christian women living in Sweden.2009In: Journal of Transcultural Nursing, ISSN 1043-6596, E-ISSN 1552-7832, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 296-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the perception of urinary incontinence (UI) among Syrian women living in Sweden. DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive design with focus group discussions (FGDs) was used and analyzed with content analysis. Fourteen Syrian women were interviewed in three FGDs. FINDINGS: Three categories emerged, "Thoughts on UI," "Managing UI," and "Communication With the Health Care System." Among the interviewees, UI was a common, and expected, problem, which could be managed. However, some expressed shame and embarrassment. Some talked about communication problems with health care. DISCUSSION: The health care system should be adjusted to the women's needs, with awareness of the communication difficulties, which could result in misunderstanding and neglected treatments.

  • 113. Andersson, Gunnel
    et al.
    Johansson, Jan-Erik
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    Sahlberg-Blom, Eva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Accepting and adjusting: older women's experiences of living with urinary incontinence.2008In: Urologic nursing, ISSN 1053-816X, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 115-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of living with urinary incontinence (UI) among persons who do not desire further assessment and treatment. METHODS: This was a qualitative, descriptive interview study, and the method was phenomenological. Eleven women were interviewed; all had been in contact with a district nurse to obtain a prescription for sanitary protection. None of the women desired further treatment for UI. FINDINGS: The women described living with UI as a manageable problem with which they had learned to live. They showed strength and desire to manage on their own. In many cases, other health problems overshadowed leakage problems. Several women saw health care services as a barrier that needed to be overcome before help could be obtained. Three key constituents emerged in the analysis: "learning to live with it despite difficulties," "other illnesses are more important," and "reluctance to seek care." For these women, the essence of the phenomenon of living with urinary incontinence (UI) can described as "a situation to accept and adjust to."

  • 114.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Johansson, Ann
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors behov av omvårdnad efter avslutad bröstcancerbehandling2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 115.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ahlström, Fredrik
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser och attityder i vårdandet av personer med självskadebeteende2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 116.
    Andersson, Josefin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Börjesson, Sandra
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att ligga på flerbäddssal: en litteraturstudie utifrån begreppen integritet, värdighet samt avskildhet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 117.
    Andersson, Junia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Loso, Sanne
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av en intrauterin fosterdöd: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) means losing a child in pregnancy after gestation week 22. Losing a child is rarely included in the image of the future and will affect individuals in different ways. There is usually no explanation to why an IUFD occurs but risk factors such as overweight with the mother, smoking, malformation of the child and placenta failure can cause a sudden death of a child. The prevalence of IUFD is usually higher in low- and middle- income countries. Nurses often find it hard to meet parents who have lost a child. 

    Aim: The aim was to highlight parents experiences of an intrauterine fetal death.

    Method: The method was based on a literature review in accordance to Friberg (2017). The databases that were used was CINAHL Complete, psycINFO and Academic Search Complete. Ten scientific articles were analysed where only qualitative data were included in the result. 

    Results: Two main themes were discovered: Parents emotional responses with subthemes Feelings and thoughts, The relationship with each other after the loss and The memory of the dead child. The importance of support and assistance with subthemes Existential aspects and the beliefs significance and Parents perspectives of healthcare. 

    Discussion: The method discussion brought up weaknesses and strengths. The outcome discussion discussed different subjects out of the nurse perspective with focus on the knowledge of care for bereaved parents and education of nursing care in grief.

  • 118.
    Andersson, Kim
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ideby, Heny Emilia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Faktorer som kan påverka livskavlitén hos patienter med livslång sjukdom som befinner sig i livets slutskede: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today´s view of palliative care, self-determination and person-centered care are in focus, that is the palliative approach. It consists of both general and specialized palliative care. The nurse in today´s society has the task of relieving suffering and preventing the patient´s suffering. Her task also includes promoting quality of life by looking at the physical, mental, social and existential needs of the patient.

    Aim: The aim was to describe what factors may affect the quality of life of patients with lifelong disease who are in the final stages of life.

    Method: This is a literature review where eight quantitative and three qualitative and one article with mixed method. All of the scientific articles have been analyzed. The authors of this study have used the Friberg analysis model (2012).

    Results: The result highlights factors related to three areas that influence the patients’ quality of life: physical an emotional factors, existential factors and social factors. The results show that these factors can influence the quality of life for patients when they are in the final stages of life.

    Discussion: The result are discussed against Katie Eriksson´s nursing theory about suffering, care and health. The primary result of the literature review showed that there are factors that indicate to have an impact on quality of life when they are in the final stages of life. These factors are primarily linked to symptoms and affect the patient both physically as well as psychologically. Many patients experienced this as a barrier to everyday life, which impaired their quality of life. 

  • 119.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Livsåskådningsvetenskapliga perspektiv på vårdetik2008In: Vårdetisk spegel / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal högskola , 2008, p. 97-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Några filosofiska kommentarer till livsåskådningssamtal i vården2006In: Nya vägar i vårdetiken / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 151-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Moberg, Melina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mer än enkla åtgärder: En litteraturöversikt om hur personer med långvarig smärta beskriver egenvård2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pain is a multidimensional and subjective experience that can affect anyone. Pain is the most common reason to seek medical care and is the main cause to disability and inability to work. People with chronic pain need to independently manage a large part of their treatment and care in the form of self-management. One part of the nursing role is to encourage and support patients to perform self-management, however there is no clear definition of the term self-management.

    Aim: To illustrate how people with chronic pain describes self-management.

    Method: The literature review was based on ten scientific articles, with qualitative and quantitative approaches. The articles were found through searches in the databases CINAHL Complete and MEDLINE, with publication between the years 2005-2015. The articles were analyzed using Fribergs method of analysis.

    Results: The literature review showed that people with chronic pain described that self-management was multidimensional. Self-management was considered to involve both personal abilities, mental and practical strategies. People with chronic pain also believed that education and support from healthcare was essential for self-management.

    Discussion: The result has been discussed against Dorothea Orems nursing theory about self-care and relevant scientific publications. The ​​meaning of self-management for people with chronic pain has been compared with various definitions of self-management that are applied in healthcare. Furthermore the definitions of self-management were put in relation to how the healthcare provide supporting self-management interventions.

  • 122.
    Andersson, Lisen
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Larsson, Helena
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Sjuksköterskans arbete med barn med psykosocial problematik2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 123.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Beganovic´, Mirela
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Icke-verbal kommunikation mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter utifrån Travelbee's omvårdnadsteori2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 124.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Cedergren, Anita
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Omvårdnadsdiagnostikens del i omvårdnadsprocessen: en litteraturstudie2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 125.
    Andersson, Marika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Karlsson, Emma
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att vilja ha hjälp att dö: En litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av, samt attityder kring dödshjälp.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Dödshjälp är endast lagligt i ett fåtal länder och stater i världen, men det förekommer att patienter förmedlar en önskan om dödshjälp till vårdpersonal, även i andra länder. Läkare beskriver bördan med att hantera förfrågningar om dödshjälp och försöker undvika dessa genom att behandla patienters fysiska samt psykiska behov. Anhöriga till individer som dött genom dödshjälp, menade att den döende individens livskvalitet förbättrades i slutet av deras liv relaterat till beslutet gällande dödshjälp. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors attityder till, samt erfarenheter kring dödshjälp. Metod: En litteraturöversikt, i enlighet med Friberg genomfördes. Systematisk sökning har utförts i databaserna CINAHL Complete och PubMed. Resultatet av översikten baseras på 13 originalartiklar.  Resultat: Sjuksköterskors attityder varierar oavsett om de arbetar i länder där dödshjälp är lagligt eller inte. Tendenser tyder på att sjuksköterskor är mer positivt inställda till eutanasi än läkarassisterat självmord. De underliggande aspekter som påverkar sjuksköterskors attityder grundas på deras personliga värderingar utifrån professionell kunskap, erfarenheter och religiösa övertygelser. Sjuksköterskor kan rättfärdiga sina handlingar genom så kallad dubbel-effekt, där goda handlingar utförs trots att det kan leda till negativa konsekvenser. Palliativ vård fungerar som preventiv strategi, vilket tidvis minskar antalet förfrågningar om dödshjälp. Diskussion: Resultaten är diskuterade utifrån Beauchamp och Childress etiska principer, samt vårdande utifrån deras tolkning av vårdande etik. Det uppstår konflikter mellan sjuksköterskors personliga värderingar, yrkesprofessionella kunskap, lagar och de etiska principerna i vårdandet av döende individer med obotliga sjukdomar.

  • 126.
    Andersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rosengren, Linn
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet i samband med rehabilitering efter hjärtinfarkt: patienters upplevelser och tankar: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cardiovascular disease is classified as a public disease in today’s Sweden and affected 26000 people in 2016. The mortality has decreased since nursing wards opened in the 1960s. Despite this improvement, physical activity is underutilized in Sweden associated with rehabilitation, even though it is an important protection factor. Personalized care and motivation is important for the patients’ self-care and their rehabilitation process.

    Aim: Describe patients' experiences or thoughts about physical activity associated with rehabilitation after suffering from myocardial infarction.

    Method: This literature review has been based on eight qualitative and two quantitative articles collected from CINAHL complete, PubMed and Web of Science. The articles were reviewed and analyzed in accordance with Friberg to obtain the result that was compiled in different themes.

    Results: Fear and anxiety were experienced by many patients’ during physical activity after a myocardial infarction. Lack of knowledge and motivation resulted in that patients did not participate in training programs. The healthcare professions, relatives and patient's own assets and social network had a positive impact on the patient's experience of physical activity. The result is presented in four main themes; “Psychic experiences – fear, worries and anxiety”, “social support - relatives, family, participants and healthcare professionals”, “knowledge, understanding and physical factors” and “music as a strategy for motivation in physical activity”.

    Discussion: Dorothea Orem's self-care theory, articles and patients’ experiences formed the discussion. Lack of knowledge and motivation reduces the self-care capacity. Healthcare professions, relatives and own resources are important for motivating and supporting the patient in his self-care.

  • 127.
    Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Midsander, Marlene
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Allmänsjuksköterskans bemötande av patienter med psykisk störning inom somatisk vård2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 128.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Transpersoners upplevelser av vårdpersonalens bemötande inom den öppna hälso- och sjukvården: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The term transgender is an umbrella term that include all people whosegender identity and/or gender expression is not congruent with theirassigned sex at birth. The prevalence of transgender people is difficult toestimate and due to stigma the numbers might be underreported.Transgender people are discriminated and exposed to violence and assault.Many end up in vulnerable socioeconomic situations that include socialexclusion, unemployment and loss of household which increases the risk fordepression, anxiety, suicide, abuse and mental distress.

    Aim: To illuminate transgender peoples experiences of health care staff’s attitudestowards them in the general health care.

    Method: A literature review was conducted to answer the aim. Eight scientificarticles were analyzed focusing on similarities and differences.

    Results: The results are presented in five main themes: Supporting the self-concept,To disclose ones gender identity, Knowledge and attitudes within the healthcare system, Discriminated due to ones identity and The responsibility lieson the patient.

    Discussion: The discussion emphasize how health care staff can gain understanding fortransgender peoples needs related to Husserl’s theory of the life world. Theconcept of care are discussed related to the substandard patient-caregiverrelationship that many transgender people report about. The lack ofknowledge within the health care system is discussed as well as how it willeffect transgender peoples access to care and the need of education.

  • 129.
    Andersson, Stina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lindström, Sofie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att vara MRSA-bärare: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a continuous increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria in Sweden, but the situation is still relatively manageable compared to other countries. The development of resistance is a result of the amount of antibiotics used in today's society. The bacteria Staphylococcus aureus is the cause of many types of infections, from mild to life threatening. The bacteria have caused problems at hospitals since 1955 and are the most notorious cause of healthcare-associated infections. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the associated strains of Staphylococcus aureus that have developed resistance to antibiotics. The communicable diseases act (smittskyddslagen) stipulates that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a dangerous disease. General dangerous diseases are infectious and cause suffering, prolonged periods of illness and other serious consequences.

    Aim: To describe patients’ experiences of being MRSA-carrier.

    Method: A literature review according to Fribergs` method where ten scientific articles were elected to the result. The articles were selected from Cinahl Complete and Medline.

    Results: In the articles analyzed the authors identified six themes: getting a diagnosis, experiences of isolation, experiences of treatment, experiences of knowledge and information, fear of infecting others and thoughts about the future.

    Discussion: Based on Callista Roys adaptation theory, the concept of health, background and other research the result is being discussed. The main findings chosen for discussion are the isolation impact, lack of knowledge and adaptation to life with MRSA.

  • 130.
    Andersson, Victoria
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att ersätta ett beroende: Sjuksköterskors uppfattningar och erfarenheter av fysisk aktivitet i alkoholvården2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alcohol consumption contributes to disease, disability and increased morbidity worldwide. Treatment options for those with problematic alcohol use are primarily medical- and/or therapeutic interventions. Relapse in the problematic behaviour is relatively common. There is therefore a need to continue to develop the care provided to people undergoing alcohol treatment. Physical activity is a nursing intervention that the nurse can use to promote healthy lifestyles and alleviate disease. There is preliminary research on the positive impact that physical activity have for patients with alcohol use disorders but no research is to be found on whether the intervention is used in the clinical practice.

    Aim: To describe nurses' perceptions and experiences of physical activity for patients with alcohol use disorders.

    Method: Qualitative design with semi-structured interviews was conducted with seven nurses working at outpatient dependence clinics. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data.

    Results: The nurses described the physical activity as a fundamental element of health and as a necessity in the patient's everyday life. Physical activity was a way for the patient to break habits associated with alcohol. Physical activity was considered to decrease many of the comorbid conditions related to alcohol use, increased the patient's self-esteem and was a way for the patient to independently affect their health. The nurses searched to inform and motivate the patient to the right level of physical activity. There was a lack of structure in the everyday clinical practice and nurses demanded practical possibilities and better guidelines within the organization to facilitate the promotion of physical activity to patients.

    Discussions: The results are discussed from Orems self-care theory and relevant research.

  • 131.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldres erfarenheter av omvårdnad efter stroke: ett genusperspektiv2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132. Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Elderly peoples' experience of nursing care after a stroke: from a gender perspective.2009In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 65, no 10, p. 2038-2045-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    andersson å. & hansebo g. (2009) Elderly peoples' experience of nursing care after a stroke: from a gender perspective. Journal of Advanced NursingAbstract Title. Elderly peoples' experience of nursing care after a stroke: from a gender perspective. Aim. This paper is a report of a study conducted to explore, from a gender perspective, older people's experiences of nursing care after a stroke. Background. Little attention has been given to gender differences in nursing care. The majority of people who have a stroke are older. Improving knowledge of the gender perspectives of older men and women regarding nursing care after stroke is crucial. Method. This was a qualitative study based on interviews with five women and five men between 66 and 75 years of age, who had received nursing care at a ward for stroke rehabilitation. The data were collected in 2006. Qualitative content analysis of the interviews was carried out. Findings. A main theme and five categories, all common to both men and women, were identified. The main theme, to promote recovery of the body, encompassed the categories. There were, however, gender differences in how the nursing care received was experienced. The ways patients experienced nursing care seemed to be linked with their lives as women and men before they had the stroke. Their perceptions are linked with their lives as women and men before they had their stroke. Both men and women will reclaim former abilities but what they perceive to be the goals of nursing care and rehabilitation may differ. Conclusion. Nurses need to increase their awareness and knowledge concerning the similarities and gender differences in the experiences and needs of older people, both men and women.

  • 133.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hedenqvist, Petra
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Liksom regnbågen, en gnista, ett hopp och en verklighet som inte går att undfly. Äldres erfarenheter av cytostatikabehandling.: En litteraturöversikt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Medicine, Mälar Hospital, Eskilstuna.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Snellman, Ingrid
    School of Health, Care and social Wellfare, Mälardalen university college.
    Patients' Participation as It Appears in the Nursing Documentation, When Care Is Ruled by Standardized Care Plans2011In: ISRN Nursing, ISSN 2090-5483, E-ISSN 2090-5491, Vol. 2011, no Article ID 707601, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Andrew, S E
    et al.
    Kanada.
    Goldberg, Y P
    Kremer, B
    Squitieri, F
    Theilmann, J
    Zeisler, J
    Telenius, H
    Adam, S
    Almquist, E
    Anvret, M
    Huntington disease without CAG expansion: phenocopies or errors in assignment?1994In: American Journal of Human Genetics, ISSN 0002-9297, E-ISSN 1537-6605, Vol. 54, no 5, p. 852-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Huntington disease (HD) has been shown to be associated with an expanded CAG repeat within a novel gene on 4p16.3 (IT15). A total of 30 of 1,022 affected persons (2.9% of our cohort) did not have an expanded CAG in the disease range. The reasons for not observing expansion in affected individuals are important for determining the sensitivity of using repeat length both for diagnosis of affected patients and for predictive testing programs and may have biological relevance for the understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying HD. Here we show that the majority (18) of the individuals with normal sized alleles represent misdiagnosis, sample mix-up, or clerical error. The remaining 12 patients represent possible phenocopies for HD. In at least four cases, family studies of these phenocopies excluded 4p16.3 as the region responsible for the phenotype. Mutations in the HD gene that are other than CAG expansion have not been excluded for the remaining eight cases; however, in as many as seven of these persons, retrospective review of these patients' clinical features identified characteristics not typical for HD. This study shows that on rare occasions mutations in other, as-yet-undefined genes can present with a clinical phenotype very similar to that of HD.

  • 136.
    Andrew, S
    et al.
    Kanada.
    Theilmann, J
    Almqvist, E
    Norremolle, A
    Lucotte, G
    Anvret, M
    Sorensen, S A
    Turpin, J C
    Hayden, M R
    DNA analysis of distinct populations suggests multiple origins for the mutation causing Huntington disease.1993In: Clinical Genetics, ISSN 0009-9163, E-ISSN 1399-0004, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 286-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of association studies can be significantly biased if the ancestry of the control population is not similar to that of the affected population. One approach to overcome such a bias is to use distinct populations where controls and affected individuals are likely to be of similar descent. We have examined homogeneous populations of French, Danish and Swedish ancestry for nonrandom allelic association between Huntington disease (HD) and several markers previously shown to be in association with HD. No evidence for nonrandom allelic association between HD and these markers was shown in these populations. The demonstration of association in a United Kingdom (UK) sample of similar size, and lack of significant differences in allele frequencies between the French, Danish, Swedish and UK populations suggested that the absence of association was not predominantly a consequence of allele frequencies or sample size. To investigate further the number of potential HD chromosomes, DNA haplotypes were constructed for the Danish, French, Swedish and UK populations. The minimum of two HD haplotypes observed in each of the French, Danish and Swedish populations, compared to the one haplotype in the UK population of a similar size, is an important factor accounting for the absence of association between HD and the DNA markers in these populations. Furthermore, these data are in favour of multiple independent origins for the mutation causing HD.

  • 137.
    Andrews, Pamela
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Trångteg, Josefin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Känsla av hopp hos patienter med cancer i livets slutskede: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The most common form of cancer in Sweden is prostate- and breast cancer. A large proportion of the patients diagnosed with cancer are in a need of palliative care at the hospice or at home care. These patients often end up in grief, and hope is central to that vulnerable situation. The nurse should enable patients to receive a dignified death, promote quality of life and support close relatives.

    Aim: The aim was to investigate the feeling of hope among patients with cancer in palliative care and palliative home care.

    Method: The literature review method was formed after Friberg. Ten scientific articles were selected from the databases Cinahl Complete, PubMed and PsychINFO. The articles were both qualitative and quantitative.

    Results: The result was divided into three main themes and seven sub-themes; Aspects of hope with the subthemes Hope and Hopelessness and Quality of life; The creation of hope with the subthemes Need of hope, Autonomy; Contradictory emotions at the end of life with the subthemes Acceptance and Facing death. The result showed that the feeling of hope in patients with cancer in palliative care often commutes between hope and hopelessness.

    Discussion: The findings discuss the two keyresults hope and hopelessness that appeared in the results. Katie Eriksson’s theory of hope, the caring relationship and suffering is discussed. Further, it describes patients significance of hope and how this differs among different patient groups. Even patients' mental health is discussed when anxiety and depression can occur among these patients.

  • 138. Andrée Sundelöf, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ekman, Sirkka-Liisa
    Friendship and Caring Communion: The Meaning of Caring Relationship in District Nursing2004In: International journal for human caring, ISSN 1091-5710, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 13-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 139. Angström-Brännström, Charlotte
    et al.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research. Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jansson, Lilian
    Narratives of children with chronic illness about being comforted.2008In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 310-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine how children with chronic illnesses narrate their experience of being comforted in hospital. During interviews, seven children, 4-10 years old described their experiences and made drawings. Thematic content analysis revealed following themes: being physically close to one's family, feeling safe and secure, staff being there for the children, and children being there for parents and siblings. Mother was identified as the most important comforter. The findings suggest that trusting in the staff's knowledge and professional skills is a prerequisite for children to feel "at home", and safe in hospital. Being close to one's family is even more important.

  • 140.
    Ankarsköld-Flück, Cassandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    McCoy, Nina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Djurens betydelse för den äldre människans välbefinnande: En litteraturöversikt om faktorer av välbefinnandet hos patienter inom äldreomsorgen som får djurassisterad intervention som ett komplement i vården2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Life expectancy in Sweden has never been as high as in recent years, which will have a big influence on the care of the elderly. The situation is complex and affects primarily the patients in the clinical care. Previous studies show that the elderly patients are at greater risk of loneliness, depression and lack of stimulation for various reasons. In order to meet these needs as nurses in clinical care, we want to investigate whether alternative methods can serve as a complement to the care provided. Alternative methods have become more common in recent years, an example is using animals for therapeutic purposes. We therefore want to illuminate the factors of well-being in patients affected by animal-assisted intervention as a complement to health care.

    Aim: The aim was to illuminate the factors of well-being in patients of the geriatric nursing who receive animal-assisted intervention as a complement to standard care.   

    Method: A literature review has been done, where eleven scientific articles from 2008 to 2018 form the results. The articles that were included were national or international. The data collection has been made in three different databases; CINAHL Complete, PsycINFO and PubMed.

    Results: After analysis of the result, four factors emerged for the well-being; physical, mental, social and existential. The result showed that animal-assisted interventions may have positive, negative and / or no effects at all for the well-being of older patients. This type of intervention can serve as a supplement in the care of primary care in the treatment of mental and social interaction.

    Discussion: Patients in elderly care are a risk group for impaired well-being and where pharmacological treatments are commonplace. Animal-assisted intervention can be seen as a non-pharmacological treatment, where well-being can be promoted from a holistic perspective to the elderly patient in standard care. More research is needed on how animal-assisted intervention can replace certain pharmacological treatment. Callista Roys adaptation model supports the nurse's work for understanding patients' ability to adapt to the environment and influence the environment in a self-assertive manner.

  • 141.
    Anna, Lillieqvist
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Noppa Fredriksson, Sara
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kommunikation i livets slutskede: En litteraturöversikt ur sjuksköterskans perspektiv av att kommunicera med patienter och närstående2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 142.
    Anna, Nygren
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Julia, Nygren
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Orsaker till föräldrars beslut att inte vaccinera sina barn: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 143.
    Antonsson, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Arnesson, Lise-Lotte
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Effekter av omvårdnadshandledning för sjuksköterskor i vårdarbetet1998Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 144.
    Antonsson, Kristin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Det är märkligt att bo i en sjuk kropp: en litteraturstudie om den levda kroppen vid amyotrofisk lateralskleros2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 145.
    Appelberg, Alexandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lydell, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelser av hörselhallucinationer vid schizofreni: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder with a high suicidal risk. The most common symptoms experienced with schizophrenia are auditory hallucinations which can be experienced both in a positive and a negative way. The disorder is stigmatized most likely due to a lack of knowledge and a fear of the person.

    Aim: To describe adults experiences of auditory hallucinations induced by schizophrenia.

    Method: The literature review consisted of twelve scientific articles of which nine were conducted using a qualitative approach and three with a quantitative research methodology. The articles were found in the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and PsycINFO. The following words were used in the databases: hallucination, voice hearing, psychosis, patient, life, hearing voices, nursing, people who hear voices, auditory hallucinations, schizophrenia and experiences.

    Results: The results were divided into four themes: The nature of the voice described the characteristics of the voice i.e. tone, feeling, intensity and duration. The relation to the voice described how the affected persons identified the voice as a part of themselves. Finding meaning and coping strategies described the different strategies which were used to cope with the voices. The impact on the individual highlighted how the person was affected by the voices by an altered self, added self-harm behavior, isolation and loss of control.

    Discussions: The results were discussed with the concepts of life world and finding meaning. Finding meaning was found as one of the affected person’s most important coping strategies for dealing with the auditory hallucinations.

  • 146.
    Arama, Kirsti
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fenomenet vård i det egna hemmet, som det upplevts av patienter: en kvalitativ intervjustudie med utgångspunkt i ett fenomenologiskt livsvärldsperspektiv2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 147.
    Aravena Letelier, Johanna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Svahn, Kristina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Problem som kan uppstå i omvårdnaden av personer med diabetes mellitus som tillhör en etnisk minoritetsbefolkning2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 148.
    Ardelius Lindgren, Sally
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vasberg, Linnéa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Nurses’ experiences of caring for migrant patients: A qualitative interview study conducted in San José, Costa Rica2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 149.
    Ardin, Petra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sundström, Catrin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans bemötande av traumatiskt krisdrabbad i akutsjukvård2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 150.
    Arfaoui, Barbara
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Norin, Eva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Det goda mötet med en person med depression: emotionsfokus2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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