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  • 151.
    Godskesen, Tove E.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik, Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala universitet.
    God vård innebär att sällsynta sjukdomar ges resurser.2018In: Dagens Medicin, ISSN 1104-7488Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 152.
    Godskesen, Tove E.
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Suzanne, Petri
    Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik, Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala universitet.
    Halkoaho, Arja
    Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Finland.
    Mangset, Margrete
    Oslo universitetssykehus, Oslo University Hospital, Norway.
    Engelbak Nielsen, Zandra
    Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
    The culture of hope and ethical challenges in clinical trials: A qualitative study of oncologists and haematologists’ views2019In: Clinical Ethics, ISSN 1477-7509, E-ISSN 1758-101XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We do not know how much clinical physicians carrying out clinical trials in oncology and haematology struggle with ethical concerns. To our knowledge, no empirical research exists on these questions in a Nordic context. Therefore, this study aims to learn what kinds of ethical challenges physicians in Sweden, Denmark and Finland (n = 29) face when caring for patients in clinical trials; and what strategies, if any, they have developed to deal with them. The main findings were that clinical cancer trials pose ethical challenges related to autonomy issues, unreasonable hope for benefits and the therapeutic misconception. Nevertheless, some physicians expressed that struggling with such challenges was not of great concern. This conveys a culture of hope where health care professionals and patients uphold hope and mutually support belief in clinical trials. This culture being implicit, physicians need opportunities to deliberately reflect over the characteristics that should constitute this culture.

  • 153.
    Godskesen, Tove E.
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik, Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala universitet.
    Suzanne, Petri
    Danmark.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Halkoaho, Arja
    Finland.
    Mangset, Margrete
    Norge.
    Pirinen, Merja
    Finland.
    Engelbak Nielsen, Zandra
    Danmark.
    When Nursing Care and Clinical Trials Coincide: A Qualitative Study of the Views of Nordic Oncology and Hematology Nurses on Ethical Work Challenges2018In: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, ISSN 1556-2646, E-ISSN 1556-2654, Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, ISSN 1556-2646, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 475-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the kinds of ethical challenges experienced by nurses in oncology and hematology when nursing care and research overlap in clinical trials, and how the nurses handle such challenges. Individual interviews with 39 nurses from Sweden, Denmark, and Finland indicated that all nurses were positive about research, considering it essential for developing the best care. Ethical challenges exist, however; the most difficult were associated with the end-of-life patients, no longer responsive to standard therapy, who eagerly volunteer for cutting-edge drug trials in the hope of gaining therapeutic benefit. Many nurses lacked systematic strategies for addressing such challenges but found support from their nursing colleagues and relied on the research protocols to guide them.

  • 154.
    Greén, Sigrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Komi, Jessica
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Homo- och bisexuella kvinnor i en heteronorm: En litteraturöversikt av homo- och bisexuella kvinnors upplevelse av mötet med vården2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vården idag präglas av ett heteronormativt och heterosexistiskt förhållningssätt. Historiskt har kvinnlig sexualitet ofta varit tabubelagt, och många inom vården upplever svårigheter med att bemöta patienter med en annan läggning än den heterosexuella.

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva homosexuella och bisexuella kvinnors upplevelse av

    mötet med vården.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt där tio artiklar rörande ämnet homo- och bisexuella kvinnor och kommunikation i en vårdkontext valts ut och analyserats enligt Fribergs (2010) metod för litteraturstudie. Den teoretiska referensramen för arbetet är Travelbees teori om mellanmänskliga relationer.

    Resultat: Fem faktorer som påverkar homo- och bisexuella kvinnors upplevelse av mötet med vården fanns:  Vårdpersonalens förhållningssätt, Vårdpersonalens attityder, Vårdpersonalens utbildning och kunskapsnivå, Faktorer av betydelse för hbt-personens beslut att komma ut och Faktorer som inverkar på kommunikationen.

    Diskussion: I dagsläget kommer nyutexaminerad vårdpersonal ut med bristfällig kunskap i frågor som rör hbt-personer. En större vikt skulle behöva läggas vid utbildning och fortbildning och det är viktigt att stävja negativa attityder som annars tenderar att spridas från generation till generation. Vidare ingår det i sjuksköterskans kompetensområde att kritiskt granska sig själv och arbeta utifrån ett etiskt förhållningssätt; en nödvändighet för att se hela människan.

    Nyckelord: Bisexuell, hbt, homosexuell, kommunikation, lesbisk, patient, sjuksköterska,   vårdrelation

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    Homo- och bisexuella kvinnor i en heteronorm
  • 155.
    Grönlund, Catarina Fischer
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Söderberg, Anna
    Umeå universitet.
    Dahlqvist, Vera
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Isaksson, Ulf
    Umeå universitet.
    Development, validity and reliability testing the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire.2019In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, article id 969733018819122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:: An ethical climate has been described as a working climate embracing shared perceptions about morally correct behaviour concerning ethical issues. Various ethical climate questionnaires have been developed and validated for different contexts, but no questionnaire has been found concerning the ethical climate from an inter-professional perspective in a healthcare context. The Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire, based on Habermas' four requirements for a democratic dialogue, attempts to assess and measure the ethical climate at various inter-professional workplaces. This study aimed to present the construction of and to test the psychometric properties of the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire.

    METHOD:: An expert group of six researchers, skilled in ethics, evaluated the content validity. The questionnaire was tested among 355 healthcare workers at three hospitals in Sweden. A parallel analysis (PA), an exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS:: The participants included in the psychometric analysis were informed about the study, asked to participate in person and informed that they could withdraw at any time without giving any reason. They were also assured of confidentiality in the reporting of the results.

    FINDINGS:: The parallel analysis (PA) recommended one factor as a solution. The initial exploratory factor analysis with a four-factor solution showed low concordance with a four-factor model. Cronbach's alpha varied from 0.75 to 0.82; however, since two factors only consisted of one item, alpha could not be reported. Cronbach's alpha for the entire scale showed good homogeneity (α = 0.86). A confirmatory factory analysis was carried out based on the four requirements and showed a goodness-of-fit after deleting two items. After deletion of these items, Cronbach's alpha was 0.82.

    DISCUSSION:: Based on the exploratory factor analysis, we suggest that the scale should be treated as a one-factor model. The result indicates that the instrument is unidimensional and assesses ethical climate as a whole.

    CONCLUSION:: After testing the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire, we found support for the validity and reliability of the instrument. We found the 10-item version of Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire satisfactory. However, we found no support for measuring different dimensions and, therefore, this instrument should be seen as assessing ethical climate as of whole.

  • 156.
    Gustavsson, Daniel
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Herde i det heliga rummet: En studie om prästers erfarenheter av skolavslutningar i kyrkorummet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    his essay addresses the minister’s role within the Church of Sweden and their profession related to graduation ceremonies held in sacred rooms.Historically, this tradition can be traced back to the mid - 1800s. Although this has been an established tradition in Sweden, the development of the society has led to the role of religion becoming a controversial subject in modern society. Therefore, the tradition with end- of- school ceremonies has been questioned, not least within the mass media.

    The purpose of this essay concerns the ministers’ experiences regarding the possibilities and challenges of spreading the Christian message in relation to the non-confessional school.

    The ministers in my study represent parishes from both the countryside and from the city centre area. In the interviews, the ministers describe a development that has meant that they have had to step back in their profession, meaning that they do not share confessional elements at the ceremonies. Their role has instead evolved into a function of being a “host.” ”Hosting” in this context means that the ministers represent the sacred room during the graduation ceremony and communicate a subtle proclamation of the Christian message. The interviews show that the ministers, despite their toned-down profession and through the symbolism in the sacred room, offer opportunities for both religious and secular interpretations of the context.

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  • 157.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Concepts on Zakat, Caritas, and Diaconia in the changing social welfare landscape of Europe2017In: Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, ISSN 1542-6432, Vol. 36, no 1-2, p. 164-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will enhance the understanding of Zakat’s contribution to social welfare provision in the changing social welfare landscape of Europe. It will contribute to the understanding of emerging Zakat within the framework of the welfare regimes in Europe in relation to the more established forms of Caritas and Diaconia. Data was gathered from the Welfare and Value (WaVe) research program in 13 cities and 12 countries 2005–2009. The research was conducted through observation and in-depth research with a descriptive approach to the complexity of majority–minority relations in each town, followed by an analytical phase which addressed various factors in relation to social cohesion, values, minorities, and gender. In this article, the data from the WaVe study was coded and analyzed, mainly to explore the way Zakat is implemented in the European context and within the framework of different contextual welfare regimes using Esping-Andersen typology and Van der Ven institutional model on religious & social identity. The results confirm the dominant role of Caritas and Diaconia but with emerging & innovative Zakat in some countries and a marginal role in mainly Eastern Europe. Zakat is also becoming and alternative & complimentary welfare provision model in Germany, France, and Croatia. 

  • 158.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Faith Based Organizations and Secular Organizations as Social Provisions Providers in a Developing Context: The Case of Lebanon2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that community institutions, cultural norms, social capital and the local context aresome of the main determinants of supply and demand of social service provision and health andeducation related outcomes (Filmer 2003). The purpose of this research project is to examine CivilSociety Organisations in general and in particular Faith Based Organizations when it comes to socialservice provision in a development context (Sida 2004a) and more precisely, their configurations,options, expectations, limitations and eventually growing roles. The main question is: In what way doesthe provision of social services by Faith Based and Secular Organizations affect the outcome of such services in the contextof development? The focus is on basic social service provisions that are directly related to humandevelopment and poverty (cf. Prop 2002/03:122, World Bank 2004, Sida 2004b). As an empirical casestudy, Lebanon, amid its complex configurations of different confessional Faith Based Organizationsand secular social service providers, will be the focal point for this research. The regulating, financingand providing of social services in the MENA-region are mainly a traditional public responsibility.However, Faith Based Organizations as well as secular social organizations play a major role in theinteraction between clients, providers and policymakers (World Development Report 2004).In order to examine the possible correlation between social service provision and its outcomes, weneed to develop and understand the local context and the main determinants in Lebanon, based intheory and capable of being validated by empirical data. For this purpose, we will use three models: Thefirst one is Filmer’s model of social service provision and the determinants of health and educationoutcomes. The outcomes can be described in terms of level of child mortality, child nutrition, schoolcompletion, learning and/or achievements (Filmer 2003, Arab Human Development Reports 2002,2003, 2004, 2005). The second model is taken from Mansuri & Rao and their framework oncommunity-based and community-driven development. They argue that governments, the public,private sectors as well as citizens, through civil society, use a variety of community based-methodswhich are the essential ingredients of human development, such as education, health, water, sanitation,and electricity. (Mansuri & Rao 2003). The third model is “the Associationist Model” which develops aframework for the funding, regulation and implementing of social services from different socialproviders (Hogget & Thompson 1998.We believe that one important factor which could influence the decision whether a citizen would selectone form of social provision before another is the general or particularized trust expressed towards theproducer of these services. (Rothstein 2002, Uslaner 2000, Cross 2005. From Svedberg & Trägårdh2007). That is also the case in Lebanon where, for instance, NGOs and the private sector isdominating the health and education sectors as alternatives to an absent and what many consider acorrupt public sector (Lebanese Centre for Policy Studies 1999). Civil Society is replacing the state inthese sectors at the same time as the political role of religion is on the rise in Lebanon. Data will bepresented from the last World Values Survey, conducted in Lebanon during 2008.

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    SUMMARY01
  • 159. Gärde, Johan
    Från invandrarkyrka till mångkulturellt samfund: en kyrkosociologisk analys av katolska kyrkan i Sverige från 1970-tal till 1990-tal1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    This dissertation is focusing upon the Catholic Church of Sweden and her transformation from a marginal minority church of immigrants to a multicultural congregation, which has become the second in size after the Lutheran State Church. The process of change is studied in relation to the Swedish Immigration's Policy and the different existing cultural paradigms that have existed since the Second World War. The principal part of this study is to increase the sociological knowledge about the Catholic Church of Sweden and analyse the future crossroads the Church will be facing in the future and how the social-pastoral work is being effected by external and internal factors. The dissertation has been focussed on four levels: Society, Church, Group/community, and Individual. The Swedish authorities have not so far seen religion and the churches as main social actors. The Swedish model tends to give the State monopoly in the production, regulation and financing of welfare services. Through the debate about Civil Society, other social actors such as the Non Governmental Organisations, the private sector and family/informal social networks are slowly transforming the Swedish welfare state. The Catholic Church in Sweden would need entrepreneurs if her social role should be increased. The actual leadership of the Catholic Church of Sweden has not changed substantially from the 1970's to the 1990's. On a central level, the church has had an Anglo-Saxon/German leadership, which was moderate/conservative in vision and modern in mission. On the parish level, the Slavic influence has increased with a more explicit conservative and traditional view on faith. National parishes are not allowed in the Catholic Church in Sweden, as the bishops believe that could lead to disunion, ethnic and cultural challenges. Thus, national groups have been created which comprise approximately half of the registered Catholics in Sweden. The dissertation concludes that the Catholic Church in Sweden has a multicultural composition of her members, her leadership is multicultural but without a manifested multicultural vision.

  • 160.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    “How to bake the iraqi cake before consuming the ingredients”: or implementing human development in times of chaos and turmoil2015In: A Resource for the Future: An Iraqi Dialogue on Oil / [ed] Nicholas Sergeant, Stockholm: Folke Bernadotte Academy, 2015, p. 21-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Intercultural social work in hybrid welfare provision for refugees and migrants in Sweden2017In: Global challenges & cultural psychiatri / [ed] Sergio J. Villaseñor-Bayardo, Renato D. Alarcón, Hans Rohlof, Martha Patricia Aceves-Pulido, Zapopan: Editorial Página Seis, , 2017, p. 145-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kristna i Libanon: klämda mellan arabism och nationalism.2014In: Uppdag mission: Lunds missionsällskap, ISSN 2001-0087, no 4, p. 26-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 163.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Livets mening i nya paradigm2020In: Livets mening: frågan och svaren / [ed] Tomas Brytting, Stockholm: Appell förlag , 2020, 1 uppl, p. 29-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Patterns of Religiosity among Sunnis, Shias, and Christians in Lebanon's Multiconfessional Context2012In: Middle East Critique, ISSN 1943-6149 (Print), 1943-6157 (Online), Vol. 21, no 3, p. 291-308Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    The church, faith-based organisations and the three sectors2020In: Handbook on hybrid organisations / [ed] David Billis & Colin Rochester, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020, p. 468-485Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organisational life of faith communities and religious congregations is changing in post-secular environments with new interactions, opportunities for collaboration and social contracts between the public and private sectors and civil society organisations (secular and religious). Religious communities with shrinking congregations and faithbased organisations (FBOs) in a post-secular environment are developing strategies for networking and collaboration with the public and private sectors. They are utilising a new discourse of solidarity and inclusion, which also attracts a larger public that goes beyond the shrinking constituencies of their own members. Collaboration has been accompanied by the growth of hybridity and hybrid organisations. Billis (2010) suggests that this occurs when an organisation from one sector, for example the civil society/third sector, adopts the different approaches and principles of the public and/or the private sector. As this chapter will show, hybrid organisational forms can bring with them the prospect of answers to difficult problems of communities and welfare. But they can also present their own inherent problems when the different principles become uncomfortable partners. I shall shortly illustrate this in a personal example.

  • 166.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Routinisation of Authority: A Comparative Perspective on Marginalisation, Socio-economic Factors and Perceptions on Authority in Contemporary Shiʿa Islam2019In: Studies in religion, ISSN 0008-4298, E-ISSN 2042-0587, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 432-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper addresses the main contextual drivers of routinisation of Shiʿa religious, social, and political authority in the Middle East and beyond. It has three objectives: to enhance understanding of the socioeconomic conditions of Shiʿites in countries with a considerable Shiʿite population in the Middle East and beyond; to analyse possible patterns of marginalisation; and to show how authority is viewed. A conceptual framework for the routinisation of religious authority, focusing on Shiʿa Islam, is used to analyse twenty-one national surveys in ten countries with a sample size of 33,922, including approximately 14,000 Shiʿite respondents. In addition to confessional differences, patterns are also explored in attitudes to democratic versus authoritarian rule. The paper concludes that in times of turmoil the routinisation of authority will be marked either by polarisation accompanied by traditionalisation, or by a call for the rationalisation of charismatic authority by a large proportion of the Shiʿite constituencies, showing a multifaceted pattern of perceptions of religious authority in the political realm.

  • 167.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Andlighet i vetenskapens tidsålder2010In: "Visst längtar jag fortfarande efter något...": om etik och andlighet i vård, psykoterapi och musik / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal högskola , 2010, p. 129-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Diakonal praxis2003In: Kyrkans kroppsspråk: reflektion om diakonalt arbete / [ed] Urban Engvall, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan, Nämnden för kyrkolivets utveckling , 2003, p. 153-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Diakoni - teologisk reflexion2008In: Diakoni: tolkning, historik, praktik / [ed] Erik Blennberger och Mats J. Hansson, Stockholm: Verbum , 2008, p. 29-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Diakonins teologi: ett försök att ställa de rätta grundläggande frågorna1999In: Diakoni: teologi, ideologi, praxis / [ed] Förf: Erik Blennberger, Mats J. Hansson, Rolf Stål, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkans forskningsråd , 1999, p. 11-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    En reflektion över tillfälligheternas spel2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Apell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 27-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Förlåtelse, kyrka och samhälle2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Förlåtelse och moralisk excellens2007In: Förlåtelse, kyrka och samhälle / [ed] Mats J. Hansson, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 85-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Inledning2007In: Förlåtelse, kyrka och samhälle / [ed] Mats J. Hansson, Uppsala: Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 7-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Livets mening och vårdens tvetydighet2006In: Nya vägar i vårdetiken / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 59-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Livsmeningens värden och förutsättningar2020In: Livets mening: frågan och svaren / [ed] Tomas Brytting, Stockholm: Appell förlag , 2020, 1 uppl, p. 115-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Pedagogik för människovårdande utbildningar2009In: Religionspedagogisk tidskrift, ISSN 2000-4486, no 18, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Teologi för samhällets kompetensbehov1999In: Nya vägar i teologin: festskrift till Anders Jeffner / [ed] Carl Reinhold Bråkenhielm ..., Nora: Nya Doxa , 1999Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Yrket som kall: om personliga drivkrafter och professionella krav2012In: Värdegrunder i kyrka, diakoni och samhälle: En antologi från Ersta Sköndal högskola / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal högskola , 2012, p. 85-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Hedin, Gunilla
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Jesus förkunnelse om Guds rike enligt Lukasevangeliet: En analys av Luk 11:1-4, 11:14-23, 17:20-21, 22:28-302015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I have examined how Jesus' proclamation of the kingdom of God can be understood from the Gospel of Luke. A close examination of a single gospel, and moreover not the whole gospel but only four pericopes in it, narrows the scope considerably. The value in trying to understand what Jesus is saying based on this single coherent source is that it can have a greater depth than the picture put together by any number of fragments from different sources.

    In Luke's Gospel Jesus mentions the word kingdom as referring to the Kingdom of God over 20 times, in a total of 18 episodes. With the method of discourse analysis, I have divided these occurrences into three categories which I call the discourse of A, B and C. Discourse A is about the kingdom of God having the highest priority, but there is no description of the kingdom. Discourse B describes the kingdom of God in some way. Discourse C mentions the kingdom of God as a promise. The four pericopes I analyze in detail, in different ways represent the discourses I have identified in the gospel as a whole. Lk 11:1-4 belong to discourse A, Lk 11:14-23 and Lk 17:20-21 to discourse B, and Lk 22:24-30 to discourse C.

    The tradition that the author of the double work of Luke-Acts is precisely Luke, goes back to the mid 100's. The work is characterized by universalism and a certain vision of wealth and poverty that probably came from the author's congregation in Antioch. There the gospel to non-Jews was preached, and there was commitment in the poor and needy. It was important not to get caught up in the worldly life and be tempted to accumulate wealth. Discipleship should be wholehearted.

    When Jesus speaks of the kingdom of God in the Gospel of Luke, it may sound as if it is about a territory. But the concept of the kingdom of God, in the original text ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ Θεοῦ means rather God's dominion. It is not an area or a place, but a state that is determined by God's reign. At the same time, it is impossible to rule ”nowhere”, so there is still a territory implicit in the concept.

    There was a duality in the perception of the kingdom of God in Jesus' time, which meant that it was both a way of conceiving the world's current situation and an eschatological concept.

    Through a detailed exegetical analysis of the basic text for each pericope I have reached conclusions on the theological message of the kingdom of God in the texts. The analysis of Lk 11:1-4 shows that the Lord's Prayer contains an indirect description of God's kingdom as an ideal state. God is assumed to have the power to bring the kingdom into being, but the human will and activity also plays a role. Pericope Lk 11:14-20 shows that God's kingdom is where God is at work. It can be here and now. God works through Jesus when he frees a man from a dumb demon. But he doesn't only work through Jesus but through all who do good. In pericope Lk 17:20-21 the question of when the kingdom of God will come is asked, and Jesus responds in a way that makes the kingdom seem within reach already in the present. In Jesus' promise to the disciples of equal fellowship with him in his own kingdom in Lk 22:28-30, he equates himself with God. He promises a future of glory for those who are faithful to him.

    An attempt at a synthesis of the theological messages that the analyses of the four pericopes led to, is that the kingdom of God according to the Gospel of Luke seems to refer to the victory of the perfect good over evil. The concept of the kingdom remains ambiguous and mysterious. What the analyses contribute to is mainly highlighting the possible meanings of the received text, which are inevitably limited in each translation.

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  • 181.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Uppsala universitet.
    Aqedat Isak: judisk tolkning av Genesis 22:1–191997In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 62, p. 57-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Uppsala universitet.
    Concepts of God and Angelology: An Analysis of the Messeneger of the Lord in Early Jewish Interpretations of Genesis2006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Uppsala universitet.
    Den pre-existente Kristus: En religionshistorisk analys av Johannes prologen1995Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 184.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Messenger of the Lord in Early Jewish Interpretations of Genesis2010Book (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    The Messenger of the Lord in Early Jewish Interpretations of Genesis2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the ambiguous relationship between God and ‘the angel of the Lord/God’ in early Jewish interpretations of Genesis, for example, Gen 16:7–14; 22:1–19, and 31:10–13. Although the designation ‘the angel of the Lord’ does not appear in Genesis 32, this text is included because it exhibits the same ambiguity as the explicit ‘angel of the Lord-texts’. Moreover, it constitutes an inseparable part of the Jacob saga and the prophet Hosea explicitly identifies Jacob’s opponent as an angel. The study of the identity of ‘the angel of the Lord’ in early Jewish exegesis is set in a wider context as a part of the development of angelology and concepts of God in the various forms of early Judaism (ca. 200 B.C.E.–650 C.E.).

    When identifying patterns of interpretation in the Jewish sources, their chronological setting has proven to be of minor importance. A more significant factor is the nature of the biblical texts. A typical characteristic of the interpretations is, for example, the avoidance of anthropomorphism.

    There are obviously chronologically based differences when comparing the sources with the biblical texts; in Genesis, ‘the angel of the Lord’ generally seems to be a kind of impersonal extension of God, while later Jewish writings are characterized by a more individualized angelology. However, the ambivalence between God and His angel remains in many interpretations. In Philo’s works and Wisdom of Solomon, the ‘Logos’ and ‘Lady Wisdom’ respectively have assumed the role of ‘the angel of the Lord’ in the Bible. A possible conclusion is that although the angelology of Second Temple Judaism had developed in the direction of seeing angels as distinct personalities, Judaism still had room for the idea of divine hypostases.

  • 186.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Angels2015In: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology / [ed] Samuel E. Balentine, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 20-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    De märkliga giftermålen mellan gudaväsendena och människornas döttrar: Ett urval tidiga judiska och kristna tolkningar av Genesis 6:1-42012In: Plogbillar och svärd: En festskrift till Stig Norin / [ed] Tal Davidovich, Farsta: Molin & Sorgenfrei , 2012, p. 54-65Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitel i en antologi/festskrift för Stig Norin, avgående professor i Gamla testamentets exegetik vid Uppsala universitet, teologiska institutionen. Boken är ett samlingsverk av ett flertal forskare verksamma vid Uppsala och Lunds universitet, med flera nordiska lärosäten.

  • 188.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Drömmar och visioner: några tankar kring språkets många dimensioner2015In: Lyfta locket av Uppsala: Antologi med 104 författare från Uppsala Län / [ed] Ola Larsmo, Lars Häger, Leonidas Aretakis & Anisur Rahman, Uppsala: Litteraturcentrum Uppsala , 2015, p. 94-95Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 189.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Mose ser Gud på ryggen: en komparativ analys av Andra Mosebok 34:5-7 i ett urval nutida judiska och kristna bibelkommentarer2018In: Ordet är dig mycket nära: tolkningar av Gamla testamentet / [ed] James Starr och Birger Olsson, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2018, 1 uppl, p. 158-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Profeten: Guds röst i samhället2019In: Profetisk och politisk diakoni: Olika Perspektiv på kyrkans röstbärande roll i samhälet / [ed] Anna Ardin ; med texter av Jon Bergeå [och 14 andra]., Varberg: Argument Förlag , 2019, 1 uppl, p. 51-61Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 191.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Dreams in the Joseph Narrative and Their Impact in Biblical Literature2014In: 'I Lifted My Eyes and Saw': Reading Dream and Vision Reports in the Hebrew Bible / [ed] Elisabeth R. Hayes, Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer, London: Bloomsbury , 2014, 1, p. 30-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Messenger of the Lord and the Theophany of the Burning Bush: A Comparative Analysis of Selected Modern Jewish and Christian Commentaries to Exodus 3:1-62018In: "Må de nu förklara ..." Om bibeltexter, religion, litteratur: Festskrift för Staffan Olofsson / [ed] Rosmari Lillas-Schuil, Gunnar Samuelsson, Georg Walser & Tobias Ålöw, Göteborg: Institutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion, Göteborgs universitet , 2018, p. 67-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Mystery of the Marriages between the ‘Sons of God’ and the Daughters of Men’. An Analysis of Genesis 6:1– 4.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Helgesson, Gert
    et al.
    Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management, and Ethics, Karolinska Insitutet, Stockholm.
    Bülow, William
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik, Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala universitet.
    Godskesen, Tove E.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Should the deceased be listed as authors?2019In: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, no 0, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sometimes participants in research collaborationdie before the paper is accepted for publication. Thequestion we raise in this paper is how authorship shouldbe handled in such situations. First, the outcome of aliterature survey is presented. Taking this as our startingpoint, we then go on to discuss authorship of the deadin relation to the requirements of the Vancouver rules.We argue that in principle the deceased can meet therequirements laid down in these authorship guidelines.However, to include a deceased researcher as authorrequires a strong justification. The more the person has been involved in the research and writing process beforehe or she passes away, the stronger the justification forinclusion.

  • 195.
    Hustinx, Lesley
    et al.
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Essen, Johan vonErsta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Civil Society Research.Haers, JacquesUniversity Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.Mels, SaraUniversity Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Religion and volunteering: complex, contested and ambiguous relationships2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Religion is considered a key predictor of volunteering: the more religious people are, the more likely they are to volunteer. This positive association enjoys significant support in current research; in fact, it could be considered the ‘default perspective’ on the relationship between both phenomena. In this book, the authors claim that, although the dominant approach is legitimate and essential, it nonetheless falls short in grasping the full complexity of the interaction between religion and volunteering. It needs to be recognized that there are tensions between religion and volunteering, and that these tensions are intensifying as a result of the changing meaning and role of religion in society. Therefore, the central aim and contribution of this book is to demonstrate that the relationship between religion and volunteering is not univocal but differentiated, ambiguous and sometimes provocative. By introducing the reader to a much wider landscape of perspectives, this volume offers a richer, more complex and variable understanding. Apart from the established positive causality, the authors examine tensions between religion and volunteering from the perspective of religious obligation, religious change, processes of secularization and notions of post-secularity. They further explore how actions that are considered altruistic, politically neutral and motivated by religious beliefs can be used for political reasons. This volume opens up the field to new perspectives on religious actors and on how religion and volunteering are enacted outside Western liberal and Christian societies. It emphasizes interdisciplinary perspectives, including theology, philosophy, sociology, political science, anthropology and architecture.

  • 196.
    Häggblom, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    "Därför att vi inte gärna kan begära något mindre": Kvinnors röster i debatten om kvinnliga präster 1957–19592016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har forskat om kvinnors röster i debatten om kvinnliga präster under åren 1957–1959. Detta har gjorts utifrån materialet bestående av tidskrifterna Svensk kyrkotidning, Svensk pastoraltidskrift, Vår kyrka, Herta samt Kyrkomötet. Dessa år var debatten intensiv då beslutet om kvinnans tillträde till prästerlig tjänst röstades igenom 1958. Mina frågeställningar var hur kvinnorna är representerade inom respektive materielgrupp, vilka argument kvinnorna framförde, om det i materialet går att urskilja en kvinnlig linje och på vilket sätt man kan urskilja den samt om det sker någon förändring i respektive materielgrupp och/eller i debatten som helhet. Kvinnorna hade som mest utrymme i tidskriften Hertha och Vår kyrka, dessa två källor presenterade också en mer mångsidig bild av frågan och hade andra inslag än teologiska. Kvinnornas representation i tidskrifterna är relativt stabila under åren 1957–1959, om än på olika sätt. I kyrkomötet ökade deltagandet med två kvinnor till tolv från år 1957 till 1958. Den kvinnliga linje i materialet som helhet vilken går att urskilja är att ingen kvinna var emot att kvinnor skulle arbeta i församlingarna, däremot var vissa mer för den tilltänkta särskilda kvinnliga tjänsten än prästämbetet. Det fanns också olika åsikter om av vilken karaktär frågan om kvinnliga präster var, dvs om den var av politisk, teologisk eller av kvinnosaks/jämställdhetskaraktär. Några av de mest framträdande argumenten för kvinnliga präster var att Jesu apostlaval och Paulus ord om kvinnans ställning i församlingen måste ses utifrån sin historiska kontext och inte som för evigt gällande ord. Några visade på att det i andra länder redan fanns kvinnliga präster och att det fungerade utan att störa vare sig församlingsliv eller ekumeniska samarbeten. Argument förekom om att Svenska kyrkan var på väg att bli romersk-katolsk och några presenterade ett lutherskt synsätt på frågan, vilket torde möjliggöra kvinnliga präster. Många argumenterade emot den oro i församlingarna och kyrkliga splittring som det från nej-sidan hade varnats för, om utfallet skulle bli ja till kvinnliga präster. De menade att det egentligen handlade om manliga prästers oro, inte församlingarnas och folkets, och att en splittring lika väl kunde ske om kyrkomötet röstade nej till kvinnliga präster.

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  • 197. Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    et al.
    Whitaker, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institute for Civil Society Studies.
    With or without faith: spiritual care in the church of Sweden at a time of transition2006In: Omega: Journal of Death & Dying, ISSN 0030-2228, Vol. 53, no 1/2, p. 153-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes spiritual care offered by the Church of Sweden to people in the last phase of their lives and to the bereaved. The Church ministers in a secularized society. Its changed place in the culture can be seen in the fact that it was recently officially separated from the State. The article contrasts the languages of spiritual care about the support given to those in their last phase of life, compared to those in grief. Traditional theological language is used with the dying, while the newer psychological "clinical lore" is used with the bereaved. These contrasts are expressions of the different positions linked to expectations that are connected with roles that the representatives of the Church are trying to meet.

  • 198.
    Kaspersen, Are
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Den dialogiske Kristus: Ledarskap i spänningsfältet mellan kristen partikulär tillhörighet och religionsöverskridande dialog i Burma 20132013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 199.
    Kegel, Alexander
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Luther mot Palestrina: Körarbete i Svenska kyrkan respektive Katolska kyrkan i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Hösten 2016 var Påven Franciskus i Sverige för att uppmärksamma reformationsminnet, och undertecknade då tillsammans med Munib Younan, ordförande för Lutherska världsförbundet, ett dokument om strävan efter större närmanden och mer samarbete mellan katoliker och lutheraner. Detta har lett till att Katolska kyrkan i Sverige och Svenska kyrkan har börjat närma sig varandra mer, och det vore därför bra med en större förståelse för varandra även på musikens område.

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med uppsatsen är att jämföra körarbete mellan några församlingar i Svenska kyrkan och Katolska kyrkan i Sverige för att se vilka likheter och skillnader som finns, och hur man resonerar kring olika frågor som rör körarbetet. Frågeställningarna är: Finns det en skillnad i arbetet med körer i de olika kyrkorna? Hur ser körledarna på de olika aspekterna av körarbetet?

    Metod: Uppsatsen bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer gjorda med tre kyrkomusiker från Katolska kyrkan, och tre kyrkomusiker från Svenska kyrkan. Uppsatsen ger en begränsad inblick i frågan, då det är ett smalt urval av kyrkomusiker.

    Resultat: Det finns många likheter mellan de båda kyrkorna när det gäller körarbetet. Man arbetar på samma sätt med repetitioner oftast en gång i veckan och körerna sjunger i snitt en gång i månaden i gudstjänsten, som är det centrala i körarbetet. Repertoaren kommer ur den klassiska kyrkomusiken, men används på något olika sätt i respektive kyrka. Bland de andra saker som skiljer finns mängden resurser, i viss mån synen på språkbruk, men inte minst körsångarnas engagemang. De katolska körerna består i mycket högre utsträckning av kyrkoaktiva, och i Katolska kyrkan blir kyrkan en väg in tillkören, medan i Svenska kyrkan blir kören en väg in i kyrkan.

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  • 200.
    Khashan, Hilal
    et al.
    Libanon.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Democratic Values in Lebanon's Segmented Politics2013In: The Arab World Geographer, ISSN 1480-6800, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 313-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lebanon has probably the most open political system in the Arab world. It has a sizeable, although ineffectual, civil society; freedom of expression is not only guaranteed by the constitution but usually exercised without fear of government sanction or intimidation by political rivals. One would therefore expect the Lebanese people to express appreciation for democratic values and to display a propensity for involvement in power sharing and competitive politics. This article asserts, however, that key requisites of democracy, be they attitudinal or behavioural, are weak in Lebanon. The authors argue that severe sectarian rivalry, political uncertainty, and a preoccupation with security and economic concerns coalesce against promoting essential tenets of democracy at the cognitive and evaluative levels. An analysis based on empirical data obtained from the 2008 implementation of the World Values Survey in Lebanon confirms these assumptions: respondents reported greater interest in stabilizing the economy, curbing inflation, and controlling crime than in fostering a society of ideas and granting people a greater say in the Lebanese political system. In fact, more than half of respondents expressed a preference for instituting military rule in the country.

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