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  • 2151.
    Hegay, Olga
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Larsson, Cristina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hälsa trots sjukdom: Om att leva med hemodialys i hemmet. En litteraturöversikt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hemodialysis is a life-sustaining treatment for people with end stage renal disease. But the treatment affects individual's life situation with for example limited freedom, feeling of bondage to the dialysis machine and feeling of dependence from healthcare professionals. The successful development of technology has given patients an opportunity to treat themselves with hemodialysis in the home (HHD), which may improve patients' lives. It requires knowledge and involvement of nursing staff in educating the patient in self-care for the achievement of successful functioning of treatment. Currently the usage of this treatment in the home is in low scope in relation to the total number of patients on hemodialysis, but the number of users increases. There is a need for nurses to understand patients' experiences of treatment in order to improve and offer individualized care.

    Aim: To describe patients' experiences of living with hemodialysis in the home.

    Methods: This is a literature review with basis of ten scientific articles, which describes and analyzes new themes based on similarities that emerged in resulting parts.

    Results: The findings show that it is possible to experience health and well-being despite treatment and disease. These findings are presented in the following seven themes: 1) Increased freedom with HHD provides an active life; 2) Awareness of self-care importance; 3) Feeling of not being a patient; 4) Accommodating HHD and changed home environment; 5) Relationship with family members and health professionals; 6) Burden of disease and treatment; 7) Hope and uncertainty about the future.

    Discussions: The findings are discussed from the patient's perspective using Orem's nursing theory. Health is experienced when the patient re-evaluated and accepted his situation. The patient's ability to self-care increases, which is promoted through the patient's active participation in care. This is possible through the nurse‟s support to increase the patient's self-care capacity based on individual needs.

  • 2152.
    Heidari, Claudia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Poureh Hernandez, Nataly
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att belysa upplevelsen av och identifiera faktorer som inverkar på förlossningsdepression hos personer som fött barn- i en västerländsk samt icke västerländsk kontext: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förlossningsdepression är ett förekommande psykiatriskt tillstånd som drabbar cirka 10-15 procent av personer som fött barn. Riskfaktorer för uppkomsten av förlossningsdepression är bland andra; tidigare abort, tidigare psykisk ohälsa samt föda sitt barn genom akut kejsarsnitt. Personer med förlossningsdepression påverkas inte enbart själva av depressionen utan det gör även människor i deras omgivning. Allmänsjuksköterskan kommer med sannolikhet möta personer med förlossningsdepression inom exempelvis primärvården. Därav har de en viktig roll vad gäller identifiering av depressiva symtom.

    Syftet var att belysa upplevelsen av och identifiera faktorer som inverkar på förlossningsdepression hos personer som fött barn- i en västerländsk samt ickevästerländsk kontext.

    En litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2017) genomfördes där de elva vetenskapliga artiklar identifierades. Samtliga artiklar var av kvalitativ design, peer reviewed, etiskt granskade, inte mer än 13 år gamla samt besvarade syftet.

    I resultatet formulerades två övergripande teman; Föräldraskap som transition samt Socialt stöd. Baserat på deltagarnas upplevelser samt de inverkade faktorerna, utformades underteman som berörde; Upplevelsen av att förlora sig själv, Att känna sig isolerad, Att känna sig bristfällig, Amning, Den förändrade kroppen, Att känna misstro och inte känna sig sedd samt kulturella traditioner och familjerelationer.

    Resultatdiskussionen resonerade kring upplevelsen och faktorer av förlossningsdepression hos västerländska samt icke västerländska deltagare och genomsyrades av Leiningers transkulturella teori.

  • 2153. Heijkenskjöld, Katarina Bredenhof
    et al.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    The patient's dignity from the nurse's perspective.2010In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 313-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand how nurses experience patients' dignity in Swedish medical wards. A hermeneutic approach and Flanagan's critical incident technique were used for data collection. Twelve nurses took part in the study. The data were analysed using hermeneutic text interpretation. The findings show that the nurses who wanted to preserve patients' dignity by seeing them as fellow beings protected the patients by stopping other nurses from performing unethical acts. They regard patients as fellow human beings, friends, and unique persons with their own history, and have the courage to see when patients' dignity is violated, although this is something they do not wish to see because it makes them feel bad. Nurses do not have the right to deny patients their dignity or value as human beings. The new understanding arrived at by the hermeneutic interpretation is that care in professional nursing must be focused on taking responsibility for and protecting patients' dignity.

  • 2154.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Aqedat Isak: judisk tolkning av Genesis 22:1–191997In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 62, p. 57-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2155.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Concepts of God and Angelolgy: An Analysis of the Messeneger of the Lord in Early Jewish Interpretations of Genesis2006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2156.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    De märkliga giftermålen mellan gudaväsendena och människornas döttrar: Ett urval tidiga judiska och kristna tolkningar av Genesis 6:1-42012In: Plogbillar och svärd: En festskrift till Stig Norin / [ed] Tal Davidovich, Farsta: Molin & Sorgenfrei , 2012, p. 54-65Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitel i en antologi/festskrift för Stig Norin, avgående professor i Gamla testamentets exegetik vid Uppsala universitet, teologiska institutionen. Boken är ett samlingsverk av ett flertal forskare verksamma vid Uppsala och Lunds universitet, med flera nordiska lärosäten.

  • 2157.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Uppsala universitet.
    Den pre-existente Kristus: En religionshistorisk analys av Johannes prologen1995Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2158.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Dreams in the Joseph Narrative and Their Impact in Biblical Literature2014In: 'I Lifted My Eyes and Saw': Reading Dream and Vision Reports in the Hebrew Bible / [ed] Elisabeth R. Hayes, Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer, London: Bloomsbury , 2014, 1, p. 30-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2159.
    Heijne, Camilla Hélena von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Messenger of the Lord in Early Jewish Interpretations of Genesis2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the ambiguous relationship between God and ‘the angel of the Lord/God’ in early Jewish interpretations of Genesis, for example, Gen 16:7–14; 22:1–19, and 31:10–13. Although the designation ‘the angel of the Lord’ does not appear in Genesis 32, this text is included because it exhibits the same ambiguity as the explicit ‘angel of the Lord-texts’. Moreover, it constitutes an inseparable part of the Jacob saga and the prophet Hosea explicitly identifies Jacob’s opponent as an angel. The study of the identity of ‘the angel of the Lord’ in early Jewish exegesis is set in a wider context as a part of the development of angelology and concepts of God in the various forms of early Judaism (ca. 200 B.C.E.–650 C.E.).

    When identifying patterns of interpretation in the Jewish sources, their chronological setting has proven to be of minor importance. A more significant factor is the nature of the biblical texts. A typical characteristic of the interpretations is, for example, the avoidance of anthropomorphism.

    There are obviously chronologically based differences when comparing the sources with the biblical texts; in Genesis, ‘the angel of the Lord’ generally seems to be a kind of impersonal extension of God, while later Jewish writings are characterized by a more individualized angelology. However, the ambivalence between God and His angel remains in many interpretations. In Philo’s works and Wisdom of Solomon, the ‘Logos’ and ‘Lady Wisdom’ respectively have assumed the role of ‘the angel of the Lord’ in the Bible. A possible conclusion is that although the angelology of Second Temple Judaism had developed in the direction of seeing angels as distinct personalities, Judaism still had room for the idea of divine hypostases.

  • 2160.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Angels2015In: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology / [ed] Samuel E. Balentine, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 20-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2161.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Drömmar och visioner: några tankar kring språkets många dimensioner2015In: Lyfta locket av Uppsala: Antologi med 104 författare från Uppsala Län / [ed] Ola Larsmo, Lars Häger, Leonidas Aretakis, Anisur Rahman, Uppsala: Litteraturcentrum, Uppsala , 2015, 1, p. 94-95Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2162.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Jewish Monotheism and Presocratic Philosophy: EarlyChristian Persepctives2010Other (Other academic)
  • 2163.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Philo of Alexandria and his interpretations of Genesis2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2164.
    Heijne, Camilla von
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    The Mystery of the Marriages between the ‘Sons of God’ and the Daughters of Men’. An Analysis of Genesis 6:1– 4.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2165.
    Heikkilä, Anna-Karin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda kvinnor som genomgår en planerad abort: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Abortion implies that an established pregnancy is terminated. An abortion is performed by a drug-induced method or by a surgical intervention whereby the uterus is deflated. Abortion is legally attainable up until and including the 18th week of pregnancy, after which an abortion is subject to a required approval from the National Board of Health and Welfare. However, ethical aspect is associated with the concept of abortion; women pursuing abortion are exposed to the risk of being morally tormented owing to the nature of their conduct. Nurses participate in an extended part of the abortion process, including counseling, drug administration, pain management, and post-abortion examinations. However, nurses are not allowed to influence the decision of whether to pursue abortion.

    Aim: The aim of the present literature review was to describe the nurses’ experience of caring for the woman undergoing a planned abortion.

    Method: The literature review was performed in accordance with Friberg. Eight articles were studied and all of them were based on a qualitative research design.

    Results: Nurses perceived abortion care as challenging, both emotionally and morally. Recurrent and late abortion seemed to affect nurses. Nevertheless, nurses strived to provide a women-centered care, with focus on the woman as a patient, not the fetus. Accordingly, nurses accepted and supported the decision of the women, as justified by the right of the women to receive the abortion treatment. However, with nursesincreased involvement and therefore increased involvement in the abortion care, lack of support was experienced.

    Discussion: The method and result were discussed and evaluated. The result was discussed based on new articles and anchored in Joyce Travelbee’s nursing theory.

  • 2166.
    Heimdahl, Jenny
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Lindqvist, Gisela
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Ett riktigt arbete?: en studie om sociala arbetskooperativ2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2167.
    Heimdahl, Sofia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att delta i famljebaserad ätstörningsvård: En litteraturstudie om föräldrars erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    About 1-2 percent of all women fulfil the criteria for anorexia nervosa at some point of their life. The disorder, which entails elevated mortality and might result in serious somatic and   psychiatric long-term complications, often becomes apparent during the teenage years. Today, the prevailing view is that children and youths with eating disorders should be treated together with their parents as far as possible. During the last decade different types of family-based care, were the parents play a central role in their child's recovery, have become more common in step with growing research evidence. Research has also shown how an eating disorder in a child causes a big strain on the rest of the family members. Regarding this, it would be valuable to achieve deeper knowledge about parents’ experiences of engaging in family-based eating disorder care.  A number of qualitative studies concerning this topic exists, but more compiled knowledge is still missing.

    Aim:

    The aim of the study was to investigate parents’ experiences of engaging in family-based eating disorder care.

    Method:

    A qualitative literature review on the subject was conducted according to Thomas and Hardens (2008) model of thematic synthesis of qualitative research.

    Results:

    The study resulted in four descriptive themes; The experience of the setup of the family-based eating disorder care, A change in the approach to the eating disorder, Changes within the family and To meet other parents in the same situation and three analytic themes; To feel less alone, To experience failure and feel judged as a parent and To feel confident that you are doing the right thing for your child.

    Discussion:

    The findings were discussed based on Dorothea Orem’s self-care-deficit theory and in relation to other relevant research concerning family-based care and eating disorders in children and youths.

  • 2168.
    Heinius, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Furness, Per
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Icke-verbal kommunikation: dess innebörd i vård och omvårdnad2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2169.
    Heinonen, Van
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Wahl, Helena
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskansupplevelser av vård i livets slutskede för äldre patienter i hemmet: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Almost 90 percent of the total amount who dies annually in Sweden is 65 or older and their own home is the place that many choose getting palliative care in. The nurse should have a holistic approach in end of life care and the professional responsibility include alleviate the suffering, a dignified treatment of the patient and person-centered care. 

    Aim:To describe the nurse experience of palliative care to elderly patients in their home. 

    Method: A literature review has been carried out in which nine qualitative and one quantitative article were included. They were extracted from the databases CINAHL complete, Ageline and PubMedThe quality of the articles follows the guidelines of Friberg’s analysis method. 

    Results: The analysis resulted in four themes Emotional experiences, Importance of nurse-patient relations, Importance of teamworkand Need of support and education. The nurses described both positive and negative experiences of end of life care to elderly patients in their home. The nurses felt satisfaction in end of life care where they created a strong relationship with the dying patient. The negative experiences were based on external factors that made the nurses feel powerless and vulnerable in their professional role.

    Discussion: The method discussion raises strengths and weaknesses in the literature review. The authors discussed the results based on the background and previous research, along with parts of Katie Eriksson’s theory of caring, suffering and the concept of health.

  • 2170.
    Helander Greitz, Matilda
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Svensson, Emil
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mäns upplevelser av sexualitet vid prostatacancer: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer disease for men in the western world. There are several common side effects from different treatments and sexual dysfunction is one of them. It is the nurse’s responsibility to care for the patient as a whole and to promote participation. However, it has been shown that nurses found it difficult to talk about sexuality with patients since the subject is considered to be taboo.

    Aim: The aim was to explore experiences of sexuality for men with prostate cancer.  

    Method: A general literature review according to Friberg (2017) was made and based on eleven scientific articles. Eight were of qualitative method and three of mixed. They were obtained from the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and PsycINFO. The following key words were used: experience, experienc*, lived experience, prostate cancer, prostatic neoplasms, sexuality and sexual health.

    Results: The result was presented by two main themes. The first one was: The treatments impact on the sexuality which showed different emotions associated with having a changed sexual function, intimacy and masculinity and a reduced sexual desire. The second main theme was: The external and internal resources to be able to handle the side effects of the treatments which showed that care staff, partners and support groups helped the men to handle the changes.

    Discussion: The authors discussed men’s need of adequate information about the side effects of different treatments and how the disease could affect the masculinity, the communication in relationships and the nurse’s supporting role. The discussion was highlighted in relation to Katie Eriksson´shealth cross”, previous research and the authors’ reflections.

  • 2171.
    Helgesson, Gert
    et al.
    Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management, and Ethics, Karolinska Insitutet, Stockholm.
    Bülow, William
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik, Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala universitet.
    Godskesen, Tove E.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Should the deceased be listed as authors?2019In: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, no 0, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sometimes participants in research collaborationdie before the paper is accepted for publication. Thequestion we raise in this paper is how authorship shouldbe handled in such situations. First, the outcome of aliterature survey is presented. Taking this as our startingpoint, we then go on to discuss authorship of the deadin relation to the requirements of the Vancouver rules.We argue that in principle the deceased can meet therequirements laid down in these authorship guidelines.However, to include a deceased researcher as authorrequires a strong justification. The more the person has been involved in the research and writing process beforehe or she passes away, the stronger the justification forinclusion.

  • 2172.
    Helin Modeen, Rasmus
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Socialsekreterares attityder gentemot våldsutövande män2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the social service workers attitudes towards violent men and their attitudes towards working with the target group. The empirical study has both quantitative and qualitative parts. A large part of the result consists of questionnaires from 41 social service workers, all of them working in one way or the other with domestic violence. The survey consists of some background issues, followed by a vignette from which statements have been formulated. The survey ends with two open questions that examine the reason why the social service worker works within the social services as well as their attitudes towards working with violence-enforcing men. Attribution theory was used in the design of the questionnaire and as a tool in the thematization of the survey's statements. Michel Lipsky's theory of street-level bureaucracy is also used to provide a more nuanced picture of the study’s results and to further understand the qualitative empirical part of the study. The study's results indicate, among other things, that there are no clear guidelines for social service workers to follow within the work area, that there is a strong perception among the social service workers that the demand for assistance by perpetrators is low, and that there is a relatively strong willingness to work with the target group, but that such work is performed to a limited extent.

  • 2173.
    Helland, Nina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Leken som psykiatrisk omvårdnadshandling1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2174.
    Hellberg, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, MartinÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Larsson, HannuÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.Lundberg, ErikÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Persson, MonikaÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling - Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet samlar texter från doktorander och forskare knutna till Forskarskolan Offentlig verksamhet i utveckling (FOVU) vid Örebro Universitet. Antologin erbjuder en mångdisciplinär och omfångsrik behandling av en rad viktiga utmaningar för dagens offentlig verksamhet. I boken behandlas ämnen som korruption, jämställdhet, trygghet, medborgardialog, sjukskrivning och högerextremism. Målsättningen med boken är att skapa en bro mellan inomvetenskapliga debatter, offentlig praktik och politik. Här erbjuds kortare texter som på ett överskådligt sätt angriper praktikrelevanta ämnen utan att göra avkall på den vetenskapliga kvaliteten. Vissa texter erbjuder forskningsöversikter och reder ut oklarheter i teoretiska debatter, medan andra presenterar resultat av empirisk forskning.

  • 2175.
    Hellberg, Kajsa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jonsson, Cecilia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av förändrad sexualitet i samband med bröstcancer2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2176.
    Hellerup, Jonas
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Åhman, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    "Ja, det låter ju jättebra, men verkligheten ser inte ut så!": en studie av förhållandet mellan teori och praktik i det förebyggande arbetet med ADHD/DAMP för barn mellan 0-5 år i Solna stad2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2177.
    Hellgren, Emma
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mårtensson, Josefin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Utsatt för sexuellt våld: En litteraturöversikt om kvinnors upplevelser av hälso- och sjukvården2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One of three women worldwide have experienced sexual or physical violence. The violence and the abuse that women face causes serious short- and long-term physical and mental problems for women. Sexual violence is an extensive public health problem. Healthcare meets individuals exposed to sexual violence in various healthcare context and have a significant functions for women. Healthcare need to provide adequate/appropriate care and knowledge is important.

    Aim: The aim of the literature review was to describe how women exposed to sexual violence experience the healthcare.

    Method: A literature review has been conducted. Eleven original scientific articles were selected from databases PubMed and CINAHL Complete. Similarites and differences were identified and analyzed.

    Results: The analysis of healthcare experiences of women suffered from sexual violence  resulted in five themes. These were treament, information, patient participation, the health facility environment and medical care.

    Discussion: Methods and results have been discussed. Parts of the literature review were discussed based on Callista Roys theory of adaptation combined with other literature, previous research and the authors own reflections. Aspects such as secondary victimization, equal healthcare, the importance of adaptation, roles and expectations, stimuli and how to improve patient involvement by information, were highlighted.

  • 2178.
    Hellmark Sörensen, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lika rätt för barn: En studie av rättssäkerheten för barn i skyddat boende på ideella kvinnojourer.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines how the rule of law is applied and interpreted for children placed outside their home by social services and how the rule of law are interpreted and applied in the case of children placed on non-profit refuges. The study has a sociology of law approach. Methods used in the study are a combination of legal dogmatic and social scientific method. The material consists of texts and one interview. Theories of the rule of law is used to create an understanding of the material (Staaf; Petczenik). The study shows that there are deficiencies in the formal legal rights as well as to the substantive legal rights, that will not be discussed at all. The results of the study shows that there is a gap between the law and its application.

  • 2179.
    Hellron-Pettersen, Liselott
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Johansson, Camilla
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av tvång i ett psykiatriskt vårdkontext2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2180. Hellsing, AL
    et al.
    Linton, S
    Andershed, Birgitta
    et, al
    Ergonomic education for nursing students1993In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 30, no 6, p. 499-510Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2181.
    Hellsten, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rochester, Sandra
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Omvårdnadens betydelse för kvinnor med reumatoid artrit: en litteraturstudie med stöd av Barbro Gustafssons SAUK-modell2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2182.
    Hellstrand, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Huttunen, Miriam
    Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid hjärtsvikt: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a common disease among elderly people in Sweden. The disease affects the patient’s quality of life and requires a change of lifestyle. Self-care is a part of the treatment of heart failure and for the patient to be able to accomplish this requires a commitment and desire to care for himself. The nurse has a central role in patient’s self-care because the patient needs support in their self-care and information about the disease.

    Aim: To describe patients´ experiences of living with heart failure and manage their self-care.

    Method: A literature review

    Results: The result presents in four main themes. The first main theme is the diagnosis of heart failure and consists of two sub themes, to accept their diagnosis and to deny their diagnosis. The main theme two and three are the patients’ experiences of self-care and the patients’ experiences of physical activity. The last and fourth main theme is information and knowledge with two sub themes, is understand the meaning and the role of information.

    Discussion: In the discussion the authors discussed the results from the literature review related to Orems and Erikssons nursing theory, and the consensus concept of health. The authors argued for example for the economy and gender relevant to self-care.

  • 2183.
    Hellström, Björn
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Barncentrum: tvärprofessionell samverkan kring barn som utsatts för allvarliga brott i nära relationer2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2184.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Dignity and elderly spouses with dementia2009In: Dignity in care for older people / [ed] Lennart Nordenfelt, Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell , 2009, p. 99-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2185.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier ; Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Exploring 'couplehood' in dementia: a constructivist grounded theory study2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      The overall aim of this thesis is to gain a better understanding how people with dementia and their spouses experience dementia over time, especially the impact it has on their inter-personal relationships and patterns of everyday life. Data were collected using separate semi-structured interviews with 20 persons with dementia and their spouses of 6 monthly intervals over an 18-months period (132 interviews in total), and analysed using constructivist grounded theory.

    Analysis suggested that whilst spouses are aware of and acknowledge the diagnosis of dementia, they do not routinely talk about it but rather the focus of their combined efforts is on making life as meaningful as possible. To do this couples, rather than individuals, actively ‘work together’ to create a ‘nurturative relational context’ in order to sustain the quality of their relationship, and maintain the self-image and sense of agency of the person with dementia.

    In order to create a ‘nurturative relational context’ couples continued to ‘do things together’ for as long as possible by understanding complementary roles underpinned by a mutual appreciation of each others contribution in a way that builds upon the remaining strengths of the person with dementia. Their focus is therefore on ‘couplehood’ as much as ‘personhood’.

    An analysis of the complete data set identified three temporally sequenced but overlapping phases of the experience of couplehood termed ‘sustaining couplehood’, ‘maintaining involvement’, and ‘becoming alone’. ‘Sustaining couplehood’ had the primary goal of ensuring that the spuses’ ‘work’. This involved four interrelated sets of activities: talking things through, in order to ensure good communication and acknowledge and value differences; being affectionate and appreciative by demonstrating continued attractiveness to their spouse; making the most of things by enjoying everyday pleasures, looking for positive interpretations of events and focussing on the present (living for today); and finally, keeping the peace by being aware of potential points of friction and not responding to difficult behaviour. Both the person with dementia and the non-affected spouse were active strategies in the above process.

    In addition both spouses worked to ‘maintain the involvement’ of the person with dementia by ensuring that they had an active role to play. However, despite their efforts, eventually the non-affected spouse took on an increasing role and this occurred in a number of ways, either by the person with dementia consciously ‘handing over’ responsibility or more passively ‘letting go’, or by the non-affected spouse ‘taking over’.

    ‘Sustaining couplehood’ and ‘maintaining involvement’ often occurred simultaneously but the relative emphasis changed over time as ‘sustaining couplehood’ became more difficult and increasing effort was expended in ‘maintaining involvement’. As this occurred the data suggested that the non-affected spouse became increasingly ‘alone’ as the dementia progressed. This process has yet to be fully explored, however, it is clear that for spouses a complete understanding of the dementia experience is not possible without consideration of ‘couplehood’.

  • 2186.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Linköpings universitet.
    Vardag och samspel hemma eller på hemmet2016In: Att leva med demens / [ed] Hellström Ingrid & Hydén, Lars-Christer, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 51-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2187.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Värdighet och äldre makar med demens2010In: Värdighet i vården av äldre personer / [ed] Lennart Nordenfelt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, p. 169-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2188.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    Carlander (Goliath), Ida
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    Närstående i hemsjukvården2010In: Hemsjukvård / [ed] Eva Drevenhorn, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1:1, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2189.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Linköpings universitet.
    Hydén, Lars-ChristerLinköpings universitet.
    Att leva med demens2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att personer med demenssjukdom ska kunna leva ett fullgott liv behövs mer kunskap. I grunden handlar det om att förändra föreställningar och attityder till personer som lever med en demenssjukdom så att personerna själva, deras anhöriga och personal inom hälso- och sjukvården och politiker, kan se nya möjligheter i stället för enbart förluster. I den här boken presenteras kunskap och forskning som sätter personer med demenssjukdom i centrum. Boken utgår alltså inte i första hand från vården eller anhöriga, utan från dem som lever med sjukdomen. På så sätt skapas en tankeram som ger stöd vid både utvecklingsarbete och reflektion bland människor som på olika sätt arbetar med och för personer med demenssjukdom.

    Cirka 110 000 och 170 000 svenskar har i dag en demenssjukdom. Om ett tiotal år är det betydligt fler: ökad livslängd och en större medvetenhet om demenssjukdomar gör att allt fler personer får en diagnos tidigt i förloppet. Som en konsekvens av detta kommer alltfler personer att leva med en demenssjukdom under lång tid, och ofta i hemmet. Detta innebär inte bara en utmaning för vård, omsorg och socialpolitik, utan väcker också frågor som berör såväl personer med demens, som anhöriga och andra i det sociala nätverket: Hur kan personer med demens leva och fungera i sitt hem tillsammans med eventuella familjemedlemmar? Hur kan de fungera som medborgare och delta i samhällslivet, ha makt över sitt eget vardagsliv och fatta egna beslut om sitt eget liv?

    I boken medverkar forskare från Centrum för demensforskning (CEDER) vid Linköpings universitet. Den innehåller många pedagogiska exempel och riktar sig till utbildningar inom vård, omvårdnad, socialt arbete och omsorg.

  • 2190.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Linköpings universitet.
    Håkanson, Cecilia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Röda korsets högskola.
    Sandberg, Jonas
    Jönköpings universitet.
    Development of older men's caregiving roles for wives with dementia.2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 957-964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This secondary analysis of qualitative interviews describes how older Swedish men approach the caregiver role for a wife with dementia, over time. An increasing number of male caregivers will become primary caregivers for partners living with dementia at home, and they will likely be caregivers for an extended period of time. It has been stated that caregiving experiences influence how older men think of themselves. The theoretical starting point is a constructivist position, offering an understanding of older caregiving men's constructions and reconstructions of themselves and their caregiver roles. Seven men, who were cohabiting with their wives, were interviewed on up to five occasions at home during a 5- to 6-year period. The findings comprise three themes; me and it, me despite it, it is me, depict how these men gradually take on and normalise the caregiving tasks, and how they develop and internalise a language based on their caring activities. The results provide understanding about the relationship between men as caregivers and how this influences them as individuals. By careful attention to each caregiving man's individual needs rather than making gendered assumptions about men and caring, the aim of the caregiver support for men might best target men's own meaning to the caring in their the everyday practices.

  • 2191.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Lundh, Ulla
    Livet med demenssjukdom på äldre dagar2007In: Hemmets vårdetik: om vård av äldre i livets slutskede / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, 1, p. 91-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2192.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Nolan, M
    Time together2009In: Time for Dementia / [ed] Jane Gilliard and Mary Marshall, London: Hawker Publications , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2193.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier ; Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nolan, Mike
    University of Sheffield, UK.
    Lundh, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier ; Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Awareness context theory and the dynamics of dementia: Improving understanding using emergent fit2005In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 269-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the initial results of an ongoing constructivistgrounded theory study (Charmaz, 2000) exploringthe impact of dementia on the everyday life and relationships of older spousal couples. Using a processof ‘emergent fit’ (Glaser, 1978)and drawing upon data from 74 interviews with 20 spouse couples living with dementia, it considers the relevanceof ‘awareness context theory’ (Glaser& Strauss, 1965) and the ‘dynamicsof dementia’ (Keady, 1999) to an understanding of interpersonal relationships among spouses. The combinationof existing literature and new data providefurther insights into how couples actively work to ‘construct’ awareness in a way that, forthe majority, maintains both a sense of ‘self’for the person with dementia (PWD) and the integrityof the relationship between couples. It is suggested that a‘mutual acknowledgement’ of thediagnosis and a subsequent focus on maintaininga meaningful life in the present combine to create a ‘nurturative relational context’ in whichliving with dementia unfolds.

  • 2194.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nolan, Mike
    University of Sheffield, UK.
    Lundh, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier ; Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Sustaining 'couplehood': spouses' strategies for living positively with dementia2007In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 383-409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the strategies that spouses use in orderto live positively when one partner has dementia. Data werecollected from 152 interviews with 20 couples conducted overa period of five years. Using a constructivist grounded theorymethodology, data were analysed to capture the main processesinvolved and charted how these changed over time. Three mainphases were identified termed: `sustaining couplehood'; `maintaininginvolvement'; and `moving on', that operated in an iterativerather than linear fashion. The data highlight the very activerole played by both partners, especially in the early stagesof the disease, as they strive to maintain the quality and closenessof their relationship by creating what we term a `nurturativerelational context'. The diverse strategies that the couplesadopt are presented, and the gradual way in which the personwith dementia `hands over' or `let's go' of responsibility totheir partner is described. The article provides several newinsights into the nature of spousal relationships in dementiaand the ways in which they seek to maximize their quality oflife, and, wherever possible, sustain couplehood.

  • 2195.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Nolan, Mike
    University of Sheffield, UK.
    Lundh, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier ; Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    We do things together: A case study of couplehood2005In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 7-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The value of the single case study is well established in dementiacare with the seminal contributions of Alzheimerand Kitwood being based on the study of individuals.This article presents a case study of an elderly married coupleliving with dementia and explores how theirrelationship has continued to flourish. In drawingon their story we highlight ways in which both partners seekto ‘maintain involvement’ of theperson with dementia (PWD) (Keady, 1999), andconsider the various types of ‘work’ that is required. We suggest that whilst the ‘personhood’of the PWD as an individual has received muchrecent attention, a consideration of ‘couplehood’is also essential to a full understanding of how spouses live with and respond to the impact of dementia.

  • 2196.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Nolan, Mike
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Enheten för forskning i palliativ vård.
    Lundh, Ulla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier ; Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ethical and methodological issues in interviewing persons with dementia2007In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 608-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with dementia have previously not been active participantsin research, with ethical difficulties often being cited asthe reason for this. A wider inclusion of people with dementiain research raises several ethical and methodological challenges.This article adds to the emerging debate by reflecting on theethical and methodological issues raised during an interviewstudy involving people with dementia and their spouses. Thestudy sought to explore the impact of living with dementia.We argue that there is support for the inclusion of people withdementia in research and that the benefits of participationusually far outweigh the risks, particularly when a `safe context'has been created. The role of gatekeepers as potentially responsiblefor excluding people with dementia needs further consideration,with particular reference to the appropriateness of viewingconsent as a primarily cognitive, universalistic and exclusionaryevent as opposed to a more particularistic, inclusive and contextrelevant process.

  • 2197.
    Hellström, Jessica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Larsson, Therese
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans attityd i förhållande till suicidnära patienter inom somatisk vård: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is a global public health problem and in year 2014 it was 790 000 individuals that committed suicide. Suicide is one of the twenty most common reasons that citizens in the world die of. In Sweden, 2014, fifteen hundred individuals committed suicide. Over nine thousand patients in Sweden is hospitalized every year for deliberated self-harm, in which attempted suicide are included. Patients has experienced that nurses’ attitudes have an impact on their care when hospitalized after an attempted suicide. 

    Aim: The aim was to explore nurses’ attitudes towards suicidal patients within somatic care.

    Method: This literature review was conducted in accordance to Friberg. Ten scientific articles were included and has been analyzed to constitute the result.

    Results: Nurses’ attitudes towards suicidal patients was in general mostly negative. Several explanations were found for nurses’ attitudes; nurses’ valuation system, nurses’ age, experience of caring for suicidal patients and nurses’ educational background. The longer education nurses’ had the more positive were they in their attitude towards suicidal patients. Absence of experience contributed to a more negative attitude. Attitudes of nurses were more negative if they were older than 45 years.

    Discussion: The result of this literature review has been discussed from Paterson and Zderads’ humanistic nursing theory which includes the "Me-you relationship." Based on the human encounter between two individuals and that highlights how important it is not to see the inquisition of the patient.  The nurse-patient relationship requires an open dialogue in which the patient is given space to talk about their life-world and express their feelings, desires and will.

  • 2198.
    Hellström, Linda
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lavenius, Caroline
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Massage som en omvårdnadshandling för cancerpatienter2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2199. Hellström, Olle
    et al.
    Bullington, Jennifer
    Linköpings universitet.
    Karlsson, Gunnar
    Lindqvist, Per
    Mattsson, Bengt
    A phenomenological study of fibromyalgia: patient perspectives1999In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 11-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the way in which the fibromyalgia patients understand the meaning of their illness. DESIGN: Qualitative, empirical phenomenological psychological method. SETTING: A collaborative transdisciplinary interview study of patients' described experiences of living with fibromyalgia. No therapeutic relationships existed between patients and researchers. SUBJECTS: Eighteen patients with fibromyalgia were interviewed. Ten of the 18 taped interviews were transcribed and analysed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' narratives, described experiences of living with fibromyalgia. RESULTS: The patients were intensively involved in efforts to get their self-images as ill persons confirmed. Their experience was that the disease started dramatically, with a variety of capriciously appearing symptoms of unknown cause that gave rise to the suffering. The fibromyalgia patients seemed to develop strategies to cope with a precarious self-image and find ways to manage the thought of what the future would bring. CONCLUSION: The meaning structures revealed in the patients' ways of describing their experiences of living with fibromyalgia seemed to be partially constituted by their efforts to stand forth as afflicted with a disease, which could be a way to help them to manage the demands that they placed upon themselves.

  • 2200. Hellström, Olle
    et al.
    Bullington, Jennifer
    Linköpings universitet.
    Karlsson, Gunnar
    Lindqvist, Per
    Mattsson, Bengt
    Doctors' attitudes to fibromyalgia: a phenomenological study1998In: Scandinavian journal of social medicine, ISSN 0300-8037, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 232-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Besides specific technical skills, successful encounters with patients require an understanding of the many ways in which patients may express themselves. This qualitative study reports on the clinical experiences of doctors when meeting patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Ten strategically chosen rheumatologists and 10 GPs in central Sweden were interviewed. The interviews were taped, transcribed and analysed in accordance with the empirical, phenomenological, psychological method. The analyses indicate that doctors try to comply with the wishes and demands of patients, and at the same time avoid perceptions of personal frustration. They are inclined to be objective and to act instrumentally, apparently in order to keep in touch with what gave biomedical meaning to an otherwise incomprehensible phenomenon. The meaning structures revealed by doctors' descriptions of FM and of relating to FM patients were characterized mainly by the way in which the doctors were (i) managing their clinical uncertainty, (ii) adhering to the biomedical paradigm, (iii) prioritizing diagnostics, (iv) establishing an instrumental relationship, and (v) avoiding recognizing FM as a possible biomedical anomaly.

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