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  • 201.
    Aydin, Sinem
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Björk, Emilia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Nurses´ perceptions of caring behaviors in clinical practice: A questionnaire study with nurses in Vietnam2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 202.
    Aylward, E H
    et al.
    USA.
    Rosenblatt, A
    Field, K
    Yallapragada, V
    Kieburtz, K
    McDermott, M
    Raymond, L A
    Almqvist, E W
    Hayden, M
    Ross, C A
    Caudate volume as an outcome measure in clinical trials for Huntington's disease: a pilot study.2003In: Brain Research Bulletin, ISSN 0361-9230, E-ISSN 1873-2747, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 137-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has demonstrated that longitudinal change in caudate volume could be observed over a period of 3 years in subjects with Huntington's disease (HD). The current pilot study was designed to determine whether measurement of caudate change on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a feasible and valid outcome measure in an actual clinical trial situation. We measured caudate volumes on pre- and post-treatment MRI scans from 19 patients at two sites who were participating in CARE-HD (Co-enzyme Q10 and Remacemide: Evaluation in Huntington's Disease), a 30-month clinical trial of remacemide and co-enzyme Q(10) in symptomatic patients with HD. Results from this pilot study indicated that decrease in caudate volume was significant over time. Power analysis indicated that relatively small numbers of subjects would be needed in clinical trials using caudate volume as an outcome measure. Advantages and disadvantages of using MRI caudate volume as an outcome measure are presented. We recommend the adoption of quantitative neuroimaging of caudate volume as an outcome measure in future clinical trials for treatments of HD.

  • 203.
    Azad, Avesa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Al-Nasser, Nadia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldres upplevelse av depression: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Mental health is one of the Swedish largest major diseases and 20 percent of the population over 65 years are suffering. As the number of elderly will increase as well life expectancy increases, the number of people with depression will also follow the developments. The arise of depression in the elderly can have both biological and social factors. Putting the right diagnosis to the elderly group can be difficult as a change of state of mind is sometimes mistaken for signs of aging.

    Aim: To describe elderly's experience of living with depression. 

    Method: In this literature review, ten scientific studies were used and analyzed and preformed according to Friberg’s method. Eight of the selected articles were qualitative studies, one article was using meta-analysis method and one article was by mixed method. Databases used for the search of scientific articles were CINAHL Complete and PubMed.

    Results: The result have analyzed and presented based on Katie Eriksson's nursing theory. Two main theme were designed, the first theme life suffering with subthemes loneliness, hopelessness and shame. The second main theme is suffering from illness with subthemes the physical suffering.

    Discussion:The main findings loneliness and shame are discussed based on Karin Dahlberg's theory of caring, to gain a deeper understanding of the result. The importance of the nurse's role is emphasize by the authors, since better treatment and increased knowledge lead to faster recovery for the elderly.

     

  • 204.
    Azizi, Sanaz
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mashhadi, Shirin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt: en litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 205.
    B. Thörnqvist, Erika
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Yrkesidentitet: en intervjustudie med sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrisk vård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Nurses working in psychiatric care experience difficulty in articulating their professional identity. The background describes the role of the nurse in psychiatric care from a historical and contemporary perspective. The background shows that nurses tend to leave the psychiatric care when they feel their skills are not utilized, which in turn also affects the patients.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe how nurses working in psychiatric care understand their professional identity

    Methods: Five nurses where interviewed with the help of unstructured interviews. A qualitative design was used for the study.

    Result: The results are presented in the theme a complex professional identity and the three categories: nurturing unique people, to be supervisors and their own development as well as eight subcategories

    Discussions: The results are discussed from Imogene King's conceptual role, organizations, authority, power, status and stress, and on the basis of gender theory perspective.

     

     

  • 206.
    Back, Alexandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Olofsson, Annie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Faktorer som påverkar föräldrars beslutsfattande gällande att vaccinera sitt barn mot influensa: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Varje år orsakar influensa stora utbrott av sjukdom där barn och ungdomar drabbas mest frekvent. Vaccin mot influensa ges med avsikt att förhindra smittspridning samt vara samhällsekonomisk lönsam med ett humanitärt utgångsläge. Föräldrars beslutsfattande gällande vaccination av sitt barn kan påverkas av olika faktorer.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva vilka faktorer som kan påverka föräldrars beslutsfattande gällande att vaccinera sitt barn mot influensa.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt har genomförts utifrån sökningar av vetenskapliga artiklar från databaserna CINAHL Complete och Pubmed. Analys av elva artiklar har genererat i teman med underliggande subteman.

    Resultat: De faktorer som påverkade föräldrars beslutsfattande gällande att vaccinera sina barn var: Ansvar för någon annans liv, att fatta beslut för en annan individ samt skydda sitt barn från ohälsa. Information, betydelsen av information samt vad brist på information har för betydelse. Samhällsdebatt och sociala influenser, hur föräldrar påverkas av media, nyhetsrapportering samt familj, släkt och vänner. Biverkningar, oro för vilka konsekvenser som kan uppkomma av att vaccinera sitt barn. Immunförsvaret-vaccinets och dess effekt, övertygelse om immunförsvarets egen förmåga samt oro för vaccinets påverkan. Tidigare erfarenheter, att relatera beslut gällande vaccination till tidigare upplevda händelser.

    Diskussion: I diskussionen belyses sjuksköterskans funktion i mötet med föräldrar i processen av att fatta beslut gällande att vaccinera sitt barn. Hur sjuksköterskan kan bemöta dessa föräldrar med en strävan om en individanpassad vård. Resultatet relateras i diskussionen till Callista Roys adaptionsmodell (RAM).

  • 207.
    Backlund, Elin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Österlund, Julia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ett sår som förändrat mig: En litteraturöversikt om patienters upplevelser av att leva med ett svårläkt sår.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic wounds are an increasing problem in society because we live longer, and the problem is more common when we get older. The criteria of a chronic wound are that it has not healed within six weeks. There are several underlying reasons for this type of wounds; malignancy and venous insufficiency are two examples. A nurse should have evidence based knowledge to be able to provide good care for patients suffering from this type of wounds.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the patients’ experience of living with malignant wounds or venous leg ulcers.

    Method: A literature study has been carried out using Friberg’s method. Ten scientific articles used in the literature study were qualitative. The databases that were used in data collection were Academic Search Complete, Cinahl Complete and PubMed.

    Results: The results are summarized into four main themes: Perception of symptoms, A changed identity, Social isolation and Live with a chronic wound. The study showed that the wounds had a negative impact on the patients’ lives and caused them an altered body image. The symptoms were experienced as bothersome and caused anxiety, fear and shame. That led to social isolation. Participants used a variety of coping strategies to manage their situation to manage with their daily life.

    Discussion: The results were analyzed on the basis of Jocalyn Lawler’s somology theory that describes how a patient may experience a nursing situation and how the nurse can promote a caring encounter when seeing the whole patient.

  • 208.
    Backlund, Jenny
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ekeberg, Emelie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Forslund, Sofia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjukhusmiljöns betydelse för patienten - upplevelser och påverkan: en litteraturstudie2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 209.
    Baehrendtz, Emil
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Edlund, Hamid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patientens upplevelse av tvångsåtgärder inom psykiatrisk omvårdnad2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: De flesta patienter som vårdas i Sverige gör det på frivillig basis, men en liten del av dessa vårdas under tvång. Dessa patienter återfinns i alla hälso- sjukvårdens verksamheter, men är kraftigt överrepresenterade i psykiatrisk omvårdnad, ofta med diagnoserna bipolärsjukdom och i psykotiska tillstånd.

    Syfte: Att beskriva patienternas upplevelse av tvångsåtgärder i psykiatrisk omvårdnad.

    Metod: Författarna har gjort en litteraturöversikt innehållande nio vetenskapliga artiklar, som har tolkas, bearbetats, analyseras och använd i resultatet. Under sammanställningen fann författarna elva olika inriktningar i upplevelsen av tvångsvårds om kunde underkategoriseras de tre komponenterna i KASAM. Dessa var Begriplighet; Förståelse, förlorad självkänsla, Hanterbarhet; en nödvändig handling, maktmissbruk, rädsla. Meningsfullhet; acceptans, en onödig överreaktion, ett avslutat kapitel och bra erfarenheter.

    Teoretisk referensram: Under arbetet har författarna utgått ifrån Antonovskys teori om KASAM och dess tre huvudkomponenter.

    Resultat: I resultatet fann författarna att patienternas upplevelser av tvångsåtgärder till stor del var beroende av patientens KASAM. Kommunikationen mellan vårdare och patient samt rutiner i organisationen hade i flertalet fall negativ effekt på patientens upplevelse. Patienter med högt KASAM hade trotts detta förmåga att se positiva effekter av tvångsvården, detta till skillnad från de med sänkt KASAM som ville lägga upplevelsen bakom sig.

    Diskussion: Relationen mellan de upplevelser som identifierats utifrån den teoretiska referensramen KASAM diskuteras. Betydelsen av känslor, upplevelser, förhållande mellan olika teman som risker och resurser.

  • 210.
    Bagstevold, Ulrika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Markstedt, Jasmin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Invandrares upplevelse av bemötande i omvårdnaden ur ett mångkulturellt perspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 211.
    Bahiraei, Ashraf
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att främja tillit hos invandrarpatienter med psykossjukdomar: - en kvalitativ studie om sjuksköterskans erfarenheter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A multicultural society can be a challenge for. Trust is crucial for building a well functioning relationship between a patient and a caretaker.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses' experiences with promoting trust in immigrant patients with psychosis.

    Methods: Five nurses were interviewed with the help of semi-structured interviews. The participants work in psychiatric care units in Stockholm. A qualitative design was used for this study.

    Results: The results are described in four categories and two subcategories that are raised in the study: the importance of communication for creating trust in psychiatric care, with the subcategory interpreted conversation; the importance of body language for trust; cultural differences regarding mental illnesses, with the subcategory cultural differences in describing illnesses; and the signification of relatives in creating at trustful meeting. The results show that language difficulties is a barrier for communication to promote trust in psychiatric patients who are immigrants and suggests that empathy and responsiveness are the foundations for promoting trust.

    Discussions: The results suggests that non-verbal communication becomes important when language is not enough. The study also describes deficiencies in knowledge, education and approach in the meetings with mentally ill immigrant patients and the need for transcultural training in health care.

  • 212.
    Baitar, Bonnie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fehlberg, Caroline
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans bedömning av smärta2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskan har en central roll i vården av patienter   med smärta och ansvarar för skattning, dokumentation och behandling.   Förekomsten av smärta är ett vanligt problem inom vården.

     

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur sjuksköterskan bedömer smärta   hos patienter.

     

    Metod: Litteraturöversikt baserad på tio vetenskapliga artiklar.

     

    Resultat: Sammanställningen av artiklarna resulterade i fyra teman, sjuksköterskans användning av bedömningsinstrument vid bedömning av smärta,   sjuksköterskan och patientens verbala kommunikation vid bedömning   av smärta, sjuksköterskans observation av patientens och dennes   vitalparametrar vid bedömning av smärta och sjuksköterskan bedömer smärta   genom att ta hjälp från tidigare erfarenhet av liknande situationer.

     

    Diskussion: En icke fullgod smärtbedömning kan orsaka ett lidande för patienten och   det är därmed viktigt att sjuksköterskan låter patienten stå i fokus vid smärtbedömningen.

     

  • 213.
    Bakhshi, Parisa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Grusell, Elisabeth
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Äldre iraniers upplevelser av kommunikationssvårigheter i vården1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 214.
    Banfors, Emma
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jansson, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av information för att stötta egenvård vid diabetes typ 2 i Sverige: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes is a disease that is increasing worldwide and it is associated with living habits. Treatment of type 2 diabetes may or may partially be medical, but a large part of the treatment consists of lifestyle changes and self care. To change living habits can be difficult and requires both knowledge and involvement of the patient in order to achieve good quality of life. The nurse has an important role in order to support the patient in the subjective experience of living with a chronic disease.

    Aim: The aim was to describe about the patients’ experiences of information to support self-care in diabetes type 2 in Sweden.

    Method: This literature review is based on ten scientific articles identified through searches in the database Cinahl Complete. The articles were analysed according to Friberg’s method.

    Results: Patients' experiences of information to support self-management of type 2 diabetes compiled into two main themes: “Patients 'view of type 2 diabetes," with the subthemes: "Misunderstanding" and "Lifestyle changes”. And the second main theme: "Patients' needs for information" with the subtheme: "Need for support".

    Discussion: The results of the literature review are discussed in a discussion of results and method where the method's advantages and disadvantages are discussed. The discussion is related to Orem’s self-care theory and linked to the consensus concept of human. The theory emphasizes care system that can be helpful to understand the patients' need for support for self-care. This can be used as a tool for nurses in the meeting with patients to support their selfcare.

  • 215.
    Bangala, Addy
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Olad, Hamdi Ahmed
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av att vårdas i isolering: en litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Isolation care may be necessary when a patient is carrying infection or is being inflicted with disease that causes deficit immune system. Being isolated means that the patient is in a confined space and may stay only there. Even in ancient times, people discovered the importance of isolating people carrying an infection from the rest of society. According to the Infectious Diseases Act, patients should be isolated in order to reduce the spread of infection both from the patient to the surroundings as well as the opposite. Isolation care can be psychologically stressful for some patients. They feel alone and abandoned, which eventually leads to suffering for patients. The increased prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria has set high standards in health care because it is challenging to care for patients isolated to reduce the spread. Aim: The aim was to illustrate patients’ experience of being nursed in isolation. Methods: a literature review with qualitative approach based on ten health science articles. The articles were analyzed using Friberg (2012) study analysis. Results: The literature review revealed four themes; difference experience of being isolated in an alien environment and needs of communication and information, feelings of alienation, the need for the presence and proximity of kin and staff. The results showed that patients experienced isolation care both negative and positive, depending on whether patients had previous experience of isolation care and the information they received from staff. Common in all patients was that isolation care contributed to a feeling of loneliness. The results showed that patients lacked staff attendance and touch which had great significance for the relief of the negative feelings. Discussion: The discussion highlights the importance of the patients socializing with other people, patient participation, and the importance of information and communication. With the nurse's awareness of patients' experience of isolation care he/she can help the patient and provide good care.

  • 216.
    Barbulescu, Ioana Rodica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjöberg, Charlotta
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Livskvalitet hos personer med övervikt eller fetma som har genomgått bariatriska operationer: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Obesity is one of the greatest public health problems in the world. Obesity is a product of multiple genetic, socio-cultural, socio-economic and environmental factors and leads to physical, mental and social illness. This has been shown to have a negative impact on these individuals' quality of life since they often face bias and experience limitations in their daily life. As a consequence of this epidemic, bariatric surgeries have become a common and effective treatment alternative. Aim: To describe the quality of life and how it changes over time in overweight and obese patients treated with bariatric surgery. Method: A literature review based on ten scientific studies, one qualitative study and nine quantitative studies. These studies were obtained from the databases Cinahl Complete, PubMed, ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source. The studies were reviewed, summarized, analyzed and compiled in tables that contained similarities and differences. Results: The outcomes have been divided into three themes; Different ways of measuring quality of life, factors influencing changes in quality of life and changes across time. Shortterm outcomes show significant improvements in all domains of quality of life after the surgery due to massive weight loss. However, the long-term outcomes in this review show that weight loss in some cases stops and that the participants may even gain weight, which negatively affect the changes of the psychosocial quality of life. The outcomes show improvements in comparison with the participants' preoperative values, but they do not achieve the standard values of the general population. Discussions: This review’s outcomes are discussed on the basis of the concept of health in the nursing meta-paradigm in relation to the concept of quality of life. In conclusion, an important gain with these surgeries is that, thanks to a massive weight loss, have greater comorbidities improved or resolved completely, the psychosocial quality of life has improved due to the fact that patients experience fewer restrictions in their social life. This means that these surgeries resulted in improvements in all physical, psychological and social domains of quality of life. However in order to maintain these positive effects, considerable lifestyle changes and a continued committed post-operative work are required from the patients and the health care providers.

  • 217.
    Baresso, Gabriella
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jans, Linda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet vid typ 2-diabetes: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att motivera patienter till fysisk aktvitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With an increasing prevalence of type 2-diabetes worldwide a large number of individuals risk developing cardiovascular diseases, stroke, kidney diseases and eye diseases as secondary diseases from type 2- diabetes. Smoking, a sedentary lifestyle, genetic predisposition and obesity increases the risk of developing type 2-diabetes. Nurses therefor plays an important role in noticing individuals who risk developing type 2-diabetes as well as supporting and motivate them into making neccassary life style changes.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe how nurses experience motivating patients to physical activity at type 2-diabetes

    Method: A litterature review. Articles were sought out in the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and Medline. From these searches 10 scholarly articles emerged.

    Results: The result is presented as three different themes: Health promotion, Challenges and Need for knowledge. Challenges could among other be related to the nurses experience of insufficient knowledge and the patients lack of insight and their unwillingness to change. The nurses experienced that health interventions that were offered via patient educations increased the patients knowledge of their disease.

    Discussion: In the method discussion the authors discuss strengths and weaknesses with the litterature review. The result is being discussed using Dorothea Orems Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory

  • 218.
    Barin, Yasemin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Franco, Caroline
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patientens upplevelse av att vara smittad av MRSA: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 219.
    Barkland, Hanna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hagerman, Josefin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Våldet mot det kvinnliga könsorganet: en litteraturöversikt om kvinnlig könsstympning ur sjukvårdspersonals perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female genital mutilation is performed in about 30 countries in Africa, Asia, and South America. Nearly 200 million girls and women have undergone circumcision and annually 3 million are at risk. Female genital mutilation includes all forms of harm towards the outer female genitals without any medical indications. It results in severe complications and is even fatal. The reasons vary, sometimes they are explained as cultural traditions or religious traditions, and sometimes just to control women's' sexuality. The procedure is illegal in most western countries, Sweden included. The aim was to illuminate knowledge and attitudes among health care professionals regarding female genital mutilation. A literature review was conducted according to Friberg. Three databases were used: Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete and PubMed. This resulted in five quantitative articles, four qualitative articles and two with mixed method. The main findings were that there is a lack of knowledge among health care professionals. Also, attitudes differ but many of the participants agreed that it is violating human rights. In practicing countries there were often ambivalent feelings towards female genital mutilation. Even though the global migration is as high as ever, the knowledge among health care professionals is insufficient. The attitudes differ, both in countries where the tradition is practiced and in countries where it is not practiced. The lack of educational information is mentioned as a reason to why health care professionals feel unsure on how to handle meeting a mutilated woman. The results were discussed with Leininger's nursing theory as a model.

  • 220.
    Barsetti, Enrico
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Gisslén, Andrea
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    I gränslandet: sjuksköterskors attityder och dess inverkan på suicidnära patienter och deras anhöriga2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 221.
    Bartak, Ewa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Bohagen, Christine
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Utbrändhet hos sjuksköterskor: vilka faktorer påverkar? : uppfattningar om och upplevelser av ett tidstypiskt fenomen2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 222.
    Barton, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fjällrud, Cecilia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Närhet och distans - betydelsefull i samtal mellan sjuksköterska och patient inom palliativ omvårdnad: en litteraturstudie2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 223.
    Barud, Liselott
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hur sjuksköterskor förbereder sig inför oplanerade hembesök till patienter de aldrig träffat.: En intervjustudie med sjuksköterskor inom Avancerad Sjukvård I Hemmet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att arbeta som sjuksköterska inom Avancerad Sjukvård I Hemmet (ASIH) innebär möten med patienter som har en rad olika livshotande diagnoser. Som en del av det dagliga arbetet ingår att kunna vara tillgänglig för patienten vid försämringar. Detta innebär att sjuksköterskor kan komma att med kort varsel behöva göra oplanerade hembesök till patienter de aldrig träffat.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor som arbetar inom ASIH-verksamhet i Stockholms län förbereder sig inför oplanerade hembesök till patienter de aldrig träffat.

    Metod: För att ta reda på och beskriva hur sjuksköterskor förbereder sig inför oplanerade hembesök valdes en kvalitativ design med en induktiv ansats. Åtta sjuksköterskor med i genomsnitt 8,5 års erfarenhet från arbete inom ASIH intervjuades. Materialet analyserades enligt en kvalitativ induktiv innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i två huvudkategorier: I ständig beredskap och När någon larmat. I ständig beredskap har två kategorier och fem underkategorier vilka beskriver sådant som ingår i det dagliga arbetet samtidigt som det även är förberedelser inför oplanerade hembesök. Dessa förberedelser kan vara att ha ordning på sin utrustning och att hålla sig informerad om inskrivna patienter. När någon larmat har två kategorier och sex underkategorier vilka beskriver förberedelser som görs efter att ett samtal som föranleder ett oplanerat hembesök inkommit. Dessa förberedelser innebär till exempel att sjuksköterskorna tar reda på så mycket som möjligt om patienten för att kunna bilda sig en uppfattning om vad som behöver göras och hur bråttom det är.

    Diskussion: Resultatet diskuteras i förhållande till annan forskning samt till de tre grundläggande delarna begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet, i Antonovskys salutogena modell KASAM, känsla av sammanhang.

  • 224.
    Basthagen, Malin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lindau, Camilla
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att vara närstående till en patient i livets slutskede: en litteraturstudie2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 225.
    Basun, Annika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Dahl, Alina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    En pågående inre kamp: En litteraturöversikt om upplevelsen av egenvård vid diabetes typ 22013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that is increasing worldwide. The treatment is based on lifestyle-related measures that often mean a change in diet and exercise habits. Self-management in chronic illness is described as a process that is influenced by various factors. Nurses have a key role in supporting the person in this process based on each individual's needs and experiences. In order to provide adequate support, it is important to get a better understanding of the experience of self-management in type 2 diabetes.

    Aim: The aim was to describe the experience of self-management among people with type 2 diabetes.

    Methods: A literature review based on ten scientific articles. All articles were qualitative and found in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. The articles were analyzed and the similarities were highlighted and created new themes.

    Results: The overall theme representing the result is the experience of an inner struggle. The theme describes how self-management is experienced as a constant struggle between the disease demands and what is valuable in life. The sub-theme, the experience of integrating self-management in daily life, affects the self-management process. The remaining sub-themes describe the barriers to and facilitators of integrating self-management in daily life.

    Discussions: The authors discuss the difficulty of integrating new habits in life and what influences the process. The discussion includes autonomy, view of the future and the need to gain control. The discussion also relates to Meleis' Transition Theory.

  • 226.
    Batalha, Anton
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Polisers upplevelse av mötet med personer med psykisk ohälsa.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 227.
    Batebi-Sh, Niloufar
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Babadivand, Mojgan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av kommunikation med äldre invandrare inom vården och omsorgen1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 228.
    Bauer, Roxana
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rydberg, Rebecca
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Icke-verbal kommunikation i vården: mellan vårdpersonal och patient2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det finns två olika typer av kommunikation; verbal kommunikation och icke-verbal kommunikation. Den icke verbala-kommunikationen rör allt som inte har med ord att göra exempelvis kroppsspråk, beröring och ögonkontakt. Studier visar en brist på icke-verbal kommunikation i akuta vårdsituationer samt att patienter önskar mer icke-verbal kommunikation från vårdpersonalen. Det är även viktigt att vårdpersonal ser patienter som unika individer.

    Syfte: Syftet meddenna studie är att beskriva hur icke-verbal kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal och patient uttrycks i vården.

    Metod: Detta examensarbete är baserat på en litteraturstudie där relevant litteratur för syftet sökts i diverse databaser. Tio stycken artiklar valdes ut som alla berörde den icke-verbala kommunikationen mellan vårdpersonal och patient.

    Resultat: Tre teman kunde identifieras; Rädsla och osäkerhet hos vårdpersonal, Vårdpersonalens personliga förutsättningar och Beröring – en balansgång mellan genuinitet och förtryck. Studien visar att det finns en oro och rädsla hos vårdpersonal för att göra fel och att missförstånd ska uppstå genom den icke-verbala kommunikationen. För att kunna bygga en vårdrelationmåste vårdpersonalen se patienten som en unik individ samt ha kunskap om icke-verbal kommunikation. Även vårdpersonalens personlighet spelar en roll i när den icke-verbala kommunikationen används.

    Diskussion: Enligt omvårdnadsteoretikern Joyce Travelbee genomgår vårdpersonalen och patienten flera faser för att kunna skapa en människa-till-människa relation. Det är därför viktigt att identiteter får framträda både hos vårdpersonalen och patienten. Att använda sig av icke-verbal kommunikation skapar även arbetstillfredsställelse både kort- och långsiktigt hos vårdpersonalen.

  • 229.
    Baumgardt, Jessie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Leufvén, Lina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av psykisk ohälsa i öppenvård: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Psykisk ohälsa har blivit ett globalt folkhälsoproblem. Paraplybegreppet psykisk ohälsa inbegriper psykisk sjukdom och psykiska besvär. Psykisk sjukdom uppfyller kriterier för diagnos, medan psykiska besvär är en obalans eller symtom som oro, ångest, nedstämdhet eller sömnsvårigheter. Vid psykisk ohälsa är den vårdande relationen extra viktig och sjuksköterskans bemötande är betydande för patientens rehabilitering.

    Syfte:

    Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskans erfarenhet inom psykisk ohälsa i vården.

    Metod:

    Litteraturöversikten genomfördes med elva vetenskapliga artiklar, åtta med kvalitativ design och tre med kvantitativ design

    Resultat:

    Tre huvudteman och tre stycken underteman identifierades: Sjuksköterskans kunskap vid mötet med psykisk ohälsa, med undertemat sjuksköterskans självförtroende vid mötet med psykisk ohälsa. Därefter följer huvudtemat relation mellan patient och sjuksköterska och underteman kommunikation mellan sjuksköterska och patient och sjuksköterskans förhållningssätt vid psykisk ohälsa. Huvudtemat sjuksköterskans samarbete vid psykisk ohälsa avslutar resultatet.

    Diskussion:

    Utifrån Phil Barkers omvårdnadsteori Tidvattenmodellen diskuteras betydelsen av att etablera relation mellan sjuksköterskan och patienten, samt hur kunskapsbrist kring psykisk ohälsa resulterar i osäkerhet hos sjuksköterskan och sämre vård för patienten.

  • 230.
    Baumgartner, Rita
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Broman, Anette
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hemkänslan på äldreboende2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 231.
    Baxter, Amanda
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Khelachwili, ,Mezhgan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Den äldre människans upplevelser av att flytta till ett särskilt boende2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 232.
    Beck, Eleonore
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Söder, Kristina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Livsstilsförändring – Livsvärld i förändring: Konsten att ro i rätt riktning för patienter med hjärt- och kärlsjukdom2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 233.
    Beernaert, Kim
    et al.
    Belgien.
    Kreicbergs, Ulrika
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Fürst, Carl Johan
    Lunds universitet.
    Nyberg, Tommy
    Karolinska institutet; University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Karolinska institutet; Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Bylund-Grenklo, Tove
    Karolinska institutet; Linnéuniversitetet.
    Distrust in the End-of-Life Care Provided to a Parent and Long-Term Negative Outcomes Among Bereaved Adolescents: A Population-Based Survey Study2017In: Journal of Clinical Oncology, ISSN 0732-183X, E-ISSN 1527-7755, Vol. 35, no 27, p. 3136-3144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Previous research shows that the death of a parent places children at risk for a number of negative outcomes. The role of trust in health care at the end of life has been acknowledged as crucial for patients and adult family members. However, the consequences of children’s distrust in the care provided to their parents remain unknown. Therefore, we investigated the negative long-term outcomes of cancer-bereaved sons’ and daughters’ distrust in the care that was provided to a dying parent.

    Methods: We used a population-based nationwide survey to investigate self-reported distrust in the care provided and possible negative outcomes in 622 (73%) participants who had lost a parent as a result of cancer 6 to 9 years earlier, at ages 13 to 16 years. All participants were 18 years or older at the time of the survey.

    Results: In those who reported no or little trust (ie, distrust) in the health care provided to their dying parents, we found statistically significantly higher risks of various negative outcomes at the time of survey: bitterness toward health care professionals for not having done everything that was possible (crude risk ratio [RR], 3.5; 95% CI, 2.3 to 5.1) and for having stopped treatment (RR, 3.4; 95% CI, 2.1 to 6.0), self-destructiveness (eg, self-injury [RR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.4]), and psychological problems (eg, moderate to severe depression according to the Patient Health Questionnaire–9 [RR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.5 to 3.5]).

    Conclusion: In cancer-bereaved former adolescents, distrust in the health care provided to the dying parent is associated with a higher risk of negative long-term outcomes. The health care professionals involved in this care might play an important role in safeguarding the trust of adolescents.

  • 234.
    Beernaert, Kim
    et al.
    Belgien.
    Lövgren, Malin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Jeppesen, Jørgen
    Danmark.
    Werlauff, Ulla
    Danmark.
    Rahbek, Jes
    Danmark.
    Sejersen, Thomas
    Karolinska institutet.
    Kreicbergs, Ulrika
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Parents' Experiences of Information and Decision Making in the Care of Their Child With Severe Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A Population Survey.2019In: Journal of Child Neurology, ISSN 0883-0738, E-ISSN 1708-8283, article id 883073818822900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:: This study aims to assess the experiences and wishes of parents of children with severe spinal muscular atrophy regarding information and decision-making throughout the course of the illness.

    STUDY DESIGN:: A full population survey, conducted in 2015, among parents of children with severe spinal muscular atrophy who were born in Denmark between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2013. We used a study-specific questionnaire with items about experiences and wishes concerning the provision of information about diagnosis, treatment, and end-of-life care.

    RESULTS:: Among the 47 parents that were identified, 34 parents of 21 children participated. Eleven of them were nonbereaved and 23 were bereaved parents. All parents stated that health care staff did not take any decisions without informing them. A proportion of parents indicated that they were not informed about what spinal muscular atrophy entails (32%), possible treatment options (18%), or the fact that their child would have a short life (26%) or that death was imminent (57%). Most of the bereaved parents who had wishes concerning how and where their child would pass away had their wishes fulfilled.

    CONCLUSIONS:: The study showed that health care staff did not take treatment decisions without parents being informed. However, there is room for improvement concerning information about what spinal muscular atrophy entails, treatment options, and prognosis. Possibilities of palliative care and advance care planning should be investigated for these parents, their child, and health care staff.

  • 235.
    Befekadu, Marta
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Basti, Frida
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kommunikationens betydelse i vårdrelationen mellan patienter med afasi och vårdpersonalen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 236.
    Bekteshi, Doruntina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sharif, Shukri
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Discrimination and stigma – an interview study with nurses concerning persons living with HIV/AIDS in Nairobi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There are approximately 1.5 million people living with HIV in Kenya. The prevalence is at a lower level than at the peak of the epidemic because of free antiretroviral treatment, education and new methods to HIV testing. The nurses’ work situation is difficult trying to reach persons living with HIV in a society where stigma is common and therefore we were curious to learn more about nurses’ personal experiences, to get a wider understanding of the situation. 

    Aim: The aim was to describe nurses’ perspective of the complexity of caring for persons with HIV/AIDS in Nairobi, Kenya.

    Method: The chosen design was a descriptive qualitative study consisting of semi-structured interviews with eight nurses in Nairobi, Kenya.The material was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Two main categories were identified in this study: Nurses’ strategies and approach to initiate care and Challenges in caring for people with HIV/AIDS. Four sub-categories were then formed out of the main categories: Approaching and building relationships with people that live with HIV/AIDS, strategies for reaching out to people that live with HIV/AIDS, structural barriers among people living with HIV/AIDS and practical obstacles within the healthcare system.

    Discussion: The discussion addresses difficulties among nurses when it comes to persuading persons living with HIV/AIDS to receive treatment. The nursing role consists of caring for the patient, counseling and giving hope. Nurses are being affected emotionally when approaching persons living with HIV/AIDS since factors like stigma and fear of abandonment stand in the way for reaching out and giving treatment. Lack of resources in healthcare is another factor that causes frustration among nurses. 

  • 237.
    Beltrán, Carolina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Neway, Tamirat
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskor erfarenheter av och förutsättningar för att vårda patienter med stroke: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stroke is the second most common cause of death worldwide. There are   several factors that can contribute to the occurence stroke such as smoking, inactivity, diabetes and high age. As a result of the disease,   the individual can suffer from various functional impairments that affect the   ability to move, as well as cognitive, swallowing and communications. In   addition to this, the disease can also cause psychosocial problems. The nurse   has a responsibility in the care of stroke patients, where she helps   the patient to plan and carry out actions that belong to daily life. Nursing aims to improve the wellbeing of the   patient by preventing illness and restoring health.

    Aim: The aim was to describe the nurses' experiences and conditions of   caring for patients with stroke.

    Method: A literature review was conducted using ten scientific articles that   were published between the years 2008-2019. The articles were selected from   the databases PubMed and CINAHL Complete. The keywords used were nurses` experiences,   caring, nurse*, experiences, stroke patients, nurses, stroke, nurse`s   experiences and nurse perspective. The literature review was analyzed   according to Friberg's method. The results of the articles were analyzed   using color coding, where similarities and differences were found, and five   different themes were identified.

    Results: In the results of the literature review, five central themes are   identified that concern 1) the nurse's perception of role; 2) the nurse's   perception of knowledge; 3) relation to patients and their kin; 4)   collaboration with other healthcare professionals and 5) challenges in the environment.

    Discussion: In   the discussion, Katie Eriksson's theory is used as a starting point. Results   of this literature review are discussed on the basis of this nursing theory   with a focus on the concept of health, suffering, selfcare and caring.

  • 238.
    Benavente, Helena
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Nardi, Nicole
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder till och upplevelser av att vårda personer med emotionellt instabil personlighetsstörning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients with borderline personality disorder represent a large group in healthcare who are struggling with painful emotions in life. Caring should be based on strengthening health processes by focusing on the patients, but research made by the patient's perspective has shown that this population rather felt that their health processes was counteracted, than promoted. The patients felt that the nurses displayed a negative attitude towards them. Attitudes are defined as a system of values, emotions and actions towards others.

     

    Aim: the purpose of this study was to highlight the attitudes and experiences of nurses towards caring for people with borderline personality disorder

     

    Methods: A study on the literature based on nine scientific papers was performed. The articles have been analyzed, systematically coded and compiled into a new unit.

     

    Results: This study shows that nurses have an overall negative attitude towards patients with borderline personality disorder. Three main categories emerged, which was lack of knowledge, difficult patients and experiences influence. The nurses expressed the lack of knowledge as a feeling of not being competent enough to provide the right care and because of the fact that they had little faith in the care options that existed. Difficult patients was the biggest theme which showed that patients were seen as strong, dangerous ruthless forces that evokes powerlessness among nurses. Something that was seen as consistent throughout the study was that the patients were seen as dishonest and manipulative. The third main theme

    ”experiences influence” showed that experiences affects and touches the nurse that then contributes to the selection of treatment strategies.

     

    Discussions: It appears that there is a gap between nurses' attitudes and the needs of patients resulting in health suffering. This is discussed by Katie Erikson's theory of care suffering from nursing science theory of health and care, patients 'and nurses' views on health promotion.

     

    Keywords: Borderline personality disorder, experiences, attitudes, nursing, nurse, nurses.

     

     

  • 239.
    Bende, Jenny
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Krantz, Martina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att möta närstående i sorg: En litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskans upplevelser av mötet med närstående vid plötsligt dödsfall2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The grief experienced by the bereaved next of kin after a sudden death can result in both physiological and psychological outcomes. The nurse is often faced with the acute crisis that may arise. The meeting with dying patients is emotionally stressful for the nurse, who may experience a disbelief in their own capacity.

    The aim of the study was to highlight the nurse’s experiences of meeting with the next of kin after a sudden death.

    A literature review based on five studies with qualitative design and four with quantitative design. Searches were made in the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and Nursing & Allied Health Source. Coping strategies and the concept of health were used as theoretical frameworks.

    The results consist of five themes. The nurse’s experienced role in the meeting with next of kin which showed that the majority of the nurses experienced the meeting with the bereaved next of kin as their responsibility. Emotional stress of the meeting was for example helplessness, stress, failure and guilt. Fear of the next of kin’s possible reactions meant the nurses fear for the reaction from the next of kin. The experience of education and lack of knowledge were considered as an important foundation in the meeting with the next of kin, and The experience of lack of resources that showed a lack of resources and guidelines.

    Stress and other external factors may affect nurses’ health negatively; the use of different coping strategies can assist the nurse in affectively handling such stress. The nurse is required to be in good health to adequately meet the next of kin and their needs. Training in and knowledge of the meeting with the next of kin can contribute positively towards the nurse’s well-being.

  • 240.
    Bende Rydell, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Boglione Win, Beatriz
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hashemi Moghadam, Hamideh
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldre invandrare i särskilda boendeformer: god och värdig omvårdnad2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 241.
    Bender, Alexandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Graaf Myrehed, Sofie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Man föds inte till sjuksköterska, man blir det: En litteraturstudie om manliga sjuksköterskors upplevelser av svårigheter i vårdandet - ur ett genusperspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjuksköterskeprofessionen har ur ett historiskt perspektiv varit ett kvinnoyrke. Kvinnor till skillnad från män tillskrivs vårdande som egenskap, då stereotypa föreställningar och attityder finns om att kvinnor är mer omsorgsfulla än män. Manliga sjuksköterskor tenderer att söka sig bort från omvårdnadsområden med nära omvårdnad till omvårdnadsområden som kräver medicinteknisk kunskap och fysisk styrka. Manliga och kvinnliga sjuksköterskor har olika förutsättningar i vårdandet som orsakas av deras könstillhörighet.

    Syftet var att belysa om och i så fall hur manliga sjuksköterskor upplever svårigheter i vårdandet relaterat till deras könstillhörighet.

    Litteraturstudie har använts som metod. Studien baseras på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från databaserna CINAHL plus with full text och PubMed. Artiklarna bearbetades med hjälp av innehållsanalys.

    I resultatet framkom tre huvudteman med subteman. Det första huvudtemat, I Att vara man i vården, beskriver vad manliga sjuksköterskor har upplevt i sin profession som sjuksköterska. Det andra temat, II Sexualisering, beskriver manliga sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att bli sexualiserade av patienter och samhället. Det tredje temat, III Att använda strategier i omvårdnadsarbetet, beskriver strategier manliga sjuksköterskor utvecklat för att hantera problem som uppstått i omvårdnadsarbetet.

    Resultatet diskuteras utifrån Connells teori om maskuliniteter. Diskussion förs om genusordning och hegemoniskt maskulinitetsideal inom sjuksköterskeprofessionen samt om hur könsstereotypa föreställningar och förväntningar påverkar manliga sjuksköterskor i vårdandet.

     

  • 242.
    Bengmark, Caroline
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Tutnjevic, Dorotea
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder till patienter med självskadebeteende2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 243.
    Bengtsson, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Thyrell, Katinka
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Syster broder: manliga sjuksköterskors upplevelser av beröring2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 244.
    Bentzer, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldres upplevelser av att leva med stroke2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 245.
    Benzein, Eva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    I rörelse mot hopp - hälsostödjande familjesamtal i palliativ vård2008In: Omsorg: Nordisk tidsskrift for Palliativ Medisin, ISSN 0800-7489, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 246.
    Benzein, Eva G
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Berg, Agneta C
    The level of and relation between hope, hopelessness and fatigue in patients and family members in palliative care.2005In: Palliative Medicine: A Multiprofessional Journal, ISSN 0269-2163, E-ISSN 1477-030X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 234-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hope, hopelessness and fatigue are important experiences for patients and family members in palliative care. The aim of the study was to describe the level of and relation between hope, hopelessness and fatigue in patients and family members in palliative care. Eighty-five participants completed the Herth Hope Index, Beck's Hopelessness Scale and rated their level of fatigue from none to severe. The level of hope proved to be significantly lower among the family members than among the patients. For the family members, correlations were found between hope and age (-0.358*), fatigue and hope (-0.439*), hopelessness and age (0.484**), age and fatigue (0.403**) and between hope and hopelessness (-0.723**). For the patients, correlations were found between age and hopelessness (0.555**) and between hopelessness and hope (-0.580**). Efforts to increase the experience of hope and decrease hopelessness and fatigue must include not only the patient but also the family members. (* =P <0.5, ** =P <0.01)

  • 247.
    Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Hagberg, Margaretha
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    'Being appropriately unusual': a challenge for nurses in health-promoting conversations with families2008In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 106-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the theoretical assumptions and the application for health-promoting conversations, as a communication tool for nurses when talking to patients and their families. The conversations can be used on a promotional, preventive and healing level when working with family-focused nursing. They are based on a multiverse, salutogenetic, relational and reflecting approach, and acknowledge each person's experience as equally valid, and focus on families' resources, and the relationship between the family and its environment. By posing reflective questions, reflection is made possible for both the family and the nurses. Family members are invited to tell their story, and they can listen to and learn from each other. Nurses are challenged to build a co-creating partnership with families in order to acknowledge them as experts on how to lead their lives and to use their own expert knowledge in order to facilitate new meanings to surface. In this way, family health can be enhanced.

  • 248.
    Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering with couples in palliative care.2008In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 14, no 9, p. 439-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Families living with a dying relative face existential challenges which need to be met by caregivers in a dialogue. AIM: To describe couples' experiences of participating in nurse-initiated health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering during home-based palliative care. METHOD: Data comprised semi-structured evaluative interviews with six couples. Each couple together had previously participated in three health-fostering conversations with nurses. Data were analyzed by content. RESULT: Talking with nurses about existential issues such as hope and suffering made couples feel that they were part of a trustful relationship, and that it was a healing experience. It gave them the opportunity to unburden themselves, as well as a way of learning and finding new strategies for managing daily life. CONCLUSION: Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering should be implemented as a natural part of the caring relationship between caregivers and families in the palliative context.

  • 249.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Hagberg, M
    Saveman, B-I
    Familj och sociala relationer2009In: Omvårdnadens grunder: perspektiv och förhållningssätt / [ed] Febe Friberg och Joakim Öhlén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Johansson, Pauline
    Arestedt, Kristofer Franzén
    Berg, Agneta
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Families' Importance in Nursing Care: Nurses' Attitudes--an instrument development2008In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 97-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the development and testing of a research instrument, Families' Importance in Nursing Care-Nurses' Attitudes (FINC-NA), designed to measure nurses' attitudes about the importance of involving families in nursing care. The instrument was inductively developed from a literature review and tested with a sample of Swedish nurses. An item-total correlation and a first principal component analysis were used to validate the final instrument, including a second principal component analysis to analyze dimensionality, and Cronbach's alpha was used to estimate internal consistency. The instrument consists of 26 items and reveals four factors: families as a resource in nursing care, family as a conversational partner, family as a burden, and family as its own resource. Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 for the total instrument and 0.69 to 0.80 for the subscales. The instrument requires further testing with other nurse populations.

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