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  • 1.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF).
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences. Forum för levande historia.
    Tolerance and other citizen competencies2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 149-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    MUCF - Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tolerans och andra medborgarkompetenser2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 145-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Adrian, Klara
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vägen upp: hur socionomer hanterar sin arbetssituation och når ett högre välbefinnande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet i denna studie är egna och informella strategiers betydelse i organisatoriska sammanhang. Empirin baseras på hur socionomer förhåller sig till informella strategier i syfte att bli starkare individer och mer resistenta mot stress. För yrkesutövare inom socialt arbete är stress och ohälsa ett vanligt förekommande fenomen som ofta orsakats av hög arbetsbelastning. Ohälsa på arbetet kan få negativa konsekvenser för det sociala arbetet som utförs. Brist på återhämtningsmöjligheter på arbetsplatsen är vanligt då många verksamheter ställer krav på effektivitet hos socionomer. För att finna utrymme för att hantera stress använder sig därför många av egna tillvägagångssätt för att generera inre välbehag och stabilitet. Åtta intervjuer med socionomer som arbetar på olika sociala verksamheter inom den offentliga sektorn har deltagit i studien. Det teoretiska ramverk som använts för att förtydliga och belysa empirins innehåll är gräsrotsbyråkrati och empowerment. I resultatet beskriver socionomerna varför och hur de använder sig av informella strategier till vardags för att stärka sig själva. Vidare förstås empirin utifrån ramverk som handlar om individens egna resurser och den kontext de befinner sig i. I studien framkommer det att socionomer väljer strategier utifrån att det finns ett behov av tid för återhämtning och att de förespråkar att själva välja strategier utifrån sig själva. De menar att det viktigaste är att välja strategier som är individanpassade, som genererar glädje och som bidrar till känslomässig balans. Kreativiteten sätter gränserna för hur strategierna kan användas och verktygen tycks finnas inom var och en.

  • 4.
    Ahmadzadeh, Arman
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rytkönen, Hannes
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Coping with a war on drugs: Bachelor Thesis2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the 2016 election of president Duterte, the Philippines have been actively fighting a war on drugs inside their own country according to the new policies developed by the newly chosen regime. These policies have led to the several thousands of dead in police operations which are by many called out as extrajudicial executions. The purpose of this study is to research the experience of urban people living in a society pervaded by a war on drugs with the goal of contributing to the understanding of how they handle the situation and how it affects their lives. The authors have spent two months in the Philippines, mainly in the Metro Manila area to gather the data for the study through mainly participant observation and semi-structured interviews for an ethnographic study. The results show who are being targeted in the war, how people experience it and create labeling and stigma according to the societal rules and norms as well as how people cope with difficult circumstances out of their control.

  • 5.
    Ahmed, Sara
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Backman, Pernilla
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: Unga kvinnors erfarenheter av socialtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to investigate how young women, who have been subjected to honor-related violence and oppression, experience the support of the social services based on the power perspective and the KASAM theory. We have in the study used qualitative methods to conduct semi-structured interviews. Eight young women who had been in contact with the social services were interviewed.

    Previous research has primarily studied the client's experience of contact with the social services. Studies that concern women who have been subjected to honor-related violence and oppression are very limited. Research in this area should therefore be sought.

    The study's results showed that young women's expectations did not match the experience of contact with the social services. The results analysis showed that the social services support and assistance efforts are far too short-term where women are left behind and are expected to handle their difficulties on their own.

  • 6.
    Al-Baldawi, Riyadh
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Gärde, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Teologiska högskolan.
    Schiratzki, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Stenberg, Leif
    Storbritannien.
    Underskatta inte religiös extremism2018In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2018-01-08, p. 4-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En del av det svenska biståndets insatser planerade för Mellanöstern kan bli omöjliga att ­genomföra. Sidas analytiker har inte tagit tillräcklig hänsyn till en ökande religiös ­våldsbejakande extremism och dess genomslag i hela området.

  • 7.
    Albinsson, Fabian
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    En välfungerande arbetsplats: En kvantitativ studie om arbetsmiljörelaterade faktorer inom Stockholms socialtjänst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s social services are today characterized by having high staff turnover which has resulted in various work-related problems, such as high workload, stress and insufficient resources. This study aims to investigate and quantify the work environment-related factors that, to the greatest extent, lead to the social secretaries staying at their workplaces within Stockholm's social services. The study's data collection method consisted of a survey that received a total of 35 respondents. The conclusions showed a certain hierarchy between the work environment-related factors, where the personal characteristics of the social secretaries turned out to be the strongest / most important factor in keeping them at their workplace. Support and supervision were the second strongest factor that had certain significance for the social secretaries in the field of child-welfare. Recovery and self-awareness were the third strongest factor. Stimulation and development was the fourth strongest factor that had certain significance for social secretaries that had longer periods of employment. The weakest factor for the social secretaries in this study was call and driving forces.

  • 8.
    Alvarez, Homero
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Diskurser på sociala medier och dess koppling till socialt arbete: En diskursanalys med utgångspunkt i temat; kvinnors och mäns lönesättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Temat diskurs kan vara svårt att få grepp om. Uppsatsen ämnar närma sig temat ur ett teoretiskt intresse, samt försöka finna hur det kan vara relevant för det sociala arbetet. För att lättare ta sig ann detta görs utgångspunkten i en diskursanalys av löneskillnader mellan kvinnor och män, med utgångspunkt i sociala medier. Studiens syfte är att belysa och analysera olika typer av diskurser på sociala medier med utgångspunkt ur ämnet; kvinnors underpriviligierade lönesättning i jämförelse med män, samt att finna på vilket sätt detta kan påverka det sociala arbetet.

    Jämställdhetsämnen som detta, bör ur analytisk synpunkt närmas med försiktighet. Detta då normer, formella regler, lagar samt bildandet av kulturer gör att personen bakom analysen själv är en del av det som analyseras. Man är således själv färgad av samhällets kultur och struktur. Sociala medier möjliggör ett sätt att kommunicera allt ifrån händelser ur det privata livet samt en vy av den egna världsbilden. Det ska tydliggöras att uppsatsen är menad att stå neutral i de olika typer av jämställdhetsfrågor som kan dyka upp. Ställningstaganden undviks i så stor mån som möjligt då uppsatsen ska ses ur teoretisk synpunkt, med intresse för teoriernas applikation. Frambringande av information görs genom empiri utan syfte för ställningstagande.

    Uppsatsen vill finna den kritiska punkten hos uttalanden i sociala medier och vilken grund de står på. M. Winther Jørgensen. & L. Phillips. skriver att diskurs kan sägas vara ”ett bestämt sätt att tala om och förstå världen, eller ett utsnitt av världen” (2000 s.7). Uppsatsen söker alltså att finna mening och betydelse ur vilket människor grundar sina argument, samt vad som kan ligga bakom världsbilderna som skapas ur diskursen inom uppsatsens tema. På detta sätt kan dessa världsbilder tydliggöras och slutligen agera som exempel för hur socialt arbete kan färgas av diskursutformning. Uppsatsen vilar mot Michel Foucaults teorier om diskurs i förhållande till makt som ramverk för att analysera och beskriva materialet som yttrar sig genom Instagram och Twitter. I den här uppsatsen ses Foucaults definition av makt som formande och resultat av diskurs, snarare än maktens kanske vedertagna definition som suveränitetens härskande över individen eller en parts förtryck av en annan. M. Winther Jørgensen. & L. Phillips (2000 s.28) skriver vidare att forskarens roll inom diskursanalysen bör vara att intressera sig av ”hur vissa utsagor helt naturligt blir accepterade som sanna och andra inte”. Det är med denna grund som uppsatsen bör ses som betraktande och frågande, i vissa fall mer eller mindre kritisk, men med förhoppningen att den inte ska beläggas med en underton av någon slags ideologisk agenda. Etikprofessorn Elena Namli, sa i programmet Idévärlden, på Sveriges Television: ”’Kritisk’ – betyder inte ’ta avstånd’” (Idévärlden 4/2 2018). Det är med denna ståndpunkt som uppsatsen tar sig an följande analys.

  • 9.
    Amahzoune, Yasmine
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Vad har du gjort på internet?”: Skolkuratorers erfarenheter av unga utsatta för sexuella övergrepp på internet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The internet has gained an increasing role when it comes to issues regarding child sexual abuse, where the extensive technology development has led to new opportunities for people to contact young people for sexual purposes. The aim of this study was to investigate school counselors' experiences of meeting and working with young people who are exposed or at risk of being subjected to sexual abuse online. The empirical study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven school counselors’ working at high school. The empiric material was analyzed using a theoretical framework consisting of professional competence and previous research. The result shows that school counsellors’ work on preventive measures such as information work for both students and parents. However, it appears that the efforts seem futile as more students are being exposed and the school counsellors’ have not been able to see any changes. In order to capture students who have been subjected to sexual abuse online, the relationship is an important tool. When it comes to supporting students who have been exposed, the work is carried out on suspicion or when the school counsellors’ have become aware that a student has been exposed. A distinct challenge is the lack of knowledge about the phenomenon that leads to difficulties in preventive, spotting and intervening work.

  • 10.
    Amedi, Fares
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Inkommen orosanmälan från grundskolan: En vinjettstudie om hur socialsekreterare resonerar kring sina beslut i förhandsbedömningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Andersen, Rebecka
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, The Institute for Organisational and Worklife Ethics.
    Segnestam Larsson, Ola
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Civil Society Research.
    Att göra frivilligt arbete ekonomiskt värdefullt: En litteraturöversikt av internationell forskning och policy-relaterade rapporter2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapports syfte har varit att genomföra en litteraturöversikt av internationell forskning och policy-relaterade dokument som behandlar frågor relaterade till att värdera frivilligt arbete i ekonomiska termer. Utifrån ett antal forskningsfrågor sammanställdes och analyserades de empiriska resultaten i relation till exempel till de definitioner, metoder och resultat som presenterades i materialet. För- och nackdelar med olika metoder samt med att värdera icke-monetära värden har också diskuteras. De empiriska resultaten analyserades sedan i ett andra steg med hjälp av ett ramverk om hur värden skapas, befästs och kommuniceras i allmänhet och mer specifikt utifrån frågan om vilken idealtypisk relation som bäst kan beskriva eventuella samband mellan olika metoder för att värdera det frivilliga arbetet och det frivilliga arbetet i sig. En sammanfattning av de empiriska resultaten visar för det första att det finns ett antal förespråkare och argument till varför frivilligt arbete bör värderas i ekonomiska termer. Ett par av argumenten är exempelvis att synliggöra och uppmärksamma det frivilliga arbetet samt att identifiera dess bidrag till samhällsekonomin. Följaktligen har forskare och policyprofessionella ägnat tid och resurser åt att utveckla olika metoder och tillvägagångssätt för att genomföra denna typ av värderingar. Tre övergripande metoder lyfts fram som konkurrerande alternativ, inklusive frivilligarbetaren som ersättare, som tidsdonator och som samhällsnyttig. En integrerad del av presentationen av de olika metoderna verkar vara att identifiera specifika eller allmänna utmaningar med en viss eller alla försök till att värdera det frivilliga arbetet. Några exempel på dessa utmaningar är risken med att överskatta värdet på det frivilliga arbetet eller problematiken med att beräkna och fastställa ett generellt och applicerbart marknadsvärde på det arbetet som utförs av frivilliga. I den analytiska delen av rapporten framkommer det att de flesta artiklarna och rapporterna härbärgerar fler än en definition av det frivilliga arbetet och fler än en metod för att värdera det frivilliga arbetet. Vidare visar analysen att det finns stora likheter samt till och med överlapp mellan de olika metoderna i form av likartade utgångspunkter och tillvägagångssätt för att värdera det frivilliga arbetet. Utifrån dessa analytiska resultat argumenterar denna rapport för att relationen mellan de tre metoderna som förordas och det frivilliga arbetet i hög grad präglas av en omvänd relation. Det vill säga att de tre övergripande metoderna i första hand verkar ha utvecklats i relation till tidigare versioner av metoderna och konkurrerande metoder snarare än till det frivilliga arbetet i sig och dess egenskaper. Tolkningen att de metoder som figurerar för att ekonomiskt värdera frivilligt arbete i första hand präglas av en omvändrelation kan förklaras på två kompletterande vis. Den första förklaringen är att de som arbetar med att utveckla metoder kopierar och översätter värderingsmekanismer från andra fält. Den andra är att aktörer inom området strävar efter att framstå som innovativa och originella. Båda förklaringarna lyfter fram hur fler studier behövs för att studera och analysera detta fält som exempelvis en teater eller ett skådespel, med tillhörande praktiker, mekanismer och teknologier, som alla är mer eller mindre oberoende av eller till och med särkopplat från det frivilliga arbetet i sig. Ett antal mer praktiknära förslag till framtida forskning och utredningsarbete kan också identifieras. Ett förslag skulle vara att genomföra ytterligare översikter av metoder och resultat för att värdera objekt som saknar antingen värderings-, kalkyler- eller jämförbara egenskaper eller en marknad där objektets värde kan bestämmas i ett utbyte mellan olika aktörer. Med största sannolikhet finns det områden och fält där denna typ av metoder har utvecklats och prövats i en högre utsträckning än de som återfinns inom området för frivilligt 4 arbete. Ett annat förslag är att applicera de tre metoderna, inklusive de olika tillvägagångssätten som förordas, på data och forskning från Sverige. Vilken andel av det svenska BNP skulle det frivilliga arbetet kunna utgöra? Vilken avkastning ger investeringar i det frivilliga arbetet i Sverige? Vad är en rimlig timpeng för det frivilliga arbetet i Sverige? Slutligen, med tanke på både de processuella och principiella invändningar som återfinns i det empiriska materialet, vore det värdefullt och relevant att genomföra en receptionsstudie av hur frivilliga och andra aktörer inom fältet skulle reagera på och påverkas av olika försök till att ekonomiskt värdera frivilligt arbete. Avslutningsvis, utifrån denna rapports inledande citat om de tre domarna, och baserat på rapportens empiriska och analytiska resultat, kan en fjärde domare introduceras. Till skillnad från den första domarens objektivistiska, den andra domarens subjektivistiska eller den tredje domarens relativistiska position, skulle den fjärde domaren antagligen förorda en mer omvänd position i relation till exempelvis det frivilliga arbetet. En position som skulle härbärgera de praktiker, mekanismer och processer som konstituerar frivilligt arbete och som i sin tur skapar, befäster och kommunicerar värden, inklusive huruvida frivilligt arbete är meningsfullt för de som utför det eller bör ses som en gemensam och kollektiv nytta i samhällets tjänst. Denna position ger också utrymme till undersökningar om i vilken grad det frivilliga arbetet främst konstitueras av samtal och konflikter forskare och policyprofessionella emellan.

  • 12.
    Andersen-Larsson, Tintin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Morath, Peter
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    “Ensamkommande ‘barn’ behöver kläder och skor. Stora skor. Jättestora skor.”: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur begreppet “ensamkommande” konstruerades på Twitter under 2015.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to analyze - by the use of critical discourse analysis - how constructions of ensamkommande (unaccompanied minors) were expressed on Twitter in 2015. The purpose of this analysis has been to investigate what consequences these constructions might have for how people interpret and understand unaccompanied minors and what kind of impact that could have on the social work carried out for the target group. The material was comprised by every tweet written in Swedish and containing the word ensamkommande on Twitter during 2015. The study has been made from a social constructionist  perspective and the method for analysis has been Fairclough’s three dimensional model. The result showed that eight discourses could be identified. The majority of these could be said to have a negative attitude towards unaccompanied minors and portrayed them in a very negative way. The few discourses that could be said to have a positive attitude towards the target group also contributed to the very negative construction of them. The result also showed that the main producers of the material, and thereby the negative construction of unaccompanied minors, were private individuals, politicians, journalists and media. The conclusion is that the construction of unaccompanied minors could have a negative impact on social work since it can affect how people in general perceive the target group. This could lead to both structural and individual impact regarding the social work with unaccompanied minors. How people interpret and understand the concept of unaccompanied minors could affect how people vote in general elections which could lead to changes in legislation and policies to better answer towards the very negative construction of unaccompanied minors. Such changes of legislation and policies could have a negative impact on the social workers ability to maneuver in their work with the target group. There is also a risk that social workers incorporate the construction of unaccompanied minors so that the work with the target group may be based on prejudiced and general assumptions about them.

  • 13.
    Antalek, Nicole
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sörling, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Läkemedelsassisterad behandling vid opioidberoende: Socialsekreterares perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen handlar om socialsekreterares perspektiv på sitt handlingsutrymme och hur socialsekreterare i sitt arbete samverkar med hälso- och sjukvården när en klient deltar i läkemedelsassisterad behandling. Syftet med studien är att öka kunskapen om handlingsutrymmet för socialsekreterare inom socialtjänsten i samverkan med hälso- och sjukvården kring klienter med läkemedelsassisterad behandling för opioidberoende. Vår studie har en induktiv ansats och är genomförd med hjälp av en kvalitativ metod med semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Materialet som analyserats består av sex intervjuer med åtta respondenter från socialtjänstens vuxenenhet missbruk. Vi använder oss av tidigare forskning som relaterar till samverkan i välfärdsorganisationen, en vetenskaplig artikel kring sidomissbruk och en vetenskaplig artikel ur en akademisk tidskrift som undersöker skillnader mellan privata och offentliga missbruksbehandlingar i USA. Resultatet har analyserats med hjälp av Lipskys teori om Street-level bureaucrats om handlingsutrymme och Bertalanffys systemteori för att få att förstå samverkan i ett helhetsperspektiv. Studiens resultat visar att socialtjänstens handlingsutrymme och samverkan finns inom den byråkratiska organisationens lagar och riktlinjer. Faktorer som ökar handlingsutrymmet och samverkan för socialsekreteraren är erfarenhet i yrket och allians med klientens motivation. Utmanande faktorer i handlingsutrymmet och samverkan med hälso- och sjukvården är när den byråkratiska organisationens mål med insatsen inte stämmer överens med klientens mål med insatsen. De mest framträdande faktorerna i vårt resultat som försvårar samverkan och begränsar handlingsutrymmet är sidomissbruk och samsjuklighet hos klienten. 

  • 14.
    Appel Nissen, Maria
    et al.
    Aalborg University.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Editorial2016In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Appel Nissen, Maria
    et al.
    Aalborg University.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Editorial2017In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 81-85Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Appel Nissen, Maria
    et al.
    Aalborg universitet.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordic Social Work Research: steadily growing and moving around2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 205-209Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Arbouz, Olivia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    The importance of Intercultural and Decolonial perspectives in a Westernized University: A case study of an interrelated social work setting in Colombia.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the perspective of ‘Trabajo social intercultural y decolonial’ or ‘Intercultural and decolonial social work’ demonstrated by social workers and scholars of the University of Antioquia in Medellin, Colombia. A qualitative ethnographic and a methodologically plural approach are presented. The results shows that the intercultural and decolonial perspective could be of relevant pragmatic value for orienting future studies and opportunities for implementation in social policy programs. Empirical insights gained through this perspective can be used for improving the understanding of this specific domain and the practices of social work in Colombia and on an international arena.

  • 18.
    Asmundsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lilljegren Hedlund, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Det ekonomiska våldet; En privat angelägenhet?: - En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens syn om fenomenet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Axberg, Ulf
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Broberg, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hultmann, Ole
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Iversen, Clara
    Uppsala universitet.
    Utveckling av bedömningsmetoder för barn som utsatts för våld i sin familj: Rapport från en fortsättningsstudie2018Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Beckeman Jallouli, Samantha
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Det är verkligen inte helt lätt": En kvalitativ studie om utredande socialsekreterares tolkningar av barn som upplever våld i nära relationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study has been to increase the knowledge of investigative social workers view on the phenomenon of children who experience violence between related people and how their interpretations relate to the laws and guidelines that apply to children who experience violence. The study has been conducted through qualitative semi structured interviews with six professional children or youth investigators, all of whom work for social services at administrations in Stockholm city or in cranes to Stockholm. The interviews have given a material that has been analyzed against Michael Lipsky's theory of Street level bureaucracy, as well as previous research. The results of the study show that the social workers interviewed seriously look at the fact that children experience violence between their relatives. All respondents believe that children who experience violence between their relatives themselves are victims of mental abuse. However, it appears in the study that violence in itself is considered by some respondents to get too much space in their work, they argue that violence can be an expression of other misconceptions that are likely to be missed if too much focus is placed solely on investigating the violence. As regards how the respondents respond to laws and guidelines, the study results show that the knowledge about guidelines is low. Respondents express no lack of routines and they argue for pros and cons regarding the introduction of routines in their work. The social workers agree that the work is permeated by individual assessments and that generalizations at work not can be done. They say that in order to be able to perform the work satisfactorily, the individual approach is a prerequisite.

  • 21.
    Bengtsson, Eva-Lotta
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Konventionsstaterna ska tillförsäkra det barn som är i stånd att bilda egna åsikter rätten att fritt uttrycka dessa i alla frågor som rör barnet.": Barnkonventionen, artikel 12.2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 75-75Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Bengtsson, Eva-Lotta
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Socialnämnden ska verka för att barn och unga växer upp under trygga och goda förhållanden.": Socialtjänstlagen, 5 kap. 1 §2019In: Utsatthet och ansvar: Flickan med svavelstickorna i vår tid / [ed] Gunilla Silfverberg, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2019, 1, p. 77-77Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Berg, Molly
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johannesson, Åsa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Barnombud: En kvalitativ studie om att arbeta med barns rättigheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to understand and identify the children's right workers - advocates - specific knowledge and experiences in order to be able to contribute a creative discussion about what this can bring to other professional groups working with children and young people. This is done by examining how children advocates work to strengthen children's rights as well as their reflections on and experiences of this work. The study is based on interviews with advocates in non-profit organizations representing children in contact with social welfare institutions. The interviews have been analyzed by applying concepts and theories such as advocacy, empowerment and Roger Hart's Ladder of Participation. The advocates tell about authorities having difficulties making children involved in decisions concerning them, and about children and young people who are denied their rights. A vital part of the work of the advocates is about making children involved in decisions that affect their own lives. This is achieved by listening and creating relationships based on trust, which according to the advocates is a prerequisite for advocacy. The work with relationships can be seen as a part of a process of empowerment that gives children increased self-confidence. It also helps the children realize that their experiences and opinions matter. The advocates strengthen children's participation in authority decisions by being a link between children and the authorities. An important part is to make the information from the authorities understandable. Through the advocacy, the children also increase their knowledge and understanding of their rights. One conclusion is that even seemingly small efforts, such as listening and believing in their stories, can make big differences for the children. Another conclusion is that there is a large gap between existing resources and the need for the advocates’ work. The fact that the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child becomes law in Sweden, will probably be of importance for the future work of the advocates. Several of the advocates claim that more must be done to ensure that children's rights are met.

  • 24.
    Bergquist, Maja
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Agnes
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Det gjorde ont i hjärtat ibland”: - En kvalitativ undersökning om socialsekreterares erfarenheter av etiska dilemman i arbetet med ensamkommande barn och unga under 2015/20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to describe and understand social workers’ experiences of dealing with ethical dilemmas that arose in the work with unaccompanied children and young people during 2015/2016, and how social workers’ handled these dilemmas. The study has had a qualitative research method with semi-structured interviews. In total, seven social workers from the county of Västmanland, Sweden, who worked with unaccompanied children and young people during 2015/2016, participated in the study. The results of the study have been analysed and interpreted based on the theory of coping, normative ethics and also previous research in the field. The results of the study show that social workers faced a lot of difficulties, but were not purely ethical dilemmas, but had characters in the form of ethical difficulties and problems. These ethical difficulties have arisen in several arenas, in collaboration with the Swedish Migration Board, from a politically-driven organization with guidelines and economic constraints as well as in the meeting with children and young people. The result also shows that the social wokers have been affected both privately and professionally. Five out of seven social workers have been sick-listed during the period, and several have had difficulty coping with ethical difficulties. The social workers have dealt with these ethical difficulties using different coping strategies.

  • 25.
    Blomqvist, Maja
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sundin, Tove
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    En polisanmälan i grundskolan - för barnets bästa?: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers perspektiv och erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is common for Swedish compulsory schools to write police reports about incidents caused by pupils below the age of criminal responsibility. 

    The purpose of this study was to examine school counselors perspective on police reports in compulsory schools, in order to describe and understand the role they play in assessing. Another purpose was to examine whether the school counselors believe that a police report is consistent with the principle of the best interests of the child and if they believe that a police report affects the child.

    The study is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with eight school counselors in both municipal and independent schools in Stockholm county. The material from the interviews has been analyzed using professional theory, labeling theory and selected literature. The result shows that school counselors see police reports of children as a complex phenomenon and that they have an ambivalent attitude towards the application. The school counselors’ experience is that police reports can affect the child both positively and negatively. Positive experiences are described as a child's unwanted behavior can come to an end. Negative experiences are described as the fact that the police-reported child can get a label as an outlier, which in the long run can lead to negative consequences for the child. Furthermore, the result shows that the principle of the best interests of the child, according to the school counselors, is that children reach the knowledge goals in school. School counselors does not seem to have reflected on whether school-related police notifications are consistent with the principle of the best interests of the child. The majority, however, have a negative attitude towards police reports towards children in compulsory schools and mean that there are other, better ways to work with children's unwanted actions. Despite the fact that the school counselors express that police reports may adversely affect the child, the study shows that they are rarely involved when a decision is made to report a child to the police. 

    Through his profession, social workers have an assignment to represent children in vulnerable situations and should therefore carrier for the best interests of the child. The fact that school counselors do not participate in the assessment and thus do not represent the child is considered problematic. It appears that the school counselors look at their function and are loyal to the school organization rather than to attend to their assignment as social workers. Finally, the result shows that more knowledge is needed about the role of the school counselor, as well as the phenomenon of police reports toward children in compulsory schools and what their consequences are for the children.

  • 26.
    Brolin, Susanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vad krävs för att skapa förändring?: en makt- och organisationsanalys kring Stockholms stads handlingsplan för att förbättra arbetssituationen för socialsekreterare2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the following issues:• What are the effects of Stockholm's Action Plan on both decision-makers and social security officers in the field?• How is the outcome of the Action Plan and the work environment affected by methods, organisation and control systems?• Why are conflicts between stakeholders and the organization handled in the way they are done?

    The overall purpose of the essay is to a critically study of New Public Management, the ongoing personnel crisis in services for children and young people.  Where yhe crisis is resulting in significant staff turnover and high health statistic. What is being done and can be done within the local Action Plan to address this, and whether or not the Stockholm City Action Plan to improve the working situation of the Social Security Officer and Assistant Handler, or is it the organization itself and how is it managed in that case?

    The paper is supported by Michel Foucault's theories on power and by Christopher Hood's work on New Public Management. In addition, I interviewed four Social Security Officers working in children and young peoples' services, along with four decision-makers (including politicians, managers and union representatives) and have incorporated information gained from those interviews in this essay.

    The main result in the essay is that: There are common expectations of the action plan's output and that in the long term it will lead to a better working environment, but the decision-makers had more confidence about what can actually be resolved.  However, there is a concern that changes should have been implemented earlier. The crucial challenges are clearly linked to the economy and today's management systems, such as New Public Management (NPM).  NPM has changed over time and within different welfare areas.  There are also clear links between NPM and deficiencies in the working environment in Social Services. The essay addresses a number of these shortcomings and the strategies that Social Security Officers use to address the situation. However, more and more require other reforms, but at present there is no legitimate alternative, although this is being studied at state level in Sweden and Denmark. Conflicts between stakeholders revolve around the power that the organisation has produces; the organisation disciplines its employees as well as the clients, who are the same as society's residents. This has resulted in a culture of silence, where staff are focused on doing and reporting the right things, rather than looking at long-term results. The Action Plan challenges and balances these structures.

  • 27.
    Burman, Elsa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Westman, Olle
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Betydelsen av kön och könsfördelning: Socialsekreterares syn på vikten av representation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We knew that gender distribution within social services is unevenly matched. When we did our internship, one of us was in a relatively heterogeneous gender-divided group and the other in a more homogeneous. During our internships, we asked ourselves what kind of consequences gender distribution in a working place could have. The purpose of the essay is to problematize the image that an even gender distribution by definition is something good and to spark a discussion about this. We chose to work with a qualitative method in which we conducted eight semi-structured interviews with social secretaries working in the same area of expertise. Four of the interviews were conducted on a unit where gender distribution was relatively heterogeneous and four on a unit where gender distribution was homogeneous. Through the interviews, we wanted to investigate how the social secretaries perceived the importance o fgender and gender distribution. We also wanted to study how they experienced the efforts made to increase the representation of men in social services. The results of the study showed that the informants had many thoughts and experiences about men getting benefits because of their minority position. For example, it emerged that men are more respected by the management and that classic male behaviours are considered desirable, which was particularly evident in the homogeneous group. However, both groups agreed that a heterogeneous gender distribution is preferable as it can benefit the team. In the analysis of the result, we applied Hirdman’s (1988) theory of a gender system, a social constructivist approach and other relevant previous research in the field as ways of understanding the above. In the final discussion, with the view of the gender system applied, we emphasize that as long as the patriarchal structure of society can prevail, the superiority of men will continue to be reproduced. It is therefore important that the view of the sexes as complementary and the view of men as the norm continues to be discussed, so that the profit with more male social secretaries does not go beyond gender equality and the female social secretaries’ work situation.

  • 28.
    Börjeson, Martin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Är norska socionomer mer osjälvständiga?: Anmälan av Hansen & Solem "Sosialt arbeid. En situert praksis".2018In: Fontene forskning, ISSN 1890-9868, E-ISSN 1892-7947, no 1, p. 95-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Carlsson, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Hej, hej, tjena, please”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om levd erfarenhet av tiggeri på Stockholm gator.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The occurrence of poor EU citizens begging to improve their financial situation has become a common sight in Sweden. The freedom of movement of persons within the EU means that people from less privileged countries in the European Union have the possibility to temporarily leave their home countries to beg in the streets of Sweden in order to create a better life for themselves and their families. They live a challenging life and many of them they lack access to human rights such as running water, sanitation and health care as well in their home countries as in Sweden. Despite this, there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their life situation and stay in Sweden. The aim of this study is to explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden, how they perceive the act of begging and how it affects their well-being. Data was gathered through 9 semi-structured interviews conducted on Romani chib using an interpreter. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The theme shame and the feeling of not having any other choice but to beg for their livelihood is what emerges most clearly in the result. Furthermore, the participants feel physical and emotional stress due to begging, but they also feel joy and gratitude as begging and the money they receive gives them the opportunity to give their children a better life and future. To discuss the empirical result, Johan Asplund's theory of social responsiveness and asocial responselessness, as well as Marcel Maus’s theory of the gift exchange have been used.

  • 30.
    Carlsson, Yvonne
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Barnets bästa med ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Dagdelen, Fatima
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Agnebrink, Moa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    “I want to become a role model for them”: A qualitative study in a Philippine context about social workers perceptions of poverty2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is much said about how to support a client as a social worker. Much is based on the country's politics, structure, organization, norms, but also on the values, knowledge, and responsiveness of social workers. When a country is exposed to poverty, social work takes a certain kind of shape and direction based on several viewpoints. The world has its eyes on developing countries with many poverty reduction recommendations, but how do social workers, living and working in a country with high poverty, express their reality?                       This study aims to, in a Philippine context, examine professional social workers perception of poverty and identify their approach to poverty alleviation and clients living in poverty. A qualitative study, with eight semi-structured interviews was hold plus one group interview including two respondents. All respondents were professional social workers that worked with poverty reduction in various ways. The thematic analysis was made with the framework of Human Development and Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach theory. The result shows that the efforts to reduce poverty in the Philippines require long-term thinking where respondents' mostly have the task of changing communities and clients' values. The respondents’ perceptions of poverty is that it is a condition that can be changed as long as the individual living in poverty makes active choices. The conclusions show that the major approach the respondents have, is to work with clients potentials and mindset by aware them to see what they actually can do for themselves. Almost all of the respondents use their own background as a motivator to support clients out of poverty and they approach their clients with patience, attention, belonging, and love, which can lead to minimizing obstacles that may be in the way of increasing the well-being of clients. On the other hand, the results show that it is the individual's responsibility to change his or her situation and a common perception among the respondents' is that education is the key to reduce poverty.

  • 32.
    Dahlberg, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Erfarenheter av att få avslag om sjukpenning: en kvalitativ studie om hur avslag om sjukpenning från Försäkringskassan påverkar personer med stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress-related disorders have increased and accounts for the longest duration of sick leave. Changes in the health insurance system and decisions to reduce the sick-leave have had consequences such as an increased number of rejection of sickness benefits.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the experience for people having a stress-related disorder and being rejected sickness benefits from the Social Insurance Fund, to describe and understand the importance for their disease image and recovery. The study is qualitative and has been conducted through semistructured interviews with five participants who suffered from stress-related disorders and received a refusal of sickness benefits from the Social Insurance Fund. The material gathered through the interviews has been analyzed with Ulrich Beck’s theory of risk society and Randall Collin’s theory of symbolic interaction-chains and previous research.

    The result of this study indicates that the refusal of sickness benefits affects the recovery rate negatively for the participants in the study. The participants felt that the refusal extended the disease time, and they experienced reduced opportunities to recover and a worse diseases image. The result also shows a consistent picture of the experience of receiving a refusal of sickness benefits from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. The participants do not feel that the case officers at the Social Security Fund believe them and thus they feel offended.

  • 33.
    Danielsson, Emelie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    ”Socialtjänsten är inget farligt, det är en möjlighet, en tillgång.”: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas erfarenheter av tillit hos föräldrar med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to increase knowledge about social and political trust among parents with intellectual disabilities - ID - which can be understood as a consequence of, and a reason for, the challenges facing parents and professionals in creating a partnership. People with ID tend to be stigmatized and have a history of bad experiences with authorities and social services, which generally makes them “distrusters”. They are aware of this stigma when they become parents, and have a tendency of denying their need of support because of the fear of losing custody of their children.Nine social workers have been interviewed about their experience of working with parents with ID. The data was placed into three categories and analyzed through the framework of trust and social capital. These categories were: Support from the social network, Customized support from professionals and Knowledge and attitudes. This study shows that community participation such as parent groups gives the parents a chance to increase their social trust by expanding their social network. Their special needs require customized support for developing parenting skills, where the alliance with the social worker as a part of the social services can increase their overall political trust. This study also shows that the attitudes of the professional is an essential part of solving the problem with distrust. The stigmatization the parents are facing makes it challenging to change their status in society, as well as their deeply rooted lack of social and political trust.

  • 34.
    Danielsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sandström, Linda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Betydelsen av reflektion: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av reflektion hos socialsekreterare och biståndshandläggare i socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om socialarbetares egna uppfattningar kring reflektion i deras dagliga arbete i socialtjänsten. Syftet med studien är att undersöka reflektionens betydelse inom socialt arbete i socialtjänsten. Studien har en abduktiv ansats och är genomförd med kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Det empiriska materialet som har analyserats består av sex intervjuer med sex socialsekreterare/biståndshandläggare inom socialtjänsten i en kranskommun till Stockholm. Intervjuerna har analyserats utifrån en teoretisk referensram kring begreppet reflektion. Studiens resultat visar att reflektion kommer till uttryck på flera olika sätt i det dagliga arbetet och är en naturlig och viktig del i intervjupersonernas arbetsdag. I det praktiska arbetet sker en ostrukturerad reflektion; på egen hand och spontant tillsammans med kollegor eller mer strukturerat; vid inplanerade tillfällen under ledning till exempel i handledning och möten. Vidare framkommer det i resultatet att innebörden av reflektion handlar om ett lärande och ett välmående i arbetet. Intervjupersonerna beskriver att reflektion behövs då det sociala arbetet är komplext och känsloladdat samt att varje klient och dess problematik är unik.

  • 35.
    Durrani, Riddi
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nielsen, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    I've become hopeful again: A qualitative study of how the work of NGOs can be beneficial for teenage mothers in the Philippines.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how the work of NGOs can be beneficial for teenage mothers’ in the Philippines. We wanted to study why they sought support of an NGO and how their lives were impacted after they made contact with an NGO. Teenage pregnancy rates have been rising in the Philippines and mostly affect the young mothers negatively i.e. they often have to quit school and be financially dependent on their parents. They are a stigmatized group and to understand their situation you have to comprehend how the context in the Philippines comes to affect them. 

    The study was conducted using a qualitative inductive method. By using semi-structured interviews, we have collected our material by interviewing eight young mothers who were in contact with two different organizations. 

    The result of the study shows that the work of NGOs has a significant influence in improving the young mothers’ lives both mentally and physically. When becoming pregnant they get rejected by their social circle and are left on their own because they are viewed as a disgrace. To analyze our result, we have used stigmatization and empowerment as theoretical framework. The study has shown that the environment is crucial for the outcome of their lives and that the organizations’ play an important role in their lives to empower them to take action and start something new.  

  • 36.
    Edfast, Fanny
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Forsgren, Linnéa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    "Det viktigaste är att barnen ska bli sedda": en kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers ansvar angående barnmisshandel2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study was to investigate school counsellors area of responsibility when it comes to child abuse by parents. To fulfil or purpose we have had an abductive approach and conducted seven qualitative semistructured interviews with school counsellors. The empirical material has thenceforth been analysed through theories about professions, and with support of theories about violence to help us analyse how we can understand child abuse. Through the analysis we identified five pairs of concepts or tensions between different approaches, which constitute the core of our results. Therefore, our results build on the following concepts: (1) Structural or individual focus; (2) Child or adult perspective; (3) Proactive or reactive approach; (4) Generalist or specialist; (5) Divided or connected understanding of child abuse.

    Through our results section we can establish that the school counsellors area of responsibility varies from school to school. This is partly because there are no clear job descriptions, which means that school counsellors themselves shape the work. This liberty of choice means that some counsellors focus their work on structural tasks on a more general and preventively level, and other on individual with more individual counselling. Furthermore, we saw a difference in if they work more proactively or reactively, that is, to what extent they actively work to discover violence towards children or if they only handle it when a child tells the adults. Regardless of their focus we can see that the respondents take their time to see and listen to the pupils, which we interpret as that them having a child perspective. The result shows that the respondents mainly aim to be generalists where they do not specialise in child abuse, and that they indicate a divided understanding about the subject. Because they regard only some types of violence as included in child abuse, they also make a difference in how they work and educate themselves within the school. Lastly, the result show that there is an absence of respondents who work both individually and proactively, which means that in practice all of the respondents place the responsibility on the pupils to speak up about the violence.

  • 37.
    Edlund, Carina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    En kvalitativ studie om personliga assistenters attityd och inställning till assistansberättigades sexualitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Edlund, Louise
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Saliba, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Polariseringen kring orsaksförklaringarna om hedersrelaterat våld: En kvalitativ diskursanalys om hur sju svenska forskningsverk beskriver orsaksförklaringarna om hedersrelaterat våld.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis work is to investigate how research on honor-related violence is structured and how this can potentially affect social work. The scientific problem we see is about the fact that the polarized debate regarding honor-related violence is a growing problem, not only in Sweden, but also in other Nordic countries. Honor-related violence is an effect of when the honor becomes affected and the person who is subjected to honor-related violence is controlled by the family´s norms and rules, this can lead to sanctions in the form of mental and physical violence.

    Our research question aims to investigate how research on honor-related violence in Sweden is structured and how the polarized explanations of culture and intersectionality can influence the social work on honor-related violence. We argue that the polarized and shifting explanations of cause for the honor-related violence affect the social work and the education of social workers. The research question and the related issues have been studied through a qualitative inductive research approach and the empirical material has been analyzed based on Laclau and Mouffe’s social constructivist discourse analytical instruments. We analyzed seven research works written by researchers in Sweden. What we intend to study is how these researchers portray and structure honor-related violence based on the two causal explanations of culture and intersectionality. The result shows that the cultural explanation model is more prevalent than the intersectinal line of argument regarding the honor-related violence. The empirical material define the nature of honor-related ciolence in a similar way, but that the explanations of cause separates them.

    Our conclusion is, among other things, that we see how one cannot relate to honor-related violence without looking at culture, but that the intersectional analysis of violence also is necessary in order to be able to absorb all surrounding influencing factors. The intersectional perspective on honor-related violence, however, emphasizes that the cultural explanation becomes a fact when research has not succeeded in solving how social work practice should deviate from a cultural stereotyping when it comes to the issue of honor-related violence.

  • 39.
    Eek, Sandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Uppdrag: Syskon: En kvalitativ studie om familjehemmens biologiska barns upplevelser av förändringen i syskonskaran2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to illustrate the consequences of the family home for the biological children when there are changes in the siblingship. We found several contradictions in the children's stories, which we interpret as the mission is complex. The change in the siblingship is partly experienced as challenging. One of the challenges for our respondents has been that they act on a new role, which is a process that has taken a long time to handle. The majority of our respondents speak positively about their changed situation and the assignment as a whole. They believe that the increased responsibility that the assignment meant meant that they had a different role in the family that helped them feel more seriously taken. The new role has proved to mean greater freedom, but also given them new opportunities. However, the change has aroused the need to maintain a certain structure within the family and sometimes to get back to what the family did before the mission began. Several of our respondents express a wish for a place of refuge where they have the opportunity to be "common", which we interpreted as before they got a new position in the siblings. The study results indicate that the assignment is complex. The consequence of getting a new position in the siblingship is partly experienced as challenging and partly as an opportunity. Paradoxically, we have found that the biological children, on the one hand, find the mission and the new expectations that come with the new sibling position as liberation, and on the other hand they express a need to let everything be as usual.

         The study has been conducted with nine respondents through both qualitative semistructured interviews via an interview guide and structured interviews in questionnaire. To understand the empirical material, it has been analyzed using several theoretical concepts from system theory and a sociological role theory. We have also chosen to relate empirin to the previous research done on the subject. The starting point of the study has been that the position in the siblings carries a role as there are different expectations of the different roles. The idea that one's position in sibling carries an individual affects an individual makes it interesting to raise the children in family homes to understand important aspects of acting siblings while changing the position that is used to. The study aimed at clarifying how the biological children experienced the change in the siblingship that the mission meant.

      

  • 40.
    Ek, Erika
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Diagnosens makt: En kvalitativ studie om ADHD i arbetslivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Personer med ADHD finns representerade i hela samhället och inom en mängd olika yrkesområden. ADHD är en osynlig funktionsnedsättning, det går med andra ord inte att se på en persons yttre om hen har ADHD. Det finns idag arbetsgivare som väljer att inte anställa individer som är öppna med att de har en ADHD-diagnos. Det till trots att det kan falla under en av diskrimineringsgrunderna, att ingen får diskrimineras på grund av funktionsnedsättning. Syftet med studien är att öka förståelsen och kunskapen om hur personer med ADHD-diagnos upplever arbetsgivare och kollegors attityder till ADHD. Studien är kvalitativ och bygger på fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med personer som har en ADHD-diagnos. Det insamlade materialet har analyserats utifrån tematisk analysmetod. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av Goffmans teori om stigma och avvikande. Utöver Goffmans teorier utgör även begrepp kopplade till identitet och identitetsskapande en del av det teoretiska ramverket. Studiens resultat visar att ADHD-diagnosen har förändrat hur informanterna ser och förstår sig själva. Resultatet indikerar även att det generellt finns en betydande kunskapsbrist i samhället kring vad ADHD är och hur det yttrar sig. Studiens informanter vittnar om hur de har mött fördomar och negativa attityder gentemot ADHD inom arbetslivet. De beskriver också att det finns en allmän bild bland kollegor av ADHD som informanterna själva inte kan identifiera sig med. Vidare visar resultatet att det finns en oro kring att vara öppen med sin ADHD diagnos då det kan innebära att andras syn på dem kan förändras och resultera i negativa konsekvenser på arbetsplatsen. Resultat indikerar att det finns belägg för oron, då en av informanterna blivit av med sin anställning då ADHD-diagnosen blev känd för arbetsgivaren.

  • 41.
    Ekström, Veronica
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Behovet av stöd till våldsutsatta kvinnor2018In: Manifest: För ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Philip Lalander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Ekström, Veronica
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Forskning om socialtjänstens arbete med våld i nära relationer2018In: Våld i nära relationer: Socialt arbete i forskning, teori och praktik / [ed] Linn Moser Hällen och Eveliina Sinisalo, Stockholm: Liber, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Ekström, Veronica
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Research on Conditions, Organisation and Outcomes of Social Work.
    Gränsytor under förhandling: – om socialtjänstens ansvar för stöd till kvinnor som utsatts för våld i nära relationer2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3-4, p. 269-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines social workers’ perceptions of the social services’ mission and task as regards support for women who are subjected to violence in close relationships and where the social services are considered to be limited. The study is qualitative and based on interviews with 16 social workers in eleven municipalities. The interviews have been analysed with conventional content analysis. The analysis shows that the task or obligation of the social services can be formulated in two different ways: to offer support to women exposed or previously exposed to violence in close relationships, or to offer support to women who have left or intend to leave a relationship where they have been subjected to violence. In the analysis of social workers’ descriptions of support they offer, as well as the boundaries for what is beyond the social services’ responsibility, three levels can be identified. The first level, consisting of financial support, placements at women’s shelters and a social worker to talk to, forms a sort of core for the work in the social services, which most, albeit to varying degrees, offer. The second level describes forms of enhanced support, and the third level describes such support which only a few state that they work with or where responsibility issues are more diffuse.

  • 44.
    Ekström, Veronica
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nätbaserat stöd för att minska sin alkoholkonsumtion: Användarnas uppfattningar om Alkoholhjälpen2019Report (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ekström, Veronica
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Socialatjänstens ansvar enligt lagstiftningen2018In: Våld i nära relationer: Socialt arbete i forskning, teori ich praktik / [ed] Linn Moser Hällen och Eveliina Sinisalo, Stockholm: Liber, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Ekström, Veronica
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholms läns landsting.
    Sort of a nice distance: a qualitative study of the experiences of therapists working with internet-based treatment of problematic substance use.2019In: Addiction science & clinical practice, ISSN 1940-0632, E-ISSN 1940-0640, Vol. 14, no 44, article id 10.1186/s13722-019-0173-1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet interventions have been developed and tested for several psychiatric and somatic conditions. Few people with substance use disorders receive treatment and many drug users say that they would prefer getting help from online tools. Internet interventions are effective for reducing alcohol and cannabis use. The aim of the current study is to understand differences between internet-based and face-to-face treatment of problematic substance use. The concept of alliance will be used as a theoretical frame for understanding differences between internet-based treatment and face-to-face treatment, as perceived by therapists.

    The study has a qualitative design and is based on 3 focus group interviews with 12 therapists working with internet-based treatment for alcohol or cannabis use problems within five different programs.

    The analysis revealed five themes in the differences between internet-based and face-to-face treatment: communication, anonymity, time, presence and focus. Treatment online in written and asynchronous form creates something qualitatively different from regular face-to-face meetings between patients and therapists. The written form changes the concept of time in treatment, that is, how time can be used and how it affects the therapist’s presence. The asynchronous (i.e. time delayed) form of communication and the lack of facial expressions and body language require special skills.

    There are important differences between internet-based treatment and face-to-face treatment. Different aspects of the alliance seem to be important in internet-based treatment compared to face-to-face.

  • 47.
    Elgholm, Camilla
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hur resonerar och dömer domstolar i vårdnadsmål när det förekommer uppgifter om våld?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to show how courts reasons about violence and determines in judgments concerning custody, housing and child contact when there is information about violence. When parents are incapable of deciding on custody-related issues, they are to turn to the court. Whereby, statistics show that civil cases in custody-related issues have doubled in the past decade. In the past few decades however, major reforms have been implemented in chapter 6 of the Children and Parents Code (1949:381) in which the court will derive its rulings on, when deciding the fate of any custody-related case. Many of the changes have been aimed at increasing the possibility of joint custody, alternating housing and contact with the parent with whom the child does not live. It is not possible to objectively decide on what is in the best interest of a child thus, a court’s verdict will be decisive in any such civil case. The court must take certain aspects into account, such as; the child’s needs of close relation to both parents, the risk of the child getting abused, the child’s own will and the continuity principle. When the court draws a ruling in custody cases containing information about violence, this infomation must always be thoroughly examined, and a risk assessment has to be made. If the court finds a risk of future harm of the child, this should weigh-in heavily in the overall assesment. If a parent uses violence or has previously subjected the child or other family member to violence and other violations, it is basically best that that parent may not have custody of the child. Violence towards children can be anything from pinching and insults to gross sexual abuse and torture. Many children experiencing domestic violence. The thesis´s main empirical object consists of 27 rulings in custody-related cases annonuced between November 2018 and March 2019, all of which contain information about violence. In writing the thesis, several methods have been used. A method of jurisprudence have been used to navigate the work of reporting on what the current law says about child custody and violence against children. With the help of a quantitative content analysis method, I examined the information about violence that appears in the judgments and the extent of that violence. This method also examined what the court determined by judgment. To be able to examine courts rulings more in depth and examine how courts reasons with the given information about violence the quantitative study was supplemented with a discourse analysis. The findings show that courts often diminish alleged violence. The court describes violence with words, such as “unpleasantness” and “loud conflicts” and the statement of a parent who´is subjected to violence, the mother in this study, and a child’s statement are often questioned. In 19 out of the 27 rulings (70 %), the violent parent, the father in this study, is assigned custody and/or contact with the child which shows that the court to a larger extent considers a violent parent as a suitable parent. The court has a crucial role in deciding what is real and possesses great power to decide on the child's future upbringing. The court emphasizes on the importance of a good and close relationship with both parents, in my opinion however, the ”good” relationship cannot be achieved when the child is subjected to direct or indirect violence.

  • 48.
    Elwin, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vad bär jag med mig?: Barnsjukhuskuratorers upplevelser av sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Engström, Malin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ramsten, Hanna
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tidigt förebyggande arbete med barn - hur vi värnar om framtidens medborgare: Ska socionomen vara en del av framtidens barnhälsovård?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study wants to identify how the early prevention work looks in the society as well as how it could be developed. The purpose with this study is to exam the early prevention work for children, also if an implementation of a social worker in the children health care could develop the early prevention work that exist today. The study has a qualitative approach and an inductive view. A general strategy has been used to reach the empirics, that is gathered through four semi structed interviews and a review of current research in the field. The problem perspective is a foundation for processing and coding the interviews in the study. The study uses the bioecological model as the theory to process the coding and analysis of the interview empirics. From the theory three of the systems are used, micro-, exo and macrosystems. The study reaches conclusions from the systems that are:

    Micro conclusion: Early prevention work must be taken more seriously and occur in a greater extent.

    Exo conclusion: The interprofessional team should exist, along with the social worker, to perform early prevention work of good quality.

    Macro conclusion: To focus on early prevention will reduce high costs in the future.

  • 50.
    Engström, Stina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hamrén, Elin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att våga investera sina känslor: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av att vara och bli familjehem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine what it means to be a foster parent and what it means to take care of a child who is not one's own and to increase the knowledge of why families choose to become and be a family home. The study has been carried out through qualitative semi-structured interviews with six foster parents. Geographically, the informants of the study are scattered across central Sweden. The interviews have given material that has been analyzed with help from emotional sociology, attachment theory and the concept of life plan, as well as previous research. The study's results show that the motives for becoming a foster home are of varying nature. Some of the informants mention that the main motive is that they in some way want to live with a child in the family. Others tell of the willingness to help on a social level and save children from the social heritage. As a family home there are expectations to create a connection to the child that has been placed in their care and at the same time be prepared that the placement can end. The study's results show that even though there is uncertainty about whether the child will stay in the family home, it does not prevent foster parents from entering wholeheartedly with their feelings. The result shows that foster homes do not regard the task as an assignment but rather as “regular" parenting. The study also shows that foster parents see great value in maintaining a good relationship with the biological parents, while at the same time it is one of the most challenging parts of the assignment.

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