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  • 2101.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Diakonins teologi: ett försök att ställa de rätta grundläggande frågorna1999In: Diakoni: teologi, ideologi, praxis / [ed] Förf: Erik Blennberger, Mats J. Hansson, Rolf Stål, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkans forskningsråd , 1999, p. 11-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2102.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    En reflektion över tillfälligheternas spel2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Apell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 27-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2103.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Förlåtelse, kyrka och samhälle2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2104.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Förlåtelse och moralisk excellens2007In: Förlåtelse, kyrka och samhälle / [ed] Mats J. Hansson, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 85-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2105.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Inledning2007In: Förlåtelse, kyrka och samhälle / [ed] Mats J. Hansson, Uppsala: Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 7-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2106.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Livets mening och vårdens tvetydighet2006In: Nya vägar i vårdetiken / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 59-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2107.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Pedagogik för människovårdande utbildningar2009In: Religionspedagogisk tidskrift, ISSN 2000-4486, no 18, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2108.
    Hansson, Mats J
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Teologi för samhällets kompetensbehov1999In: Nya vägar i teologin: festskrift till Anders Jeffner / [ed] Carl Reinhold Bråkenhielm ..., Nora: Nya Doxa , 1999Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2109.
    Hansson, Mats J.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Yrket som kall: om personliga drivkrafter och professionella krav2012In: Värdegrunder i kyrka, diakoni och samhälle: En antologi från Ersta Sköndal högskola / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal högskola , 2012, p. 85-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2110.
    Hansson, Sara
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Erfarenheter av personcentrerad vård i arbetet med personer med psykossjukdom: En intervjustudie med specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk vård2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:The new Swedish law for patients from 2015 strengthens the position patients have in relation to health care providers. Person-centred care is something described in the competence description for specialist nurses in psychiatric care, in guidelines of care for persons who have psychosis and research about person-centred care shows that it can improve quality of care. Studies have shown that patients cared for in psychiatric care wish to be more involved in care and to be seen and respected as individuals. Research, however, is inadequate about the experience specialist nurses have of person-centred care in their clinical practice.

    Aim: To describe experiences that specialist nurses have of person-centred care in work with people with psychosis in psychiatric outpatient care.

    Method: The study was carried out with a qualitative design and the data was collected with semi-structured interviews with five specialist nurses in psychiatric outpatient care. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data.

    Results: The data generated three main categories and 14 subcategories. The main categories were named: To shape a person-centred care, the importance of the caring relationship and to give space to the person cared for.

    Discussions: The result of the study was discussed in relation to The Tidal model, which is a theory for psychiatric nursing funded by Barker. The result was also discussed in relation to research, guidelines of care, competence description for specialist nurses and law.

  • 2111.
    Hansson, Tarja
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Batrapo, Wasana
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Döva/hörselskadade individers erfarenheter av bemötandet inom sjukvården: En litteraturöversikt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2112.
    Hansson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lampell, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskors attityder gentemot patienter med HIV/AIDS2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2113.
    Hansson-Malmsborg, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vuxna patienters andliga behov2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2114.
    Haraldsson, Rose-Marie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Löfgren, Annika
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Den randiga sorgen: om barns reaktioner när en förälder dör2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2115.
    Harding, Richard
    et al.
    Storbritannien.
    Marchetti, Stefano
    Italien.
    Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D
    Nederländerna.
    Wilson, Donna M
    Kanada.
    Ruiz-Ramos, Miguel
    Spanien.
    Cardenas-Turanzas, Maria
    USA.
    Rhee, YongJoo
    Sydkorea.
    Morin, Lucas
    Karolinska institutet.
    Hunt, Katherine
    Storbritannien.
    Teno, Joan
    USA.
    Håkanson, Cecilia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Houttekier, Dirk
    Belgien.
    Deliens, Luc
    Belgien.
    Cohen, Joachim
    Belgien.
    Place of death for people with HIV: a population-level comparison of eleven countries across three continents using death certificate data.2018In: BMC Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1471-2334, E-ISSN 1471-2334, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: With over 1 million HIV-related deaths annually, quality end-of-life care remains a priority. Given strong public preference for home death, place of death is an important consideration for quality care. This 11 country study aimed to i) describe the number, proportion of all deaths, and demographics of HIV-related deaths; ii) identify place of death; iii) compare place of death to cancer patients iv), determine patient/health system factors associated with place of HIV-related death.

    METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of death certification, data were extracted for the full population (ICD-10 codes B20-B24) for 1-year period: deceased's demographic characteristics, place of death, healthcare supply.

    RESULTS: i) 19,739 deaths were attributed to HIV. The highest proportion (per 1000 deaths) was for Mexico (9.8‰), and the lowest Sweden (0.2‰). The majority of deaths were among men (75%), and those aged <50 (69.1%). ii) Hospital was most common place of death in all countries: from 56.6% in the Netherlands to 90.9% in South Korea. The least common places were hospice facility (3.3%-5.7%), nursing home (0%-17.6%) and home (5.9%-26.3%).iii) Age-standardised relative risks found those with HIV less likely to die at home and more likely to die in hospital compared with cancer patients, and in most countries more likely to die in a nursing home. iv) Multivariate analysis found that men were more likely to die at home in UK, Canada, USA and Mexico; a greater number of hospital beds reduced the likelihood of dying at home in Italy and Mexico; a higher number of GPs was associated with home death in Italy and Mexico.

    CONCLUSIONS: With increasing comorbidity among people ageing with HIV, it is essential that end-of-life preferences are established and met. Differences in place of death according to country and diagnosis demonstrate the importance of ensuring a "good death" for people with HIV, alongside efforts to optimise treatment.

  • 2116.
    Harju, Anne
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Ramén, Rose-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Skolan en pedagogisk miljö och en mänsklig arbetsplats?: en studie om ungdomars subjektiva upplevelse av stress2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2117.
    Harrius, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jonson, Marcus
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sociala problem formulerade i hiphop: En innehållsanalys av samtida svensk hiphopmusik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt hur sociala problem beskrivs inom samtida svensk hiphopmusik. Syftet var att öka kunskapen om hur sociala problem formuleras. Därför har studien syftat till att undersöka vilken social problematik som beskrivs i hiphoptexterna samt hur och varför redogörelserna ser ut som de gör. I studien användes en innehållsanalys för att analysera 105 svenska hiphoptexter. Goffmans teori om stigma och Wacquants begrepp territoriellt stigma har applicerats vid analysen av de empiriska resultaten. Resultaten visar att svensk hiphopmusik tar upp sju sociala problem; missbruk, rasism, fattigdomkriminalitet, utanförskap, prostitution samt hemlöshet. Dessa sociala problem beskrevs i texterna utifrån teman om förort och kamp. Slutsatserna visar att sociala problem fungerar stigmatiserande för individer och grupper och att detta stigma påverkar såväl livsval och uppfattningen av möjliga livsval. Studiens slutsatser utgör viktig kunskap för det sociala arbetets kontakt med utsatta människor.

  • 2118.
    Hartman, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
    Familjebehandling under tvång: Familjebehandlares upplevelser kring den terapeutiska alliansens betydlese inom kommunal familjebehandling2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The study investigates how family treatment done under coercion affects the ability of family therapists to create therapeutic alliance with families, and if this affects the therapist’s feelings of the possibility of creating changes. Questions: How family therapists are affected in their work to create a therapeutic alliance when the family is under / threatening care of young persons act (LVU)? Are there important relational elements in treatment that contribute to change when there is LVU or threat of LVU? Method: Qualitative interview investigation and thematic analysis. Results: The results of the study show that therapists feel it is of the utmost importance that they prove to be a "normal person", are given the opportunity to co-operate with the family and that they raise strengths rather than weaknesses, to reach an alliance. The result also shows that respondents experience it as aggravating when it comes to the creation of alliance, as collaboration with social services is sometimes complicated. They find it easier to create alliance when the family themselves ask for treatment. They believe that change is possible, albeit more difficult, when coercion exists. Discussion: The outcome of the study is discussed, partly from an intersubjective and systemic perspective.

  • 2119.
    Hartman, Amanda
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Kraska, Lisa
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    "Den hemliga leken": en uppsats om hur beslut fattas kring vårdnad och boende för barn där misstanke finns om sexuella övergrepp2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2120.
    Hayward, Charlotte
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Karlsson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Faktorer som lindrar ensamhet hos äldre människor: en guide för omvårdnadspersonal2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2121.
    Hedberg, Lena
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Barnperspektiv i vuxenpsykiatri2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2122.
    Hedberg, Malin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Lundin, Katarina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    "Jag kommer aldrig att glömma...men lära mig leva med det": fyra ungdomars upplevelser kring Stödprogrammet för unga brottsutsatta i Tyresö kommun2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2123.
    Hedberg Nyqvist, Kerstin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rosenblad, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet.
    Volgsten, Helena
    Uppsala universitet.
    Funkquist, Eva-Lotta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Mattsson, Elisabet
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Uppsala universitet.
    Early skin-to-skin contact between healthy late preterm infants and their parents: an observational cohort study2017In: PeerJ, ISSN 2167-8359, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 5, p. e3949-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an important factor to consider in the care of late preterm infants (born between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 completed weeks of gestation). The literature suggests that SSC between preterm infants and their mothers facilitates breastfeeding. However, more studies are needed to explore potential dose-response effects between SSC and breastfeeding as well as studies that explicitly investigate SSC by fathers among late preterm infants. The aim was to investigate the duration of healthy late preterm infants’ SSC with the mother and father, respectively, during the first 48 h after birth and the associations with breastfeeding (exclusive/partial at discharged), clinical and demographic variables. Methods This was an observational cohort study in which parents to healthy late preterm infants, born between 34 5/7 and 36 6/7 completed weeks of gestation, recorded duration of SSC provided by mother and father, respectively. Demographic and clinical variables were retrieved from the medical records and were used as predictors. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to assess the association between the predictors and the outcome, SSC (hours), separately for mothers and fathers. Results The mean (standard deviation [SD]) time per day spent with SSC with mothers (n = 64) and fathers (n = 64), was 14.7 (5.6) and 4.4 (3.3) hours during the first day (24 h) after birth and 9.2 (7.1) and 3.1 (3.3) hours during the second day (24 h), respectively. Regarding SSC with mothers, no variable was significantly associated with SSC during the first day, while the mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) time of SSC during the second day was 6.9 (1.4–12.4) hours shorter for each additional kg of birthweight (p = 0.014). Concerning SSC with fathers, the mean (95% CI) time of SSC during the first day was 2.1 (0.4–3.7) hours longer for infants born at night (p = 0.015), 1.7 (0.1–3.2) hours longer for boys (p = 0.033), 3.2 (1.2–5.2) hours longer for infants born by caesarean section (p = 0.003), and 1.6 (0.1–3.1) hours longer for infants exclusively breastfed at discharge (p = 0.040). During the second day, the mean (95% CI) time of SSC with fathers was 3.0 (0.6–5.4) hours shorter for each additional kg of birthweight (p = 0.014), 2.0 (0.5–3.6) hours longer for infants born during night-time (p = 0.011), 2.9 (1.4–4.4) hours longer if the mother was primipara (p &lt; 0.001), and 1.9 (0.3–3.5) hours shorter if supplementary artificial milk feeds were given. None of the other predictors, i.e., mother’s age, gestational age, or induction of labor were significantly associated with infants’ SSC with mothers or fathers during any of the first two days after birth. Conclusion Future studies are warranted that investigate duration of SSC between late preterm infants and their parents separately and the associations with breastfeeding and other variables of clinical importance.

  • 2124.
    Hedblad, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kilström, David
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Tillsammans skapar vi lärande: Om lärande i grupp hos personer med långvarig sjukdom med utgångspunkt i Dorothea Orems Teori om omvårdnadssystem2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Living with long term illness means losses for the individual and demands for adaptation. An important part of the nurse's work on strengthening the health of people in need of care is to support learning. An important part of learning is interaction and participation. As a nursing-science basis Dorothea Orem’s "Theory of nursing system" has been used and this theory describes the interaction between the nurse and the person she cares for.

    Aim: The purpose was to gain knowledge about how nurses can work with learning in a group of persons with long-term illness with basis in Dorothea Orem’s "Theory of nursing systems."

    Method: A literature review was carried out where ten quantitative studies have been compiled through analysis with Dorothea Orem’s "theory of nursing system" as a basis.

    Results: The results how how the various programs of the studies worked with learning in a group among people with long-term illness, where similarities and differences in the roles of the participants and the nurses emerged. Similarities were found in the programs focus on the interaction between participants as well as on the facilitating role of the nurse. An important difference was revealed in the extent of participants' influence on the content of the group sessions, where some programs let participants' needs and interests guide while some programs previously had determined the content.

    Discussions: In the discussion of the results it is argued that man's self-identified learning needs should direct learning. Learning should encourage the development of the person’s self-direction. The results show that participants in the interaction between each other have inherent resources used to promote learning among themselves and others. Strengths and weaknesses regarding the chosen method for this literature review are highlighted in the method discussion.

  • 2125.
    Hedblad, Simon
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Bekymringssamtal: en kvalitativ undersökning av metoden och dess användning2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2126.
    Hedelin, Maria
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skokic, Viktor
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wilderäng, Ulrica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ahlin, Rebecca
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bull, Cecilia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöberg, Fei
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Dunberger, Gail
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bergmark, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Stringer, Andrea
    Australien.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Göteborgs universitet, Karolinska institutet.
    Intake of citrus fruits and vegetables and the intensity of defecation urgency syndrome among gynecological cancer survivors.2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 1, article id e0208115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite the experimental evidence that certain dietary compounds lower the risk of radiation-induced damage to the intestine, clinical data are missing and dietary advice to irradiated patients is not evidence-based.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have previously identified 28 intestinal health-related symptoms among 623 gynaecological-cancer survivors (three to fifteen years after radiotherapy) and 344 matched population-based controls. The 28 symptoms were grouped into five radiation-induced survivorship syndromes: defecation-urgency syndrome, fecal-leakage syndrome, excessive mucus discharge, excessive gas discharge and blood discharge. The grouping was based on factor scores produced by Exploratory Factor Analysis in combination with the Variable Cutoff Method. Frequency of food intake was measured by a questionnaire. We evaluated the relationship between dietary intake and the intensity of the five syndromes.

    RESULTS: With the exception of excessive mucus discharge, the intensity of all syndromes declined with increasing intake of citrus fruits. The intensity of defecation-urgency and fecal-leakage syndrome declined with combined intake of vegetables and citrus fruits. The intensity of excessive mucus discharge was increased with increasing intake of gluten.

    CONCLUSION: In this observational study, we found an association between a high intake of citrus fruits and vegetables and a lower intensity of the studied radiation-induced cancer survivorship syndromes. Our data suggest it may be worthwhile to continue to search for a role of the diet before, during and after radiotherapy to help the cancer survivor restore her or his intestinal health after irradiation.

  • 2127.
    Hedelin, Petra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lindell, Hanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Den dödliga omtanken: En litteraturstudie över svenska riktlinjer, handböcker och vårdprogram för Münchhausen by proxy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study addresses the complex phenomenon of Münchhausen by proxy (MBP). MBP means that a parent finds or creates illnesses with his or her child. The child is allowed to undergo medical examinations, treatments and sampling. MBP has been included in the definition of child abuse since the beginning of the 2000s, a definition which is supposed to guide the work with vulnerable children in Sweden. Problem area: As MBP is defined as a form of physical child abuse in SOU 2001:72, this means shared social responsibility among societal actors. Health care is according to the Health Care Act (HSL, 2017:30) responsible for investigating and treating the physical care of the child, while the social services is responsible for investigating the child's protection and needs. According to the Social Services Act (SoL, 2001:453), the Social Services Board is responsible for securing safe and good conditions for children and young people. The Social Services Board shall also ensure that children and young people receive the protection and support they need. The fact that the health care system and the child welfare system share the responsibility for working with MBP can lead to challenges for practice, as the issue is located at the interface between different policy areas and professional fields of practice. As there is very limited research on MBP in Sweden, policy will play an important role in everyday practice regarding MBP. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore how the phenomenon of MBP is constructed in Swedish welfare policy, specifically in relation to social services and health care. Furthermore, the aim of the study was to investigate the construction of MBP in national and international research, to see how national policy relates to the research situation. Method and theory: A literature study with an abductive approach was carried out, examining national and international research, public documents from government agencies and authorities, Swedish public inquiries and guidelines for social work and health care in Sweden. The analysis is based upon the theory of the construction of social problems. Findings: MBP has been constructed as a problem in research, healthcare and social work in different extent. The guidelines and manuals that exist today for the social services work on child protection are few but extensive, although none of them mentions MBP. In existing Swedish legislation, there is no law available that explicitly mentions MBP, while there are various proposals for legislative changes that mentions MBP. For health care in Sweden there are national guidelines and regional care programs for the work of child abuse, that mentions MBP. There is statutory responsibility for the social work and health care to cooperate in the case of children at risk (SoL and HSL). The two different parts of the welfare system have different working methods, which means that the joint work in child welfare investigations can sometimes be problematic. Discussion and conclusion: Since the late 2000s, MBP has been discovered as a social problem in Sweden, defined as a form of physical child abuse, and fields of responsibility and guidelines have been developed, primarily within health care. Since social work has no guidelines about MBP, there is no organizational support for social workers to pay attention to cases of MBP. In the study we have made an effort to visualize the construction of MBP in Swedish context today, which has resulted in the founding of a gap and development opportunities for the social work guidelines on how MBP is being constructed today.

  • 2128.
    Hedenlind, Sara
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Berg, Sara
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    När ett barn dör: En litteraturöversikt över föräldrars upplevelser av vårdpersonales stöd efter att deras barn dött2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Losing a child is a great sadness that is expressed in different ways by different individuals. Grief affects not only the family but also health professionals who describe difficulties identifying parents' needs for support. Therefore, it is important to explore how parents perceive the health care professionals support after their child died.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe the parents' perceptions of support from health care professionals after the death of their child.

    Method: The studies concern parental perceptions of health professionals’ support after their child died and was selected from the database CINAHL complete and through two manual searches. The literature review was based on Friberg’s method and presents results from ten English scientific research articles.

    Results: The result includes three main themes: The need for conversation and information, The need of continuity and a good relationship and The need of follow up and commitment.

    Discussion: Method discussion describes the literature reviews strengths and weaknesses and what may have influenced both the design and approach. The literature reviews results discusses how parents whose children died in hospitals experienced health care professionals support after information about the child's diagnosis, what is important at the moment of death and after the child died and how follow-up affects parents. The result also discusses what parents want from health care professionals in the different phases. The results are also discussed based on Travelbees nursing theory with focus on the concept of man.

  • 2129.
    Hederos, Annhelen
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Schönbeck, Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    När allt inte blev som man hade tänkt sig...: studie av en förebyggande verksamhet för nyblivna mammor i behov av extra stöd2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2130.
    Hedin, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Karlsson, Erika
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva med HIV: En studie av bemötandet av HIV-patienter2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2131.
    Hedin, Gunilla
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Jesus förkunnelse om Guds rike enligt Lukasevangeliet: En analys av Luk 11:1-4, 11:14-23, 17:20-21, 22:28-302015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I have examined how Jesus' proclamation of the kingdom of God can be understood from the Gospel of Luke. A close examination of a single gospel, and moreover not the whole gospel but only four pericopes in it, narrows the scope considerably. The value in trying to understand what Jesus is saying based on this single coherent source is that it can have a greater depth than the picture put together by any number of fragments from different sources.

    In Luke's Gospel Jesus mentions the word kingdom as referring to the Kingdom of God over 20 times, in a total of 18 episodes. With the method of discourse analysis, I have divided these occurrences into three categories which I call the discourse of A, B and C. Discourse A is about the kingdom of God having the highest priority, but there is no description of the kingdom. Discourse B describes the kingdom of God in some way. Discourse C mentions the kingdom of God as a promise. The four pericopes I analyze in detail, in different ways represent the discourses I have identified in the gospel as a whole. Lk 11:1-4 belong to discourse A, Lk 11:14-23 and Lk 17:20-21 to discourse B, and Lk 22:24-30 to discourse C.

    The tradition that the author of the double work of Luke-Acts is precisely Luke, goes back to the mid 100's. The work is characterized by universalism and a certain vision of wealth and poverty that probably came from the author's congregation in Antioch. There the gospel to non-Jews was preached, and there was commitment in the poor and needy. It was important not to get caught up in the worldly life and be tempted to accumulate wealth. Discipleship should be wholehearted.

    When Jesus speaks of the kingdom of God in the Gospel of Luke, it may sound as if it is about a territory. But the concept of the kingdom of God, in the original text ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ Θεοῦ means rather God's dominion. It is not an area or a place, but a state that is determined by God's reign. At the same time, it is impossible to rule ”nowhere”, so there is still a territory implicit in the concept.

    There was a duality in the perception of the kingdom of God in Jesus' time, which meant that it was both a way of conceiving the world's current situation and an eschatological concept.

    Through a detailed exegetical analysis of the basic text for each pericope I have reached conclusions on the theological message of the kingdom of God in the texts. The analysis of Lk 11:1-4 shows that the Lord's Prayer contains an indirect description of God's kingdom as an ideal state. God is assumed to have the power to bring the kingdom into being, but the human will and activity also plays a role. Pericope Lk 11:14-20 shows that God's kingdom is where God is at work. It can be here and now. God works through Jesus when he frees a man from a dumb demon. But he doesn't only work through Jesus but through all who do good. In pericope Lk 17:20-21 the question of when the kingdom of God will come is asked, and Jesus responds in a way that makes the kingdom seem within reach already in the present. In Jesus' promise to the disciples of equal fellowship with him in his own kingdom in Lk 22:28-30, he equates himself with God. He promises a future of glory for those who are faithful to him.

    An attempt at a synthesis of the theological messages that the analyses of the four pericopes led to, is that the kingdom of God according to the Gospel of Luke seems to refer to the victory of the perfect good over evil. The concept of the kingdom remains ambiguous and mysterious. What the analyses contribute to is mainly highlighting the possible meanings of the received text, which are inevitably limited in each translation.

  • 2132.
    Hedin, Helena
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ingemarsson, Anna-Karin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att möta personer med demenssjukdom i akutsjukvården: ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2133.
    Hedlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kummetz, Birgitta
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att flyga mot solen - men håller vingarna?: brukarnas perspektiv på ett förstärkt ungdomsboende i Skarpnäck2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2134.
    Hedlöf, Ulla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rodriquez, Lourdes
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Specialistsjuksköterskors möte med patienter som har en annan etnisk och kulturell bakgrund och vårdas för psykisk ohälsa2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this study, defined ethnicity as a collective term for origin while culture is socially enrolled into the character of one’s behavior and is changeable in context. In the literature it is clear that patients with a different ethnical and cultural background are subject to objectification by healthcare professionals. The individual in many cases is seen as a representative of his or her cultural and ethnical inherence. In Sweden there are many people with different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. People who emigrate affected by mental illness to a greater degree than the average population they are at greater risk for stress, worry and anxiety.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to describe the specialist nurses' encounter with patients with different ethnic and cultural backgrounds and cared for mental illness.

    Methods: Data was collected through interviews with five specialist nurses. This study uses qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Two categories emerge from the results. Difficulties nurses face and the nurses' way of handling difficulties. The first category is a sub category of nursing difficulties in meeting with patients of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. In the second category of nursing ways to handle difficulties are four subcategories help of an interpreter, relatives help, the help of colleagues and other ways to communicate.

    Discussions: The language barrier was the main difficulty which was described in the meeting and how the nurses dealt with the difficulty of the encounter with the aid of an interpreter, relatives, colleagues, and other ways to communicate.

  • 2135.
    Hedman, Katarina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Janson, Annika
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kommunikationen mellan sjuksköterskan och den äldre patienten: faktorer som hindrar och främjar2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2136.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Det enda alternativet: gamla personers upplevelser av att bo på sjukhem2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2137.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Striving to be able and included: Expressions of sense of self in people with Alzheimer's disease2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    According to research applying a social constructionist perspective, the sense of self is not lost in people with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is, however, greatly influenced by the symptoms and by how they are treated by other people. Without support, it is difficult to preserve a positive sense of self, when living with progressing cognitive impairments. The stigma associated with cognitive impairment also threatens their sense of self. Harré’s social constructionist theories of self and positioning have been used to study how people with AD express their sense of self. As there is a need to expand the previous research by involving additional participants and research contexts, the aim of the present thesis was to describe, in accordance with Harré’s theories of self and positioning, how people with AD expressed their sense of self in personal interviews and in support groups with other people with AD. The research consists of four substudies (I–IV), and has a qualitative, descriptive, and theory-testing approach. Thirteen people with mild and moderate AD were included, 11 of whom had the early onset form of the disease. Two support groups were formed, led by facilitators who supported the communication and the participants’ expressions of self. Each group met 10 times during an eight-month period. Topics were not predetermined, and introduced by both facilitators and participants. Semistructured interviews were conducted before the groups started and after they ended. The interviews and support group conversations were audio-recoded and analysed with qualitative content analysis, guided by Harré’s theories. In substudy I, the initial interviews were deductively analysed. The findings showed that Self 1 (the sense of being a singular, embodied person) was expressed by the participants without difficulties. Self 2 (the perception of one’s personal attributes and life history) was expressed as feeling mainly the same person. While some abilities had been lost, other had been developed. Self 3 (the socially constructed self) was described as mostly supported, but sometimes threatened in interactions with other people (I). In substudy II, support group conversations were analysed abductively with respect to expressions of Self 2. It was found that participants expressed Self 2 in terms of agency and communion, and a lack of agency and communion (II).In substudy III, a secondary analysis of the data from substudy II was performed inductively with the aim of describing how Self 3 was constructed in the interaction of the support group. Five first-order positions, generating lively interaction, were described: the project manager, the storyteller, the moral agent, the person burdened with AD, and the coping person (III). In substudy IV, all the collected data were reanalysed inductively, focusing on how participants expressed the experience of being research participants. Three themes were constructed: contributing to an important cause, gaining from participating, and experiencing risks and drawbacks (IV). In conclusion, it was found that participants constructed positive social selves through the support from each other, the facilitator, and researchers in the support group (III), and as research participants (IV). Agency and communion were central to Self 2, and decreased with the progression of AD (II). In spite of change, participants perceived themselves as basically the same people, with a potential to learn and develop as persons (I).

  • 2138.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Linköpings universitet.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Umeå universitet.
    Expressed Sense of Self by People With Alzheimer’s Disease in a Support Group Interpreted in Terms of Agency and Communion2016In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 421-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The self is constructed in cooperation with other people and social context influences how people perceive and express it. People with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) often receive insufficient support in constructing their preferred selves, but little is known about how they express themselves together with other people with AD. In accordance with Harré’s social constructionist theory of self, this study aimed to describe how five people with mild and moderate AD express their Self 2 (i.e., their personal attributes and life histories) in a support group with a facilitator experienced in communicating with people with AD. The participants’ expressions of their Self 2 were analyzed with qualitative abductive content analysis and interpreted in terms of agency and communion and a lack of agency and communion. The findings highlight the importance of supporting a sense of agency and communion when assisting people with AD in constructing their self.

  • 2139.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    How people with Alzheimer's disease express their sense of self: Analysis using Rom Harré's theory of selfhood2013In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 12, no 6, p. 713-733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to use Harré’s social constructionist theory of selfhood to describe how people with mild and moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) express their sense of self. The findings show that Self 1, the embodied sense of being a person, was expressed fluently by participants through the use of first-person indexicals. Self 2, the experienced personal attributes and life narrative, had undergone changes. Those changes were not entirely for the worse; participants had also developed new skills in managing life with AD. In a lifetime perspective, those changes were minor and participants perceived themselves to be basically the same people that they were before having AD. When constructing Self 3, the social personae, participants usually described being supported by others, but sometimes described being exposed to malignant positioning. They also feared that they might become more exposed to negative attitudes as their AD progressed. However, participants were understanding towards the offensive behaviours of others.

  • 2140.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Being a research participant with Alzheimer’s disease: Expressions of sense of selfArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 2141.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Linköpings universitet.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska instituet.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Umeå universitet.
    Sense of Self in Alzheimer’s Research Participants2018In: Clinical Nursing Research, ISSN 1054-7738, E-ISSN 1552-3799, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 191-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sense of self is vulnerable in people with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and might be positively and negatively influenced by research participation. The purpose of this study was to describe how people with AD express their experience of being a research participant with respect to their sense of self. Interviews and support group conversations involving 13 people with mild and moderate AD were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Three themes were constructed: contributing to an important cause, gaining from participating, and experiencing risks and drawbacks. Participants described contributing to research as being in line with their lifelong values and lifestyles. They expressed contentment and pride about being research participants, emphasized their positive relationships with the researchers, and described participation as a meaningful activity. When research procedures threatened their sense of self, they were able to reason about risks and decline participation.

  • 2142.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Linköpings universitet.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska Institutet.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Umeå universitet.
    Social positioning by people with Alzheimer's disease in a support group2014In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 28, p. 11-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2143.
    Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Umeå universitet.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Linköpings universitet.
    Agency and communion in people with Alzheimer's disease, as described by themselves and their spousal carers.2017In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, article id 1471301217706268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agency (individuality) and communion (togetherness) are vital to a positive sense of self. People with Alzheimer's disease are at risk of experiencing diminished agency and decreased communion. Their family members', especially their partner's, view on their agency and communion is also likely to influence their sense of agency, communion, and self. In the present study, individual interviews with 10 people with Alzheimer's disease and their spousal carers were qualitatively analysed to describe how in each couple the two spouses viewed the agency and communion of the person with Alzheimer's disease from an individual perspective. The findings show that the carers generally described the agency of the person with Alzheimer's disease as slightly weaker compared with the persons with Alzheimer's disease themselves. The carers also appeared to have poor knowledge of what supported and threatened the sense of communion of the person with Alzheimer's disease.

  • 2144.
    Hedström, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rylin, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser när en närstående med demenssjukdom har flyttat till ett särskilt boende: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2145.
    Hedström, Christer
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mahmood, Sirak
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av samtal om existentiella frågor med patienter i palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Existential issues concerning the meaning of life, freedom (to make choices in life), existential isolation, and death can be encountered when a person faces a crisis in life close to death. An example of when such a crisis might occur is when patients are in the final stages of life in palliative care. Nurses will encounter patients with fatal diseases and topics related to existential questions can then be discussed. This in turn requires nurses to meet the patient´s needs to discuss these issues. How nurses relate to these situations as well as their attitudes are important when considering the well-being or lack or well-being when a patient is dying.

    Aim: To highlight nurses' experiences of talking with patients in palliative care about existential issues.

    Method: A systematic literature review was carried out including ten original articles in health care sciences. Joycee Travelbee´s care theory of interpersonal relationships and communication was used as the theoretical frame work.

    Result: Four main themes were developed these were: Nurses' knowledge and skills of conversation with the sub- themes of perception of existential questions, active listening and timing. The second theme dealt with the existential content of the conversations. The theme concern issues on life and death, but also everyday conversations related to existential issues, the summation of life and choices made in life. The third theme described the nurses' vulnerability which highlights how nurses are influenced in dialogue with the patients. The fourth theme is about factors that affect existential conversations with three sub-themes: lack of time, importance of the environment and support from the colleagues.

    Discussion: To meet patient needs of existential conversations requires nursing skills in listening and talking. The nurse must also take into account patients' willingness to talk about these topics, which required the nurse´s ability to understand and interpret the needs of the patient, which could be clues to spiritual or existential suffering. Travelbee show that there is a mutual establishment of the interpersonal relationship, but the nurse is responsible for establishing and maintaining the relationship between them. In the conversation active listening is an important skill which prepares opportunities for a more person-centered understanding of the patients' experiences. Timing is about the ability to capture the right moments when the patients want to talk.

  • 2146.
    Hedström, Jessica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Laxén, Therese
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av mötet med den våldsutsatta kvinnan: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Violence against women is a social problem that is described as a globalpublic health problem. The last 10 years the number of complaints regarding violence againstwomen in Sweden has increased by 30 percent. Violence against women includes physical,psychological and sexual violence. The violence has consequences for the woman who isexposed and it also means large costs for the society. Violence against women by current orformer male partner is often more violent and repeated to a greater degree than violence bywomen or in same-sex relationships.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experience of the encounter with thewoman who has been subjected to violence by current or former male partners.

    Method: This literature review was made in accordance with Friberg's method. The basis ofthe result was 11 scientific studies that highlight nurses' experience of the encounter with thewoman who has been subjected to violence by current or former partners. The studiesretrieved from PubMed and CINAHL complete. The studies were analyzed and resulted inthemes and subthemes.

    Results: The literature review resulted in four themes: Emotional meetings, Nurse's role,Factors that affecting the care and Organization. Subthemes to Emotional meetings: Nursesemotions and Strategies to manage the emotions. Subthemes to Nurse's role: Psychosocialcare and Medical care. Subthemes to Factors that affecting the care: Time access andworkload, Nurse´s attitude, Willingness to ask about violence. Subthemes to Organization:Guidelines, Education and Cooperation.

    Discussion: The result has been discussed in relation to Katie Eriksson caritative theorythat aims to relieve suffering. It has also been compared to the Swedish Work Environmentand the World Health Organization recommendations. Furthermore, the result of nurse'sexperience has been discussed in relation to studies that highlight abused women's experienceof the encounter with the nurse.

  • 2147.
    Hedström, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    "Det förväntas att man skall kunna hantera det själv, och så kan man inte det": En kvalitativ studie om föräldrar till barn som är eller har varit aktiva fotbollshuliganer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2148.
    Hedström, Mikael
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
    Allians med ungdomar i familjeterapi2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and examines how a number of family therapists look at the processes and factors related to how to build alliance with adolescents in family therapy. The current state of knowledge on this issue raises the important thing to get right alliance with adolescents in family therapy in terms of how successful and Goal Completions therapy becomes. The study shows that therapists have to consider that youth are in a development psychological position when they approach the young people with a generous dose of respect and sensitivity, as well as the growing awareness that young people are particularly sensitive and observant of how family therapists act in relation to them and their parents.

  • 2149.
    Hedtjärn-Swaling, Hannes
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Män i socialt arbetes upplevelse och hantering av könsbundnaförväntningar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom socialtjänstens arbete med barn och familjer är manliga socionomer underrepresenterade. Det är en vanlig åsikt att det behövs fler män inom området, men föreställningarna om vad de skall bidra med varierar.

    Den här uppsatsen har som syfte att nå en ökad förståelse om hur män i socialt arbete upplever och hanterar könsbundna förväntningar. Uppsatsen har utarbetats med en kvalitativ metod, där sex semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med män som arbetar som socionomer inom socialtjänstens barnvård.

    Resultatet visar att det finns olika könsbundna förväntningar på män i socialt arbete. De flesta är knutna till arbetet med manliga klienter, som i de här fallen antingen är fäder eller män som lever med barnens mödrar. Förväntningarna härrör från en komplementär syn på manligt och kvinnligt kön som olika. De skiljer sig åt genom att de antingen betonar att den manliga socialarbetaren har kvaliteter som lämpar sig för att arbeta med män, eller att de manliga klienterna antas föredra att möta män. Förväntningarna kan både knytas till en traditionellt konstruerad maskulinitet såväl som till en mjukare maskulinitet, även om den förra överväger. Samtliga män i studien upplever exempelvis en förväntan att de skall handskas med våldsamma klienter.

    De intervjuade männen utrycker olika grader av skepsis till förväntningarna. Den handlar i en del fall om att de inte delar den komplementära synen på kön. I andra fall är de skeptiska till den traditionella bild av maskulinitet som förväntningarna vilar på, en bild som kan bli svår att förena med den mjukare maskulinitet de själva betonar. De är även skeptiska till de förväntningar som har en negativ inverkan på deras arbetssituation. Även om de i vissa fall är tveksamma till om de kan uppfylla förväntningarna försöker de göra det.

    Resultaten visar även på att en del förväntningar upplevs mer positivt, oftast när de lättare kan förenas med den mjukare maskuliniteten. Den mjukare maskuliniteten betraktas som mer användbar i deras arbete.

    Slutligen visar resultaten att de intervjuade männen upplever att de på grund av sin könstillhörighet är eftertraktade och bemöts väl inom sitt arbetsområde. Enligt resultatet kan det finnas ett samband med huruvida de försöker uppfylla det som förväntas.

    I analysen av resultaten har Hirdmans teori om genussystemet och Connells teori om maskulinitetshierarkin använts tillsammans med tidigare forskning.

    I den avslutande diskussionen problematiseras vad syn på kön som konstruktion kontra kön som komplementära får för konsekvens för ambitionen att öka mångfalden inom socialtjänsten.

  • 2150.
    Hedén Seger, Fredrik
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av att befrämja hälsa hos patienter med schizofreni: En intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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