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  • 251.
    Bende Rydell, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Boglione Win, Beatriz
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hashemi Moghadam, Hamideh
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldre invandrare i särskilda boendeformer: god och värdig omvårdnad2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 252.
    Bender, Alexandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Graaf Myrehed, Sofie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Man föds inte till sjuksköterska, man blir det: En litteraturstudie om manliga sjuksköterskors upplevelser av svårigheter i vårdandet - ur ett genusperspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjuksköterskeprofessionen har ur ett historiskt perspektiv varit ett kvinnoyrke. Kvinnor till skillnad från män tillskrivs vårdande som egenskap, då stereotypa föreställningar och attityder finns om att kvinnor är mer omsorgsfulla än män. Manliga sjuksköterskor tenderer att söka sig bort från omvårdnadsområden med nära omvårdnad till omvårdnadsområden som kräver medicinteknisk kunskap och fysisk styrka. Manliga och kvinnliga sjuksköterskor har olika förutsättningar i vårdandet som orsakas av deras könstillhörighet.

    Syftet var att belysa om och i så fall hur manliga sjuksköterskor upplever svårigheter i vårdandet relaterat till deras könstillhörighet.

    Litteraturstudie har använts som metod. Studien baseras på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från databaserna CINAHL plus with full text och PubMed. Artiklarna bearbetades med hjälp av innehållsanalys.

    I resultatet framkom tre huvudteman med subteman. Det första huvudtemat, I Att vara man i vården, beskriver vad manliga sjuksköterskor har upplevt i sin profession som sjuksköterska. Det andra temat, II Sexualisering, beskriver manliga sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att bli sexualiserade av patienter och samhället. Det tredje temat, III Att använda strategier i omvårdnadsarbetet, beskriver strategier manliga sjuksköterskor utvecklat för att hantera problem som uppstått i omvårdnadsarbetet.

    Resultatet diskuteras utifrån Connells teori om maskuliniteter. Diskussion förs om genusordning och hegemoniskt maskulinitetsideal inom sjuksköterskeprofessionen samt om hur könsstereotypa föreställningar och förväntningar påverkar manliga sjuksköterskor i vårdandet.

     

  • 253.
    Bengmark, Caroline
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Tutnjevic, Dorotea
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder till patienter med självskadebeteende2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 254.
    Bengtsson, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Thyrell, Katinka
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Syster broder: manliga sjuksköterskors upplevelser av beröring2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 255.
    Bengtsson, Linn
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjöblom, Emelie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Närståendes upplevelse i samband med palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care aims to improve the patients and the next of kin’s quality of life, through prevention and relief of suffering at an early stage in life-threatening sickness. Patients in palliative care are often surrounded by next of kin’s, which are the closest persons in the patient’s relations. Next of kin have a great importance for the patient's mood and well-being, thus they have an important role in nursing. To be a next of kin to a patient in palliative care can impact the next of kin in different ways. The next of kin often becomes affected in some way by being in this situation. 

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe next of kin’s experiences in conjunction with palliative care.

    Method: The chosen method for this essay was a literature review. Eleven scientific articles were included in the result of the essay, ten which was of qualitative method, and one of mixed method. The authors used Friberg’s (2017) approach during the analysis procedure.

    Results: Three main themes with eight subthemes were identified in the result; The last time together with the subthemes;Meaning and quality timeand Presence at the time of death. The second main theme is; Feelings in conjunction with palliative care with the subthemes; Guilt and putting aside own needs, Support in grief management and After the patient passed away. The final main theme consists of the Meeting with health professionalswith the subthemes; Participation and affirmation, Worry and powerless andCommunication and information.

    Discussion: The method discussion presents the authors work procedure and their considerations along with strengths and weaknesses of the essay. The results discussion procures support and guilt related to the caritative theory of Eriksson, as well as traditional and religious aspects of palliative care. 

  • 256.
    Bentzer, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldres upplevelser av att leva med stroke2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 257.
    Benzein, Eva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    I rörelse mot hopp - hälsostödjande familjesamtal i palliativ vård2008In: Omsorg: Nordisk tidsskrift for Palliativ Medisin, ISSN 0800-7489, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Benzein, Eva G
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Berg, Agneta C
    The level of and relation between hope, hopelessness and fatigue in patients and family members in palliative care.2005In: Palliative Medicine: A Multiprofessional Journal, ISSN 0269-2163, E-ISSN 1477-030X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 234-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hope, hopelessness and fatigue are important experiences for patients and family members in palliative care. The aim of the study was to describe the level of and relation between hope, hopelessness and fatigue in patients and family members in palliative care. Eighty-five participants completed the Herth Hope Index, Beck's Hopelessness Scale and rated their level of fatigue from none to severe. The level of hope proved to be significantly lower among the family members than among the patients. For the family members, correlations were found between hope and age (-0.358*), fatigue and hope (-0.439*), hopelessness and age (0.484**), age and fatigue (0.403**) and between hope and hopelessness (-0.723**). For the patients, correlations were found between age and hopelessness (0.555**) and between hopelessness and hope (-0.580**). Efforts to increase the experience of hope and decrease hopelessness and fatigue must include not only the patient but also the family members. (* =P <0.5, ** =P <0.01)

  • 259.
    Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Hagberg, Margaretha
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    'Being appropriately unusual': a challenge for nurses in health-promoting conversations with families2008In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 106-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the theoretical assumptions and the application for health-promoting conversations, as a communication tool for nurses when talking to patients and their families. The conversations can be used on a promotional, preventive and healing level when working with family-focused nursing. They are based on a multiverse, salutogenetic, relational and reflecting approach, and acknowledge each person's experience as equally valid, and focus on families' resources, and the relationship between the family and its environment. By posing reflective questions, reflection is made possible for both the family and the nurses. Family members are invited to tell their story, and they can listen to and learn from each other. Nurses are challenged to build a co-creating partnership with families in order to acknowledge them as experts on how to lead their lives and to use their own expert knowledge in order to facilitate new meanings to surface. In this way, family health can be enhanced.

  • 260.
    Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering with couples in palliative care.2008In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 14, no 9, p. 439-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Families living with a dying relative face existential challenges which need to be met by caregivers in a dialogue. AIM: To describe couples' experiences of participating in nurse-initiated health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering during home-based palliative care. METHOD: Data comprised semi-structured evaluative interviews with six couples. Each couple together had previously participated in three health-fostering conversations with nurses. Data were analyzed by content. RESULT: Talking with nurses about existential issues such as hope and suffering made couples feel that they were part of a trustful relationship, and that it was a healing experience. It gave them the opportunity to unburden themselves, as well as a way of learning and finding new strategies for managing daily life. CONCLUSION: Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering should be implemented as a natural part of the caring relationship between caregivers and families in the palliative context.

  • 261.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Hagberg, M
    Saveman, B-I
    Familj och sociala relationer2009In: Omvårdnadens grunder: perspektiv och förhållningssätt / [ed] Febe Friberg och Joakim Öhlén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Johansson, Pauline
    Arestedt, Kristofer Franzén
    Berg, Agneta
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Families' Importance in Nursing Care: Nurses' Attitudes--an instrument development2008In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 97-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the development and testing of a research instrument, Families' Importance in Nursing Care-Nurses' Attitudes (FINC-NA), designed to measure nurses' attitudes about the importance of involving families in nursing care. The instrument was inductively developed from a literature review and tested with a sample of Swedish nurses. An item-total correlation and a first principal component analysis were used to validate the final instrument, including a second principal component analysis to analyze dimensionality, and Cronbach's alpha was used to estimate internal consistency. The instrument consists of 26 items and reveals four factors: families as a resource in nursing care, family as a conversational partner, family as a burden, and family as its own resource. Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 for the total instrument and 0.69 to 0.80 for the subscales. The instrument requires further testing with other nurse populations.

  • 263.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Johansson, Pauline
    Arestedt, Kristofer Franzén
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Nurses' attitudes about the importance of families in nursing care: a survey of Swedish nurses2008In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 162-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of registered nurses (RNs) about the importance of involving families in nursing care. A sample of 634 randomly selected Swedish RNs completed the instrument, Families' Importance in Nursing Care-Nurses' Attitudes (FINC-NA), and reported holding supportive attitudes about families. High scores were found for the subscales: family as a resource in nursing care, family as a conversational partner, family as a burden, and family as its own resource. Variables that predicted a less supportive attitude about involving families in nursing care included being a newly graduated nurse, having no general approach to the care of families at the place of work, and being a male nurse.

  • 264.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Sahlberg Blom, Eva
    Örebro Universitet.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Ett vårdvetenskapligt perspektiv på forskning i livets slutskede: erfarenheter från Sverige2009In: Omsorg: Nordisk tidsskrift for Palliativ Medisin, ISSN 0800-7489, no 4, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel belyser kortfattat utvecklingen av vårdvetenskaplig forskning om vård i livets slutskede i Sverige från 1970-talet fram till idag. Den visar en ökning av forskningen när det gäller den döende personens, närståendes och personalens perspektiv. Vidare beskrivs exempel på forskning som bedrivs vid Enheten för forskning om vård i livets slutskede vid Ersta Sköndal högskola; en forskningsmiljö som kunnat formaliseras till innehåll och struktur med hjälp av en donation. Exempel ges på projekt med beskrivande och intervenerande designer. Områden som behöver studeras ytterligare är individers/familjens situation i samband med döende och död, döende personer med demenssjukdom och döende och död ur ett mångkulturellt perspektiv och ur ett genusperspektiv. Större mångvetenskapliga forskningsprojekt behövs. En stor utmaning är också att överbrygga gapet mellan forskning och klinisk verksamhet.

  • 265.
    Benzein, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    2nd Nordic Family Nursing Conference in Kalmar, Sweden: A brief report.2006In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 344-5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 266.
    Berg, Johanna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Wattman, Anette
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Den cancersjuke patientens sexualitet: en viktig aspekt i omvårdnaden1998Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 267. Berg, Katarina
    et al.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Reserch Centre, PRC. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Kjellgren, Karin
    Postoperative recovery from the perspective of day surgery patients: A phenomenographic study2013In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 50, no 12, p. 1630-1638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, many patients undergo surgical procedures in a day surgery setting. The shift from inpatient care to care at the patients' own home following discharge places various demands on patients and their families during the recovery process. There is a need for knowledge of how the postoperative recovery process is perceived, as research indicates a lack of support for patients managing recovery at home.

    Objective: To explore day surgery patients' different perceptions of postoperative recovery.

    Design: A qualitative design with a phenomenographic approach was used.

    Methods and settings: Semi-structured interviews with 31 patients undergoing an orthopaedic, general or urologic day surgical procedure were carried out face to face at the patients' homes, 11-37 days post-discharge. Patients were recruited from two day surgery settings: one private unit and one unit associated with a local county hospital.

    Results: The patients perceived postoperative recovery as comprising internal and external prerequisites and implying changes in ordinary life with varying levels of support. The effective production at the day surgery unit was perceived as having an impact on patients' prerequisites for recovery. The results are elucidated in three descriptive categories: 'Conditions for recovery at home', 'The rollback to ordinary life' and 'Being a cog in a flow of care'.

    Conclusions: The postoperative phase seems to be a weak link in day surgery care. From the patients' perspective, postoperative recovery following day surgery implies extensive responsibility at home. Patients need knowledge and understanding concerning what constitutes the normal range in recovery and how to manage self-care following their specific surgical procedure. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 268.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Nolbris, Margaretha Jenholt
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Koinberg, Ingalill
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Möller, Anders
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences. Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Öhlen, Joakim
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Characterisation of cancer support and rehabilitation programmes: a Swedish multiple case study.2014In: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 8, article id TONURSJ-8-1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer support and rehabilitation are suggested to be an integral part of cancer care strategies. This study focuses on comparativeness of cancer support and rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to analyse available cancer support and rehabilitation programmes in Sweden presented as complementary to cancer rehabilitation at cancer clinics. A multiple case study design was chosen in order to inquire the small number of existing supportive and rehabilitative cancer programmes. Based on the structures, processes and outcomes of the nine included programmes, three types of cancer support and rehabilitation programmes were identified: multimodal rehabilitation, comprehensive cancer support and art therapy. Cancer support and rehabilitation programmes offer a variety of activities and therapies which are highly valuable and relevant for people with cancer. The typology of cancer support and rehabilitation programmes and comparability between programmes need further inquiry.

  • 269.
    Berg, Simon
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mansour, Maxim
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Faktorer som påverkar upplevt välbefinnande hos patienter inom den palliativa hemsjukvården: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The development of society and the ongoing medical change have contributed to the development of palliative home care. It has become increasingly common for patients to choose to be treated palliatively at home. One of the key concepts in healthcare is the well-being, this term can be seen as a subjective concept and closely linked to quality of life. Well-being means experiencing mild suffering and being satisfied with their life situation. Healthcare professionals working in palliative home care describe several factors that they consider to be of importance to the patient's experience of well-being and good palliative care.

    Aim: To illuminate affecting factors of well-being in adult patients in the palliative home care.

    Method: This degree project has been carried out as a literature review where 13 scientific articles have been studied. The articles were analyzed by Friberg’s method and the foundations and differences regarding the patient's perception of well-being were presented in three themes.

    Results: Based on analysis of scientific articles, three themes were created: relationships, hope and a secure base. The perception of well-being in patients proved to be linked to factors affecting a secure base, hope and relationships.

    Discussion: The method was discussed based on the chosen method and the articles strengths and weaknesses. The result was discussed based on other studies in the same areas as well as Calista Roy’s adaptation model.

  • 270.
    Bergbom, Katarina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Blomberg, Klara
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors omvårdnadsbehov efter bröstcanceroperation2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 271.
    Bergdahl, Elisabeth
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Palliativ omvårdnad ur ett estetiskt perspektiv2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 272.
    Bergdahl, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Norge.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Norge.
    The theory of a co-creative process in advanced palliative home care nursing encounters: A qualitative deductive approach over time.2019In: Nursing open, ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 175-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to test the theoretical conceptualization of the co-creative process in home care nursing encounters over time.

    Method and design: This was a multiple case study with a deductive analysis of qualitative data over time, using interviews and observations collected from three cases.

    Results: The co-creative process was complex and contained main, sub- and micro-processes. Time was important and valuable, giving the patient and relatives space to adjust the process to their own pace. Some processes were worked on more intensively in accordance with the patients' and relatives' needs, and these are considered the main-process. The further developed theory of the co-creative process and its main, sub- and microprocesses can be understood as a concretization of how good nursing care can be performed within caring relationships in the context of advanced palliative home care.

  • 273.
    Bergdahl, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Wikström, Britt-Maj
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of palliative care research.
    Esthetic abilities: a way to describe abilities of expert nurses in palliative home care.2007In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 752-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this paper is to focus on the abilities needed to create the caring relation in palliative home care and to find ways to describe these abilities and skills from an esthetic perspective. BACKGROUND: Nurses in Palliative home care have to create a functioning relationship between themselves the patient and the patient's next of kin, this puts special demands on the nurse. A number of abilities, such as creativity, intuition, empathy and self-knowledge are mentioned in literature related to the caring relation. Many nursing theorists have referred to the art and esthetic of nursing when trying to describe these abilities. METHODS: Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with eight expert nurses in palliative home care. The transcribed interviews were analysed using qualitative content analyses. FINDINGS: Three main categories where found: The will to do good, Knowledge and Perceptiveness. Subcategories that can be seen as abilities where found in the main categories knowledge and perceptiveness. CONCLUSIONS: The main categories can be seen as expressions for abilities, personal qualities and skills needed to create the caring relation in palliative home care. We found interesting connections between the three main categories and the concepts of esthetics, ethics and science. We also found that nurses develop in a way, i.e. similar to an artist. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The concepts brought forward in this paper could be used in clinical supervision and education as well as in clinical practice. If nurses think about the three aspects: Knowledge, the will to do good and perceptiveness, the chance for a positive relation between the nurse and the patient, and the patient's next of kin might increase. One could speculate that perceptiveness is a vital ability in order to achieve the expert level of nursing and that this perspective should be taken in consideration when recruiting nurses and in curriculum development.

  • 274.
    Bergdahl, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Matilda, Ekdahl
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av beslut angående livsuppehållande behandling inom akut- och intensivvård: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year around 400 000 patients arrives at the emergency wards on the hospitals in Stockholm. Emergency and intensive cares purpose is to take care of acute cases of illness and accidents, and the most prioritized cases ends up within the intensive care units, ICU. Intensive care regards specialized medical staff and modern medicinaltechnology equipment. Nurses task involves promoting the patients’ health, with a unique knowledge about the human with a holistic view, with an attitude well-founded in ethics. Nurses within the intensive care units use life-sustaining treatments and measures from respirators to medicines to save lifes. In spite of this, approximately every fifth patient who is hospitalized in the intensive care unit passes away, and many patients condition can be so critical that communication isn’t an option. Nurses within emergency and intensive care comes across a lot of obstacles in their profession to nurse the patients’ health and might have to perform life-sustaining treatments without approval from the patients.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to understand the   nurses experiences and how nurses handle descisions regarding life-sustaining   treatments on patients within emegergency and intensive care.

    Method: The authors made a litterature   review of allready existing data from scientificle articles, to summerize   nurses different experiences regarding descisions of life-sustatining   treatment, and how the nurses handle these situations.

    Results: Nurses described different   obstacles regarding deciscions of life-sustaining treatment which caused emotional   stress. The authors identified these obstacles as communication, cooperation,   planing, environment and an emotional weight. Nurses could find a purpose and   context in thier role as experts of caring even though there was a decision   about ending life-sustaining treatment on terminal patients.

    Discussion: The authours discussed the   choise of method for this study and the different obstacles, experiences and   how the nurses handle psychological and emotional stress, from litterature,   scientifical articales and Aaron Antonovsky’s contexttheory and Callista Roy’s theory about adaptation.

  • 275.
    Bergendahl, Mats
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Henrik, Berns
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vårdpersonalens attityder gentemot patienter med schizofrenidiagnos: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Schizophrenia is characterized by a distorted perception of reality, where a person must have had a psychosis that lasted longer than six months. Dominant in the disorder is disoriented thinking and voice hallucinations, even if it´s primarily a cognitive disease and it manifests itself mostly on a behavioral and emotional level. Attitudes towards schizophrenics have in recent years generally improved in the Swedish society and in health care departments. Yet negative attitudes are still prevalent. An attitude is a perception that forms itself against a certain phenomenon, a person's intentional and unintentional feeling toward a person or thing, and it may be positive or negative. A better understanding of the factors that influence attitudes and how they occur may contribute to that the negative attitudes decrease.

    Objective: To describe the approach to and aspects of attitudes towards patients with a schizophrenia diagnosis.

    Method: Eleven quantitative articles were analyzed to see which factors contribute to the development of attitudes, the search of articles were made in a variety ofnursing science and medical databases. The articles were then processed to obtain common key themes.

    Results: Showed that the attitudes of the emergence and prevalence differ between health care institutions and between nations. Where ethnic and cultural background, gender, education levels, workplace and work experience of the staff are factors that strongly influences attitudes, both in a positive and negative way. Caregivers also perceive patients as dangerous and untrustworthy.

    Discussion: Nurse's attitude towards patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia is a highly personal and a person's individual attitude, which is influenced by various socio-demographic factors. This is discussed from Travelbees Human-To-Human Relationship Model and the nursing science consensus concept environment. 

  • 276.
    Bergfors, Sofi
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Olsson, Maja
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att handskas med händer: en observationsstudie om handhygien i Tanzania2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 277.
    Berggren Appelgren, Meta
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hoffman, Kristina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Den icke verbala kommunikationens betydelse för interaktionen mellan sjuksköterska och patient2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 278.
    Berggren, Pia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Källman Carlsson, Annette
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans attityder och omvårdnadsåtgärder för patienter med alkoholproblematik: en litteraturstudie2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Bergheden, Lisa
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Informerat samtycke: möjligheter och hinder i vård och omvårdnad2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 280.
    Bergholm, Maria
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Castensson, Malin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av mjuk massage i vården: en litteraturöversikt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 281.
    Bergius, Anki
    et al.
    Drottning Silvias barn- och ungdomssjukhus, Göteborg.
    Palmqvist, Gunilla
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg.
    Holm, Ann-Kristin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset.
    Öhlén, Joakim
    Göteborgs universitet, Karolinska institutet.
    Stödverksamhet för barn som förlorat en förälder: En litteraturstudie2004In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 41-44Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this literature review was to describe content, objectives, design, and outcomes of support groups for parentally bereaved children three to twelve years of age. In a support group with children in similar situation the children's thoughts, experiences and feelings will be normalised through different activities. Pedagogical methods include creative activities of different kinds, e.g. painting, writing letters and poems, reading stories, play and games. The purposes of the methods are to accept and understand the reality of the loss, to understand and work through the grieving, to enhance family communication, and to keep the memory of the death and go on living. Organisation and structure are described in relation to development levels and ages of children and youths. Outcomes of groups are characterized by clinical observations and a dearth of evaluative studies. All bereaved children should have the opportunity to participate in a support group when a parent, sibling or other relative dies. Well developed services for bereaved children should be a matter of health care policy and quality.

  • 282.
    Bergius, Anthon
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jonasson, Vilhelm
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Med patienten i fokus: En litteraturstudie om fördelar och nackdelar av bedsiderapportering inom sjukvården2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shift change report between nurses is an operation carried out at the beginning and end of each shift. Today, shift change report is usually carried out through an oral or silent report in the patient’s absence, e.g. in the nurses’ office. During bedside report the shift transfer is instead carried out with the patient present, i.e. by the bedside.

    To illuminate advantages and disadvantages with bedside report and how bedside report can influence patient participation and patient safety.

    A general literature study was conducted. Eight qualitative and two quantitative articles were selected and analyzed. Key terms and common occurring aspects were noted and were grouped to create categories.

    The three main themes were “Information & Communication”, “Health-care relationship” and “Confidentiality & Integrity”. The results showed that nurses, patients and relatives overall had a positive experience of bedside report. The advantages were that patients and nurses could clarify information and ask questions to each other, the healthcare relationship was strengthened and the patients’ experiences of participation increased. Common disadvantages were that patients’ integrity became threatened when others could hear what was being said during bedside report, and that the medical jargon which is often used, could be difficult to understand.

    There is a strong indication that bedside report promotes patient safety and patient participation as well as strengthens the patient-care provider relationship. From the point of view of Antonovsky´s KASAM theory it can be assumed that when patients are given the opportunity to be involved during the shift change, their sense of coherence can increase, mainly because their sense of comprehensibility increases.

  • 283.
    Bergklo, Eva
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Nylander, Christina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Den äldres transition och sjuksköterskans roll2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 284.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fält, Kristina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av bemötandet från vårdpersonal efter våld i nära relation: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intimate partner violence includes psychological, physical and sexual violence that occur between individuals in close relation to each other. It is a public health problem that deteriorates health for the vulnerable. Women who are exposed to violence often come into contact with the health care system because of the damage sustained, but health personnel feel that they have insufficient knowledge in the matter.

    Aim: The aim was to illuminate how the women exposed to intimate partner violence by a male partner experienced treatment of the health personnel.

    Method: A literature review has been carried out. Ten qualitative scientific articles taken from the database PubMed and CINAHL Complete have been used as a basis for the result.

    Results: Five themes appeared in the result. Doubts for seeking care, To receive questions from healthcare staff, Attitudes and treatment from healthcare staff, Lack of privacy and time and Being affirmed, heard and taken seriously.

    Discussion: The overall findings of the result about the importance of healthcare professionals asking whether violence in close relationship, time shortage in healthcare and person –centered care discussed. The discussion is conducted in relation to background of the literature review, other relevant researches, the author’s own reflections and Katie Eriksson’s perspective on suffering and the nurse’s attitude towards the suffering person.

  • 285.
    Berglund, Carina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Människan, verkligheten och omvårdnaden: en kvalitativ studie av intensivvårdssjuksköterskors livsåskådning2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 286.
    Berglund, Sanna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Tsarfati, Naomi
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med premenstruellt syndrom: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  The menstruation cycle is a complex cycle that fertile women experience every month. It consists of hormone variations that affect the body in many ways. PMS is a syndrome that appears before the menstruation phase of the cycle and can be experienced up to two weeks before menstruation. Society contains a view of the premenstrual women as weak, unstable and erratic. The nurse's primary professional responsibility is to promote health and alleviate suffering. The nurse should show compassion, responsiveness and respect towards the patients and work towards equality and social justice.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe women's experiences of living with premenstrual syndrome.

    Method: The method chosen was a literature study with scientific studies that were identified by searching the databases CINAHL, PsycINFO, Medline and through secondary searches. Eight qualitative and two mixed method studies form the basis for the results part. Analysis was carried out with the identification of categories to compile scientific knowledge.

    Results: The results are presented in four categories which describes women's experiences of living with premenstrual syndrome: The influence of bodily and emotional changes in everyday life, to feel affected by one’s own perception and the attitude of others, understanding and support through conversation and to try to manage PMS in everyday life. The results show that women experienced a variation of mental and physical changes during PMS. Women felt that men have negative attitudes about menstruation and PMS. Women also experienced a need for understanding and support.

    Discussion: The authors discussed women’s experiences of living with PMS with the support of Marta C Nussbaum’s capabilities model and ICN’s code of ethics. The discussion was developed further by scientific literature and the authors own reflections related to the result. Suffering from PMS can bring consequences and restrictions to women's daily life. These experiences may also be influenced by society's views on women's health and prevailing social structures. Nurses have a significant role in supporting women in managing PMS and also work for equality in health care.

  • 287.
    Bergman, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Davidsson, Inger
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Betydelsen av sjuksköterskans närvaro vid malignitetsbesked2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 288.
    Bergman, Erika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Täckholm Wiblom, Fanny
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    COMPASSION FATIGUE BLAND SJUKSKÖTERSKOR: EN LITTERATURÖVERSIKT ÖVER FAKTORER SOM KAN BIDRA TILL DESS UTVECKLANDE2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is currently a shortage of nursing staff in Sweden. Following on from a population increase, this shortage is expected to increase in upcoming years. According to 2014 statistics, one out of ten licensed nurses do not work within a healthcare setting, and one of the main contributing factors to this is stress. Stress is also the main reason for sick leave among nurses. A fairly new concept in Sweden, Compassion Fatigue, is a condition of secondary traumatic stress, which affects healthcare professionals. This condition is relatively unexplored in Sweden.

    AIM: The aim of this literature review was to shed light onhighlight factors that may impact on the development of compassion fatigue among nurses.

    METHOD: A literature review according to Friberg’s method which was based on seven quantitative studies, two qualitative studies and one study of mixed methods.

    RESULTS: The results are presented based on five main categories: Demographic factors (age, gender and marital status); Environmental factors (importance of leadership, work load and staff turnover); Occupational factors (level of education, professional experience, working hours and department); Coping (healthy and unhealthy management strategies); Acknowledgement and support (from colleagues, management and relatives).

    DISCUSSION: A lack of knowledge about Compassion Fatigue among nurses as well as management is the main reason for its developtment. Education and supportive measures, based on Watson’s theory of human caring, can be used to prevent Compassion Fatigue.

  • 289.
    Bergman, Jon
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Morén, Malin
    Att vårda en patient med HIV/AIDS: En litteraturöversikt över attityder hos vårdpersonal2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Approximately 30 million people have died over the years due to HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS is recognized as a pandemic and statistics show that Africa is one of the most affected continents. HIV/AIDS puts on great demands on health care and studies indicate that negative attitudes against HIV/AIDS patients are common in health care settings.

    Aim:

    To describe the attitudes of health professionals caring for patients with HIV/AIDS.

    Methods:

    The study is a literature review. A literature search was done in databases which resulted in 13 articles that related to our aim. The articles were analyzed and sorted into categories.

    Results:

    The result was divided into categories; caregivers attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS, knowledge related to HIV/AIDS, risk of infection and universal precautions. The results show that it exists negative attitudes in health care settings towards people living with HIV/AIDS which correlates with the large knowledge gap about the disease. The lack of knowledge is great in areas with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, such as Africa. Positive attitudes were associated with high educational qualifications and experience from caring for patients with HIV/AIDS.

    Discussions:

    It is important that caregivers are trained about HIV/AIDS to raise awareness and thereby eliminate the negative attitudes which today exist against people living with HIV/AIDS. Establishment of support groups is important so that health professionals can meet and discuss their feelings and experiences through so-called counselling. All patients should be treated equally in order to strengthen their dignity which otherwise gets violated by negative attitudes.

  • 290.
    Bergman, Love
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Britton, Asabea
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Nurse's experiences of leprosy related stigma in Ghana2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Leprosy has long been associated with stigma and the disease causes a lot of suffering to those affected, not only physically but also emotionally and psychologically due to the effects of stigma.

    Aim: To describe the nurse’s experiences of leprosy related stigma in the Central Region of Ghana.

    Methods: A qualitative interview study with semi-structured interviews. Seven individual interviews were conducted four with nurses working at a hospital, specializing in leprosy care, at in the Central Region of Ghana. The data was analyzed using a content analysis based on Graneheim and Lundmans concept.

    Results: The nurses described an exclusion affecting leprosy patients because of their disease. Significant factors, such as lack of knowledge and social circumstances, could be linked to leprosy related stigma.

    Discussions: The result was discussed using Watson's theory of human, referring to eight of her ten carative factors. Three main subjects were identified and discussed related to the result. These were educational factors, social factors and stigmatization.

  • 291.
    Bergman, Love
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Britton, Asabea
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kneck, Åsa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Health-related stigma related to leprosy: What can be learned from nurses in Ghana?2018In: Nordic journal of nursing research, ISSN 2057-1585, E-ISSN 2057-1593, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 96-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe nurses’ experiences of how stigma affected the care and health of patients with leprosy. Health-related stigma exists worldwide and affects patients, relatives and caregivers. Mere word ‘leprosy’ is often met with disgust, shame and fear. Knowledge of health-related stigma is important for developing care in different parts of the world. The study has a qualitative, descriptive design. Seven semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with nurses working at a hospital specializing in leprosy care. The study was carried out in the central region of Ghana. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings are presented as one theme, ‘Increased knowledge and holistic interventions are important in care for patients with leprosy’, and three sub-themes: ‘knowledge and beliefs are intimately interlaced with leprosy-related stigma’, ‘information is important but not enough to change behaviours and attitudes’ and ‘long-term interventions in a social context’. We conclude that caring for patients with leprosy involved long-term interventions, not at least in relation to education on a society level as well as concerning patients’ abilities to learn a skill to make an income in order to be less dependent on healthcare facilities.

  • 292.
    Bergman, Malin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av fatigue i palliativ vård2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 293.
    Bergman, Patrick
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Söderberg, Ola
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bemötande av traumatiskt krisdrabbade: sjuksköterskans handlingsberedskap i ambulanssjukvården2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 294.
    Bergman, Sofia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Pihlblad, Jeanette
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelser av mjuk massage ur ett patientperspektiv: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Methods such as massage can be traced all the way from ancient Greece and the Roman Empire in the writings of Hippocrates. Hippocrates felt that through various "rubbingprocesses” could treat some medical conditions. Recent research has shown, for example, that patients who suffered a stroke and had a massage while in the hospital improved their abilities to carry out activities of daily living faster than the control group.

    Aim: The aim was to describe patients' experiences of soft tissue massage in health care.

    Method: This literature review is based on ten qualitative and one quantitative article which were found in the database Cinahl. Friberg's method of analysis has been used when the authors analyzed the articles. Keywords: touch, experience, care, touching, patient, nursing, nurs*, massage, tactile, tactile massage, soft tissue massage and aromatherapy. In the discussion the results were linked to the theoretical point that is Katie Erikssons nursing theory and the nursing concept “care”.

    Results: The results revealed four themes, one of which has two subthemes. In the first theme, The relationship to the massage giver, the patients describe the relationship and feelings toward the massage giver. This theme has two subthemes: Trust and connectedness and Feel cared for and special. The second theme, To be here and now, is about the mental relaxation, the participants felt that they were given by the massage. The third theme, Bodily well-being, is about the participants' various positive physical experiences. The fourth and final theme, Negative aspects, is about what the participants experienced as negative during the massage.

    Discussions: The discussion is anchored in two theoretical points which are Katie Erikson's theory of nursing, Trim, Playing and Learning, and the consensus concept Care. The debate focuses on the main findings of the result. These concepts are discussed along with some of the main findings of the results. Touch, intimacy and warmth characterize the trim and here the corporeal pleasure is an important element. Soft massage can be seen as part of the trim in the care, as it can be done with the aim of creating physical as well as mental relaxation and well-being of the patient.

  • 295.
    Bergman, Therese
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hallén, Ulrika
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldres upplevelser vid akut konfusion i samband med kirurgiska ingrepp2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 296.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Nordin, Ann-Catrine
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Patientinformation utifrån sjuksköterskans yrkesansvar1998Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Bergsmeds, Veronica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hedlund, Annelie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva med migrän: En litteraturöversikt om personers erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Migraines are a common disease which means more than classical headache, since it is both chronic and hereditary. How migraines are experienced varies from individual to individual. The disease has been known since ages, and according to the research, it occurs more often in women than in men. The process of diagnosing migraine is often long because of lack of knowledge and the disease is not a priority in health care. 

    Aim: To describe people's experiences of living with migraine.

    Method: The articles were analyzed and reviewed according to Friberg's method for literature review and resulted in two themes.

    Results: In the analysis, the authors of the literature review identified the individuals who participated in the studies constantly experiencing and saying that migraines are not taken seriously by caregivers, employers and sometimes even from other environments. The disease, the process of obtaining a diagnosis, having to change lifestyle and being limited is something that awakens emotions.

    Discussion: The authors chose to discuss the result based on Katie Eriksson's Caritative Care Theory. The basis of the caritative care theory is the love of the individual, which means that the nurse should walk with that suffering and relieve her suffering to achieve as optimal health as possible. Linked to Katie Eriksson's theory led to lack of understanding, knowledge and treatment of caregiver and other surroundings for an unjustified care-ward.

  • 298.
    Bergström, Annie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Brundin, Elin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att förlora en anhörig i demenssjukdom: En beskrivning av anhörigas upplevelse av demenssjukdom2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Eftersom risken för att drabbasav demenssjukdom ökar med stigande ålder och antalet äldre i Sverige ökar kanman även förvänta sig att antalet anhörigvårdare ökar. Sjukdomen framtvingarrollförändringar som ger stora påfrestningar på familjen. Anhörigvårdaren ärett stort och viktigt stöd inte bara för den demenssjuke utan också församhället. De utför ett betydande arbete som kommunen annars hade behövtutföra.

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva anhörigasupplevelser av att vårda en person med demenssjukdom.

    Metod: Studien är en litteraturstudiebaserad på vetenskapliga artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod.Elva artiklar har analyserats enligt Fribergs analysmodell. Analysenresulterade i fyra huvudkategorier: En annorlunda arbetsfördelning i hemmet,Ett ansvar som sträcker sig över dygnets alla timmar, En sorg att förlora enanhörig samt Anhörigvårdarens sätt att finna tid till återhämtning. 

    Resultat: Resultatet visar attanhörigvårdare genomgått en rollförändring från att vara en jämlik partner tillatt få ge upp det mesta av det egna livet och istället vara en omhändertagandevårdare. Att vårda en partner är ett ansvar som sträcker sig över dygnets alla24 timmar. Anhörigvårdarna upplevde sorg, förluster och känslorav otillräcklighet, men mitt i lidandet fanns också känslor av glädje ochnärhet.

    Diskussion:Flertalet anhörigvårdare menar att desaknade adekvat information från sjukvården om demenssjukdom, symtom ochsjukdomsförloppet, både skriftligt och muntligt. Eftersom många äldretolkar förändringarna som ett tecken på normalt åldrande eller som någotövergående som kan kopplas till tidigare livserfarenheter finns ett stort behovav kunskap om demenssjukdomar hos äldre.

  • 299.
    Bergström, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors möjligheter till självreflektion inom psykiatrisk vård: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Backgound: Self-reflection means being able to observe oneself, their reactions and beingable to talk to themselves about their actions and their experiences. It is a conscious search forunderstanding. Reflection provides the opportunity to develop professional awareness ofone ́s own way of functioning and reacting. Through systematic reflection, the individual candevelop and link theory to practice. The individual must consciously evaluate theirexperiences in order to learn from them.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to elucidate nurses ́ opportunities for self-reflection inpsychiatric careMethod: An integrative literature study was used as a method. Data were obtained from thedatabases Cinahl Plus, PubMed and PSYCinfo. A total of six articles form the basis for theresult. The material has been analyzed using the Whittemore and Knafls (2005) method.

    Results: Nurses need to create space for self-reflection. The study showed that employersneeded to enable self-reflection to be exercised in the workplace and employees needed toappreciate that self-reflection could serve as an aid in psychiatric nursing. It was alsoeducators, in an educational situation, were interested in the individual ́s learning and hadknowledge of how to teach self-reflection.

    Conclusion: Opportunities for self-reflection are time, knowledge and a permissiveenvironment where the nurse or nurse student can and dare to ask questions and where there isa common norm that values self-reflection in the workplace.

  • 300.
    Bergström, Marie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Gunnarsson, Sofia
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    "De osynliga": Närståendes upplevelser av att vårda en äldre person med psykisk sjukdom2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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