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  • 1.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF).
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences. Forum för levande historia.
    Tolerance and other citizen competencies2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 149-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    MUCF - Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tolerans och andra medborgarkompetenser2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 145-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Abdi Botan, Hawo
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bezabih Assefa, Malefia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av språkbarriärer i vården: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Språkbarriärer är en utmaning inom hälso- och sjukvården. Sjuksköterskors professionella ansvar är att förmedla korrekt, lämplig och tillräcklig information till patienten. Det har visat sig att sjuksköterskor haft svårighet att tillgodose en personcentrerad och säker vård när språkbarriärer förelåg. 

     

  • 4.
    Abdi, Samar
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Stang, Inka Emese
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hur är det att leva med stomi: ett förändrat liv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There are several diseases that may cause a person to undergo a stoma surgery. Those who get a stoma surgery may need to adjust their lives based on new conditions. Getting adequate information, support and care from the nurse can be of great help to those people who recently received a stoma.

    Aim: The aim was to describe how it is to live with a stoma.

    Method: A literature review was conducted where eleven peer reviewed articles were sought from three databases. The articles were analysed, reviewed and compiled. Differences and similarities identified in the previous research were sought and formed the basis for results.

    Results: Four themes were identified: The first was Life changes, the second: Sexuality and intimacy, the third: Support from nurses and allied and finally: Accept living with the stoma.

    Discussion: In the light of Katie Eriksson`s theories regarding health care and health, aspects such as suffering and awareness that increased knowledge and understanding of people`s own experiences, feeling and thoughts should help to promote health and relieve suffering.

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  • 5.
    Abdolmaleki, Zahra
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Deprimerade patienters erfarenheter av bemötande från vårdpersonal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Depression is a common disease that causes great suffering for patients and their relatives. The disease is often under diagnosed because of comorbidity with physical disorders. Increased knowledge about depression is needed to a good response between patients and health care professionals.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how the patient with depression experiences treatment from healthcare professionals.

    Method: A literature review based on ten scientific articles that were analyzed in accordance with Friberg (2012). Ten qualitative studies were retrieved from the database CINAHL, PsycINFO and PubMed. As a theoretical base used Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's theory.

    Results: The result demonstrates two main themes and the six sub-themes. The first main theme highlights the relationship with the nursing staff with three sub-themes: participation, information, treatment and care available. The second main theme is the interaction with health care professionals with three sub-themes: communication, experience to be listened to and competent and present staff.

    Discussion: The results discussed from Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's theory, and also additional ten scientific articles, with the aim to show that depressed patients who feel a lack trust, commitment from health care professionals and continuity had bad experiences of treatment with health care professionals. The needed a mutual relationship between patients and health care professionals in order to patients to have a good experience with health care professionals.

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  • 6.
    Abdulle, Ayaan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Berhe, Afewerki
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder i möten med könsstympade kvinnor: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kvinnlig könsstympning (KKS) är ett skadligt ingrepp där delar av kvinnors könsorgan avlägsnas eller förändras utan medicinskt syfte. Idag finns så många som över 200 miljoner kvinnor och unga flickor som gått igenom någon form av könsstympning. Ingreppet är fäst vid kulturella värderingar, trosuppfattningar och sociala mönster.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors attityder i möten med könsstympade kvinnor.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt som innefattar två kvalitativa och åtta kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Informationssökningen gjordes på databaserna CINAHL Complete och Pubmed. Artiklarna granskades och analyserades enligt Fribergs metod.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att de flesta sjuksköterskorna i studien hade varierande kunskaper och medvetenhet om KKS. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna visste att KKS hade skadliga konsekvenser. Kulturella, religiösa, sociala och sexuella faktorer tillskrevs som skäl för utövandet av KKS. En del av de hade en inställning på att vilja utföra KKS. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna i studien var motvilliga att låta sina döttrar genomgå KKS. Som en strategi för att eliminera KKS hade många åsikten att lagen mot KKS skulle tillämpas strikt.

    Diskussion: Litteraturöversikten diskuteras med Madeleine Leiningers transkulturella omvårdnadsteori som grund. Diskussionen tar upp vikten av att ha förståelse för kulturella skillnader och anpassa omvårdnaden på ett sådant sätt att kvinnans perspektiv är väl sedd utan att sjuksköterskor behöver utföra kvinnlig könsstympning.

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  • 7.
    Abo-azaz, Mari
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Magan, Sahuur
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Måltidsmiljöns utformning och inverkan på patienter med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is an incurable disease. Dementia can lead to serious symptoms such as language difficulties, dysfunction and behavioral changes. People with dementia need a special and well-suited environment. People with dementia need security in their daily lives, which becomes an important task for the nurse. In nursing work, the nurse will aim to increase the wellbeing of patients. In this case, the environment is designed in the dining room based on the patient's conditions.

    Aim: To describe the design of the meal environment and how it affects people with dementia.

    Method: A literature review has been carried out. Eleven quantitative scientific articles have been used for the study. The articles have been selected from the CINAHL and PubMed databases corresponding to the purpose. The articles have been analyzed with Friberg’s analysis method to be completed as material for the result.

    Results: The result is based on a theme; the environment around the patients when they eat and three subtemes; the importance of music in the meal situation; the importance of lighting in the meal situation; the meaning of a home-like dining room. These describe the various resources required to increase the well-being of patients with dementia.

    Discussion: The meal environment had a major impact on people with dementia. The environment in the dining room was adapted to the patient's requirements. The changing meal environment increased patient wellbeing. The home-like environment, calm background music and sufficient lighting during the meal were of great importance to the patient. The positive effect could contribute to increased calorie intake and decreased negative behavior in patients.

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  • 8.
    Abou-Samra, Zarifa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Schizofreni utifrån ett patientperspektive: En litteraturöversikt om patienters subjektiva upplevelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that can lead to physical, psychological and social problems for the victim and adversely affects the quality of life of the patient. There is insufficient knowledge in the treatment of people with schizophrenia. Patients' subjective experiences are often neglected although they are of great importance in the care of patients and patient life. A better understanding of the patient's experiences can lead to better treatment and change of negative attitudes, thus making it possible to provide the care and treatment people with schizophrenia need.

    Aim: To describe patients' subjective experiences of living with schizophrenia.

    Method: A literature review based on ten qualitative studies found in the databases: PsycINFO, PubMed and CINAHL. The studies were processed and analyzed with meta synthesis and common themes identified.

    Results: Five main themes were identified: schizophrenia is a complicated disease with severe symptoms, experiences of diagnosis and treatment, severe emotional experiences during childhood, importance of social relations for recovery and good insight and acceptance is the key to recovery.

    Discussion: Patients' subjective experiences differ significantly from the objective observations and the perceptions of healthcare professionals. Changed attitudes towards schizophrenia in society and between healthcare professionals can contribute to empathetic and better treatment, which can promote living conditions for people with schizophrenia. More qualitative research and better education about patients' subjective experiences are needed.

  • 9.
    Abu Jalalah, Amira
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kader, Lana
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av att leva med Diabetes Mellitus typ 2: en utmaning i livet: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 10.
    Acin, Helin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jonasson, Hanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet vid fatigue: En litteraturöversikt om fysisk aktivitet och dess påverkan på fatigue hos kvinnor med bröstcancer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer that affects women. Many women experience side effects from breast cancer treatments. One of the most common side effects is fatigue that can be perceived in different dimensions. The nurse has an important role by informing, supporting and motivating the patient to perform self-care activities before, during and after breast cancer treatment.

    Aim: Illustrate different forms of physical activity and its effect on fatigue in women undergoing breast cancer treatment.

    Method: A literature review has been conducted where eleven quantitative studies were selected. The databases used were PubMed, MEDLINE with Full Text and ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Database. The articles have been reviewed, discussed and summarized in order to distinguish between similarities and differences.

    Results: It was found that physical activity, in various forms, had an effect to reduce fatigue. The result led to a main heading: Physical activity’s effect on fatigue with three subheadings: Aerobic physical activity, Combination of aerobic and muscle strengthening physical activity and Walking as physical activity.

    Discussion: Four parts emerged from the result: The physical activity’s planning and structure, Barriers to perform physical activity, Positive experiences of physical activity and Nurse’s supportive function. The content has been discussed in conjunction with Dorothea E. Orem’s self-care theory and new applied qualitative data.

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  • 11.
    Adolfsson Blomqvist, Josefin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Strömsén, Emmy
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vårdpersonals erfarenheter av patienter med demenssjukdom som vårdas palliativt: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A great amount of elderly people suffer from different forms of dementia and unless these individuals suffer from another terminal disease the dementia will by its nature lead to death of the patient. Palliative care is often associated with cancer and cardiovascular diseases, however the palliative care is beginning to see the introduction of treatment for people with dementia.

    Aim: The aim was to highlight nursing staffs' experiences of patients suffering from dementia within gerontological care in end of life.

    Method: A literature review has been done based on search results from databases CINAHL complete, Pubmed and Ageline. The selected articles consisted of eight qualitative studies and two cross-sectional studies. The authors have based the analysis on Friberg's method of analysis.  

    Results: In the result describes Introduction of palliative care for the people suffering from dementia, nursing staffs´experience of symptom relief, the importance of good communication as well as hindrance and possibilities for good palliative care. It was discovered that it can be perceived as harder to judge when a patient suffering from dementia is in need of palliative care compared to patients with other medical conditions. This also resulted in the caring relationship between patient and nursing staff is of high importance for the recognition of symptoms. Nursing staff perceived there were flaws in the emotional support after having nursed a patient with dementia.

    Discussion: In the method discussion pros and cons regarding the chosen method is discussed, as well as the choice of articles and why some restrictions have been made. In the result discussion the result in relation to the theoretical entry points 6 S:s  is discussed. Correlations to person-centered care is discussed through the discussion of the result.

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  • 12.
    Adrian, Klara
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vägen upp: hur socionomer hanterar sin arbetssituation och når ett högre välbefinnande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet i denna studie är egna och informella strategiers betydelse i organisatoriska sammanhang. Empirin baseras på hur socionomer förhåller sig till informella strategier i syfte att bli starkare individer och mer resistenta mot stress. För yrkesutövare inom socialt arbete är stress och ohälsa ett vanligt förekommande fenomen som ofta orsakats av hög arbetsbelastning. Ohälsa på arbetet kan få negativa konsekvenser för det sociala arbetet som utförs. Brist på återhämtningsmöjligheter på arbetsplatsen är vanligt då många verksamheter ställer krav på effektivitet hos socionomer. För att finna utrymme för att hantera stress använder sig därför många av egna tillvägagångssätt för att generera inre välbehag och stabilitet. Åtta intervjuer med socionomer som arbetar på olika sociala verksamheter inom den offentliga sektorn har deltagit i studien. Det teoretiska ramverk som använts för att förtydliga och belysa empirins innehåll är gräsrotsbyråkrati och empowerment. I resultatet beskriver socionomerna varför och hur de använder sig av informella strategier till vardags för att stärka sig själva. Vidare förstås empirin utifrån ramverk som handlar om individens egna resurser och den kontext de befinner sig i. I studien framkommer det att socionomer väljer strategier utifrån att det finns ett behov av tid för återhämtning och att de förespråkar att själva välja strategier utifrån sig själva. De menar att det viktigaste är att välja strategier som är individanpassade, som genererar glädje och som bidrar till känslomässig balans. Kreativiteten sätter gränserna för hur strategierna kan användas och verktygen tycks finnas inom var och en.

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  • 13.
    Aene, Roya
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Rudzite, Alise
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors sexuella hälsa i samband med bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor i världen. Behandlingen medför olika konsekvenser som påverkar kvinnors liv och välbefinnande som kan leda till kvinnors sexuella hälsa, sexualitet samt relation till sig själv och sin partner blir påverkad.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva upplevelser av sexuell hälsa hos kvinnor i samband med bröstcancer.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes som innehåller fyra kvalitativa, fem kvantitativa och två vetenskapliga artiklar med mixad metod. Artiklarna analyserades och granskades enligt Fribergs metod.

    Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i sex temaområden som beskriver upplevelser av sexuell hälsa hos kvinnor med bröstcancer: Förändrad sexuell hälsa, Psykologiska konsekvenser, Kvinnans relation till sig själv och sin kropp, Relationer med partner, Kommunikationen med hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal och Fördomar kring bröstcancerbehandling.

    Diskussion: Diskussionen inkluderar en metoddiskussion och en resultatdiskussion. I metoddiskussionen diskuteras styrkor och svagheter, genomförda tillvägagångssätt samt kvalitetsgranskning av resultatartiklar. Vidare i resultatdiskussion diskuteras resultatets fynd utifrån Katie Erikssons teori om lidande samt andra studier och egna reflektioner.

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  • 14.
    Ahlbäck, Alexandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Linnér, Mimmi
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vuxna patienters upplevelser av sjuksköterskans affektiva beröring i daglig omvårdnad: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Beröring kommer alltid att vara en del av vården. Affektiv beröring är en typ av frivillig beröring som kan uppstå såväl medvetet som omedvetet. Denna typ av beröring används av sjuksköterskan i det dagliga omvårdnadsarbetet för att trösta, lugna, vårda och lindra patienters lidande. Sjuksköterskors olika beröringsstilar grundas i deras personlighet, livserfarenhet, kulturella bakgrund, utbildning och arbetsstil. Vidare forskning inom området anses vara av betydelse, då kunskaperna kring affektiv beröring är bristande bland sjuksköterskor.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att belysa vuxna patienters upplevelse av sjuksköterskans affektiva beröring i daglig omvårdnad.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på åtta kvalitativa och två kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar.

    Resultat: Resultatet tematiserades i sex teman: Att knyta band, betydelsen av kommunikation, kroppsdelarnas olika betydelser, att bli berörd med närvaro, beröring och genus betydelse och betydelsen av att ha kontroll över situationen.

    Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades mot Virginia Hendersons omvårdnadsteori om människans behov samt relaterades till vetenskapliga artiklar för att stärka resultatet. I denna del diskuteras vuxna patienters upplevelser av affektiv beröring i daglig omvårdnad samt hur sjuksköterskor skall förhålla sig för att patientens hela vårdupplevelse skall upplevas som god.

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  • 15.
    Ahlgren, Linnéa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Willner, Ellen
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    En oändlig process: en litteraturöversikt om välbefinnande vid kronisk njursvikt och hemodialys2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Healthy kidneys are a requirement for the body's other organs to function well. Renal failure causes renal function to deteriorate and there are two conditions, acute and chronic. The chronic condition develops slowly over a long time, and in a late stage, some form of continuous dialysis treatment is required to purify the blood. One alternative is hemodialysis treatment performed in a dialysis unit several times a week a requires a lot of time from the patient's everyday life, which may affect well-being in various aspects. Well-being and quality of life are described as subjective experiences, and from the humanistic perspective it can be influenced on physical, mental and spiritual levels. With the help and support of healthcare professionals, it is still possible for patients to experience well-being and quality of life despite chronic illness. 

    Aim: To describe how well-being is affected among patients during chronic renal failure and hemodialysis treatment.

    Method: A literature review based on 13 scientific articles from two databases. The articles were reviewed and analyzed by Friberg’s method to find similarities and differences that later compiled in five themes.

    Results: After the analysis, five themes were identified that describes how well-being is affected by a life with chronic renal failure and hemodialysis treatment: limitations in the everyday life, dependence on humans and machines, the impact of symptoms, emotional impact and also acceptance and coping. 

    Discussion: The method discussion is based on the strenghts and weaknesses of the literature review. The results were discussed in relation to Rosemarie Rizzo Parse’s Humanbecoming theory and the three principles meaning, rhythmicity and transcendence.

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  • 16.
    Ahlin, My
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Högblom, Pål
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonals attityder gentemot patienter som är eller har varit brukare av heroin: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heroin is an illicit narcotic drug that is highly addictive. The drug has a negative impact on the physical, mental and social health of the user, which implies complex needs of healthcare. Users are exposed to stigmatization in society. One factor that may constitute barriers to good care on equal terms is the healthcare professionals' attitudes towards patients they care for.

    Aim: The aim was to highlight attitudes of health personnel towards patients who are or have been users of heroin. 

    Method: A literature review based upon ten scientific articles was conducted according to Friberg’s method. The articles were based on qualitative and quantitative studies as well as studies performed with mixed method.

    Results: The result shows the presence of positive and negative attitudes. The negative attitudes were more prominent. Further on a polarization of attitudes within the group of healthcare professionals was revealed. However, the difference was not linked to a certain profession but instead linked to education and experiences of working with the current patient group. Those who worked closest to the patients held predominantly positive attitudes and vice versa.

    Discussion: The results are discussed on the basis of key concepts and ideas of Travelbee and how the result fits in relation to science and legal texts. Possible reasons for the presence of negative attitudes are discussed. A ‘we-and-them ' mentality contributes to the difficulties of health professionals in empathizing with patients, which precludes the caring relationship. Awareness-raising, experience and education are highlighted as crucial to the facilitation of change.

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  • 17.
    Ahlund, Angelica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Frank, Lovisa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors sexuella hälsa efter diagnostisering av cervixcancer: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexuality and sexual health are two concepts that belong together. Sexuality means proximity and contact while sexual health means that it is safe and secure to perform sexual activities. Cervix is a part of women's inner reproductive organs. Cervical cancer is globally seen as one of the most common forms of cancer amongst women where pain is a late symptom of cervical cancer. Mortality is higher in developing countries than industrialized countries. Human papillomavirus, HPV is the most common cause of cervical cancer, where surgery, cytostatic and radiation therapy are different types of treatment. Cytological changes do not always mean cancer. Getting a cancer message can induce emotional reactions such as anxiety, anger and concern. At different coping strategies; Active and passive, the woman can adapt to the new life situation. A cancer diagnosis can develop reactions that affect both the physical and the mental health.

    Aim: The purpose was to highlight women’s sexual health after diagnosis of cervical cancer.

    Method: This literature review was compiled by collecting material from previous research within a healthcare knowledge area. Ten scientific articles related to cervical cancer and sexuality are the basis for the outcome. The material was reviewed and analyzed according to Fribergs method and finally summarized into mainthemes and subthemes in a literature review.

    Results: The result is presented in three main themes; Physical aspects, Mental aspects, and Social aspects. The results showed that cervical cancer affected women’s sexuality and sexual health. Positive experiences expressed by the women were an increased estimation on sexual activity after the disease. While negative experiences that were reported was a fear of performing sexual activities where dyspareunia was a cause. Sexual barriers affected the sexual function and created a concern among the women. The treatment of cervical cancer affected the woman through various bodily changes and discomfort during sexual intercourse.  

    Discussion: The physical changes that the woman experience is affecting her sexuality and identity. A need for knowledge about cervical cancer related to sexuality was noted in the women, where the nurse's responsibility is to provide women with this information. Virginia Henderson's behavior theory and the Cancer center care program may be a support for the nurse. 

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  • 18.
    Ahmadzadeh, Arman
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rytkönen, Hannes
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Coping with a war on drugs: Bachelor Thesis2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the 2016 election of president Duterte, the Philippines have been actively fighting a war on drugs inside their own country according to the new policies developed by the newly chosen regime. These policies have led to the several thousands of dead in police operations which are by many called out as extrajudicial executions. The purpose of this study is to research the experience of urban people living in a society pervaded by a war on drugs with the goal of contributing to the understanding of how they handle the situation and how it affects their lives. The authors have spent two months in the Philippines, mainly in the Metro Manila area to gather the data for the study through mainly participant observation and semi-structured interviews for an ethnographic study. The results show who are being targeted in the war, how people experience it and create labeling and stigma according to the societal rules and norms as well as how people cope with difficult circumstances out of their control.

  • 19.
    Ahmed, Sara
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Backman, Pernilla
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: Unga kvinnors erfarenheter av socialtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to investigate how young women, who have been subjected to honor-related violence and oppression, experience the support of the social services based on the power perspective and the KASAM theory. We have in the study used qualitative methods to conduct semi-structured interviews. Eight young women who had been in contact with the social services were interviewed.

    Previous research has primarily studied the client's experience of contact with the social services. Studies that concern women who have been subjected to honor-related violence and oppression are very limited. Research in this area should therefore be sought.

    The study's results showed that young women's expectations did not match the experience of contact with the social services. The results analysis showed that the social services support and assistance efforts are far too short-term where women are left behind and are expected to handle their difficulties on their own.

  • 20.
    Akdursun, Sebnem
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Farah, Safia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patientens upplevelse av att leva med typ 2-diabetes: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Relatively many people suffer from type 2-diabetes which is a chronic disease, this means that it is seen as a growing public health problem, both nationally and globally. The diabetes treatment includes pharmacological treatments but also non-pharmacological treatments, where the responsibility lies with the patient and how they manages their own self-care. The self-care capacity is individual and can be strengthened by the nurses gathering more knowledge, showing support and teaching the patient. This helps the patient achieve optimal lifestyle changes. It is therefore important to explore the patient´s experience of living with the disease in order to identify what is needed to achieve optimal health.

    Aim:To describe the patient´s experience of living with type 2-diabetes.

    Method: The literature review is based on eleven qualitative scientific studies, through the following databases; CINAHL Complete, Nursing Allied Database and Pubmed. the articles were thereafter analyzed based on Friberg´s and Östlund´s methods.

    Results: The result is presented in one main theme Experiences associated with type 2-diabetes with four subthemes; the subthemes: Feelings associated with diagnosis, Eating habit, Physical activity, Support from the environment.

    Discussion: The main findings were discussed based on Orem´s self-care theory. In the discussion three main point were discussed with connection to the results. These three main points were emphasized, which were; Self-care, the emotional impact of type 2-diabetes, support and person-centered care. These main points are essential in order to be able to implement an optimal lifestyle change.

  • 21.
    Alaiso, Erica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ljungbacke, Beatrice
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva med cancer som ung vuxen: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Cancer är den näst största folksjukdomen och den näst vanligaste dödsorsaken efter hjärt-kärlsjukdomar. Prevalensen av insjuknandet ökar för varje år och innebär därmed att allt fler unga vuxna drabbas. Forskning kring unga vuxnas upplevelser av cancer är undermålig samtidigt som definitionen av unga vuxna är vag. Detta gör att det idag inte finns ett tydligt och hållbart behandlingsprogram för denna patientgrupp. Unga vuxna befinner sig i en fas i livet där stort fokus ligger på att utvecklas och att upptäcka världen. Att som ung vuxen drabbas av en livshotande sjukdom som cancer innebär därför en unik upplevelse och krisreaktion. För att sjuksköterskor ska ha möjlighet att ge de drabbade personcentrerad vård av god kvalitet, krävs en bättre förståelse för deras specifika situation. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa unga vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med cancer. Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes i enlighet med Fribergs metod. Resultatet är baserat på tio kvalitativa, vetenskapliga artiklar som beskriver unga vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med cancer. Artiklarna analyserades genom tematisering och kategorisering. Sökningarna gjordes i databaserna CINAHL Complete och PubMed. Resultat: Fyra teman identifierades: Att drabbas av cancer som ung vuxen, Behov av stöd, Identitetsförändringar och Behov av att ta kontroll. Samtliga teman beskriver upplevelser som är typiska för unga vuxna med cancer. En stor del av resultatet innefattar känslor och frågor av existentiell karaktär. Diskussion: Metoden diskuteras utifrån litteraturöversiktens styrkor och svagheter. I resultatet diskuteras framkomna teman med hjälp av ett livsåskådningsperspektiv, detta för att skapa en djupare förståelse för den unika situation som unga vuxna ställs inför i samband med cancer.

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  • 22.
    Al-Baldawi, Riyadh
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Teologiska högskolan.
    Schiratzki, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Stenberg, Leif
    Storbritannien.
    Underskatta inte religiös extremism2018In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2018-01-08, p. 4-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En del av det svenska biståndets insatser planerade för Mellanöstern kan bli omöjliga att ­genomföra. Sidas analytiker har inte tagit tillräcklig hänsyn till en ökande religiös ­våldsbejakande extremism och dess genomslag i hela området.

  • 23.
    Albertsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Granberg, Catharina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lyckans betydelse för hälsan hos personer med schizofreni.: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Happiness is a feeling of deep joy in the life situation itself. Previous research has concluded that persons with Schizophrenia experiences just as much positive emotions as people without a Schizophrenia diagnosis. Health is seen as a feeling of balance and reflects a person’s current life situations and integrated part of her life. The caring relation is based on mutual cooperation and should be characterized by care given without any expectations. Increased understanding of their experiences of happiness and health can lead to better respond and support from the psychiatric nurse.

    Aim: The purpose of this litterature review was to describe how persons with Schizophrenia experience their happiness and the meaning for their health.

    Method: An intergrativ litterature review was choosen with an intergrativ design, both qualitative and quantitative studies has been used to increase the understanding of the phenomenon. In this study eleven articles has been analyzed based on Whittenmore and Knalf method.

    Results: Four themes were identified: Living with schizophrenia, To be independent, Having relations and Living a normal life. The participants wanted to maintain close relationships to avoid loneliness and isolation, and expressed the importance of a stabel care relationship. They experienced an alienation and expressed their desire to feel normal and be able to live a normal life.

    Conclusions: The result showed experiences that both facilitated and constituted obstacles for their own happiness. It is important to pay attention to and understand persons with schizophrenia and their experiences in order for the specialist nurse to improve nursing care.

  • 24.
    Albinsson, Fabian
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    En välfungerande arbetsplats: En kvantitativ studie om arbetsmiljörelaterade faktorer inom Stockholms socialtjänst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s social services are today characterized by having high staff turnover which has resulted in various work-related problems, such as high workload, stress and insufficient resources. This study aims to investigate and quantify the work environment-related factors that, to the greatest extent, lead to the social secretaries staying at their workplaces within Stockholm's social services. The study's data collection method consisted of a survey that received a total of 35 respondents. The conclusions showed a certain hierarchy between the work environment-related factors, where the personal characteristics of the social secretaries turned out to be the strongest / most important factor in keeping them at their workplace. Support and supervision were the second strongest factor that had certain significance for the social secretaries in the field of child-welfare. Recovery and self-awareness were the third strongest factor. Stimulation and development was the fourth strongest factor that had certain significance for social secretaries that had longer periods of employment. The weakest factor for the social secretaries in this study was call and driving forces.

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  • 25.
    Aleflod, Ebba
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hellgren, Sandra
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Är det här mitt sista andetag - patienters upplevelser av andnöd: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breathlessness is a symptom that makes breathing difficult which can lead to experiences of anxiety and fear. It is one of the most common symptoms experienced by patients with advanced stage disease. Several diseases such as COPD, cancer and heart failure can cause breathlessness. Palliative care aims to alleviate suffering by treating and preventing symptoms, such as breathlessness. Nurses need to be aware of patients´ experiences in order to provide and individually adjust symptomatic relief.

    Aim: Describe patients´ experiences of breathlessness, while receiving palliative care or receiving care for an advanced disease, including their strategies for managing breathlessness.

    Method: A literature review was carried out with data collection from five databases that resulted in 12 scientific articles of which 11 were qualitative and one was quantitative. The data analysis was made with Friberg (2017) method and resulted in two themes.

    Results: The two main themes that emerged were Experiences of breathlessness and Strategies for managing breathlessness. The result showed that breathlessness can cause anxiety and fear, physical fatigue and severe coughing. In addition, breathlessness implied limitations of patients´ daily life and could lead to patients being isolated in their homes, intended or unintended. Different strategies for managing breathlessness are presented.

    Discussion: In the discussion the pros and cons regarding the authors' joint work, challenges and considerations were addressed. The main findings of the result were discussed using Sister Callista Roy’s adaptation model.

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  • 26.
    Aleson, Marie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Häggqvist, Lina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att vårdas inom somatisk sjukvård i samband med psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is nowadays considered a public health problem. Patients with mental illness often suffer co-morbidity and are therefore often cared for within somatic care. According to caring science the holistic perspective of the human with both body and soul is advocated where one part can never be excluded. Sensitivity in the caring relationship can be crucial for a patient suffering from mental illness. However, health personnel themselves experience a lack of knowledge caring for patients with mental illness.

    Aim: The aim of the literature review was to illustrate patients´ experiences of being cared for within somatic care in conjunction with mental illness.

    Method: Literature review including ten scientific articles was implemented, eight with a qualitative design and two with a quantitative design. The articles were analyzed according to Friberg’s (2012) method for literature review.

    Results: Six main themes were identified: experiences of meeting health personnel, experiences of being understood, follow-up by the caregiver, experiences of being involved, experiences of barriers for care and security.

    Discussion: The result is discussed according to Eriksson's theory of the caring relationship and suffering. Lack of knowledge within mental illness creates insecurity among health personnel and also creates suffering for the patient. The importance of seeing to the human as a whole is discussed.

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  • 27.
    Alevronta, Eleftheria
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skokic, Viktor
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wilderäng, Ulrica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Dunberger, Gail
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjöberg, Fei
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bull, Cecilia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bergmark, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Jörnsten, Rebecka
    Karolinska institutet.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Göteborgs universitet, Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Dose-response relationships of the sigmoid for urgency syndrome after gynecological radiotherapy.2018In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 57, no 10, p. 1352-1358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To find out what organs and doses are most relevant for 'radiation-induced urgency syndrome' in order to derive the corresponding dose-response relationships as an aid for avoiding the syndrome in the future.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: From a larger group of gynecological cancer survivors followed-up 2-14 years, we identified 98 whom had undergone external beam radiation therapy but not brachytherapy and not having a stoma. Of those survivors, 24 developed urgency syndrome. Based on the loading factor from a factor analysis, and symptom frequency, 15 symptoms were weighted together to a score interpreted as the intensity of radiation-induced urgency symptom. On reactivated dose plans, we contoured the small intestine, sigmoid colon and the rectum (separate from the anal-sphincter region) and we exported the dose-volume histograms for each survivor. Dose-response relationships from respective risk organ and urgency syndrome were estimated by fitting the data to the Probit, RS, LKB and gEUD models.

    RESULTS: The rectum and sigmoid colon have steep dose-response relationships for urgency syndrome for Probit, RS and LKB. The dose-response parameters for the rectum were D50: 51.3, 51.4, and 51.3 Gy, γ50 = 1.19 for all models, s was 7.0e-09 for RS and n was 9.9 × 107 for LKB. For Sigmoid colon, D50 were 51.6, 51.6, and 51.5 Gy, γ50 were 1.20, 1.25, and 1.27, s was 2.8 for RS and n was 0.079 for LKB.

    CONCLUSIONS: Primarily the dose to sigmoid colon as well as the rectum is related to urgency syndrome among gynecological cancer survivors. Separate delineation of the rectum and sigmoid colon in order to incorporate the dose-response results may aid in reduction of the incidence of the urgency syndrome.

  • 28.
    Alexandersson, Pär
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, The Institute for Organisational and Worklife Ethics.
    Socialtjänstens värdegrunder: Etik i förarbeten och lagar om fattigvård,socialvård och socialtjänst2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska fattigvårdens, socialvårdens och socialtjänstens ”värdehistoria” handlar omhur mellanmänskliga värden, med religiösa och existentiella dimensioner, har använtsför att bygga upp, förvalta och utveckla offentliga lösningar. Etiska frågor har berörts påolika nivåer. Officiella texter om fattigvården, socialvården och socialtjänsten har främstavsett värden på samhällsnivån och medborgarnivån. Den professionella nivån har sällanberörts direkt.Sammantaget har socialtjänstens människosyn byggt på värden som gäller den enskildesindividualitet, möjligheter och behov med ett starkt underliggande fokus på individuelltoberoende. I dag finns det dock tecken på skillnader i värden mellan olika grupper,såsom rättigheter för barn och människor med funktionsnedsättningar och en mer traditionelltetisk värdegrund för äldreomsorgen.Trots att värdefrågor varit grundläggande och ofrånkomliga i officiella texter omfattigvård, socialvård och socialtjänst, är det ovanligt att analyser, reflektioner och ställningstagandeni lagarnas förarbeten direkt beskrivs som etiska. Det gäller både i äldre tidoch under de senaste decennierna. En gemenskapsmoral med rötter i akademisk filosofihar dock varit viktig för utformningen av de övergripande målen i socialtjänstlagens,SoLs, portalparagraf. I socialtjänstens samlade värdeuppsättning förenas en outtaladkonsekvensetik med drag av en kvalitativ utilitarism och spår av en äldre pliktetik.Det finns en risk för att etik används på ett mer retoriskt än analytiskt sätt i förarbeten.Det vilar därför ett stort ansvar på statens företrädare att visa omsorg om de värdensom genom lagar, förarbeten och andra texter förs vidare mellan olika nivåer inomsocialtjänstområdet.

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  • 29.
    Al-faris, Ayat
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lindberg, Camilla
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva med inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic illness that includes Crohn´s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UK). Both diseases have in common that they have relapse and periods with improvement. The diseases effects relatively young people. It is important that the nurse can support these individuals through evidence based and person-centred care in order to provide the best possible care.

    Aim: Describe individuals experiences of living with inflammatory bowel disease 

    Method: A literature review was chosen as the method. The article search was carried out in the databases CINAHL complete and PubMed. The limitations made in the database searches were scientific original articles, written in English, peer-reviewed and published over the last ten years. A total of eleven articles was included in the result, of which ten were of qualitative design and one was quantitative design.

    Results: The results showed that the individuals experienced that the disease affected their working life, social life, feelings and identity. Their meeting with healthcare services affected their trust in the care and their willingness to seek care in the future. It was also shown that people with inflammatory bowel disease underwent a transition period after the diagnosis. How the individuals experienced living with IBD was affected by whether they were relapsing or in remission. People currently in a relapse had a more negative view of the disease. 

    Discussion: The result was discussed based on Katie Eriksson´s theory of suffering and health. The authors reasoned if the negative impact of the individuals could be linked to the stigma and shame of the disease. They also discussed the long-term impact of the absence from work and social activities. The authors found in the results that individuals with IBD experienced the disease differently in their daily lives depending on how long they had the disease and what attitude they had towards their IBD. The care should be adapted to the individual needs to ensure that the efforts promotes health.

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  • 30.
    Alfredsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Venuti, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kulturkompetens - Ett behov för sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ökad global migration ställer krav på sjuksköterskor i omvårdnadssituationer där patientens etnicitet och sårbarhet behöver beaktas. Sårbarheten kan bestå i flyktingars hälsosituation och den stress flyktingar upplever under migrationsprocessen. Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter behöver ta kulturen i beaktande vid möte med dessa patienter.

    Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskors och sjuksköterskestudenters kulturkompetens.

    Metod: Litteraturöversikten grundar sig på tio vetenskapliga artiklar, varav två kvantitativa och åtta kvalitativa.

    Resultat: Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter finner kommunikationsproblemet som största hindret, där språkbarriärer är en tydlig faktor. Detta gör att sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter anser att omvårdnaden i dessa fall tar mer tid i anspråk, och att tolkanvändningen förekommer alltför sällan. Sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter anser att de har en viss kulturkompetens men att en önskan finns om ytterligare utbildning i ämnet.

    Diskussion: En önskan hos sjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskestudenter om fördjupade kunskaper i kulturkompetens kan utläsas av de resultat som framkommit i litteraturöversikten. Kulturkompetens har i litteraturöversikten diskuterats utifrån Madeleine Leiningers transkulturella omvårdnadsteori.

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  • 31.
    Ali, Awin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Abdullahi Ali, Hafsa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva med diabetes typ 2: upplevelser av livsstilsförändringar och behovet av stöd2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 32.
    Alinejad, Elham Hanni
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Baldeh, Fatou
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 33.
    Al-kasab, Lejla
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Jasim, Lina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med bröstcancer: en litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen hos kvinnor och drabbar människor världen över varje dag. Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda kvinnor med bröstcancer var mer positiva än negativa. Som närstående kan det vara många känslor som brusar upp när någon i ens omgivning drabbas av bröstcancer.Trots ny forskning och flera behandlingsalternativ förlorar var fjärde kvinna med sjukdomen sitt liv. Som sjuksköterska ligger ansvaret i att främja hälsa och välbefinnandet samt ha ett gott bemötande.

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  • 34.
    Allenius, Emelie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av vårdrelationen vid självvald inläggning hos personer med emotionell instabilitet: en intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The nurse has a responsibility to through a person-centred and relation fostering approach support the patient's recovery process. The professional-patient relationship between nurses and persons with emotional instability within the closed psychiatric care is often characterized by frustration, irritation and misunderstanding, leading to an increased suffering. Brief admission as a method has the purpose to increase the patient’s sense of participation and autonomy, factors which are considered to improve the professional-patient relationship. The method has just recently been introduced in the Swedish health care system. There are however only a limited number of studies concerning brief admission in connection with emotional instability and deliberate self-harm, with no prior studies in Sweden.

    Aim: To describe nurses experience of the professional-patient relationship within brief admission among persons with emotional instability and deliberate self-harm.

    Method: The study was performed using the qualitative method. Eight nurses with experience from brief admission were interviewed and the data was analysed using a qualitative content analysis.

    Results: From the analysis two main categories emerged. The first category “Brief admission   promotes the professional-patient relationship” describes the experience of the interviewees that brief admission creates predictability and structure leading to improved   communication, continuity together with meetings between more equal partners. In the second category “Clarified role of the nurse” the interviewees describes a higher degree of focus on the care within brief admission together with working to support the resources of the patients, which affects the role of the nurses. 

    Discussion: The results of the study are illustrated and discussed using the tidal model and its ten commitments regarding the nurse’s professional responsibility within nursing together with relevant literature.

  • 35.
    Alm, Annie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Åström, Madeleine
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters erfarenhet av faktorer som hindrar eller främjar egenvård vid diabetes typ 2: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes is an increasing problem and self-care is of great importance to prevent complications. Nurses have an important role in supporting or compensating in areas that the patient is not sufficient enough to self-manage. The interest in this topic originated in several clinical encounters with patients showing self-care deficits and tools for supporting these patients are in demand.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review is to illuminate patients’ experiences of barriers and promoters of self-care in type 2 diabetes.

    Method: Literature review. The result is based on 13 scholarly articles. The articles were identified from searching the databases Cinahl Complete, Academic Search Complete, PubMed and Nursing & Allied Health Database. This literature review focused on qualitative studies. A matrix method was used in compiling the results. The results were then analyzed and categorized.

    Results: Many factors affect individuals' ability of self-care. These are presented in the main themes: "Barriers" and "Promotors". Both internal and external factors influence a persons’ ability of self-care. A recurrent problem and barrier were lack of motivation and understanding of the importance of self-care. Coping, compliance and self-efficacy have a positive influence on self-care as demonstrated in the promotors theme.

    Discussion: Self-image and a persons’ emotional state affect his or hers self-care capacity and ability to change habits. Nurses need opportunities to improve their knowledge and understanding about lifestyle and diabetes counselling in order to help these patients. The results of this literature review were partially discussed using Dorothea Orem's "Self-care nursing deficit theory".

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  • 36.
    Alm Vahemann, Thérèse
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Chongchit, Kunlapha
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av att leva med långvarig ländryggssmärta: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pain is an individual psychological and emotional reaction where the function is to warn of injury. Chronic pain is a pain that lasts for more than 12 weeks, that affects 40–50 percent of the population of Sweden. The most common location for the pain is the lumbar spine and is one of the biggest public health problems in the world. The cause of low back pain is both physiological and psychological, but it is unclear why chronic pain occurs.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe the patient’s experience of living with chronic low back pain.

    Method: A litterature review was made based on ten qualitative scientific articles. Three databeases were used, CINAHL Complete, Pubmed and Medline. The data analysis was done according to Friberg´s analysismodel.

    Results: Three main themes and associated subthemes were found during the data analysis of the result, containing subthemes. The first maintheme was: Impact on everyday life with subthemes: Changes in everyday life, Family role, Culture and religion and Acceptance. The second theme was: Mental illness and insomnia with subthemes: Psychological impact and Sleep deprivation, and the last theme was: Self-care.

    Discussion: The discussion is divided into a method-discussion and result discussion. The method discussion contains a reflection on the strengths and weaknesses of the chosen method. The result discussion includes a discussion of the results of the literature review with Katie Eriksson´s theory as a theoretical starting point.

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  • 37.
    Almgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kjällman, Jenny
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Är akutmottagningen en plats att dö på?: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i ett sent palliativt skede på en akutmottagning – en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård bygger på ett förhållningssätt med syfte att lindra lidande och öka livskvaliteten under den sista tiden i livet. Sjuksköterskans uppgift i den palliativa vården är att utifrån en personcentrerad vård skapa förutsättningar för en god död. Trots att det finns möjlighet för vård i hemmet eller på palliativ vårdenhet händer det att patienter i ett sent palliativt skede ändå söker sig till akutmottagningen.

    Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i ett sent palliativt skede, på akutmottagning.

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt har gjorts för att besvara syftet. Elva vetenskapliga orginalartiklar har inkluderats och dessa har granskats, analyserats tematiserats för att urskilja likheter och skillnader.

    Resultat: Två huvudteman och sex underteman identifierades. Det första huvudtemat var Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av faktorer som utgör hinder för god palliativ vård, med tillhörande underteman vårdmiljön som ett hinder, avsaknad av nödvändiga resurser, kurativ mentalitet och anhöriga som ett hinder för god palliativ vård. Det andra huvudtemat var sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av faktorer som främjar en god palliativ vård, med tillhörande underteman en underlättande vårdmiljö och resursers betydelse för god palliativ vård.

    Diskussion: Diskussionen framhäver vårdkulturens betydelse för den palliativa vården på en akutmottagning. Författarna diskuterar tre fenomen, resurser, kurativ mentalitet och akutmottagningens utformning i relation till Katie Erikssons caritativa vårdteori.

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  • 38.
    Almlöf, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
    Psykoterapeuters erfarenheter av arbete med relationen i terapirummet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The intersubjective relationship in the therapy room has been described as a factor for change. Therapist – patient interplay creates new understanding for both of them. The purpose was to explore psychodynamic psychotherapists' experiences of talking with patients about the therapeutic relationship from a here and now - perspective.

    Questions: What do psychotherapists´ experiences of relational work in therapy look like?

    What aspects are described as important for psychotherapists when focusing on the patient - therapist relationship?

    Method: Semistructured interviews with five psychotherapists. Thematic method was used when analyzing the material.

    Results: Relational work meant experiences of self-disclosure, discovering therapeutic style and describing the relationship in words. Conversation about the mutual relationship was described as challenging. Finding a mutual rythm with the patient and altering between participatory and observational therapist positions was emphasized as important. Relational work led to unique encounters and a chance to marvel at human and interplay complexity.

    Discussion: There was a willingness to share in relation with the patient, but difficulties arose. Possibilities of relational work outweighed risks, and it was described as demanding. Professional and relational credibility emerged as important aspects for the participants when focusing on the patient - therapist relationship.

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  • 39.
    Altarabishi Almuslimani, Emelie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Humphreys, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Livet efter en njurtransplantation: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden there is 300,000–400,000 people with impaired kidney function. with chronic renal failure, patients experience a limited life, with many symptoms affecting their ways negative and dialysis treatment is time consuming and adversely affects their everyday lives. Kidney transplantation is an effective treatment and is the most common organ transplant in Sweden. Patients hope to have an improved quality of life through a kidney transplant despite the risks of transplant rejection. In order for the nurse to be able to provide good nursing after a kidney transplant and to see what the patient has for nursing needs, the nurses then needs a deeper knowledge of patients' experiences of life after a renal transplant.

    The aim was to describe how patients experience life after a kidney transplantation.

    Literature overview based on 10 scientific articles from the database Cinahl Complete, Academic Search Complete and Nursing & Allied Health. The articles are reviewed and analyzed according to Friberg's (2012) method of identifying similarities and differences, then compiled.

    Following the analyses, three main themes were identified: New life with changes, the experience of limited life, anxiety, concern and loneliness, which describes how life after kidney plantation is experienced by the patient

    The method discussion is based on the strengths and weaknesses of the literature review. The result is discussed based on Calista Roy's adaptation theory from the key concepts and adaptive features.

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  • 40.
    Alvarez Gustafsson, Alejandra
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Närståendes erfarenheter av att vårda en anhörig med Alzheimers sjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 41.
    Alvarez, Homero
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Diskurser på sociala medier och dess koppling till socialt arbete: En diskursanalys med utgångspunkt i temat; kvinnors och mäns lönesättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Temat diskurs kan vara svårt att få grepp om. Uppsatsen ämnar närma sig temat ur ett teoretiskt intresse, samt försöka finna hur det kan vara relevant för det sociala arbetet. För att lättare ta sig ann detta görs utgångspunkten i en diskursanalys av löneskillnader mellan kvinnor och män, med utgångspunkt i sociala medier. Studiens syfte är att belysa och analysera olika typer av diskurser på sociala medier med utgångspunkt ur ämnet; kvinnors underpriviligierade lönesättning i jämförelse med män, samt att finna på vilket sätt detta kan påverka det sociala arbetet.

    Jämställdhetsämnen som detta, bör ur analytisk synpunkt närmas med försiktighet. Detta då normer, formella regler, lagar samt bildandet av kulturer gör att personen bakom analysen själv är en del av det som analyseras. Man är således själv färgad av samhällets kultur och struktur. Sociala medier möjliggör ett sätt att kommunicera allt ifrån händelser ur det privata livet samt en vy av den egna världsbilden. Det ska tydliggöras att uppsatsen är menad att stå neutral i de olika typer av jämställdhetsfrågor som kan dyka upp. Ställningstaganden undviks i så stor mån som möjligt då uppsatsen ska ses ur teoretisk synpunkt, med intresse för teoriernas applikation. Frambringande av information görs genom empiri utan syfte för ställningstagande.

    Uppsatsen vill finna den kritiska punkten hos uttalanden i sociala medier och vilken grund de står på. M. Winther Jørgensen. & L. Phillips. skriver att diskurs kan sägas vara ”ett bestämt sätt att tala om och förstå världen, eller ett utsnitt av världen” (2000 s.7). Uppsatsen söker alltså att finna mening och betydelse ur vilket människor grundar sina argument, samt vad som kan ligga bakom världsbilderna som skapas ur diskursen inom uppsatsens tema. På detta sätt kan dessa världsbilder tydliggöras och slutligen agera som exempel för hur socialt arbete kan färgas av diskursutformning. Uppsatsen vilar mot Michel Foucaults teorier om diskurs i förhållande till makt som ramverk för att analysera och beskriva materialet som yttrar sig genom Instagram och Twitter. I den här uppsatsen ses Foucaults definition av makt som formande och resultat av diskurs, snarare än maktens kanske vedertagna definition som suveränitetens härskande över individen eller en parts förtryck av en annan. M. Winther Jørgensen. & L. Phillips (2000 s.28) skriver vidare att forskarens roll inom diskursanalysen bör vara att intressera sig av ”hur vissa utsagor helt naturligt blir accepterade som sanna och andra inte”. Det är med denna grund som uppsatsen bör ses som betraktande och frågande, i vissa fall mer eller mindre kritisk, men med förhoppningen att den inte ska beläggas med en underton av någon slags ideologisk agenda. Etikprofessorn Elena Namli, sa i programmet Idévärlden, på Sveriges Television: ”’Kritisk’ – betyder inte ’ta avstånd’” (Idévärlden 4/2 2018). Det är med denna ståndpunkt som uppsatsen tar sig an följande analys.

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  • 42.
    Alvariza, Anette
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Capio Palliativ vård, Dalens sjukhus Stockholm.
    Holm, Maja
    Sophiahemmet högskola.
    Palliativ vård i hemmet2019In: Hemsjukvård: olika perspektiv på trygg och säker vård / [ed] Mirjam Ekstedt & Maria Flink, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 83-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Alvariza, Anette
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences. Capio Palliativ vård Dalen.
    Holm, Maja
    Sophiahemmet högskola.
    Benkel, Inger
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Norinder, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Capio Palliativ vård Dalen.
    Ewing, Gail
    Storbritannien.
    Grande, Gunn
    Storbritannien.
    Håkanson, Cecilia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Öhlen, Joakim
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Landstinget i Kalmar län.
    A person-centred approach in nursing: Validity and reliability of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool.2018In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 35, p. 1-8, article id S1462-3889(18)30058-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) was developed for use among family caregivers in palliative care for assessment of their support needs. The purpose of this study was to translate and evaluate the validity and reliability of the CSNAT in a sample of Swedish family caregivers and nurses in a palliative care context.

    METHODS: Data for this validation study was collected during 2016 in the context of palliative home care in two larger Swedish cities. The study was conducted in three stages to reach conceptual, semantic, operational and measurement equivalence between the original UK version and the Swedish version. Stage I consisted of translation to Swedish. In Stage II, cognitive interviews were performed with 8 family caregivers and 10 nurses. Data were analyzed based on relevance, clarity and sensitivity. In Stage III, the CSNAT and related self-rating measures (caregiver burden, preparedness for caregiving and quality of life) were completed by 118 family caregivers. Data quality, construct validity and test-retest reliability were evaluated.

    RESULTS: The CSNAT items were considered relevant and useful to identify areas of support needs. The Swedish CSNAT showed sound psychometric properties with satisfactory data quality and few problems with missing data across items (1.8%-6.1%). All items except one correlated as expected (rho>0.3) with caregiver burden, supporting construct validity. All items had satisfactory test-retest reliability (κw=0.45-0.75).

    CONCLUSIONS: This study further adds to the validity of the CSNAT and shows in addition that it is reliable and stable for use among family caregivers in palliative care.

  • 44.
    Alvariza, Anette
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Dalens sjukhus, Stockholm.
    Holm, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Linnéuniversitet, Växjö.
    Bylund-Grenklo, Tove
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Karo­linska institutet.
    Goliath, Ida
    Karolinska institutet, Ersta sjukhus, Stockholm.
    Kreicbergs, Ulrika
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Karolinska institutet.
    Viktigt att stärka närståendes möjligheter att förbereda sig2016In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 113, article id D4YCArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Alvariza, Anette
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. CapioPalliativ vård, Dalen sjukhus, Stockholm.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Länssjukhuset i Kalmar.
    Boman, Kurt
    Umeå universitet.
    Brännström, Margareta
    Umeå universitet.
    Family members' experiences of integrated palliative advanced home and heart failure care: A qualitative study of the PREFER intervention.2018In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 278-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Chronic heart failure is a disease with high morbidity and symptom burden for patients, and it also places great demands on family members. Patients with heart failure should have access to palliative care for the purpose of improving quality of life for both patients and their families. In the PREFER randomized controlled intervention, patients with New York Heart Association classes III-IV heart failure received person-centered care with a multidisciplinary approach involving collaboration between specialists in palliative and heart failure care. The aim of the present study was to describe family members' experiences of the intervention, which integrated palliative advanced home and heart failure care.

    METHOD: This study had a qualitative descriptive design based on family member interviews. Altogether, 14 family members participated in semistructured interviews for evaluation after intervention completion. The data were analyzed by means of content analysis.

    RESULTS: Family members expressed gratitude and happiness after witnessing the patient feeling better due to symptom relief and empowerment. They also felt relieved and less worried, as they were reassured that the patient was being cared for properly and that their own responsibility for care was shared with healthcare professionals. However, some family members also felt as though they were living in the shadow of severe illness, without receiving any support for themselves.

    SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: Several benefits were found for family members from the PREFER intervention, and our results indicate the significance of integrated palliative advanced home and heart failure care. However, in order to improve this intervention, psychosocial professionals should be included on the intervention team and should contribute by paying closer attention and providing targeted support for family members.

  • 46.
    Alwin, Anhar
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Eskander, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevda svårigheter vid vård av patienter med palliativ diagnos: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care for health professional means trying to achieve the maximum dying person's quality of life and ease suffering. The palliative care for health professionals means to try to achieve the dying person's maximum quality of life and alleviate suffering. The care inclined towards the Swedish national health care program for palliative care and the International Council of Nurses, ICN. The nurse's role and tasks in health care are described where even the four cornerstones elucidated.

    Aim: To elucidate the nurses perceived difficulties in nursing patients with palliative diagnosis.

    Method: The thesis is a literature review based on Friberg's analysis. This literature review includes ten scientific articles that have been searched in the databases CINAHL Complete and PubMed. As a theoretical base, Patricia Benner's theory from novice to expert was selected as a discussion of the results discussion.

    Results: The nurses perceived difficulties of caring for patients with a palliative diagnosis resulted in four main themes in the literature; communication, family and relationship, the health care team as well as knowledge and experience.

    Discussion: The results of the literature review are discussed based on Benner's theory. The nurses' perceived difficulties irradiated by four themes – knowledge and experience, family support, communication between colleagues and towards the patient as well the culture as perceived difficulties.

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  • 47.
    Alzghoul, Johan Yahya
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med fibromyalgi: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fibromyalgia is a lifelong disease. The exact cause is unknown, but pain is one of the fundamental symptoms that affects the mobility of the patient. The disease affects about two percent of the world's population and 75-85 percent are women. The etiology behind the disease is not entirely known. It is difficult to diagnose fibromyalgia and patients go through many medical examinations. It usually takes up to five years to receive a diagnosis.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe women’s experience of living with fibromyalgia.

    Method: A literature review based on eight qualitative studies from the databases PubMed and CINAHL.

    Results: Four main categories were identified: The experience of pain and fatigue, experience of total change in the daily life with three subcategories: Limitation in daily routines, limitations in social life and limitations at work. The third main category is the experience of losing identity. The fourth is to be mistrusted with the associated subcategories: To be mistrusted by the surrounding, to be mistrusted by the medical care.

    Discussion: The discussion contains of a method discussion where the weaknesses and strengths of the review are discussed. In the result discussion, the results were discussed using Katie Eriksson's Nursing Theory. Fibromyalgia has a major impact on women’s lives. Pain and fatigue have been described as the basis for all limitations. According to Katie Eriksson theory this can be defined as different kinds of suffering that the woman living with fibromyalgia have experienced.

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  • 48.
    Amahzoune, Yasmine
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Vad har du gjort på internet?”: Skolkuratorers erfarenheter av unga utsatta för sexuella övergrepp på internet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The internet has gained an increasing role when it comes to issues regarding child sexual abuse, where the extensive technology development has led to new opportunities for people to contact young people for sexual purposes. The aim of this study was to investigate school counselors' experiences of meeting and working with young people who are exposed or at risk of being subjected to sexual abuse online. The empirical study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven school counselors’ working at high school. The empiric material was analyzed using a theoretical framework consisting of professional competence and previous research. The result shows that school counsellors’ work on preventive measures such as information work for both students and parents. However, it appears that the efforts seem futile as more students are being exposed and the school counsellors’ have not been able to see any changes. In order to capture students who have been subjected to sexual abuse online, the relationship is an important tool. When it comes to supporting students who have been exposed, the work is carried out on suspicion or when the school counsellors’ have become aware that a student has been exposed. A distinct challenge is the lack of knowledge about the phenomenon that leads to difficulties in preventive, spotting and intervening work.

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  • 49.
    Amanbaeva, Asel
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Föräldrar som förlorat en son eller dotter genom ett plötsligt dödsfall: Föräldrars upplevelser i samband med förlusten av ett barn genom plötsligt dödsfall samt möjliga psykiatriska omvårdnadshandlingar i samband med detta2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Parents who suddenly lose a child can be put into a traumatic crisis with mental illness and need for psychiatric care as a result. Studies show that the loss generates mental and physical impairments in parents, clearly noticeable both in private and in working life in the early years. Symptoms of anxiety, hopelessness, fatigue, shame and guilt, insulation, sleep problems are slowing down each year, but memory problems and suicidal thoughts often remain for many years. Increased mental stress in parents affects health negatively and increases mortality over several years due to increased alcohol consumption, smoking, reduced physical activity and unnecessary eating habits.

    Aim: Describe parents' experiences in connection with the loss of a child through sudden deaths as well as possible psychiatric nursing actions in connection with this.

    Method: Qualitative approach comprising a literature study of 12 scientific studies analysed using Evan's descriptive synthesis.

    Results: The result shows that parents needed psychiatric support and follow-up meetings to work through the process of mourning. Furthermore, parents need to have their suffering accepted and that psychiatric healthcare professionals listen to them and that they are properly addressed in their life. People felt the desire for others' understanding and needed to talk about the child's passing away. Not being able to talk to someone about the deceased child was experienced as the most burdensome experience.

    Discussion: In order to respond professionally to these needs, the nurse in psychiatric care needs to reflect on the encounter with mourning parents, give time for conversation, initiate, ask parents about their needs, see each parent as unique, help to find an opinion and to accept the loss, show enthusiasm and compassion as well as offer follow-up meeting.

  • 50.
    Amedi, Fares
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Inkommen orosanmälan från grundskolan: En vinjettstudie om hur socialsekreterare resonerar kring sina beslut i förhandsbedömningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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